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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2013, 23:25
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Question Stats:

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Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

I am confused about this structure, having 2 questions:

1. The second clause modifies the proceeding noun 'SOCIAL WASPS'. So why is 'wasps', in the second clause, repeated instead of using relative clause or present participial?

2. Is it right to rewrite the sentence as 'Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, living in a highly cooperative and organized society and consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.' ?

THANK YOU VERY MUCH!
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2013, 03:39
misanguyen2010 wrote:
I am confused about this structure, having 2 questions:

1. The second clause modifies the proceeding noun 'SOCIAL WASPS'. So why is 'wasps', in the second clause, repeated instead of using relative clause or present participial?

2. Is it right to rewrite the sentence as 'Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, living in a highly cooperative and organized society and consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.' ?

THANK YOU VERY MUCH!

Please find my answers below:-

1. The second clause could also modify yellow jackets, since yellow jackets is the subject of the first clause. So,wasps is required.

2. It is correct if you want living to modify yellow jackets.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2013, 19:43
Hello misanguyen.

I may help you a bit.

Quote:
1. The second clause modifies the proceeding noun 'SOCIAL WASPS'. So why is 'wasps', in the second clause, repeated instead of using relative clause or present participial?


You have to repeat "wasps" because the preceding clause use possessive form "world's social wasps". If you do not repeat "wasps", the sentence is not clear as readers do not know you're talking about "world" or "wasps".

For example: unskilled in complex math, Bill's score on the exam was poor. WRONG.

In fact, possessive form often indicates a problem in Gmat. Always be aware of possessive form.

Quote:
2. Is it right to rewrite the sentence as 'Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, living in a highly cooperative and organized society and consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.' ?


You CAN'T omit "wasps" and use only "living....." here because that structure is verb-ing modifier (+ a comma) --> modifies a preceding clause with a sensible subject. --> You changed the intended meaning by saying that ONLY yellow jackets live in highly...... society". The intended meaning, however, is that "wasps" in general live in a highly cooperative and organized society........ Thus, omitting "wasps" is not accepted in this question.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2015, 11:21
misanguyen2010 wrote:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

A. wasps living in a highly cooperative and organized society where they consist almost entirely of
B. wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of
C. which means they live in a highly cooperative and organized society, almost all
D. which means that their society is highly cooperative, organized, and it is almost entirely
E. living in a society that is highly cooperative, organized, and it consists of almost all

I am confused about this structure, having 2 questions:

1. The second clause modifies the proceeding noun 'SOCIAL WASPS'. So why is 'wasps', in the second clause, repeated instead of using relative clause or present participial?

2. Is it right to rewrite the sentence as 'Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, living in a highly cooperative and organized society and consist almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.' ?

THANK YOU VERY MUCH!



Why does the correct answer use "that" here? I do not categorize this as an essential information. Do you?
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2015, 04:02
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Hi Reto,

In C and D we have wrong usage of "which".

In E there is no parallelism.

In A.. "society" is an imaginary place and using "where" for it is wrong.

In B.. "that" refers to the "wasps" which also serves as the subject. consisting(verbing) rightly modifies the preceding noun "society". So B it is.

Can you put forth your reasoning more elaborately so all can benefit from it?

Regards,
Dom.
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2015, 07:25
dominicraj wrote:
Hi Reto,

In C and D we have wrong usage of "which".

In E there is no parallelism.

In A.. "society" is an imaginary place and using "where" for it is wrong.

In B.. "that" refers to the "wasps" which also serves as the subject. consisting(verbing) rightly modifies the preceding noun "society". So B it is.

Can you put forth your reasoning more elaborately so all can benefit from it?

Regards,
Dom.


Hi Dom,

In C ,D which modifies wasp according to modifier touch rule.
Isn't it the same intended by option B.

Kindly let us know what are we missing
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Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2015, 08:04
Hi kanigmat011,

You are right in saying that "which" modifies the "wasps".

However try to do a meaning analysis of the sentence. "which means" shows that whatever "which" refers to .. should be the reason/reasoning... and not the subject..

But "wasps" is the subject of the sentence.

Regards,
Dom.
Re: Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2015, 08:04
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