Hi All,

This question can be solved by TESTing THE ANSWERS.

To start, we're told that 15 cups of 'sauce' are made up of 40% chocolate and 60% raspberry. This gives us...

Total = 15 cups

Choc = 40%(15) = 6 cups

Rasp = 60%(15) = 9 cups

We're told to remove a certain amount of the mixture and replace it with PURE chocolate, so that the mixture becomes a 50/50 chocolate/raspberry mix. In simple terms, we need the total amount of Chocolate to be 7.5 CUPS. We're asked for the number of cups of the mixture that would have to be replaced. Let's TEST THE ANSWERS.

While it's mathematically advantageous to TEST answer B or D first, Answer C seems like easier math...

IF... we remove 3 cups of sauce, those 3 cups are....

40%(3) = 1.2 cups Choc

60%(3) = 1.8 cups Rasp

The number of cups of Choc can be calculated by using the original number of cups (6), subtracting the amount removed when we remove the sauce (in this case, 1.2), then adding back the pure chocolate that replaces the removed sauce (in this case, 3) = 6 - 1.2 + 3 = 7.8 cups chocolate. This is TOO MUCH chocolate (we wanted it to be 7.5 cups), but it's fairly close, so we're likely looking for an answer that is CLOSE to 3....Let's TEST Answer B...

IF... we remove 2.5 cups of sauce, those 2.5 cups are....

40%(2.5) = 1 cup Choc

60%(2.5) = 1.5 cups Rasp

Choc = 6 - 1 + 2.5 = 7.5 cups chocolate. This is EXACTLY what we're looking for, so this MUST be the answer.

Final Answer:

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Rich

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