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# Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need

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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need  [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2019, 04:32
GMATNinja wrote:

Quote:
(C) that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to

This isn’t a total disaster, but it’s not great, either. “Like the grassy fields and old pastures…, that the birds themselves are vanishing... is due to… development and changes…” In this particular use of “that”, the word basically means “the fact that.” So we’re literally comparing “the grassy fields and old pastures” to “the fact that the birds are vanishing.”

That doesn’t make any sense at all: we could compare the fields and pastures to the birds, and then say that all three of those things are vanishing. But we can’t compare the fields and pastures to the fact that the birds are vanishing.

So we can eliminate (C), too.

Hi GMATNinja,
Can we remove choice C for using an extra verb IS, which is marked as bold, in C?
Thanks__

There's no problem with "is" here. It's basically the equivalent of writing "The fact that birds are vanishing is..." The subject paired with "is" would be "the fact," and "that birds are vanishing" is describing "the fact." A little clunky and confusing? Sure. But not technically a grammatical error.

Moreover, even if "is" were problematic, removing it wouldn't make (C) any more palatable. You'd still have the bizarre comparison between "grassy fields and old pastures" and "that." There's also the problem of "due to," which must modify a noun. What earlier noun could be due to "residential and industrial development and changes?" The birds? That doesn't make any sense. Either of these errors alone is enough to eliminate (C).

I hope that helps!
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need  [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2019, 01:48
The sentence is supposed to compare the ‘grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs’ to sandpiper itself, in that they are both disappearing. Only B conveys that meaning correctly.
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2019, 06:59
Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.

(A) the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in- Correct comparison Like the grassy fields, the sandpipers - correct answer

(B) the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in

(C) that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to

(D) in the northeastern United States, sandpipers' vanishing due to residential and industrial development and to changes in

(E) in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers' vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing
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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2019, 06:42
Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, S + V
=> "Like" is followed by concrete nouns, so the subject of this sentence must also be a concrete noun or concrete nouns => eliminate C,D,E and A (in A: the subject is not a concrete noun or concrete nouns but is a noun phrase "the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States")

Only B begins with a concrete noun "the bird itself" so B is the correct option.
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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need   [#permalink] 12 Oct 2019, 06:42

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