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A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to

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A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2010, 14:54
8
34
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

38% (01:07) correct 62% (01:18) wrong based on 922 sessions

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A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to over 3.5billion people, about equivalent to the residents of all the other areas of the world combined.


(a) equivalent to the residents of
(b) the equivalent of those residing in
(c) equal to those who reside in
(d) as many as the residents of
(e) as many as reside in


source: Veritas SC 2
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Re: a booming population center sc  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2010, 03:06
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Yes the answer is indeed E.
In a similar example, look at OG’s reasoning (OG 10 SC Q 132 )

According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation's four-year colleges and universities.
(A) equivalent to the enrollment of
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in

OG’s OE

The phrases equivalent to in A, the equivalent of in B, and equal to in C have too broad a range of meanings to be used precisely here: that is, they can suggest more than merely numerical equality. Also, as quantitative expressions, equivalent and equal often modify nouns referring to uncountable things, as in "an equivalent amount of resistance" or "a volume of water equal to Lake Michigan." To establish numerical comparability between groups with countable members, the phrase as many as is preferable. Choice D, however, uses this phrase improperly in comparing eight million people to enrollment, not to other people. The comparison in E, the best choice, is logical because people is understood as the subject of are enrolled.
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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2013, 10:40
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fameatop wrote:
zisis wrote:
A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to over 3.5 billion people, about equivalent to the residents of all the other areas of the world combined.
(a) equivalent to the residents of
(b) the equivalent of those residing in
(c) equal to those who reside in
(d) as many as the residents of
(e) as many as reside in

Can you kindly explain what are the things compared & what are errors in incorrect options because I am completely confused in this question. Waiting for expert's explanation.

I'm happy to help. :-)

First, let me say --- I don't think this is a very good question. I don't think it's particularly GMAT like. This is a question that turns on one particular, somewhat obscure trick ---- exceedingly few GMAT SC questions are one-trick ponies, and those that are do not depend solely on something as arcane as does this question.

The modifying clause that appears after the word "about" touches the word "people" and therefore should modify "people".

The word "equivalent" is a word for talking about qualitative relationships ----
Among American WWII general there was no equivalent to Pershing, the supreme Allied commander in WWI.
The word "equivalent" is not appropriate for numerical relationships --- 2 + 3 is NOT "equivalent" to 5 --- rather, 2 + 3 EQUALS 5. Do not use "equivalent" for numbers. Choices (A) & (B) are trainwreck wrong.

The problem with (C) is more subtle. Technically, the "people" in Asia are not "equal" to anything --- rather, the number of people in Asia is equal to something. As it stands, (C) is illogical and wrong. We could correct version (C) by writing ....

... to over 3.5 billion people, a number about equal to those who reside in ....

This is now grammatically & logically correct, but it's very indirect and wordy, so even this probably would not be correct on the GMAT SC.

I believe (D) & (E) are both grammatically & logically correct, and it's just that (E) is sleek and efficient, and (D) is longer, clunkier, and more awkward --- that's what makes (E) better than (D). To give credit where credit is due --- I don't like this SC question overall, but the OA sentence is a very elegantly constructed sentence.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)
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Re: a booming population center sc  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2010, 23:42
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Good question.


Have a clear understanding what is compared to what and realise that this comparison must be logical.
E is correct because it clearly compares people to people " as many [people] as " and uses correct idiom reside in.

A, B, C - are wrong becasue the number of "3.5 billion people" can not be "equivalent to the residents"

D - remember "to drive your VAN" rule, so verb is preffered over noun. D is out.
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Re: Booming population  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2010, 20:07
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equal / equivalent usage -

2 + 2 = 4 ( equal ). Equal is reserved keyword - highly restricted.

SGD 1.5 is equivalent to USD 1.0. Equivalent is not as restricted as equal.

Both keywords are used against the exact number. When you use approx numbers you CANT use these keywords.

Hence answer is E "as many as" defines "over 3.5billion people" ----> which is not a exact number.
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Re: Booming population  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2010, 01:27
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I think it can't be D because if you remove the words "as many as" you can see that "3.6 billion people reside in all the other areas of the world combined" makes sense but "3.6 billion people the residents of all the other areas of the world combined" doesn't make sense.
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Re: Booming population  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2010, 08:35
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hetalcs wrote:
I think it can't be D because if you remove the words "as many as" you can see that "3.6 billion people reside in all the other areas of the world combined" makes sense but "3.6 billion people the residents of all the other areas of the world combined" doesn't make sense.



great explanation, thanks alot
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Re: Booming population  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2010, 17:12
was between E and D and picked the wrong one :(
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A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2010, 16:38
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A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to over 3.5 billion people, about equivalent to the residents of all the other areas of the world combined.

(A) equivalent to the residents of
(B) the equivalent of those residing in
(C) equal to those who reside in
(D) as many as the residents of
(E) as many as reside in
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Re: a booming population center sc  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2010, 06:20
Thank you Pkit and daagh. I really appreciate your help.
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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2012, 02:07
Still a bit confused on why not D
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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2012, 11:38
I too picked the wrong one i.e. D instead of E

But after reading the sentence multiple times I feel that use of the verb "reside" makes more sense than using the noun "residents" :roll:
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New post 21 May 2012, 14:09
I feel like E is awkwardly worded. It sounds like "resides" lacks a subject. I answered D as first. Still have a hard time justifying why E is a better choice.
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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2012, 20:11
confused between E&D picked the former! my bad!
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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2012, 13:36
daagh:
Could you please discuss, why the the comparison in D (of the Original post) is incorrect.
it sounds like comparing "3.5 billion people" to "residents" and that is logical.
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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2012, 11:14
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That I feel is the beauty of this out and out meaning- based question, the meaning of which is masquerading under so many structures. The apparent meaning of the sentence is that some 3.5 billion people reside in Asia, in comparison to just as many as those reside outside. Hence, the comparison is between the action of the Asians and the action of the rest. In such instances
It is appropriate to use a comparative idiom -as many as -.

The problem of the issue is that, the action of the second arm is mostly elliptical and understood rather than explicitly stated. For example, when we say that Team A has played as many matches as Team B, we actually mean that Team A has played as many matches as Team B (has played). This is indeed a subtle comparison of actions masquerading as comparison of nouns. That is the reason D is dumped.

Final qualifier: All these are my opinions.
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New post 29 May 2012, 08:12
Nice one. Got confused between D and E but finally understood with the explanation given.
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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2012, 01:37
i am also stuck between D and E. but hetalcs perfectly explain the matter
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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2013, 04:09
zisis wrote:
A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to over 3.5billion people, about equivalent to the residents of all the other areas of the world combined.
(a) equivalent to the residents of
(b) the equivalent of those residing in
(c) equal to those who reside in
(d) as many as the residents of
(e) as many as reside in

source: Veritas SC 2



Waiting for expert's explanation.
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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2013, 23:29
Does the last part not make this a run-on?

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Re: A booming population center, the Asian continent is home to   [#permalink] 21 Jun 2013, 23:29

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