GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 10 Dec 2018, 16:42

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free lesson on number properties

     December 10, 2018

     December 10, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Practice the one most important Quant section - Integer properties, and rapidly improve your skills.
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     December 11, 2018

     December 11, 2018

     09:00 PM EST

     10:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. December 11 at 9 PM EST.

For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Jan 2008
Posts: 483
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 07 Dec 2018, 04:57
6
36
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

74% (00:44) correct 26% (00:42) wrong based on 1929 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly there-quarters only a decade ago.


(A) which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

(B) which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

(C) and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

(D) amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

(E) amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters


Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

Originally posted by mymba99 on 19 Apr 2008, 08:27.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Dec 2018, 04:57, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Community Reply
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2010
Posts: 1
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2010, 22:19
18
Guys,

There is nothing called wordy in SC. These are all misleading statements.

We all know why we dont choose A B or C. Between D and E. We choose D because E changes the meaning of the sentence. If you look closely, E says it has come down by three quarters where as it should be down from nearly three quarters since it has been compared to one half.

Does that make sense?

Thanks,
Akash
General Discussion
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Feb 2008
Posts: 431
Location: Kolkata
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Apr 2008, 18:39
3
4
A and b are wrong because a comma before which indiacates it is referring to the antecedent which is california here whereas not referring to the non-hispanic whites so teh usage of which is wrong here.D on the other hand,is precise and to the point.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Oct 2009
Posts: 53
Location: India
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Aug 2010, 05:55
2
akashgupta wrote:
Guys,

There is nothing called wordy in SC. These are all misleading statements.

We all know why we dont choose A B or C. Between D and E. We choose D because E changes the meaning of the sentence. If you look closely, E says it has come down by three quarters where as it should be down from nearly three quarters since it has been compared to one half.

Does that make sense?

Thanks,
Akash


Hi ,

You are right. Moreover, 'amounting to ', 'down from', 'by nearly three...' does not seem to be in synch. I mean no proper meaning is conveyed. A, B and C are incorrect for obvious reasons mentioned above. Clearly D. What is the OA for this?

Regards
Sony
_________________

A bend in the road is not the end of the road unless you fail to take a turn.....

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 758
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2013, 12:38
2
[quote="WaterFlowsUp"]what is the difference between [b]this amounts and amounting to[/b] ?[/quote]

AMMOUNTS TO:==>Here amounts is acting as a verb....and ammounts to means SUMS TO

AMMOUNTING]:==>THIS IS A PARTICIPLE. and ammounting to means summing to..

both have almost the same meaning only difference is one is acting as a verb and other as a participle.

hope it helps
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...



GMAT RCs VOCABULARY LIST: http://gmatclub.com/forum/vocabulary-list-for-gmat-reading-comprehension-155228.html
learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment
: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APt9ITygGss

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Apr 2011
Posts: 13
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2013, 15:46
3
in A and B - which refers back to california which is wrong.
in C that makes the sentence unclear and wordy
in E the addition of It has no clear referent (population or state)
thus D IMO is the right choice
Current Student
avatar
Joined: 28 Sep 2014
Posts: 16
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Mar 2015, 15:33
Can anyone explain why THAT in option C makes the choice incorrect?
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7098
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Mar 2015, 19:06
2
soumya86 wrote:
Can anyone explain why THAT in option C makes the choice incorrect?


that or which cannot refer to tiving things and in this case 'non-Hispanic Whites '
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


GMAT online Tutor

Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7098
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Mar 2015, 07:28
Raihanuddin wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
soumya86 wrote:
Can anyone explain why THAT in option C makes the choice incorrect?


that or which cannot refer to tiving things and in this case 'non-Hispanic Whites '



Yes true. But I have seen a prep question in which "that" is used to indicate human being. And Sometimes "that" can used to refer to human being. But very rare. I can't remember the question but I am sure that I have seen.


Hi,
i would request you to check the question and its source and please share with us so that we all too can benefit ..
But merely seeing without the source may harm others than help them..
whatever little bit i have read about GMAT, that cannot refer to a person.. you use who for a person
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


GMAT online Tutor

VP
VP
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1028
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Mar 2015, 07:55
1
soumya86 wrote:
Can anyone explain why THAT in option C makes the choice incorrect?

Hi Soumya, that in C is used as demonstrative pronoun, in the sense that that is actually pointing to the fact that non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California.

While there is meaning issue with this usage, the easier way to eliminate this is that whenever that is used as a demonstrative pronoun, that must be immediately followed by a noun; so basically that should be used as an adjective. In option C, that is not followed by a noun and hence, can be eliminated easily.

For example, following hypothetical sentence (non-GMAT like) is better:

Recently a survey found that non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, and that survey was made public.

Here, that is followed by a noun: survey.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses the various avatars of "that", their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

VP
VP
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1028
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Mar 2015, 08:17
chetan2u wrote:
that or which cannot refer to living things and in this case 'non-Hispanic Whites '

Yes indeed this could be another interpretation.

Adding to what Chetan mentions, even if we interpret it this way (that referring to non-Hispanic Whites), C would still be incorrect because of subject-verb agreement issues, since C says: ...and that amounts to.

So, if that is referring to non-Hispanic Whites, the sentence would be: ...and non-Hispanic Whites amounts to.

Since non-Hispanic Whites is clearly plural, we cannot use a singular verb amounts.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 47
Reviews Badge
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Apr 2016, 09:09
Gauss wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters


Hi Egmat,

Meaning analysis: the sentence says that the population of non hispanic whites is a little less than 50% population and this current population was 75% a decade back.

Error analysis:

Can you please clarify the below doubts:

1. Since relative pronouns can modify a far away noun. Isn't it possible for which to modify minority in the parent sentence.
2. What does the phrase down from nearly three quarters modifies.

Also, if you could do a complete analysis of other answer choices post clearing my doubts.
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2767
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Apr 2016, 08:34
nishatfarhat87 wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters

Hi Egmat,

Meaning analysis: the sentence says that the population of non hispanic whites is a little less than 50% population and this current population was 75% a decade back.

Error analysis:

Can you please clarify the below doubts:

1. Since relative pronouns can modify a far away noun. Isn't it possible for which to modify minority in the parent sentence.
2. What does the phrase down from nearly three quarters modifies.

Also, if you could do a complete analysis of other answer choices post clearing my doubts.


Hi Nishat,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

1. In Choice A and B, which cannot refer jump over in California to modify a minority because in California actually modifies the verb are. We can very well place this modifier right before the subject of the main clause, and the sentence will still give the intended meaning. Hence, the far away noun modification does not work in these two choices.

2. The phrase down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago, another prepositional phrase modifies the noun entity a little less than half the population of the state. It is the current population that is down.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Nov 2012
Posts: 47
Reviews Badge
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Apr 2016, 07:51
egmat wrote:
nishatfarhat87 wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters

Hi Egmat,

Meaning analysis: the sentence says that the population of non hispanic whites is a little less than 50% population and this current population was 75% a decade back.

Error analysis:

Can you please clarify the below doubts:

1. Since relative pronouns can modify a far away noun. Isn't it possible for which to modify minority in the parent sentence.
2. What does the phrase down from nearly three quarters modifies.

Also, if you could do a complete analysis of other answer choices post clearing my doubts.


Hi Nishat,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

1. In Choice A and B, which cannot refer jump over in California to modify a minority because in California actually modifies the verb are. We can very well place this modifier right before the subject of the main clause, and the sentence will still give the intended meaning. Hence, the far away noun modification does not work in these two choices.

2. The phrase down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago, another prepositional phrase modifies the noun entity a little less than half the population of the state. It is the current population that is down.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Please confirm if my analysis of other options is correct:
a and b. As you mentioned because A and B have which and it modifies California therefore it is incorrect. Also, in B the phrase down from a decade ago changes the meaning hence incorrect.
c. 2 errors. It removes the causality and places them as 2 diffrent clauses giving equal weightage. Also, similarly the phrase down from a decade ago changes the meaning
e. down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters. Here it has no antecedent. This is wordy and unclear.

Please confirm if I am right.
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2767
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 May 2016, 06:56
1
nishatfarhat87 wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago

B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters

C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters

D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago

E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters



Please confirm if my analysis of other options is correct:
a and b. As you mentioned because A and B have which and it modifies California therefore it is incorrect. Also, in B the phrase down from a decade ago changes the meaning hence incorrect.
c. 2 errors. It removes the causality and places them as 2 diffrent clauses giving equal weightage. Also, similarly the phrase down from a decade ago changes the meaning
e. down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters. Here it has no antecedent. This is wordy and unclear.

Please confirm if I am right.



Hi Nishat,

Yes, for most part, your analysis is correct. In choice C, usage of that is incorrect as that cannot refer to a clause. So I would not say that this choice removes the causality. I would say that this choice presents the causality in an ungrammatical manner.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Director
Director
User avatar
B
Status: I don't stop when I'm Tired,I stop when I'm done
Joined: 11 May 2014
Posts: 537
Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Finance, Leadership
GPA: 2.81
WE: Business Development (Real Estate)
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Sep 2016, 14:38
Top Contributor
mymba99 wrote:
For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly there-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago
B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters
C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters
D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago
E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters


For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are officially a minority in California, which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly there-quarters only a decade ago.

A. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters only a decade ago ----->ILLOGICALLY describing California
B. which amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when it was nearly three-quarters ------->Same as A,ILLOGICALLY describing California
C. and that amounts to a little less than half the population of the state, down from a decade ago, when they were nearly three-quarters ------>Parellel error,INCORRECT
D. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from nearly three-quarters a decade ago ---->CORRECT,"A little less than half" is compared to "nearly three-quarters".
E. amounting to a little less than half the population of the state, down from what it was a decade ago by nearly three-quarters
------> meaning error,"it" can modify either the subject of the sentence or a noun that's closer
_________________

Md. Abdur Rakib

Please Press +1 Kudos,If it helps
Sentence Correction-Collection of Ron Purewal's "elliptical construction/analogies" for SC Challenges

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3505
Premium Member
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Dec 2018, 04:57
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

GMAT Club Bot
Re: For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official &nbs [#permalink] 07 Dec 2018, 04:57
Display posts from previous: Sort by

For the first time in the modern era, non-Hispanic Whites are official

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.