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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need

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GMAT Club Verbal Expert
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 05:32
AsadAbu wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:

Quote:
(C) that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to

This isn’t a total disaster, but it’s not great, either. “Like the grassy fields and old pastures…, that the birds themselves are vanishing... is due to… development and changes…” In this particular use of “that”, the word basically means “the fact that.” So we’re literally comparing “the grassy fields and old pastures” to “the fact that the birds are vanishing.”

That doesn’t make any sense at all: we could compare the fields and pastures to the birds, and then say that all three of those things are vanishing. But we can’t compare the fields and pastures to the fact that the birds are vanishing.

So we can eliminate (C), too.

Hi GMATNinja,
Can we remove choice C for using an extra verb IS, which is marked as bold, in C?
Thanks__

There's no problem with "is" here. It's basically the equivalent of writing "The fact that birds are vanishing is..." The subject paired with "is" would be "the fact," and "that birds are vanishing" is describing "the fact." A little clunky and confusing? Sure. But not technically a grammatical error.

Moreover, even if "is" were problematic, removing it wouldn't make (C) any more palatable. You'd still have the bizarre comparison between "grassy fields and old pastures" and "that." There's also the problem of "due to," which must modify a noun. What earlier noun could be due to "residential and industrial development and changes?" The birds? That doesn't make any sense. Either of these errors alone is enough to eliminate (C).

I hope that helps!
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2019, 02:48
The sentence is supposed to compare the ‘grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs’ to sandpiper itself, in that they are both disappearing. Only B conveys that meaning correctly.
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2019, 02:48

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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper need

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