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# In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for

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26 Apr 2012, 07:31
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15% (low)

Question Stats:

68% (00:59) correct 32% (01:02) wrong based on 329 sessions

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In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for approximately 40% of operating profits of a typical local newspaper;
in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%
.
• newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.
• newspaper; in the 1990s they increased by 57%.
• newspaper, in the 1990s they increased to 57%.
• newspaper; increasing to 57% in the 1990s.
• newspaper, which increased to 57% in the 1990s

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Re: SC - Punctuation # 1  [#permalink]

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05 May 2012, 00:31
In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for approximately 40% of operating profits of a typical local newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.

• newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.
• newspaper; in the 1990s they increased by 57%. - In B the problem is not with they. If B read in the 1990s they increased to (instead of by) 57%. This would have been correct. A pronoun after a semicolon, can refer to the noun in the previous clasue Wrong meaning - hence out.
• newspaper, in the 1990s they increased to 57%. - This is a run on. A comma cannot join 2 clauses.
• newspaper; increasing to 57% in the 1990s. after a semicolon it should be a clause. In this case its not. Hence wrong.
• newspaper, which increased to 57% in the 1990s - touch modifier which rule. so wrong.

A wins.
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Re: SC - Punctuation # 1  [#permalink]

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05 May 2012, 22:25
B and C have a problem of the antecedence of the they, as also with whether the plural pronoun agrees in number with what it should refer to. There are three factots mentioned in the passge namely 1. the revenues 2. a ratio of either 40% and 57% and 3. operational profits. Among the three, the revenues and profits are in plural. But surprisingly they does not even refer to a plural noun. Per se, they refers to the singular proportion which jumped from x to y percentage as made out in the original text. Now we can see how wrong the usage of they is in B and C.
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08 Oct 2012, 08:14
In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for approximately 40% of operating profits of a typical local newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.

A. newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.
B. newspaper; in the 1990s they increased by 57%.
C. newspaper, in the 1990s they increased to 57%.
D. newspaper; increasing to 57% in the 1990s.
E. newspaper, which increased to 57% in the 1990s.
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Re: In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for approximately 40% of  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 08:20
In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for approximately 40% of operating profits of a typical local newspaper;
in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.

• newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.
• newspaper; in the 1990s they increased by 57%.
• newspaper, in the 1990s they increased to 57%.
• newspaper; increasing to 57% in the 1990s.
• newspaper, which increased to 57% in the 1990s.

E. which cant be used (it almost entirely modifies the noun it touches) Incorrect
D. Dependent clause after ;. Not going to happen!
C. "they" means what? advertising revenues or operating profits? I cant see any other antecedent. However, that cannot be the case as 57% i compared with 40% which is the proportion of advertising revenues.
B. Same mistake as C. Also "increased by" changes meaning by compounding the percentages!

A. Correct. Ambiguity is resolved by "this proportion". "increased to" is logical!

Souvik
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Re: In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for approximately 40% of  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2012, 12:46
In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for approximately 40% of operating profits of a typical local newspaper;
in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.

• newspaper; in the 1990s this proportion increased to 57%.
• newspaper; in the 1990s they increased by 57%. "they" refers to "advertising revenues, see rule no.2 below"
• newspaper, in the 1990s they increased to 57%. "they" refers to "advertising revenues, see rule no.2 below"
• newspaper; increasing to 57% in the 1990s. after semicolon, fragment is not acceptable
• newspaper, which increased to 57% in the 1990s. which refers to newspaper

This question exclusively tests concepts of semicolon usage. below are two very useful rules:
1. Semicolon joins two complete sentences. whenever you encounter ; in any question, you must look for fragment errors.
2. Pronoun in the second clause refers to the first noun of the sentence. option B and C contains error based on this concept only.

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12 Sep 2017, 21:35
We have semicolon so we need an independent clause that can give us more information .
We are referring to the proportion of the advertising revenues to operating profits.
So we need proportion
In the sentence

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01 Dec 2018, 05:47
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Hi bb and Bunuel,
It seems that this question is also discussed in another thread. So, if this is the case, could you merge the topic, please?

https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-the-1980s ... fl=similar

Thanks__
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01 Dec 2018, 06:53
Hi bb and Bunuel,
It seems that this question is also discussed in another thread. So, if this is the case, could you merge the topic, please?

https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-the-1980s ... fl=similar

Thanks__

Merged. Thank you.

P.S. Please do NOT tag bb in such cases. Tagging me is enough. Thank you.
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01 Dec 2018, 06:59
Bunuel wrote:
Hi bb and Bunuel,
It seems that this question is also discussed in another thread. So, if this is the case, could you merge the topic, please?

https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-the-1980s ... fl=similar

Thanks__

Merged. Thank you.

P.S. Please do NOT tag bb in such cases. Tagging me is enough. Thank you.

Okay. You're most welcome.
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Re: In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for   [#permalink] 01 Dec 2018, 06:59
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