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Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr

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Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2016, 03:37
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Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect group success rather than the success of particular individuals. So it is irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise. Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument?

(A) Whether supervisors’ documentation of individual supervisees’ attitudes toward them is usually accurate
(B) Whether it is possible to assess individual supervisees’ attitudes toward their supervisors without thereby changing those attitudes
(C) Whether any of the leadership theories in question hold that leaders should assess other leaders’ attitudes
(D) Whether some types of groups do not need supervision in order to be successful in their endeavors
(E) Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 117)
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2016, 04:02
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Premise: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect group success rather than the success of particular individuals.
Conclusion Part -I : So it is irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise.
Conclusion Part -II : Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.

Question Type: Evaluate the argument
Prephase: The argument revolves around the subject of supervisor traits/ individual attitudes. But as mentioned in the conclusion, primary objective is leadership effectiveness should occur at group level for Group success. Look for ans choices which relates to this information.

A. Whether supervisors’ documentation of individual supervisees’ attitudes toward them is usually accurate - Irreleant.
B. Whether it is possible to assess individual supervisees’ attitudes toward their supervisors without thereby changing those attitudes. Irrelevant
C. Whether any of the leadership theories in question hold that leaders should assess other leaders’ attitudes. Incorrect Outside information - Irrelevant.
D. Whether some types of groups do not need supervision in order to be successful in their endeavors. Had kept this one, as leadership effectiveness occur at group level, groups may not require supervision. But then this doesnt mean individual do not require a supervisor. - Incorrect.
E. Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success. Correct - This is the other side of the coin. Supervisors traits on the attitutes of individuals is irrelevant to the success of the group. But can the same be said the other way around. Does the individuals attitude toward supervisors affect group success.
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2016, 23:49
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Basically author is saying
Leadership effectiveness is based on X not on Y
X-: group Success
Y :- individual attitude
Here author is assuming X and Y are independent event.
So any answer which tell they are dependent events or not.
E is the answer
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2016, 08:52
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Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect group success rather than the success of particular individuals. So it is irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise. Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.

Answer is E.

Explanation:- A group is not a separate entity. Its made up of individual. Every individual must act as a unit only then group will succeed. Now if the Leader/Supervisor is particularly bad, nasty or abusive to one person, then this person might try to make the supervisor look bad. He can do so by failing in the most important task assigned to him. Ultimately the success of the entire operation will be compromised and being the Leader,the supervisor will come across like an idiot and an incompetent fool. SO WE SEE THAT AN INDIVIDUAL CAN DESTROY THE WHOLE GROUP.

Therefore it is important to evaluate CAN THIS SCENARIO HAPPEN WHERE AN ANGRY OR HUMILIATED PERSON CAN THREATEN THE ENTIRE GROUPS SUCCESS?

What option matches this pre-thinking ?
OPTION E:- Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success

Therefore E IS THE CORRECT ANSWER.


Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether supervisors’ documentation of individual supervisees’ attitudes toward them is usually accurate
B. Whether it is possible to assess individual supervisees’ attitudes toward their supervisors without thereby changing those attitudes
C. Whether any of the leadership theories in question hold that leaders should assess other leaders’ attitudes
D. Whether some types of groups do not need supervision in order to be successful in their endeavors
E. Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 117)[/quote]
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2017, 00:42
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summarizing the argument,
effectiveness of leadership must be evaluated at group level and NOT at the individual level.
This is because the leaders affect success of the group and NOT the success of individuals they supervise.
It is possible that for ex. individual employees working under a boss are not successful, but as a group, under the same boss, they are successful.
How is this possible? Is it possible that the boss has some great group policies but bad individual policies.
still the group is performing but individuals may not.

Let's look at options
A) Are we concerned about supervisor's documentation ? No.
B) Is it possible to check attitudes of employees toward boss, without changing those attitudes ?
Why are we even concerned about "checking employee attitudes toward boss" that too taking care
not changing them ? Issue at hand is leadership effectiveness should be evaluated at group level, not at individual level. This option takes us far from that issue at hand
C) Leaders testing other leader's attitudes. Strays away from issue at hand
D) Same as C
E) This one talks about group success. If individual attitude affects group success then leadership evaluation only at group level does not suffice(weakener). However, if individual attitude does not affect group success, then it's fine to conclude what the argument is concluding. In that case, this choice strengthens by negating a weakener. Also called closing the gap. Choice E is correct.



AbdurRakib wrote:
Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect group success rather than the success of particular individuals. So it is irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise. Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether supervisors’ documentation of individual supervisees’ attitudes toward them is usually accurate
B. Whether it is possible to assess individual supervisees’ attitudes toward their supervisors without thereby changing those attitudes
C. Whether any of the leadership theories in question hold that leaders should assess other leaders’ attitudes
D. Whether some types of groups do not need supervision in order to be successful in their endeavors
E. Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 117)
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2017, 11:10
AbdurRakib wrote:
Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect group success rather than the success of particular individuals. So it is irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise. Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether supervisors’ documentation of individual supervisees’ attitudes toward them is usually accurate
B. Whether it is possible to assess individual supervisees’ attitudes toward their supervisors without thereby changing those attitudes
C. Whether any of the leadership theories in question hold that leaders should assess other leaders’ attitudes
D. Whether some types of groups do not need supervision in order to be successful in their endeavors
E. Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 117)

Only choice E is relevant for the argument.
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2017, 20:31
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Situation Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect the success of groups but not of individuals.

Reasoning What would be most helpful to know in order to evaluate how well the stated fact supports the conclusion that leadership effectiveness should be assessed only at the group level without considering supervisors' influence on the attitudes of the individuals they supervise? Even if leaders do not affect the success of the individuals they lead, they might still affect those individuals' attitudes. And those attitudes in turn might affect group success. If so, the argument would be weak. So any evidence about the existence or strength of these possible effects in the relationship between supervisors and their supervisees would be helpful in evaluating the argument.

A How accurately supervisors document their supervisees' attitudes is not clearly relevant to how much the supervisors affect those attitudes, nor to how much the attitudes affect group success.

B Even if assessing supervisees' attitudes would in itself change those attitudes, the person doing the assessment might be able to predict this change and take it into account. Thus, considering individual supervisees' attitudes might still be worthwhile.

C The argument is not about interactions among leaders, but rather about interactions between supervisors
and supervisees.

D The argument is not about groups without supervisors, or whether certain groups might be effective without a supervisor, but rather about how to assess the effectiveness of supervisors in groups that do have them.

E Correct. As explained above, if individual supervisees' attitudes affect group success, the argument would be weak. And probably individual supervisees' attitudes toward their supervisors are influenced by those supervisors. So knowing whether individual attitudes toward supervisors affect group success would be
helpful in evaluating the argument.

The correct answer is E.
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2017, 21:31
P: As per evidence from many leadership theories - leaders affect success of groups and not the success of individuals.
IntermediateConclusion : so it is irrelevant to analyze the effect on individuals' attitude from their supervisors.
MainConclusion: leadership assessment for effectiveness should happen only at the group level.

Assumption: individual's attitude is good or bad (individual is happy or not happy with supervisors) toward supervisor, it will not impact to the group's success, which is parameter for effective leadership.

A. Whether supervisors’ documentation of individual supervisees’ attitudes toward them is usually accurate
Accurate or Inaccurate document will not impact anything on conclusion.

B. Whether it is possible to assess individual supervisees’ attitudes toward their supervisors without thereby changing those attitudes
assessing individual supervisees’ attitude toward their supervisors will not help to evaluate argument, as whether attitude is impacting to groups success or not is not given.

C. Whether any of the leadership theories in question hold that leaders should assess other leaders’ attitudes
Topic is changed, argument is about supervisors and supervisees' ; two leaders is not the topic of discussion.

D. Whether some types of groups do not need supervision in order to be successful in their endeavors
Argument is talking about group with Supervisor.

E. Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success
Correct, matches with our Prethinking
For example if Individuals attitude will impact to other group members and eventually impact groups success, then it will weaken the main conclusion as it is saying that leadership assessment for effectiveness should happen only at the group level.
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New post 09 Sep 2017, 22:50
I marked option E, but had a hard time to understand how individual's attitude towards supervisor's affect group success. Had the correct option be individual's attitude affect group success, this makes more sense to me because answer to this argument is whether the affect of leadership leaves an impact on the individuals which may/may not affect the group success. Please help me in understanding how individual's attitude towards supervisor's affect group success?
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 22:54
anairamitch1804 wrote:
Situation Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect the success of groups but not of individuals.

Reasoning What would be most helpful to know in order to evaluate how well the stated fact supports the conclusion that leadership effectiveness should be assessed only at the group level without considering supervisors' influence on the attitudes of the individuals they supervise? Even if leaders do not affect the success of the individuals they lead, they might still affect those individuals' attitudes. And those attitudes in turn might affect group success. If so, the argument would be weak. So any evidence about the existence or strength of these possible effects in the relationship between supervisors and their supervisees would be helpful in evaluating the argument.

A How accurately supervisors document their supervisees' attitudes is not clearly relevant to how much the supervisors affect those attitudes, nor to how much the attitudes affect group success.

B Even if assessing supervisees' attitudes would in itself change those attitudes, the person doing the assessment might be able to predict this change and take it into account. Thus, considering individual supervisees' attitudes might still be worthwhile.

C The argument is not about interactions among leaders, but rather about interactions between supervisors
and supervisees.

D The argument is not about groups without supervisors, or whether certain groups might be effective without a supervisor, but rather about how to assess the effectiveness of supervisors in groups that do have them.

E Correct. As explained above, if individual supervisees' attitudes affect group success, the argument would be weak. And probably individual supervisees' attitudes toward their supervisors are influenced by those supervisors. So knowing whether individual attitudes toward supervisors affect group success would be
helpful in evaluating the argument.

The correct answer is E.





Hi anairamitch180,
I marked option E but had a hard time to understand how individual's attitude towards supervisors affect the group. Had the answer be whether individual's attitudes affect the group, this makes more sense to me and an easy option to mark.
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 08:46
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sunny91 wrote:
I marked option E, but had a hard time to understand how individual's attitude towards supervisor's affect group success. Had the correct option be individual's attitude affect group success, this makes more sense to me because answer to this argument is whether the affect of leadership leaves an impact on the individuals which may/may not affect the group success. Please help me in understanding how individual's attitude towards supervisor's affect group success?

We are told that the success of particular individuals does not affect group success. But we're not told whether individuals' attitudes affect group success. If the attitudes toward supervisors do affect group success, then analyzing the effects of supervisor traits on attitudes of the individuals whom they supervise WOULD be relevant.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 22:53
AbdurRakib wrote:
Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect group success rather than the success of particular individuals. So it is irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise. Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether supervisors’ documentation of individual supervisees’ attitudes toward them is usually accurate
B. Whether it is possible to assess individual supervisees’ attitudes toward their supervisors without thereby changing those attitudes
C. Whether any of the leadership theories in question hold that leaders should assess other leaders’ attitudes
D. Whether some types of groups do not need supervision in order to be successful in their endeavors
E. Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 117)


Interesting question, I think the main evaluation is to check whether attitudes are contagious/influential in general. Option E does this as the other side of the coin.
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 18:51
Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect group success rather than the success of particular individuals. So it is irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise. Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.

Known Information:
The leaders affects group rather than individuals

Stated conclusion:
Irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on attitudes of individuals whom they supervise. Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at group level.

Analysis:
The group is nothing but the collection of individuals. So its possible that the individual's traits might affect the group. We need to look for an option that states that the individual might affect the group.

A. Whether supervisors’ documentation of individual supervisees’ attitudes toward them is usually accurate - Irrelevant

B. Whether it is possible to assess individual supervisees’ attitudes toward their supervisors without thereby changing those attitudes - This does not give information about our question

C. Whether any of the leadership theories in question hold that leaders should assess other leaders’ attitudes - Out of scope

D. Whether some types of groups do not need supervision in order to be successful in their endeavors - Out of scope

E. Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success - Perfect. This one says that individual attitudes affect group success. This is inline with our analysis.

Ans: E
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2018, 03:10
If we re-write option E. as Yes, individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affects group success, then it becomes important to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise.

Hence option E is most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument.
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 12:28
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Quote:
Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect group success rather than the success of particular individuals. So it is irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise. Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.
Conclusion: So it is irrelevant to analyze the effects of supervisor traits on the attitudes of individuals whom they supervise. Instead, assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the argument?

Quote:
A. Whether supervisors’ documentation of individual supervisees’ attitudes toward them is usually accurate

Yes it is accurate, even if it is accurate it doesn't affect the conclusion that "assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level."
No it is not accurate, even in this case the conclusion stands tall i.e. "assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level."
Quote:
B. Whether it is possible to assess individual supervisees’ attitudes toward their supervisors without thereby changing those attitudes
What role would the assessing of the attitude of the individual supervisee play?
Quote:
C. Whether any of the leadership theories in question hold that leaders should assess other leaders’ attitudes
Even if there is a leadership theory that does what is being asked in the answer option, or there isn't any theory that does what is asked. No affect on the conclusion.
Quote:
D. Whether some types of groups do not need supervision in order to be successful in their endeavors
Out of scope. If the group doesn't even need any supervision. There isn't any affect on the conclusion.
Quote:
E. Whether individuals’ attitudes toward supervisors affect group success
If something/attitude of an individual affect group success, then the conclusion goes for a toss here. Then instead of "assessment of leadership effectiveness should occur only at the group level.", we need to assess leadership effectiveness at individual level and not on the group level.
If attitude of the individual doesn't affect the success of the group, then the conclusion stands tall.
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2019, 06:02
Dear VeritasKarishma and GMATNinja

I have been confused a lot by choice E. Could you please explain why it is considered correct?

My doubts:
If we already have a way to assess leadership effectiveness, assessing at the group level, then I am not sure how also assessing individual attitudes helps, even if those attitudes affect success. Either the group succeeded or it didn't, whatever the individual attitudes may be and however they may affect success.

In other words, this choice suggests the factor that affects "group success". However, the author concerns only the result of the success, not how the success is affected/derived from.

Whatever factors that affect the "group success", if the group succeeds, then the leader is effective.

Thank you in advance!
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2019, 03:08
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varotkorn wrote:
Dear VeritasKarishma and GMATNinja

I have been confused a lot by choice E. Could you please explain why it is considered correct?

My doubts:
If we already have a way to assess leadership effectiveness, assessing at the group level, then I am not sure how also assessing individual attitudes helps, even if those attitudes affect success. Either the group succeeded or it didn't, whatever the individual attitudes may be and however they may affect success.

In other words, this choice suggests the factor that affects "group success". However, the author concerns only the result of the success, not how the success is affected/derived from.

Whatever factors that affect the "group success", if the group succeeds, then the leader is effective.

Thank you in advance!


Success is not black and white - you measure it on a scale. Say revenue of 200 mil is good. Of 400 mil is very good. 800 mil is excellent etc.
Leaders affect group success so say a leader was able to help his team get 600 mil in revenue. He is a good leader. So the argument says that we do not need to analyse the impact of the leader on individual attitudes.

But what if individual attitudes affect group success? What if this leader was a bad leader as far as individual attitude is concerned and hence people are not happy with him. What if this individual attitude affected group success and actually revenue should have been 800 mil?

Think in terms of variables. Say A impacts B. But A impacts C too.
Now if we only measure how A impacts B, is it enough if we know that C impacts B too? Basically A is impacting B indirectly too by impacting C which in turn is impacting B.
Whether we need to worry about how A is impacting C depends on whether C is impacting B too. If C impacts B, then A's impact on B comes from two sources and we need to worry about both. If C does not impact B, then we can ignore C.

Here A is the leader, B is group success and C is individual attitude.
Leader impacts group success, we know.
Now, we need to worry about how leader impacts individual attitude too if individual attitude impacts group success too.

That is why (E) is correct.
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Re: Many leadership theories have provided evidence that leaders affect gr   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2019, 03:08
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