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# Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase

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Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2013, 05:58
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59% (01:21) correct 41% (01:27) wrong based on 719 sessions

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Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska was not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

(A) not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided
(B) not unlike the Louisiana territory, which provided
(C) like the Louisiana territory, which provided
(D) like that of the Louisiana territory for providing
(E) as that of the Louisiana territory for providing

Here we are comparing the purchase of Alaska to the purchase of Louisiana (as that of Louisiana). Eliminated B, C since the comparisons are not parallel.

Hung up between A, D and E. All of them seem to be correct to me. Help please
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2014, 23:57
5
4
As we are comparing purchase of Alaska with the purchase of Louisiana, we need "that of". So B and C are out.

Then look at "which provided" VS "for providing". "For providing" is general and it's impossible to identify to what it refers to. while "while provides" is specific, so we know it refers to the purchase of Louisiana.

So A should be the correct answer.
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2017, 00:12
3
[quote="mniyer"]Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska was not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

(A) not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided
(B) not unlike the Louisiana territory, which provided
(C) like the Louisiana territory, which provided
(D) like that of the Louisiana territory for providing
(E) as that of the Louisiana territory for providing

(A)Correct not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided. Here comparison is 100% correct that of ...... In that " that is referring to purchase.
(B)Incorrect not unlike the Louisiana territory, which provided. here purchase is compared with Louisiana territory and is wrong
(C) Incorrect like the Louisiana territory, which provided. here purchase is compared with Louisiana territory and is wrong. we need to compare purchase with another purchase.
(D)Incorrect like that of the Louisiana territory for providing. for providing. because purchase was not made for providing.....
(E Incorrect as that of the Louisiana territory for providing. as is wrong and for providing is wrong for the reason stated in option D.
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2017, 04:13
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Does "not unlike" create redundancy?? any help?

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Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2017, 04:19
techiesam wrote:
Does "not unlike" create redundancy?? any help?

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device

Not redundancy, it is double negative, which is alright. Redundancy refers to unrequired word or phrase - here if one of the negatives ("not" or "un") is not used, then the meaning is changed. Hence this is not a case of redundancy.
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2017, 23:29
2
1
mniyer wrote:
Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska was not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

(A) not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided
(B) not unlike the Louisiana territory, which provided
(C) like the Louisiana territory, which provided
(D) like that of the Louisiana territory for providing
(E) as that of the Louisiana territory for providing

Here we are comparing the purchase of Alaska to the purchase of Louisiana (as that of Louisiana). Eliminated B, C since the comparisons are not parallel.

Hung up between A, D and E. All of them seem to be correct to me. Help please

When you first examine this question, there are several clear Decision Points: “not unlike” vs. “like” vs. “as” and “which provided” vs. “for providing.” The easiest Decision Point, however, is a little harder to notice: the choice between having “that of” and not having it. To make this a logical, apples-to-apples comparison you must have “that of” are you comparing the purchase of Alaska to “Louisiana” or “that of (meaning the purchase of) Louisiana”? “That of Louisiana” is necessary to make it a logical, purchase-to purchase comparison, so answer choices B and C are incorrect. Also, answer choice E is incorrect, because you do not use “as” to make noun-to-noun comparisons (but you will be able to eliminate it for other reasons as well). Importantly, the choice between “like” and “not unlike” is a classic false Decision Point; they could both be used here, but people often eliminate “not unlike” prematurely.

The remaining decision is more difficult and quite subtle, but you should at least know to assess it because of the obvious Decision Point. As you have seen in earlier examples, you will often want to scan the answer choices at the first and last words/phrases for differences, and here there is a 2-1 split between “territory, which provided” and “territory for providing” What is the difference? “Which provided” makes it clear that the Louisiana territory provided the new land, strategic position, and Mississippi River valley. “For providing” leaves that ambiguous at best, or assigns it to Alaska at worst. Either way, the meaning is either unclear or incorrect, and answer choices D and E suffer from this modifier reference problem.

Answer choice A—the choice that many eliminate upon first glance for the double-negative—is correct.
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 04:27
"not unlike" has its own meaning, so cannot be substituted. Only A fits, B is out
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2018, 10:37
mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja, broall, hazelnut, Vyshak, generis

can someone please explain the use of 'which' here
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Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2018, 19:14
2
can someone please explain the use of 'which' here

Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska was not unlike that (purchase) of the Louisiana territory, which provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

Here, which refers to the purchase of the Louisiana territory. Whenever a noun is followed by a prepositional phrase, which can jump over the prepositional phrase (of the Louisiana territory) and refer to the noun (purchase).
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2018, 03:49
daboo343 wrote:
mniyer wrote:
Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska was not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

(A) not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided
(B) not unlike the Louisiana territory, which provided
(C) like the Louisiana territory, which provided
(D) like that of the Louisiana territory for providing
(E) as that of the Louisiana territory for providing

(A)Correct not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided. Here comparison is 100% correct that of ...... In that " that is referring to purchase.
(B)Incorrect not unlike the Louisiana territory, which provided. here purchase is compared with Louisiana territory and is wrong
(C) Incorrect like the Louisiana territory, which provided. here purchase is compared with Louisiana territory and is wrong. we need to compare purchase with another purchase.
(D)Incorrect like that of the Louisiana territory for providing. for providing. because purchase was not made for providing.....
(E Incorrect as that of the Louisiana territory for providing. as is wrong and for providing is wrong for the reason stated in option D.

Shouldn't "which" go right after the word "that" or "purchase"? Because it looks like Louisiana territory itself provided for the United States.
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Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2018, 17:03
Hi archie1stnorth,

Thank you for your question. Re-positioning the word "which" will change the meaning of the sentence, specifically what the phrase "provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley" is referring to.

Here is how it's written in the original answer:

Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska was not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

In this case, the phrase is referring to the Louisiana Territory, which exists along the Mississippi River valley, so it's CORRECT.

Here is how I think you're suggesting it could be changed:

Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska, which was not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

Now, the phrase is referring back to the purchase of Alaska, and that doesn't make sense - Alaska isn't located alone the Mississippi River valley!

I hope that helps clear things up!
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2018, 20:03
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hi archie1stnorth,

Thank you for your question. Re-positioning the word "which" will change the meaning of the sentence, specifically what the phrase "provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley" is referring to.

Here is how it's written in the original answer:

Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska was not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

In this case, the phrase is referring to the Louisiana Territory, which exists along the Mississippi River valley, so it's CORRECT.

Here is how I think you're suggesting it could be changed:

Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska, which was not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, provided the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

Now, the phrase is referring back to the purchase of Alaska, and that doesn't make sense - Alaska isn't located alone the Mississippi River valley!

I hope that helps clear things up!

Hello, dear Expert.

Thank you for your answer. I am sorry for being not clear enough. I will try to explain my thoughts better.

You mentioned:

EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
In this case, the phrase is referring to the Louisiana Territory, which exists along the Mississippi River valley, so it's CORRECT.

But the question doesn't ask what exists along the Mississippi River Valley.

What it actually asks is: What provided the United States with new land etc...?
The answer to this question, IMHO, should be the purchase, not the Louisiana territory itself.

And here how i think it could be changed:

Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska was not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, providing the United States with new land, a strategic military position, and control of the entire Mississippi River valley.

Again, thank you for your time!
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2018, 22:04
(A) not unlike that of the Louisiana territory, which provided
This option got its comparison correct. Lets hold on to this option for now.

(B) not unlike the Louisiana territory, which provided
We are not comparing the purchase of alaska to louisiana territory - Incorrect

(C) like the Louisiana territory, which provided
Again the purchase of alaska is compared to that of louisiana. Incorrect

(D) like that of the Louisiana territory for providing
Purchase was not done for providing the united states. Incorrect.

(E) as that of the Louisiana territory for providing
Purchase of louisiana was as - Incorrect

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Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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06 May 2018, 11:00
sayantanc2k wrote:
techiesam wrote:
Does "not unlike" create redundancy?? any help?

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device

Not redundancy, it is double negative, which is alright. Redundancy refers to unrequired word or phrase - here if one of the negatives ("not" or "un") is not used, then the meaning is changed. Hence this is not a case of redundancy.

sayantanc2k , abhimahna

I read in GMAT club grammar book(Pg 85) :

In English, double negatives must be avoided. It is incorrect to use two negatives in the same sentence clause.
Example:
INCORRECT
I don’t have no money.
CORRECT
I don’t have any money. OR I have no money.

That was the reason why I eliminated A. Could you please shed some light on this?
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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08 May 2018, 03:05
Prateek176 wrote:
sayantanc2k , abhimahna

I read in GMAT club grammar book(Pg 85) :

In English, double negatives must be avoided. It is incorrect to use two negatives in the same sentence clause.
Example:
INCORRECT
I don’t have no money.
CORRECT
I don’t have any money. OR I have no money.

That was the reason why I eliminated A. Could you please shed some light on this?

Hey Prateek176 ,

I would not reject any option blindly unless it is not providing the right meaning or is incorrect.

The sentences you provided have incorrect meaning.

I don’t have no money. -- It means you lack "no money". Do you think that is the correct meaning?

But in the sentence given, not Unlike means - It is NOT unlike XYZ or in other terms it is not dissimilar.

Hence, I would not prefer to reject the options based on the double negation reason if I can get the meaning by using double negatives.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2018, 09:20
I still don't get this. It seems like "which" is referring to the entire clause or action of purchasing the Louisiana territory.. isn't that wrong?
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2019, 10:18
E is the only possibly correct answer. All the others use ‘like’ or ‘unlike’, both of which can only be used for comparing nouns.
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2019, 03:34
sayantanc2k wrote:
techiesam wrote:
Does "not unlike" create redundancy?? any help?

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device

Not redundancy, it is double negative, which is alright. Redundancy refers to unrequired word or phrase - here if one of the negatives ("not" or "un") is not used, then the meaning is changed. Hence this is not a case of redundancy.

Still, Double negatives are not allowed on GMAT. Please help!!
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2019, 13:23
What does 'which' refer to? I feel like it is the purchase that gave the US land, not the territory. Also, the land cannot give US control of the river, but the purchase can.

Assuming that which is referred to the purchase, can someone please confirm that the touch rule does not apply when the noun is followed by prepositional phrase?
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase  [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2019, 02:03
2asc wrote:
What does 'which' refer to? I feel like it is the purchase that gave the US land, not the territory. Also, the land cannot give US control of the river, but the purchase can.

Assuming that which is referred to the purchase, can someone please confirm that the touch rule does not apply when the noun is followed by prepositional phrase?
I'm not sure what you mean by the "touch rule", but there is no rule in English that restricts what a relative pronoun can refer to in situations like this one. For example:

The last goal of the match, which...

1. The last goal of the match, which had gone into overtime...
2. The last goal of the match, which was scored by...

Both (1) and (2) are acceptable.
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Re: Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase   [#permalink] 17 Mar 2019, 02:03

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# Known to its considerable opposition as "Seward's Folly", the purchase

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