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# Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’

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Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 04 Oct 2017, 20:45
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Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’ illnesses are the result of depression, but in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder, the patients are in effect told that these illnesses are all in their head.

A. in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder
B. if these ailments are ascribed as the cause for a psychological disorder
C. in ascribing a psychological disorder as the cause for these ailments
D. if these ailments are ascribed to a psychological disorder
E. in ascribing a psychological disorder to these ailments

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Originally posted by amol143 on 04 Oct 2017, 19:51.
Last edited by broall on 04 Oct 2017, 20:45, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question
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Re: Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2017, 00:44
1
amol143 wrote:
Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’ illnesses are the result of depression, but in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder, the patients are in effect told that these illnesses are all in their head.

A. in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder
B. if these ailments are ascribed as the cause for a psychological disorder
C. in ascribing a psychological disorder as the cause for these ailments
D. if these ailments are ascribed to a psychological disorder
E. in ascribing a psychological disorder to these ailments

POE -- D is best here
A , C and E are out --modification error ...Ascribing must point to doctor ..
Between B and D --D is best
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Re: Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2017, 03:26
2
amol143 wrote:
Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’ illnesses are the result of depression, but in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder, the patients are in effect told that these illnesses are all in their head.

A. in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder
B. if these ailments are ascribed as the cause for a psychological disorder
C. in ascribing a psychological disorder as the cause for these ailments
D. if these ailments are ascribed to a psychological disorder
E. in ascribing a psychological disorder to these ailments

The new idiom out here is "ascribe to".
Reference : http://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/ascribe

Based on the error in idiom usage, eliminate choices B and C (ascribe as)

Notice that option E has reversed the sequence.
Doctors attribute ailments to psychological disorder and not the other way around.
Hence, eliminate E based on change in meaning.

Option A uses "in ascribing....blah blah, the patients". The patients never ascribed anything.
Eliminate on the grounds of incorrect modifier usage.

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Re: Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2017, 03:44
Straight in: D.
'Ascribe to' is the idiom

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Re: Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2017, 20:04
3
amol143 wrote:
Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’ illnesses are the result of depression, but in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder, the patients are in effect told that these illnesses are all in their head.

A. in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder
B. if these ailments are ascribed as the cause for a psychological disorder
C. in ascribing a psychological disorder as the cause for these ailments
D. if these ailments are ascribed to a psychological disorder
E. in ascribing a psychological disorder to these ailments

Solution

In analyzing the decision points between the five answer choices, you should first notice the difference between “in ascribing” in (A), (C), and (E) and "if these ailments are ascribed" in (B) and (D).

Additionally, you should see that (B) and (C) contain the words “as a cause” while the other choices do not.

Probably the easiest of those decision points to assess is the addition of “as a cause”.

The word "ascribe" already means "to credit or assign, as to a cause or source" so (B) and (C) are redundant.

For (A) and (E) the use of the modifying phrase “in ascribing” illogically modifies the patients, suggesting that the patients are the ones doing the ascribing.

Clearly, it is the doctor who is doing the ascribing and the “if” clause, which does not then modify the patients, makes the meaning logical.

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Re: Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2017, 04:25
hazelnut wrote:
amol143 wrote:
Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’ illnesses are the result of depression, but in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder, the patients are in effect told that these illnesses are all in their head.

A. in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder
B. if these ailments are ascribed as the cause for a psychological disorder
C. in ascribing a psychological disorder as the cause for these ailments
D. if these ailments are ascribed to a psychological disorder
E. in ascribing a psychological disorder to these ailments

Solution

In analyzing the decision points between the five answer choices, you should first notice the difference between “in ascribing” in (A), (C), and (E) and "if these ailments are ascribed" in (B) and (D).

Additionally, you should see that (B) and (C) contain the words “as a cause” while the other choices do not.

Probably the easiest of those decision points to assess is the addition of “as a cause”.

The word "ascribe" already means "to credit or assign, as to a cause or source" so (B) and (C) are redundant.

For (A) and (E) the use of the modifying phrase “in ascribing” illogically modifies the patients, suggesting that the patients are the ones doing the ascribing.

Clearly, it is the doctor who is doing the ascribing and the “if” clause, which does not then modify the patients, makes the meaning logical.

Could you please explain how ascribing modifies Patients not doctor? Usually, ing modifies the subject of preceding clause. As you stated ascribe means " to cause ", does ascribe fits with doctor? How can a doctor cause something?

For (A) and (E) the use of the modifying phrase “in ascribing” illogically modifies the patients, suggesting that the patients are the ones doing the ascribing.
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Re: Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2018, 23:18
If the modifier 'in ascribing' refers to the preceding clause, shouldn't option A be correct?
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Re: Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2018, 18:48
abhimahna , AjiteshArun

I am having trouble here arriving at D as the answer choice. B and C can be easily eliminated
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Re: Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2018, 19:36
1
prateek176 wrote:
abhimahna , AjiteshArun

I am having trouble here arriving at D as the answer choice. B and C can be easily eliminated
This question is a copy of this official question. It might be better if we just go with the original question as it will help us add to the discussion around it.

In the official question, options A and E (and C) use the phrase in attributing. When we put that phrase at the beginning of a clause, we must make sure that the noun that starts the clause (the subject of that clause) is the one that is actually doing the attributing.

In attributing X to Y, ________ <---- whatever goes here has to be the thing that is doing the attributing.

The problem is that the sentence already has the perpetrators in that position in the portion that is not underlined. So we end up with

In attributing X to Y, the perpetrators

Since the perpetrators are not the ones who are doing the attributing (the defense attorneys are the ones who are actually doing the attributing), we can safely remove both A & E. Additionally, the use of in attributing X as Y in E is incorrect.
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Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2018, 12:14
amol143 wrote:
Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’ illnesses are the result of depression, but in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder, the patients are in effect told that these illnesses are all in their head.

A. in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder
B. if these ailments are ascribed as the cause for a psychological disorder
C. in ascribing a psychological disorder as the cause for these ailments
D. if these ailments are ascribed to a psychological disorder
E. in ascribing a psychological disorder to these ailments

Hi amol143

I see that you have great explanation by AjiteshArun. I will add m my 2 cents here. I will dissect the sentence at hand d with some detail.

The sentence consists of 2 clauses connected by conjunction:

1- Doctors sometimes insist...........................Clause 1
2- but.......conjunction
3- in ascribing these ailments to a psychological disorder, the patients are ..........Clause 2

'in ascribing these ailments to a psychological':

- is adverbial modifier that comes after
-the conjunction 'but'
-so it belongs to the second clause and answer 'HOW'the subject of the clause performs the 'VERB'

Because the GMAT asks for logical meaning and clarity, so we need to ask Does it make sense that 'patients' themselves 'ascribing these ailments'? It does not make sense.

So Eliminate choices A, C and E
Doctors sometimes insist that their patients’   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2018, 12:14
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