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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on

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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 23:58
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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.


A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals


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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 16:26
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Hello Everyone!

Let’s take a quick glance over the answers and look for major difference between them that we can address:

1. Verb Tense: featured vs. had featured
2. Transition: whereas vs. in spite of/in despite of

The quickest way to knock out 2-3 answers right away is to determine what verb tense we need. We have two past events to deal with, so we know the event nearest to the present will need past tense, and the even that happens before that will need past perfect tense. We know that before 1940, magazines featured people in business in politics. Since that happened first, it needs past perfect tense. Next, in the 1940s, magazines started to report on entertainers, so that needs plain present tense. Here are the two events in order, and the verb tenses they should use:

they previously had featured people in business and politics → In the 1940s magazines began to report → present

This means we only want answers that use the past perfect "had featured." Here is how each answer stacks up:

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals --> OK
B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those --> WRONG
C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles --> WRONG
D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were --> WRONG
E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals --> OK

Answers B, C, and D are INCORRECT because they use the past tense “featured” instead of the past perfect “had featured.”

That leaves us with only A and E to choose from. Let’s look at both to see if we find any other problems:

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

A is INCORRECT because of the phrase “in despite of the fact that.” This isn’t an idiomatic phrase in English (we say “in spite of the fact that”). Also, the GMAT prefers concise answers, and this phrase is overly wordy.

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals

E is CORRECT because it uses the correct past perfect form of “had featured,” and it uses the much more concise “whereas” to show contrast!


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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 00:44
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Bunuel wrote:
In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.


A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals


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Imo E is the most concise and no ambiguity
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 12:12
past perfect doesn't make sense in option E.
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New post 23 Jun 2018, 02:30
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whereas is used to show a contrast between two thing different. despite of is used to say about illogic condition.
whereas I pass gmat , most persons fail on it
despite of the fact that i study gmat a little , i pass the test.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 03:39
E is best Possible solution

Whereas is preferred over despite/ in spite. We are just stating something surprising and facts not some contradiction in their publication.

Btw C D & E.
C_ There were those individuals - awkward and wordy- There is a wrong usage here.
D_ Passive construction. Leave it.
E_ Best possible construction, apt and appropriate.

Answer must be E.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 04:54
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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.

Please try to relate with time/tenses.

An example similar to this: Whereas previously I did/had scored well in Maths, In 2013 I began to forget important formulas for this subject after I started working.

Focus on highlighted part.

why did/had scored (Past Perfect or Simple Past)? - It is to covey that action of scoring well happened prior to 2013. And began (simple past) for the latest event.

If "previously" wouldn't have been used. We have had to use - "Past Perfect".
Otherwise, we can use simple past or past perfect. Both conveys same meaning.

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals.

in despite of the fact - is incorrect usage.
Placement of previously - is incorrect


B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those
Usage of that - incorrect.

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles
there were those individuals - I think it is incorrect here. don't have best way to justify it.

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were
Incorrect constructions. those individuals they featured. Hence Incorrect.

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals.
This is the best of all.
had featured - Correct use of tense.
previously - is placed correctly. This is to convey that These publication had featured article before 1940.


Hence - E.
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New post 23 Jun 2018, 08:08
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Canteenbottle wrote:
past perfect doesn't make sense in option E.


i believe u r of that opinion because previously is used in the sentence , but the usage of previously makes the usage of past prefect not neccessary but definitely not incorrect.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 05:35
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hello Everyone!

Let’s take a quick glance over the answers and look for major difference between them that we can address:

1. Verb Tense: featured vs. had featured
2. Transition: whereas vs. in spite of/in despite of

The quickest way to knock out 2-3 answers right away is to determine what verb tense we need. We have two past events to deal with, so we know the event nearest to the present will need past tense, and the even that happens before that will need past perfect tense. We know that before 1940, magazines featured people in business in politics. Since that happened first, it needs past perfect tense. Next, in the 1940s, magazines started to report on entertainers, so that needs plain present tense. Here are the two events in order, and the verb tenses they should use:

they previously had featured people in business and politics → In the 1940s magazines began to report → present

This means we only want answers that use the past perfect "had featured." Here is how each answer stacks up:

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals --> OK
B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those --> WRONG
C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles --> WRONG
D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were --> WRONG
E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals --> OK

Answers B, C, and D are INCORRECT because they use the past tense “featured” instead of the past perfect “had featured.”

That leaves us with only A and E to choose from. Let’s look at both to see if we find any other problems:

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

A is INCORRECT because of the phrase “in despite of the fact that.” This isn’t an idiomatic phrase in English (we say “in spite of the fact that”). Also, the GMAT prefers concise answers, and this phrase is overly wordy.

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals

E is CORRECT because it uses the correct past perfect form of “had featured,” and it uses the much more concise “whereas” to show contrast!


Don’t study for the GMAT. Train for it.


"previously" already suggests the sequence of actions. Isn't the usage of past perfect optional then?
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New post 16 Aug 2018, 23:47
Hi Experts, what is wrong with option D?
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New post 26 Aug 2018, 05:49
Hi Expert,
in option E- previously already suggests that the event happened prior to 1940. So, why do we use had in the correct answer.
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New post 26 Aug 2018, 05:53
[quote="Bunuel"]In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.


A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals


EducationAisle, Bunuel, chetan2u
In option E- we have previously in the non-underlined portion, which already means that the event happened prior to 1940. So, how do we justify the use of had in the correct OA?
Please clarify.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2018, 22:21
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Hi Sunny, I am assuming that you intend to mention that since the word previously depicts chronology (time-sequence) of events, and so, Past perfect is not required to depict this chronology.

Actually there are quite a few official sentences where GMAT does seem to prefer the usage of Past perfect in such cases as well. For example, a correct sentence from OG Verbal Review 2016:

The personal income tax did not become permanent in the United States until the First World War; before that time the federal government had depended on tariffs as its main source of revenue.

Notice that despite the presence of before (similar to previously in the sentence under consideration), the sentence still uses past perfect.

In fact, I would be curious to know if you have come across any official sentence that does not use a past perfect tense in such scenario.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2018, 09:14
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In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.


A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals – too long

B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those – the same

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles – change the meaning

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were – what THEY?

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals - CORRECT
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2019, 02:27
[quote="Bunuel"]In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.


A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals

both featured in D and had featured in C is correct.
but in choice D, "those individuals" refer to "persons from " this is no sense.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2019, 03:20
[quote="Bunuel"]In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.


A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals

"previously" normally is used for simple past because it say about the past. but in context of a past action, "previously" show an time frame precede the past action. so, past perfect is a must in the second past of sentence. simple past "featured" is totally wrong.

"those individuals" is wrong because "those ' refers to something mentionned before. there is no such thing.

in choice B , "previously" is in wrong place
in choice C. it is unclear who makes featuring while the focus of sentence is on who make featuring
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New post 01 Apr 2019, 09:37
In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on the private lives of persons from the entertainment industry, in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals in business and politics.


PURELY PRONOUN REFERENT BASED ANSWER

A. in despite of the fact that they previously had featured individuals

B. in spite of the fact previously that these publications featured articles on those

C. whereas previously there were those individuals featured in articles

D. whereas previously those individuals they featured were

E. whereas previously these publications had featured articles on individuals


EVERY THEY SHOULD HAVE A PLURAL PRONOUN
IF THERE ARE MORE THAN TWO NOUNS, SUCH CASES OCCUR.
GMAT WILL TRY TO MISLEAD YOU WITH AN AMBIGUITY.
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Re: In the 1940s popular magazines in the United States began to report on   [#permalink] 01 Apr 2019, 09:37
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