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At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti

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At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2014, 06:02
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At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco, who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating the means of future attempts.


A. who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating

B. the former head of her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines that had banned items simply used in prior attempts at hijacking and had not made a significant effort to anticipate

C. the former eight-year head of her country's antiterrorism committee, criticized airlines simply for banning items that had already been used in hijacking attempts and made no significant effort in anticipating

D. who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items used in prior hijacking attempts and making no significant effort to anticipate

E. who had for eight years headed her country's antiterrorism committee, criticizing airlines that had simply banned items already used in previous hijacking attempts, made no significant effort at anticipating
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Re: At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2014, 14:41
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At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco, who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating the means of future attempts.

A.who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating
Wrong.
- Meaning problem. It seems items used in prior hijacking attempts without making significant effort...... <== "without significant effort" modifies verb "used". That does not make sense.
- A correct parallel structure should be "criticized for banning.....and (for) making no significant effort. But that is not the case here.

B.the former head of her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines that had banned items simply used in prior attempts at hijacking and had not made a significant effort to anticipate
Wrong.
- Because there is no second "that" before "and had not made" ==> It's not clear that "criticized || had not made" OR "had banned || had not made".

C.the former eight-year head of her country's antiterrorism committee, criticized airlines simply for banning items that had already been used in hijacking attempts and made no significant effort in anticipating
Wrong.
- Parallelism problem: criticized || made <== Wrong.

D.who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items used in prior hijacking attempts and making no significant effort to anticipate
CORRECT.

E.who had for eight years headed her country's antiterrorism committee, criticizing airlines that had simply banned items already used in previous hijacking attempts, made no significant effort at anticipating[/quote]
Wrong.
- Criticizing <== Wrong verb-ing modifier. It should be a main verb - criticized.
- "made" is wrong because if we omit the verb-ing modifier part, it seems Ms. Franco made no effort. That's wrong.

Hope it helps.
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Re: At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2014, 01:16
pqhai wrote:
At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco, who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating the means of future attempts.

A.who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating
Wrong.
- Meaning problem. It seems items used in prior hijacking attempts without making significant effort...... <== "without significant effort" modifies verb "used". That does not make sense.
- A correct parallel structure should be "criticized for banning.....and (for) making no significant effort. But that is not the case here.

B.the former head of her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines that had banned items simply used in prior attempts at hijacking and had not made a significant effort to anticipate
Wrong.
- Because there is no second "that" before "and had not made" ==> It's not clear that "criticized || had not made" OR "had banned || had not made".

C.the former eight-year head of her country's antiterrorism committee, criticized airlines simply for banning items that had already been used in hijacking attempts and made no significant effort in anticipating
Wrong.
- Parallelism problem: criticized || made <== Wrong.

D.who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items used in prior hijacking attempts and making no significant effort to anticipate
CORRECT.

E.who had for eight years headed her country's antiterrorism committee, criticizing airlines that had simply banned items already used in previous hijacking attempts, made no significant effort at anticipating

Wrong.
- Criticizing <== Wrong verb-ing modifier. It should be a main verb - criticized.
- "made" is wrong because if we omit the verb-ing modifier part, it seems Ms. Franco made no effort. That's wrong.

Hope it helps.[/quote]


"simply banning" is that correct??
simply - adverb
banning - gerund or a noun (verb + ing)
how can an adverb describe a noun ??
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Re: At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2018, 09:44
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arnabs wrote:
pqhai wrote:
At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco, who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating the means of future attempts.

A.who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating
Wrong.
- Meaning problem. It seems items used in prior hijacking attempts without making significant effort...... <== "without significant effort" modifies verb "used". That does not make sense.
- A correct parallel structure should be "criticized for banning.....and (for) making no significant effort. But that is not the case here.

B.the former head of her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines that had banned items simply used in prior attempts at hijacking and had not made a significant effort to anticipate
Wrong.
- Because there is no second "that" before "and had not made" ==> It's not clear that "criticized || had not made" OR "had banned || had not made".

C.the former eight-year head of her country's antiterrorism committee, criticized airlines simply for banning items that had already been used in hijacking attempts and made no significant effort in anticipating
Wrong.
- Parallelism problem: criticized || made <== Wrong.

D.who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items used in prior hijacking attempts and making no significant effort to anticipate
CORRECT.

E.who had for eight years headed her country's antiterrorism committee, criticizing airlines that had simply banned items already used in previous hijacking attempts, made no significant effort at anticipating

Wrong.
- Criticizing <== Wrong verb-ing modifier. It should be a main verb - criticized.
- "made" is wrong because if we omit the verb-ing modifier part, it seems Ms. Franco made no effort. That's wrong.

Hope it helps.



"simply banning" is that correct??
simply - adverb
banning - gerund or a noun (verb + ing)
how can an adverb describe a noun ??[/quote]

Your question made me curious and i try finding answer, here is the explanation
"you can also modify a gerund from within the gerundial construction, where it functions as a verb, so you use an adverb: She left by quickly crossing the street and hailing a cab"
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Re: At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 16:33
Would you say there is a logical / correct way to attack this problem? I tried to look at the split first "who headed" vs "the former head" and both seemed possible at first. I then had to read through each problem choice to narrow down my answer. Just curious if there was another tactic / major call out that I might have missed?
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Re: At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 21:08
jadorexox wrote:
Would you say there is a logical / correct way to attack this problem? I tried to look at the split first "who headed" vs "the former head" and both seemed possible at first. I then had to read through each problem choice to narrow down my answer. Just curious if there was another tactic / major call out that I might have missed?


I think even before looking at the reference part, you can spot fr parallelism errors in the subordinate section.
According to me both are ok. Its the second part that has real problems
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Re: At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2018, 20:58
Hi.
To me the use of past perfect continuous 'had been' in option A looks correct. Would be helpful, if some one can validate this. I understand other reasons for which option A is incorrect.

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At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 11:55
JarvisR wrote:
At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco, who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating the means of future attempts.


A. who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating - Incorrect, meaning error. "Without making significant effort .... ?" This portion remains incomplete.

B. the former head of her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines that had banned items simply used in prior attempts at hijacking and had not made a significant effort to anticipate Incorrect. Parallelism and usage error.
Usage error. You don't say former head for so many years
Parallelism error. If you read the second part that follows 'and', it reads as "criticized airlines had not ....". This is incorrect.

C. the former eight-year head of her country's antiterrorism committee, criticized airlines simply for banning items that had already been used in hijacking attempts and made no significant effort in anticipating
Usage error. Same as B
Parallelism error. banning and made

D. who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items used in prior hijacking attempts and making no significant effort to anticipate Correct

E. who had for eight years headed her country's antiterrorism committee, criticizing airlines that had simply banned items already used in previous hijacking attempts, made no significant effort at anticipating Incorrect. No main verb
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Re: At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2019, 10:18
At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco, who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating the means of future attempts.

A. who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating - illogical meaning- without making a significant effort or anticipating-- these are two separate actions -- what the sentence intends to say is that without making a significant effort to anticipate;
usage of past perfect seems incorrect

B. the former head of her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines that had banned items simply used in prior attempts at hijacking and had not made a significant effort to anticipate - 'former head for eight years' has a meaning problem - It's unclear whether she's spent eight years as the former head - that is, it's been 8 years since she quit - or whether, instead, she was the head for eight years before quitting ;

C. the former eight-year head of her country's antiterrorism committee, criticized airlines simply for banning items that had already been used in hijacking attempts and made no significant effort in anticipating- parallelism issue - criticized and made -- illogical meaning ; the former eight-year head seems awkward

D. who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items used in prior hijacking attempts and making no significant effort to anticipate - Correct

E. who had for eight years headed her country's antiterrorism committee, criticizing airlines that had simply banned items already used in previous hijacking attempts, made no significant effort at anticipating - illogical meaning - Ms. Franco made no significant effort is illogical;


1. Isn't the usage of past perfect tense in A,B,C and E redundant? In A,B and E, prior and previous have been used as a time marker and even in case of C(without any such marker) is clear.

2. Also, in B "airlines that had banned items" or in E "airlines that had simply banned items"
is the meaning change acceptable? The original sentence talks about airlines in general, whereas these sentences talk about only those airlines that banned items?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , DmitryFarber , daagh , generis , other experts - please enlighten

Answer D
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Re: At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2019, 00:48
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Quote:
At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco, who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating the means of future attempts.


A. who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts without making a significant effort or anticipating

B. the former head of her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines that had banned items simply used in prior attempts at hijacking and had not made a significant effort to anticipate

C. the former eight-year head of her country's antiterrorism committee, criticized airlines simply for banning items that had already been used in hijacking attempts and made no significant effort in anticipating

D. who headed her country's antiterrorism committee for eight years, criticized airlines for simply banning items used in prior hijacking attempts and making no significant effort to anticipate

E. who had for eight years headed her country's antiterrorism committee, criticizing airlines that had simply banned items already used in previous hijacking attempts, made no significant effort at anticipating

skywalker

The use of past perfect vis-à-vis simple is a slippery issue even for natives as elucidated by our Reference Manual RON.

I think you are correct in asking why the use of 'already and prior' cannot be considered redundant along with past perfect.
But A has several other issues also.

1. It simply uses a simple past for the verb 'headed". However, it doesn't use any other time reference such as earlier or previous.
Why should we not use a present perfect for 'headed' since her tenure was deeper in the past than when she addressed the conference?
This point holds good for A through D.

2. What does the prepositional modifier 'without making a significant effort or anticipating" modify? You may see that it is not set off by a comma. Therefore if might modify the noun in front ,namely, 'the hijacking attempts', which doesn't make any sense. If somebody suggests that the modifier could modify the previous clause namely "items that had already been used in prior hijacking attempts" then also it makes no sense. It is the airlines that is the modifies noun and it is far away and theree is a verb in between to reckon with.

In any case, I think A is a dead issue, because the author doesn't claim it isthe OA.

In other choices also we can go on picking holes if we delve deeper.

However, D is significantly different from the rest in the use of the word 'prior" You may see that 'prior' does not refer to the used items but to the hijacking attempts. By leaving out the words 'had and already', one can say that "used" now means ' that were used', a simple past.

We must wait for the OE.

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Re: At Tuesday's press conference Ms. Franco who headed her country's anti   [#permalink] 08 Jan 2019, 00:48
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