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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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07 Jan 2016, 06:03
vaishnogmat wrote: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?
A. 1.5 B. 2.5 C. 3 D. 4.5 E. 5 Hi all, another approach to this Q, which could be slightly easier and less time consuming is.. 15 cups with 40% of choc will mean there are 6 cups of choc.. what was it supposed to be.. 50% or .5*15=7.5 cups.. this is 1.5 cups short..now he is to make up for this 1.5 cups.. if we take out one cup, which includes .4 choc and add one cup of pure choc, the final effect is addn of .6 cup of choc..But we have to make up for 1.5 cups.. if .6 cup requires replacement of one cup,.. 1.5 cup will require 1/.6 *1.5= 2.5 cups..ans B
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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20 May 2016, 10:19
Can someone please explain if the quantity of Raspberry in the original (faulty) and the final mixture will remain the same? Since we are only adding Chocolate?



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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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20 May 2016, 23:31
powellmittra wrote: Can someone please explain if the quantity of Raspberry in the original (faulty) and the final mixture will remain the same? Since we are only adding Chocolate? No. He is going to remove the sauce (mix of chocolate and raspberry) and then add more chocolate to it. So the initial amount of raspberry is not the same as the final amount. But after the removal process, he adds only chocolate so yes, in that step, the amount of raspberry does not change. Check here for the complete solution: adessertrecipecallsfor50meltedchocolateand50rasp158248.html#p1376400
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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21 May 2016, 10:57
let x=number of cups to be removed/replaced 15(.4)x(.4)+x=15(.5) x=2.5 cups



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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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22 May 2016, 21:15
Responding to a pm: Quote: Why does it have to be 50 = 60[(15x)/15] ?
i.e the initial Volume is 15 not 15x?
We assume that he removes x cups. Our formula is based on the concept that amount of raspberry puree does not change in the step. Initial amount = Final amount CiVi = CfVf Think about it: when does the amount of raspberry puree remain same? When you have 15 cups of mix, there is a certain amount of raspberry puree in it. When you remove x cups, the amount of raspberry puree reduces. You have 15  x cups of mix now. Now when you add chocolate, the amount of raspberry puree stays the same. So we are applying the concept of "amount stays same" to the "adding chocolate" step only. Before we add chocolate, we have 15x cups of mix. After we add chocolate, we have 15 cups of mix. Hence, initial volume is 15  x. Does this help?
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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17 May 2017, 16:57
vaishnogmat wrote: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?
A. 1.5 B. 2.5 C. 3 D. 4.5 E. 5 We've got 9 cups of raspberry and 6 of chocolate. To fix this, we need to remove 1.5 cups of raspberry. But! We can't take out raspberry by itself. It's already mixed with the chocolate. We can only remove the mix. Mix = 60% raspberry, 40% chocolate Every cup of mix we remove = 0.6 cups raspberry + 0.4 cups chocolate 60% of 1 cup = 0.6 cups So each cup of mix gets us 0.6 cups raspberry 0.6 cups of raspberry * (# of cups of mix) = 1.5 cups of raspberry 0.6 * x = 1.5 x = 2.5 We need 1.5 cups raspberry 0.6 * 2.5 = 1.5 So we need to remove 2.5 cups of mix. Answer : B
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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22 May 2017, 17:40
vaishnogmat wrote: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?
A. 1.5 B. 2.5 C. 3 D. 4.5 E. 5 We are given that a chef makes 15 cups of sauce with 40% melted chocolate, or 15 x 0.4 = 6 cups of melted chocolate, and 60% raspberry puree, or 0.6 x 15 = 9 cups of raspberry puree. We need to determine how many cups of the sauce he needs to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce 50% of each. In order to have 50% of each, we want 7.5 cups of melted chocolate and 7.5 cups of raspberry puree. We can let n = the number of cups of sauce removed and also the number of cups of pure melted chocolate added. Recall that we have 6 cups of melted chocolate in the sauce (which is 40% of the sauce). If we remove n cups of sauce, we are actually removing 0.4n cups of melted chocolate. Since we are adding back n cups of pure melted chocolate, the number of cups of melted chocolate will increased by n, and we want the end result to be 7.5 cups of melted chocolate. Thus, we can create the following equation to solve for n: 6  0.4n + n = 7.5 0.6n = 1.5 n = 1.5/0.6 = 15/6 = 2.5 Answer: B
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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12 Jan 2018, 12:36
Hi All, This question can be solved by TESTing THE ANSWERS. To start, we're told that 15 cups of 'sauce' are made up of 40% chocolate and 60% raspberry. This gives us... Total = 15 cups Choc = 40%(15) = 6 cups Rasp = 60%(15) = 9 cups We're told to remove a certain amount of the mixture and replace it with PURE chocolate, so that the mixture becomes a 50/50 chocolate/raspberry mix. In simple terms, we need the total amount of Chocolate to be 7.5 CUPS. We're asked for the number of cups of the mixture that would have to be replaced. Let's TEST THE ANSWERS. While it's mathematically advantageous to TEST answer B or D first, Answer C seems like easier math... IF... we remove 3 cups of sauce, those 3 cups are.... 40%(3) = 1.2 cups Choc 60%(3) = 1.8 cups Rasp The number of cups of Choc can be calculated by using the original number of cups (6), subtracting the amount removed when we remove the sauce (in this case, 1.2), then adding back the pure chocolate that replaces the removed sauce (in this case, 3) = 6  1.2 + 3 = 7.8 cups chocolate. This is TOO MUCH chocolate (we wanted it to be 7.5 cups), but it's fairly close, so we're likely looking for an answer that is CLOSE to 3....Let's TEST Answer B... IF... we remove 2.5 cups of sauce, those 2.5 cups are.... 40%(2.5) = 1 cup Choc 60%(2.5) = 1.5 cups Rasp Choc = 6  1 + 2.5 = 7.5 cups chocolate. This is EXACTLY what we're looking for, so this MUST be the answer. Final Answer: GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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11 Nov 2018, 11:34
GMATinsight pls send your explanation



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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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12 Nov 2018, 03:30
chanchal1311 wrote: GMATinsight pls send your explanation chanchal1311 Here is my solution Quote: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?
A. 1.5 B. 2.5 C. 3 D. 4.5 E. 5 Current volume = 15 cups Melted chocolate present as of now = 40% of 15 = 6 cups raspberry Puree present as of now = 60% of 15 = 9 cups Let, the volume replaced = x cups raspberry Puree present in x cups = 60% of x = 0.6x cups Since the x cups are being replaced by Pure melted chocolate so the raspberry puree that goes does will NOT come backi.e. Net value of Raspberry puree after replacement of x cups by melted chocolate = 9  0.6x (which should make it 50% of the entire solution as desired)i.e. 9  0.6x = 50% of 15 cups = 7.5 cups i.e. 0.6x = 9  7.5 = 1.5 cups i.e. x = 2.5 cups Answer: Option B
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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06 Dec 2018, 03:19
vaishnogmat wrote: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?
A. 1.5 B. 2.5 C. 3 D. 4.5 E. 5 Quote: How can this problem be solved by concentration method? the amount of raspberry puree remains constant: Ci x Vi = Cf x Vf 3/5 x 15 = 1/2 x (15x) x = 3 what am i missing? Say you remove x cups from the total 15 cups. So volume of sauce before you add more melted chocolate is (15  x) cups. The volume of sauce after you add melted chocolate is 15 cups again. The amount of raspberry puree before and after this step of adding back remains the same. So, Ci x Vi = Cf x Vf 60 * (15  x) = 50 * (15) x = 150/60 = 2.5 cups Answer (B) Note that we use CiVi = CfVf after removing a part of the mix. Weight = Concentration*Volume The weight of raspberries remains the same before adding back x cups and after adding back x cups. So those two points are your initial and final points.
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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21 Mar 2019, 13:04
vaishnogmat wrote: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?
A. 1.5 B. 2.5 C. 3 D. 4.5 E. 5
\(?\,\,\, = \,\,\,x = \# \,\,{\rm{out}}\,\,\underline {{\rm{sauce}}} \,\,{\rm{cups}}\,\, = \,\,\# \,\,{\rm{in}}\,\,\underline {{\rm{100\% }}\,\,{\rm{choco}}} \,\,{\rm{cups}}\) \(\matrix{ {{\rm{real}} \to {\rm{ideal}}} \cr {15\,\,{\rm{cups}}} \cr } \,\,\,\left\{ \matrix{ \,{\rm{choco}}\,:\,\,{2 \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,{\rm{cups}}  x \cdot {2 \over 5}\,\,{\rm{cups}} + x\,\,{\rm{cups}}\,\,\,\,\, = \,\,\,\,{{2.5} \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,{\rm{cups}} \hfill \cr \,{\rm{rasp}}\,:\,\,{3 \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,{\rm{cups}}  x \cdot {3 \over 5}\,\,{\rm{cups}} + 0\,\,{\rm{cups}}\,\,\,\,\, = \,\,\,\,{{2.5} \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,{\rm{cups}} \hfill \cr} \right.\) \({3 \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,{\rm{cups}}  x \cdot {3 \over 5}\,\,{\rm{cups}}\,\,\,\,\, = \,\,\,\,{{2.5} \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,{3 \over 5}x = {{0.5} \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,x = 2.5\) \(\left[ {\,{2 \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,{\rm{cups}}  x \cdot {2 \over 5}\,\,{\rm{cups}} + x\,\,{\rm{cups}}\,\,\,\,\, = \,\,\,\,{{2.5} \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,{3 \over 5}x = {{0.5} \over 5}\left( {15} \right)\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,x = 2.5} \right]\) The correct answer is (B). We follow the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method. Regards, Fabio.
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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29 Mar 2019, 21:47
summer101 wrote: I misread the question, Again!! Nyways another method 40% 50% \ / 50% / \ 100% 10%
so 50/10 = 15x/x => x =2.5 cups I think I am not aware of basic working in this method, I can understand the 10% (weight) on the right bottom, But can someone please explain how the weight of melted chocolate is 100% (Left bottom).



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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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06 Apr 2019, 07:42
can this be solved with criss cross method?



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A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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10 Apr 2019, 17:12
one cup has 3/5 amount of rasp. from that we are removing x amount of sauce. Thereby effectively removing 3x/5 amount of sauce; inorder to obtain 1/2 amount of rasp. Now applying this directly we have 3/5  3x/5 = 1/2 ===> x = 1/6
For 15 cups ==> x = 15*1/6 ==> 2.5 cups



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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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07 May 2019, 00:32
Bunuel wrote: vaishnogmat wrote: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?
A. 1.5 B. 2.5 C. 3 D. 4.5 E. 5 Similar questions to practice: http://gmatclub.com/forum/m0772458.htmlhttp://gmatclub.com/forum/acertainbre ... 03934.htmlhttp://gmatclub.com/forum/miguelismix ... 09740.htmlhttp://gmatclub.com/forum/maliksrecip ... 23239.htmlhttp://gmatclub.com/forum/acertainbre ... 29148.htmlhttp://gmatclub.com/forum/areciperequ ... 52952.htmlhttp://gmatclub.com/forum/whatisther ... 72081.htmlHope it helps. @Buneul, please help me on the following statement. A solution in one of GMAT Prep books is thus. With 15 cups at 40%:60% mixture, you have 6 cups of melted chocolate and 9 cups of Raspberry juice. Adding 3 cups of chocolate would give an even amount of each, but remember we are removing an equivalent amount of original mixture. Thus we need to remove and replace fewer than 3 cups. So C, D and E options are eliminated. I followed the first sentence, but couldn't understand why one needs to remove fewer than 3 cups. Please offer a conceptual understanding. Thanks in advance!



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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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13 May 2019, 02:27
vaishnogmat wrote: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?
A. 1.5 B. 2.5 C. 3 D. 4.5 E. 5 Quote: I am just not able to get my head around this question and its answer. I am getting 3 as the answer, and I am not able to understand any of the explanations.
Could you please help me out on this one?
Please check the first part of this post first: https://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2012/0 ... mixtures/This question is similar to Question 1 discussed in the post. You are removing a bit of the sauce and adding pure chocolate instead. This is similar to mixing some part of 40% sauce with pure chocolate (100% chocolate) so we can use our standard mixture formula. The mix should be done in a way that you get 50% chocolate sauce. w1/w2 = (100  50)/(50  40) = 5/1 w1  Amount of 40% chocolate sauce w2  Amount of pure chocolate sauce So for every 5 cups of 40% chocolate sauce, we need 1 cup of pure chocolate sauce. This will give us 6 cups of 50% chocolate sauce. But we need 15 cups of 50% chocolate sauce. So we need to mix 5*15/6 = 12.5 cups of 40% chocolate sauce with 1*15/6 = 2.5 cups of pure chocolate sauce. Hence, when we are replacing, we remove 2.5 cups of 40% chocolate sauce and put 2.5 cups of pure chocolate in it.
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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09 Aug 2019, 20:01
Lets find out how much chocolate we have, then see how much needs to be removed and added. x = the weight of chocolate we are removing and adding 40% choc = 2/5*15= 6 units of chocolate (6  0.4x+x)/15 = 1/2 >we are removing x units of the mix, which is 40% chocolate, and adding x units of pure chocolate. The total # of cups does not change since we are adding and removing the same amount (x). The desired ratio or proportion is 1/2 or 50% 12  0.8x +2x = 15 12+1.2x = 15 1.2x = 3 6x/5 = 3 x=2.5
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A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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15 Dec 2019, 17:18
Alternatively Choc present : 0.4*15 = 6 Puree present: 156 = 9 We need to remove a portion of the total mix and replace it with pure choc to get a 1:1 mix as per the instructions. Represent this as a ratio, letting x be the amount (in weight units) that we remove: (60.4x+x)/(90.6x) = 1/1 6+0.6x= 90.6x 3=1.2x x= 30/12 x=5/2 = 2.5 B
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Re: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% rasp
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12 Feb 2020, 16:41
VeritasKarishma wrote: vaishnogmat wrote: A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?
A. 1.5 B. 2.5 C. 3 D. 4.5 E. 5 Responding to a pm: Quote: Using the Scale method 40% 50% 100% 15x x Hence (15x)/x = 50/10 I cannot understand how 15 x cups can be equal to 40% of chocolate . where X is the cups of Mixture removed and replaced with Pure Chocolate.
My understanding: The 15 cups are prepared by mistaken proportions of 40% chocolate and 60% Rasberry . Hence when we remove x cups of mixture from 15 cups of Chocolate + Rasberry Mixture , we are left with chocolate equal to 40% of 15x Hence now 40%* ( 15x) Choco will be mixed with x cups of Choco at 100% to obtain choco at 50%
Is this understanding correct?
Will the concentration of chocolate always be at 40% ,in the 15 Cups prepared by mistaken combination , even if we consider 1 cup or 2 cups or x cups of the mixture? Yes, we assume that the mix is homogeneous. Otherwise, we will not be able to solve the question. Look at the question from a different perspective for ease (don't mix it up with algebra): You have 15 cups of sauce with 40% chocolate. You also have unlimited amount of pure chocolate sauce. Now you need to mix these two in such a way that you get total 15 cups of sauce with 50% chocolate. Using scale method: w1/w2 = (100  50)/(50  40) = 5/1 w1  Amount of 40% chocolate sauce w2  Amount of pure chocolate sauce So for every 5 cups of 40% chocolate sauce, we need 1 cup of pure chocolate sauce. This will give us 6 cups of 50% chocolate sauce. But we need 15 cups of 50% chocolate sauce. So we need to mix 5*15/6 = 12.5 cups of 40% chocolate sauce with 1*15/6 = 2.5 cups of pure chocolate sauce. Hence, when we are replacing, we remove 2.5 cups of 40% chocolate sauce and put 2.5 cups of pure chocolate in it. Answer (B) Look at example 1 here: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2012/01 ... mixtures/It is very similar to this question. Why is w1 equal to 100? Posted from my mobile device




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