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In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for

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In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2012, 07:31
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

67% (00:35) correct 33% (00:37) wrong based on 255 sessions

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In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for approximately 40% of operating profits of a typical local newspaper;
in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%
.
• newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.
• newspaper; in the 1990s they increased by 57%.
• newspaper, in the 1990s they increased to 57%.
• newspaper; increasing to 57% in the 1990s.
• newspaper, which increased to 57% in the 1990s

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Re: SC - Punctuation # 1  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2012, 09:44
D Out because after semicolon we need independent clause.
In E, which referring to newspaper.
in B an C, they don't have clear antecedent [revenues or profits?]. A wins.
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Re: SC - Punctuation # 1  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2012, 00:31
In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for approximately 40% of operating profits of a typical local newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.

• newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.
• newspaper; in the 1990s they increased by 57%. - In B the problem is not with they. If B read in the 1990s they increased to (instead of by) 57%. This would have been correct. A pronoun after a semicolon, can refer to the noun in the previous clasue Wrong meaning - hence out.
• newspaper, in the 1990s they increased to 57%. - This is a run on. A comma cannot join 2 clauses.
• newspaper; increasing to 57% in the 1990s. after a semicolon it should be a clause. In this case its not. Hence wrong.
• newspaper, which increased to 57% in the 1990s - touch modifier which rule. so wrong.

A wins.
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Re: SC - Punctuation # 1  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2012, 22:25
B and C have a problem of the antecedence of the they, as also with whether the plural pronoun agrees in number with what it should refer to. There are three factots mentioned in the passge namely 1. the revenues 2. a ratio of either 40% and 57% and 3. operational profits. Among the three, the revenues and profits are in plural. But surprisingly they does not even refer to a plural noun. Per se, they refers to the singular proportion which jumped from x to y percentage as made out in the original text. Now we can see how wrong the usage of they is in B and C.
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Re: In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 21:35
The answer is A
We have semicolon so we need an independent clause that can give us more information .
We are referring to the proportion of the advertising revenues to operating profits.
So we need proportion
In the sentence


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Re: In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for &nbs [#permalink] 12 Sep 2017, 21:35
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