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Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election

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Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2017, 13:26
1
13
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

31% (00:52) correct 69% (00:57) wrong based on 388 sessions

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Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed the prices of essential commodities to soar unchecked last year.

(A) had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed

(B) fell out of favor in the recent election because it announced higher tax rates and allowed

(C) fell out of favor in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed

(D) had fallen in the recent election because it announced higher tax rates and allowed

(E) had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and had allow
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Re: Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2017, 17:38
4
nahid007 wrote:
Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed the prices of essential commodities to soar unchecked last year.

1) had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed
2) fell out of favor in the recent election because it announced higher tax rates and allowed
3) fell out of favor in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed
4) had fallen in the recent election because it announced higher tax rates and allowed
5) had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and had allow

Dear nahid007,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

You may find this article helpful:
Past Perfect on GMAT Sentence Correction

We know the action of falling in the recent election is the more recent action, and the announcing and allowing were earlier actions. We know that if we use the past perfect at all, we have to use it with the earlier actions. Using the past perfect for the falling is incorrect, so (A), (D) and (E) are out.

The question remains whether we need the past perfect for the earlier actions. Notice that the split in (B) & (C) is purely about this. I realize this is marked as an older official question: I will say that modern official question often do not come down to a split such as this.

The general rule is that the past participle is redundant if we can discern from other elements of the sentence the time relationship. Well, the sentence lets us know that the announcing and allowing happened "last year," which seems to indicate a time earlier than the elections. More important, the word "because" sets up a causal relationship. The announcing and allowing caused the results of the election, and therefore must precede the election in time. The order of the events is clear from all this, so the past perfect is irrelevant. I would say but the GMAT's current values, the answer would be (B). I have no idea what they deemed the answer on the paper tests.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Mike McGarry
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Re: Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2017, 17:49
nahid007 wrote:
Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed the prices of essential commodities to soar unchecked last year.


1) had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed
2) fell out of favor in the recent election because it announced higher tax rates and allowed
3) fell out of favor in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed
4) had fallen in the recent election because it announced higher tax rates and allowed
5) had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and had allow



Dear nahid007,

U=You have cited the question as GMAT paper tests. Are you sure??I have reviewed the 9 paper tests but I could not find it.

Is the question from other GMAT prep sources??

Thanks
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Re: Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 03:52
IMO the correct answer is C because the action described in the first sentence, which correctly is express with the past simple, has the past simple, while the action in the second tense is the couse of the first. infact it happens before and thus we have the past perfect.
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Re: Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 04:22
1
When there is a specific mention of time frame - fell out - recent election , announced .. and allowed .. last year. I guess there is no need for past perfect.
Only B stays while others are out.
-
Hence, Answer is B.
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Re: Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 08:42
mikemcgarry wrote:
nahid007 wrote:
Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed the prices of essential commodities to soar unchecked last year.

1) had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed
2) fell out of favor in the recent election because it announced higher tax rates and allowed
3) fell out of favor in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and allowed
4) had fallen in the recent election because it announced higher tax rates and allowed
5) had fallen in the recent election because it had announced higher tax rates and had allow

Dear nahid007,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

You may find this article helpful:
Past Perfect on GMAT Sentence Correction

We know the action of falling in the recent election is the more recent action, and the announcing and allowing were earlier actions. We know that if we use the past perfect at all, we have to use it with the earlier actions. Using the past perfect for the falling is incorrect, so (A), (D) and (E) are out.

The question remains whether we need the past perfect for the earlier actions. Notice that the split in (B) & (C) is purely about this. I realize this is marked as an older official question: I will say that modern official question often do not come down to a split such as this.

The general rule is that the past participle is redundant if we can discern from other elements of the sentence the time relationship. Well, the sentence lets us know that the announcing and allowing happened "last year," which seems to indicate a time earlier than the elections. More important, the word "because" sets up a causal relationship. The announcing and allowing caused the results of the election, and therefore must precede the election in time. The order of the events is clear from all this, so the past perfect is irrelevant. I would say but the GMAT's current values, the answer would be (B). I have no idea what they deemed the answer on the paper tests.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)


Hi Mike ,

Sir ,
Isn't it optional to use past perfect tense when there are other time indicators though not considered wrong?
both B and C seem right and i havent come across such a question from GMAC that has two close answers.
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Re: Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2017, 16:38
1
goforgmat wrote:
Hi Mike ,

Sir ,
Isn't it optional to use past perfect tense when there are other time indicators though not considered wrong?
both B and C seem right and i havent come across such a question from GMAC that has two close answers.

Dear goforgmat,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, it's usually not optional on the GMAT. Remember that the GMAT values concision and elegance and it hates redundancy.
Version #1: I went to South Dakota this past winter, because I went to North Dakota in the previous winter.
Version #2: I went to South Dakota this past winter, because I had gone to North Dakota in the previous winter.
In this admittedly colloquial and illogical sentence, both versions would be correct in conversation American English. Think, though, about the priorities of the GMAT. The second version uses one more word, but of course it has the exact same meaning as the first sentence. For the cost of one additional word, what did we get? Zilch. Nada. Paying a cost and getting nothing to show for it--that's never a good deal on the GMAT or in the business world!

Admittedly, the modern GMAT doesn't force us to make such niggling choices in current SC questions.

It's very good to associate each word used with a cost. Sometimes in advertising or other media, one actually does pay for each word. If not a literal economic cost, each additional word "taxes" the reader's attention. Does the reader get anything more from paying the extra tax, the marginally greater amount of attention? That is the question guiding the GMAT's concern with concision.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep


Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Re: Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2018, 22:39
hazelnut GMATNinja , I have read this question in CrackVerbal in which OA is C
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Re: Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election &nbs [#permalink] 27 Sep 2018, 22:39
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Critics say that the government had fallen in the recent election

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