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# When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare

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Manager
Joined: 28 Mar 2009
Posts: 64
When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 25 Feb 2014, 23:31
3
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

77% (01:11) correct 23% (01:30) wrong based on 234 sessions

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When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare increase without deterring many price-sensitive passengers, it is an encouraging sign for the health of the airline industry.

(A) When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare increase without deterring many price-sensitive passengers

(B) When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare increase without deterring many passengers who are price-sensitive

(C) When airline carriers may raise fares significantly without it acting as a deterrent to many price-sensitive passengers

(D) When airline carriers may raise fares significantly without it deterring many price-sensitive passengers

(E) When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare increase without it deterring many price-sensitive passengers

Originally posted by skim on 27 Jun 2009, 09:10.
Last edited by ankurgupta03 on 25 Feb 2014, 23:31, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2008
Posts: 249

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27 Jun 2009, 11:19
not very sure,but i would have gone with E.

"may increase ...... is a sign of " doesnt sound correct.

without "it" deterring, because price increase is deterring passengers, not airline carriers.
both these conditions are satisfied only in E
Manager
Joined: 15 May 2009
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27 Jun 2009, 11:33
skim wrote:
When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare increase without deterring many price-sensitive passengers, it is an encouraging sign for the health of the airline industry.

(A) When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare increase without deterring many price-sensitive passengers
(B) When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare increase without deterring many passengers who are price-sensitive
(C) When airline carriers may raise fares significantly without it acting as a deterrent to many price-sensitive passengers
(D) When airline carriers may raise fares significantly without it deterring many price-sensitive passengers
(E) When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare increase without it deterring many price-sensitive passengers

Looks like a question of clarity and concision. I would go with (A) - the most concise choice, one which has no particular grammatical flaws.

(B) "many passengers who are" is an unnecessarily wordy choice, especially compared to (A).
(C) & (D) I think the phrase "may raise" changes the meaning of the sentence. The original meaning suggests that airlines "HAVE THE CAPABILITY" to do something, it does not discuss the likelihood of that "something" being done. The phrase "may raise" on the other hand, might have that implication, so both choices are less clear than the original. Furthermore, "it acting..." & "it deterring..." are wordy phrases.
(E) Again, "It deterring..." is wordy.
Director
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 602
WE 1: 7years (Financial Services - Consultant, BA)

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27 Jun 2009, 23:16
I will go with A for clarity.

can we say that using 'it' creates ambiguity for the second 'it' in the not underlined part and also the reason of eliminating E.
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Manager
Joined: 28 Mar 2009
Posts: 64

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29 Jun 2009, 06:38
sudeep wrote:
I will go with A for clarity.

can we say that using 'it' creates ambiguity for the second 'it' in the not underlined part and also the reason of eliminating E.

Your observations are point on. Do refer to the official explanation for choice (E).
Manager
Joined: 28 Mar 2009
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29 Jun 2009, 06:40
Dear All,

I agree with choice (A). The official explanation is as follows:

The meaning of the original sentence is clear: If passengers are not deterred by a significant fare increase, the airline industry must be doing well. The original sentence also uses concise language ("price-sensitive passengers") to make its point. Additionally, the pronoun "it" in the original sentence clearly refers to the fact that passengers are not deterred by a significant fare increase.

(A) CORRECT. This choice is correct as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice incorrectly replaces the concise phrase "price-sensitive passengers" with the wordy alternative "passengers who are price-sensitive."

(C) In this choice, the pronoun "it" is used initially to refer to a fare increase. In the non-underlined
portion of the sentence, a second "it" is used to refer not to a fare increase, but to the fact that a fare increase does not deter price-sensitive passengers. The use of the pronoun "it" is incorrect in this answer choice as it causes the antecedent to be unclear for the second "it" in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. Also, "acting as a deterrent" is unnecessarily wordy, and the use of the term "may raise" suggests that the airlines are being given permission to increase their fares.

(D) In this choice, the pronoun "it" is used initially to refer to a fare increase. In the non-underlined portion of the sentence, a second "it" is used to refer not to a fare increase, but to the fact that a fare increase does not deter price-sensitive passengers. The use of the pronoun "it" is incorrect in this answer choice as it causes the antecedent to be unclear for the second "it" in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. Also, the use of the term "may raise" suggests that the airlines are being given permission to increase their fares.

(E) In this choice, the pronoun "it" is used initially to refer to a fare increase. In the non-underlined portion of the sentence, a second "it" is used to refer not to a fare increase, but to the fact that a fare increase does not deter price-sensitive passengers. The use of the pronoun "it" is incorrect in this answer choice as it causes the antecedent to be unclear for the second "it" in the non-underlined portion of the sentence.
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Re: When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare  [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2014, 05:46
Here "it" is a pronoun in non underlined portion and as per my understanding it must refer back to an antecedent.

explanation says:
"it" in the original sentence clearly refers to the fact that passengers are not deterred by a significant fare increase.

I think it refers to "a significant fare increase "
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Joined: 20 Jan 2016
Posts: 4
Re: When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2016, 09:14
Although 'A' is the answer, this problem breaks a cardinal GMAT rule: there should be at least one difference at the beginning and the end of the underline.
Manager
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Re: When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2017, 10:44
In C, D and E, the two it’s have to mean the same thing, which is not the case.
The meaning of the original sentence is clear: hence A
Intern
Joined: 22 Oct 2016
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GMAT 1: 590 Q47 V25
Re: When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare  [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2018, 09:52
can anybody tell me the difference between ''significant fare increase'' and ''fare increase significantly'' ?
Re: When airline carriers are able to impose a significant fare   [#permalink] 17 Sep 2018, 09:52
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