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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on

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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 23:58
1
4
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A
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E

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Question Stats:

79% (00:54) correct 21% (00:53) wrong based on 371 sessions

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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.


A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals


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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 00:44
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Bunuel wrote:
In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.


A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals


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Imo E is the most concise and no ambiguity
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 12:12
past perfect doesn't make sense in option E.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 02:30
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whereas is used to show a contrast between two thing different. despite of is used to say about illogic condition.
whereas I pass gmat , most persons fail on it
despite of the fact that i study gmat a little , i pass the test.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 03:39
E is best Possible solution

Whereas is preferred over despite/ in spite. We are just stating something surprising and facts not some contradiction in their publication.

Btw C D & E.
C_ There were those individuals - awkward and wordy- There is a wrong usage here.
D_ Passive construction. Leave it.
E_ Best possible construction, apt and appropriate.

Answer must be E.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 04:54
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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.

Please try to relate with time/tenses.

An example similar to this: Whereas previously I did/had scored well in Maths, In 2013 I began to forget important formulas for this subject after I started working.

Focus on highlighted part.

why did/had scored (Past Perfect or Simple Past)? - It is to covey that action of scoring well happened prior to 2013. And began (simple past) for the latest event.

If "previously" wouldn't have been used. We have had to use - "Past Perfect".
Otherwise, we can use simple past or past perfect. Both conveys same meaning.

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals.

in despite of the fact - is incorrect usage.
Placement of previously - is incorrect


B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those
Usage of that - incorrect.

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles
there were those individuals - I think it is incorrect here. don't have best way to justify it.

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were
Incorrect constructions. those individuals they featured. Hence Incorrect.

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals.
This is the best of all.
had featured - Correct use of tense.
previously - is placed correctly. This is to convey that These publication had featured article before 1940.


Hence - E.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 08:08
Canteenbottle wrote:
past perfect doesn't make sense in option E.


i believe u r of that opinion because previously is used in the sentence , but the usage of previously makes the usage of past prefect not neccessary but definitely not incorrect.
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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 16:26
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Hello Everyone!

Let’s take a quick glance over the answers and look for major difference between them that we can address:

1. Verb Tense: featured vs. had featured
2. Transition: whereas vs. in spite of/in despite of

The quickest way to knock out 2-3 answers right away is to determine what verb tense we need. We have two past events to deal with, so we know the event nearest to the present will need past tense, and the even that happens before that will need past perfect tense. We know that before 1940, magazines featured people in business in politics. Since that happened first, it needs past perfect tense. Next, in the 1940s, magazines started to report on entertainers, so that needs plain present tense. Here are the two events in order, and the verb tenses they should use:

they previously had featured people in business and politics → In the 1940s magazines began to report → present

This means we only want answers that use the past perfect "had featured." Here is how each answer stacks up:

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals --> OK
B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those --> WRONG
C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles --> WRONG
D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were --> WRONG
E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals --> OK

Answers B, C, and D are INCORRECT because they use the past tense “featured” instead of the past perfect “had featured.”

That leaves us with only A and E to choose from. Let’s look at both to see if we find any other problems:

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

A is INCORRECT because of the phrase “in despite of the fact that.” This isn’t an idiomatic phrase in English (we say “in spite of the fact that”). Also, the GMAT prefers concise answers, and this phrase is overly wordy.

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals

E is CORRECT because it uses the correct past perfect form of “had featured,” and it uses the much more concise “whereas” to show contrast!


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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 05:35
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let’s take a quick glance over the answers and look for major difference between them that we can address:

1. Verb Tense: featured vs. had featured
2. Transition: whereas vs. in spite of/in despite of

The quickest way to knock out 2-3 answers right away is to determine what verb tense we need. We have two past events to deal with, so we know the event nearest to the present will need past tense, and the even that happens before that will need past perfect tense. We know that before 1940, magazines featured people in business in politics. Since that happened first, it needs past perfect tense. Next, in the 1940s, magazines started to report on entertainers, so that needs plain present tense. Here are the two events in order, and the verb tenses they should use:

they previously had featured people in business and politics → In the 1940s magazines began to report → present

This means we only want answers that use the past perfect "had featured." Here is how each answer stacks up:

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals --> OK
B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those --> WRONG
C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles --> WRONG
D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were --> WRONG
E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals --> OK

Answers B, C, and D are INCORRECT because they use the past tense “featured” instead of the past perfect “had featured.”

That leaves us with only A and E to choose from. Let’s look at both to see if we find any other problems:

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

A is INCORRECT because of the phrase “in despite of the fact that.” This isn’t an idiomatic phrase in English (we say “in spite of the fact that”). Also, the GMAT prefers concise answers, and this phrase is overly wordy.

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals

E is CORRECT because it uses the correct past perfect form of “had featured,” and it uses the much more concise “whereas” to show contrast!


Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.


"previously" already suggests the sequence of actions. Isn't the usage of past perfect optional then?
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2018, 23:47
Hi Experts, what is wrong with option D?
Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on &nbs [#permalink] 16 Aug 2018, 23:47
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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on

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