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During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was

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During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was a major financial sponsor of painting and sculpture in France; sponsorship by private individuals had decreased dramatically by this time. Because the academy discouraged innovation in the arts, there was little innovation in nineteenth century French sculpture. Yet nineteenth century French painting showed a remarkable degree of innovation

Which one of the following, if true, most helps to explain the difference between the amount of innovation in French painting and the amount of innovation in French sculpture during the nineteenth century

(A) In France in the nineteenth century, the French academy gave more of its financial support to painting than it did to sculpture.

(B) The French academy in the nineteenth century financially supported a greater number of sculptors than painters, but individual painters received more support, on average, than individual sculptors.

(C) Because stone was so much more expensive than paint and canvas, far more unsponsored paintings were produced than were unsponsored sculptures in France during the nineteenth century.

(D) Very few of the artists in France in the nineteenth century who produced sculptures also produced paintings.

(E) Although the academy was the primary sponsor of sculpture and painting, the total amount of financial support that French sculptors and painters received from sponsors declined during the nineteenth century.

Source: LSAT
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Originally posted by vomhorizon on 27 Nov 2012, 02:17.
Last edited by broall on 18 Sep 2017, 20:02, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question, OA added
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2012, 03:26
IMO C.

C provides reasons for both the events. Material for Sculpture was expensive, making it difficult for artists to produce without funding while material for painting was not expensive, making it easier for painters to produce painting without funding.
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2012, 04:12
It took 2 min 15 sec fairly simple.... its straight C
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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The stimulus describes an apparent discrepancy. The French academy discouraged innovation in the arts during the 19th century, and yet 19th century French painting showed a remarkable degree of innovation but sculpturing did not.
The question is why?
We can only guess at the reasons.
However the correct answer choice should be the one which would point to a critical difference between French painting and sculpture in the 19th century.

Answer choice (A) is the Opposite answer. If painting received more financial support than sculpture, we'd expect it to be less innovative given the artistic direction of the French academy. French painting, however, was apparently more innovative. Answer choice (A) deepens the paradox instead of resolving it.

Answer choice (B) is another an Opposite answer. The fact that more sculptors than painters were supported helps explain (to an extent) why sculpture was less innovative, assuming that each artist received a more-or-less equal share of this support. However, the second part of answer choice (B) states that individual painters received more support, on average, than individual sculptors. If so, we'd expect that that painting would be less innovative, not more.

Answer choice (C) is the correct answer choice. If there were a lot more unsponsored paintings than unsponsored sculptures, then no wonder 19th century painting showed a remarkable degree of innovation: more paintings than sculptures were produced without the auspices of the academy, which limited innovation.

Answer choice (D) is incorrect as it has no effect on the discrepancy we're trying to explain.

Answer choice (E) is incorrect, because the total amount of support received by the artistic community is irrelevant. Our job is to explain why painting was more innovative than sculpture, even though they are both art forms sponsored by the French academy. The correct answer choice must point to a material difference, not similarity, between these two art forms.
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 22:32
kill3rlook5 wrote:
The stimulus describes an apparent discrepancy. The French academy discouraged innovation in the arts during the 19th century, and yet 19th century French painting showed a remarkable degree of innovation but sculpturing did not.
The question is why?
We can only guess at the reasons.
However the correct answer choice should be the one which would point to a critical difference between French painting and sculpture in the 19th century.

Answer choice (A) is the Opposite answer. If painting received more financial support than sculpture, we'd expect it to be less innovative given the artistic direction of the French academy. French painting, however, was apparently more innovative. Answer choice (A) deepens the paradox instead of resolving it.

Answer choice (B) is another an Opposite answer. The fact that more sculptors than painters were supported helps explain (to an extent) why sculpture was less innovative, assuming that each artist received a more-or-less equal share of this support. However, the second part of answer choice (B) states that individual painters received more support, on average, than individual sculptors. If so, we'd expect that that painting would be less innovative, not more.

Answer choice (C) is the correct answer choice. If there were a lot more unsponsored paintings than unsponsored sculptures, then no wonder 19th century painting showed a remarkable degree of innovation: more paintings than sculptures were produced without the auspices of the academy, which limited innovation.

Answer choice (D) is incorrect as it has no effect on the discrepancy we're trying to explain.

Answer choice (E) is incorrect, because the total amount of support received by the artistic community is irrelevant. Our job is to explain why painting was more innovative than sculpture, even though they are both art forms sponsored by the French academy. The correct answer choice must point to a material difference, not similarity, between these two art forms.
if painting was supported more financially wouldn't it be more innovative?
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2017, 09:49
Dear Expert

I am okay with C, but
What is wrong with A and B, specifically, why should we discard them ...?
France academy discourages innovation in arts, but if this is true that individual painters receive more financial incentives than do individual sculptors, then cannot be those incentives the reasons for innovations in painting....?

Yes, choice C comes up with a splendid option, no doubt out there, but
how to eliminate A and B ...?

maybe it is very obvious, but
Please say to me

thanks in advance
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 09:42
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Expert's post
gmatcracker2017 wrote:
Dear Expert

I am okay with C, but
What is wrong with A and B, specifically, why should we discard them ...?
France academy discourages innovation in arts, but if this is true that individual painters receive more financial incentives than do individual sculptors, then cannot be those incentives the reasons for innovations in painting....?

Yes, choice C comes up with a splendid option, no doubt out there, but
how to eliminate A and B ...?

maybe it is very obvious, but
Please say to me

thanks in advance

Quote:
(A) In France in the nineteenth century, the French academy gave more of its financial support to painting than it did to sculpture.

We know that the French academy of art was a major financial sponsor of BOTH painting and sculpture in France. Regardless of whether painting or sculpture received MORE of the money, the academy discouraged innovation. Thus, even if the French academy gave MOST of its financial support to painting, we would still not expect much innovation in painting. Choice (A) does not explain why there was so much innovation in painting despite the fact that the academy discouraged innovation.

Quote:
(B) The French academy in the nineteenth century financially supported a greater number of sculptors than painters, but individual painters received more support, on average, than individual sculptors.

Again, regardless of how much financial support the painters received from the academy, the academy still discouraged innovation. Painters' receiving more money from the academy is not enough to explain why innovation was greater among painters than among sculptors. Even if the painters had received a virtually limitless supply of funds from the academy, that would not change the fact that the academy discouraged innovation. Thus, we would still not expect much innovation in painting.

Only choice (C) explains the difference in innovation between painting and sculpting.

I hope this helps!
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2017, 07:12
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GMATNinja wrote:
gmatcracker2017 wrote:
Dear Expert

I am okay with C, but
What is wrong with A and B, specifically, why should we discard them ...?
France academy discourages innovation in arts, but if this is true that individual painters receive more financial incentives than do individual sculptors, then cannot be those incentives the reasons for innovations in painting....?

Yes, choice C comes up with a splendid option, no doubt out there, but
how to eliminate A and B ...?

maybe it is very obvious, but
Please say to me

thanks in advance

Quote:
(A) In France in the nineteenth century, the French academy gave more of its financial support to painting than it did to sculpture.

We know that the French academy of art was a major financial sponsor of BOTH painting and sculpture in France. Regardless of whether painting or sculpture received MORE of the money, the academy discouraged innovation. Thus, even if the French academy gave MOST of its financial support to painting, we would still not expect much innovation in painting. Choice (A) does not explain why there was so much innovation in painting despite the fact that the academy discouraged innovation.

Quote:
(B) The French academy in the nineteenth century financially supported a greater number of sculptors than painters, but individual painters received more support, on average, than individual sculptors.

Again, regardless of how much financial support the painters received from the academy, the academy still discouraged innovation. Painters' receiving more money from the academy is not enough to explain why innovation was greater among painters than among sculptors. Even if the painters had received a virtually limitless supply of funds from the academy, that would not change the fact that the academy discouraged innovation. Thus, we would still not expect much innovation in painting.

Only choice (C) explains the difference in innovation between painting and sculpting.

I hope this helps!


thanks to you GMATNinja

Surely your explanation was great to address the issue raised by me

thanks to you again, man
8-)
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2017, 04:37
So the sponsor was x for both painters and sculptors. X didn't want innovation. There was little innovation in sculptor and more in paintings. How? Something must be different. Some painters must have painted with support of X, to what they like i.e. innovation. C solves the paradox.

Wow, post LSAT, I might think of writing some mystery novels myself ;)
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2018, 01:21
During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was a major financial sponsor of painting and sculpture in France; sponsorship by private individuals had decreased dramatically by this time. Because the academy discouraged innovation in the arts, there was little innovation in nineteenth century French sculpture. Yet nineteenth century French painting showed a remarkable degree of innovation

Which one of the following, if true, most helps to explain the difference between the amount of innovation in French painting and the amount of innovation in French sculpture during the nineteenth century

(A) In France in the nineteenth century, the French academy gave more of its financial support to painting than it did to sculpture. --More financial support doesn't mean that paintings will be more innovative because we know from the premise that french academy didn't support innovation.

(B) The French academy in the nineteenth century financially supported a greater number of sculptors than painters, but individual painters received more support, on average, than individual sculptors. --Same as A; greater support doesn't mean greater innovation.

(C) Because stone was so much more expensive than paint and canvas, far more unsponsored paintings were produced than were unsponsored sculptures in France during the nineteenth century. --Correct. The gretaer numbner of unsupported paintings help explain the greater number of innovative paintings

(D) Very few of the artists in France in the nineteenth century who produced sculptures also produced paintings. --Out of scope

(E) Although the academy was the primary sponsor of sculpture and painting, the total amount of financial support that French sculptors and painters received from sponsors declined during the nineteenth century. --Again, like option A, this option merely states the greater amount of support.
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Re: During the nineteenth century, the French academy of art was   [#permalink] 06 Mar 2018, 01:21
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