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Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines

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Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines for their own stories. The reason for this is that, while the headlines that reporters themselves write are often clever, what typically makes them clever is that they allude to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter but that never appears explicitly in the story itself.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?


(A) The reporter who writes a story is usually better placed than the reporters' editor is to judge what the story's most newsworthy features are.

(B) To write a headline that is clever, a person must have sufficient understanding of the story that the headline accompanies.

(C) Most reporters rarely bother to find out how other reporters have written stories and headlines about the same events that they themselves have covered.

(D) For virtually any story that a reporter writes, there are at least a few people who know more about the story's subject matter than does the reporter.

(E) The kind of headlines that newspaper editors want are those that anyone who has read a reporter's story in its entirety will recognize as clever.


Newspaper Headlines

Step 1: Identify the Question

The words most strengthens in the question indicate that this is a Strengthen the Argument question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument

© Ed shouldn’t let reporters write own HL

Clever HL have info not in story

Step 3: Pause and State the Goal

On Strengthen questions, the goal is to find an answer that will make the conclusion more likely. In this case, you are looking to support the idea that reporters should not write headlines for their own stories.

Step 4: Work from Wrong to Right

(A) This answer weakens the argument, suggesting that the reporter who wrote the story would be in a better position to write the headline because he knows what is newsworthy in the story.

(B) This information weakens the conclusion. A reporter is very likely to have sufficient understanding of the story, so he would be able to write the headline.

(C) It is unclear if this information relates to whether reporters should write their own headlines. Research about other reporters’ methods might help a reporter if those methods were better, but could also hurt story and headline quality if the other reporters also made errors, such as writing headlines that were too clever.

(D) In the context of this argument, knowledge about the story is actually bad because it results in writing headlines that include information not in the story. This answer suggests that people beyond the reporter may actually have this problem as well. If anything, this answer slightly weakens the argument because it suggests that even if a reporter does not write his own headline, the headline could still suffer the same problems if the person chosen to write it knows too much.

(E) CORRECT. The argument states that reporters write headlines with information not in the story. Although you might have recognized the problem with this type of headline (how would the average reader see it was clever or understand?), it is not clearly stated that this type of a headline is a problem. Maybe newspapers like having such headlines to attract clever readers or encourage readers to think more deeply about the subject. This answer establishes that the kind of headlines reporters were writing are, in fact, not desired, at least from the perspective of the editor, supporting the idea that the reporters should not write their own headlines.

Argument Evaluation

Situation
The headlines newspaper reporters write for their own stories are often clever only because they allude to little-known information that never appears explicitly in the stories themselves.

Reasoning
What would most help the argument support the conclusion that newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write headlines for their own stories? The argument's only explicit premise is that the headlines newspaper reporters write for their own stories are often clever only because they allude to little-known information that never appears explicitly in the stories themselves. In order for this premise to support the conclusion that newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write their own headlines, it would be helpful to be given a reason why editors should avoid headlines alluding to such little-known information.

(A) This suggests that reporters are likely to write better headlines for their stories than editors are, so it weakens the argument that editors should not allow reporters to write their own headlines.

(B) Since a reporter who wrote a story is likely to understand that story well, this does not provide a reason why editors should not allow reporters to write their own headlines.

(C) If most reporters did what is suggested, they could perhaps hone their headline-writing skills—unless almost all reporters are weak in such skills, as suggested in the given information. The fact that they do not bother to do so may help explain why reporters' headline-writing skills are weak. An explanation of why this is so does not provide additional support for the argument's conclusion.

(D) The people who know more about a story's subject matter than the reporter writing the story might be just as likely to see the cleverness of allusions to little-known information as the reporters are. So, to the extent that this is relevant at all, it slightly weakens the argument by suggesting that obscurely clever headlines sometimes function as intended.

(E) Correct. The argument's explicit premise suggests that typically a reporter's headline for his or her own story cannot be recognized as clever by a reader who has read the whole story. So, if editors want headlines that anyone who has read the accompanying stories would recognize as clever, they have a reason not to let reporters write the headlines.

Originally posted by ganand on 28 May 2017, 04:30.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Jan 2019, 10:45, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 09:06
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sidagar wrote:
here is my analysis

conclusion : editors should not allow reporters to write headlines

premise:even though headlines reporters write are clever , what typically makes them clever - lost as could not understand the meaning

would appreciate your analysis.Also is this from official guide 2018

The headlines that reporters themselves write are often clever. However, the headlines are only clever because they refer to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter. If that information is little-known AND if the reporter does not mention that information in the story, then we can infer that most readers will not know that information and thus will not appreciate the clever headlines.

Imagine that a physicist were to give a lecture to a classroom of students at a university. During the lecture, the physicist makes several jokes that would only be funny to someone working in the physicist's laboratory. Sure, the jokes might be funny, but none of the students would understand or appreciate the humor.

Similarly, the headlines written by the reporters are often clever, but most of the readers cannot understand or appreciate why they are clever even after reading the story. In other words, unless you happen to know the "little-known information" that the reporter knows, you will not recognize the headline as clever, even after reading the entire story.

Thus, if newspapers editors prefer headlines that can be recognized as clever by anyone who has read the story in its entirety (choice (E)), then newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines for their own stories.
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 23:34
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I received a private message about this thread.

First — as always — you should go to the problem statement: You need to strengthen an argument.

So, we need to...
...determine the point of the "argument";
...express the argument in a more accessible form ("explain to a 10-year-old");
...determine what a correct answer should do.

Find the point of the argument:
This is straightforward, since the argument consists of only two statements — the second of which is explicitly labeled as "the reason for" the first.
Accordingly, the FIRST statement must be the argument's point (conclusion).

Simplify the argument / "Explain to a 10-year-old":
"When reporters write headlines, they use stuff that they know — but that random readers won't know. (This stuff makes the headlines "clever" — but, most people won't KNOW that they are "clever" headlines, because they won't have the requisite knowledge!)
Therefore...
Reporters shouldn't be allowed to write headlines for their own stories."

Define a correct answer:
Because of the simplicity of this argument, there really isn't much that a correct answer could do — it just has to beef up the connection between the single stated reason and the conclusion.
A CORRECT ANSWER needs to SOLIDIFY THE CONNECTION between
"MOST PEOPLE WON'T UNDERSTAND headlines written by reporters"
and
"Headlines SHOULDN'T BE WRITTEN by reporters".


Use this standard to "interview" the answer choices:

Quote:
(A) The reporter who writes a story is usually better placed than the reporters' editor is to judge what the story's most newsworthy features are.

• If "newsworthy features" are related to HEADLINES... then this choice goes the WRONG WAY. (In that case, this choice would give a consideration IN FAVOR OF letting reporters write headlines.)
• If "newsworthy features" are NOT related to headlines... then this choice is irrelevant.

Bad either way.

(NO answer choice will EVER be a toss-up between CORRECT and irrelevant!)

Quote:
(B) To write a headline that is clever, a person must have sufficient understanding of the story that the headline accompanies.


This choice is irrelevant, because the argument already acknowledges that reporters' headlines ARE clever.
The issue is not that the headlines AREN'T clever; the issue is that random readers won't RECOGNIZE that they are clever.

Quote:
(C) Most reporters rarely bother to find out how other reporters have written stories and headlines about the same events that they themselves have covered.


This choice does not speak to the actual issue — i.e., that reporters tend to use obscure information in crafting headlines — and is thus irrelevant.

Quote:
(D) For virtually any story that a reporter writes, there are at least a few people who know more about the story's subject matter than does the reporter.


This choice is almost certainly true, just by common sense. (Go to a newspaper site and click on any random article. Obviously, there will be people in the world who have dedicated their lives and careers to becoming experts on the exact thing that is the topic of the article... these people will clearly know more about that thing than will the reporter.)

...But this choice is irrelevant, because there is no reason to think that these world-class experts would be available to write headlines. Therefore, we don't care whether they exist.

(Furthermore — The reporters' PROBLEM is already that they have TOO MUCH "little-known" knowledge! So, even in the incredibly farfetched scenario in which these experts could be tapped to write headlines... THEIR headlines would have the same problem as the reporters' headlines, only even WORSE!)

Quote:
(E) The kind of headlines that newspaper editors want are those that anyone who has read a reporter's story in its entirety will recognize as clever.


If this statement is true, then the typical reporter's headline — as described — will NOT be the kind of headline that newspaper editors want, since only readers who are privy to the "little-known information" will recognize the reporter's headline as clever.
This statement provides strong additional support for the notion that editors should not allow reporters to write headlines for their stories.
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 23:55
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sidagar wrote:
hello experts
my concern is what is the inference of word " clever" here used multiple times in the argument and in the correct answer choice."while they are clever , what makes them clever is" couldn't understand the phrase"


Ok what makes them clever?
If you write explicitly in the headlines say " an earthquake at xyz place killed 8 people" this explained headlines gives a clear information and most of the people wont be interested in reading the whole story. A clever reporter wont write such explicit info in the headline cuz he/she wants he reader to read the whole story
argument says that editor should not let reporter to write a headline because reporter knows the story. The right choice says that editor wants a kind of headline that doesn't give the whole information to the reader and so for that a clever reporter is a must.
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 23:11
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Hi ,
Please provide official explanation .
My answer is wrong as per the OA given.
On second reading i got the answer.
The argument talks about headlines which can be understood by all who have read the story .
If only reporters write the headlines then , people who will read the headlines will not consider them clever or even worse will not be able to deduce them from the story.
So editors should write the headlines

Is my reasoning correct ?
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 12:47
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ganand wrote:
Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines for their own stories. The reason for this is that, while the headlines that reporters themselves write are often clever, what typically makes them clever is that they allude to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter but that never appears explicitly in the story itself.


Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) The reporter who writes a story is usually better placed than the reporters' editor is to judge what the story's most newsworthy features are.

(B) To write a headline that is clever, a person must have sufficient understanding of the story that the headline accompanies.

(C) Most reporters rarely bother to find out how other reporters have written stories and headlines about the same events that they themselves have covered.

(D) For virtually any story that a reporter writes, there are at least a few people who know more about the story's subject matter than does the reporter.

(E) The kind of headlines that newspaper editors want are those that anyone who has read a reporter's story in its entirety will recognize as clever.


Summary - Reports write headlines that allude to little know details of the story => That's why editors should not allow them to write the headlines.
Strengthen - Editors might want people to read the headline and be able to relate the entire article back to the headline.

A - Weakens
B - If we assume the answer says reporters, it actually weakens the conclusion.
C - Irrelevant
D - Reporters knowledge Vs other people isn't mentioned in the argument
E - Sounds Correct as the editors want people to read the entire story and be able to relate that with the story.

E is the correct answer IMO.
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 18:04
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let us simplify the argument given --

Headlines that reporters write allude to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter but does not appear explicitly in the story --> Editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines for their own stories

let us take a look at the answer options given --

Option A - Incorrect

If the reporter is better placed than the editor to judge the story's most newsworthy features, then probably the editor should let the reporter decide on the headlines. This weakens the conclusion.

Option B - Incorrect

Not relevant as the argument is concerned about whether reporters should get to decide the headlines for their stories. We have no information to evaluate whether the person who will write the headline has sufficient information about the story or not. If he does not, then this weakens the argument.

Option C - Incorrect

How other reporters have written stories and headlines for the same events is not relevant to evaluating the conclusion.

Option D - Incorrect

This can either strengthen or weaken the argument. If the number of people who know more than the reporter is limited, then the argument is strengthened. However, if the number is quite high, the argument is weakened since a lot of people now can relate to the headlines. Since, this does both, it is incorrect.

Option E - Correct answer

If the editor wants people who have read the stories to recognize the headline as clever, there is no point in letting the reporters choose the headlines as they allude to information that does appear in the story.
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 23:30
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Editors want the headlines to be cleverly put in such a way that the information given in the headlines barely discuss whats given in the story. Its more like "click bait". Reporters often write clever headlines but they, at times, fail to do so.

Argument is strengthened by option E as it gives further information about how, according to editors, the readers should react upon the reading the story in its entirety.
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 14:21
Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines for their own stories. The reason for this is that, while the headlines that reporters themselves write are often clever, what typically makes them clever is that they allude to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter but that never appears explicitly in the story itself.


Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) The reporter who writes a story is usually better placed than the reporters' editor is to judge what the story's most newsworthy features are.this is a good choice but the content of the story is hwat must make the headings and not the extra information tha the writer has but has not explicitly writen in the story.

(B) To write a headline that is clever, a person must have sufficient understanding of the story that the headline accompanies.no such assumption, also it is a strengthen question not assumption.

(C) Most reporters rarely bother to find out how other reporters have written stories and headlines about the same events that they themselves have covered. out of scope

(D) For virtually any story that a reporter writes, there are at least a few people who know more about the story's subject matter than does the reporter.
the people who know more than the reporter are out of scope of the discussion because they are notdiscussed in the argument.

(E) The kind of headlines that newspaper editors want are those that anyone who has read a reporter's story in its entirety will recognize as clever.
the story should be given a headline such that the reader must get in the information convayed in the heading from the story and should not leave the reader assuming that the writer may have more information than what he wrote or then then reader would often question the appropriateness of the story.
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 22:50
hello experts
my concern is what is the inference of word " clever" here used multiple times in the argument and in the correct answer choice."while they are clever , what makes them clever is" couldn't understand the phrase"
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 02:49
still not clear with the premise why reporter not be allowed to write headlines.Can someone clarify clearly what premise is saying.Could not understand the contrast in premise.Also how option E strenthens.I wonder word " clever" makes me lost i the argument and answer choice
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 02:57
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sidagar wrote:
still not clear with the premise why reporter not be allowed to write headlines.Can someone clarify clearly what premise is saying.Could not understand the contrast in premise.Also how option E strenthens.I wonder word " clever" makes me lost i the argument and answer choice


Hi Sidagar,
Can you share your understanding of the argument so that one of us can see what you understand, and help you better ?

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 03:07
here is my analysis

conclusion : editors should not allow reporters to write headlines

premise:even though headlines reporters write are clever , what typically makes them clever - lost as could not understand the meaning

would appreciate your analysis.Also is this from official guide 2018
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2017, 22:05
GMATNinja wrote:
sidagar wrote:
here is my analysis

conclusion : editors should not allow reporters to write headlines

premise:even though headlines reporters write are clever , what typically makes them clever - lost as could not understand the meaning

would appreciate your analysis.Also is this from official guide 2018

The headlines that reporters themselves write are often clever. However, the headlines are only clever because they refer to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter. If that information is little-known AND if the reporter does not mention that information in the story, then we can infer that most readers will not know that information and thus will not appreciate the clever headlines.

Imagine that a physicist were to give a lecture to a classroom of students at a university. During the lecture, the physicist makes several jokes that would only be funny to someone working in the physicist's laboratory. Sure, the jokes might be funny, but none of the students would understand or appreciate the humor.

Similarly, the headlines written by the reporters are often clever, but most of the readers cannot understand or appreciate why they are clever even after reading the story. In other words, unless you happen to know the "little-known information" that the reporter knows, you will not recognize the headline as clever, even after reading the entire story.

Thus, if newspapers editors prefer headlines that can be recognized as clever by anyone who has read the story in its entirety (choice (E)), then newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines for their own stories.


GMATNinja
Understood why E is more appropriate than other options...but not able to reject option D.. can you throw some light...
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 07:49
Luckisnoexcuse wrote:
GMATNinja
Understood why E is more appropriate than other options...but not able to reject option D.. can you throw some light...

Quote:
(D) For virtually any story that a reporter writes, there are at least a few people who know more about the story's subject matter than does the reporter.

Choice (D) does not provide any information suggesting that reporters should not be allowed to write headlines for their own stories, so it does not directly support the conclusion. Furthermore, Choice (D) does not tell us anything about the cleverness of reporters' headlines and thus does not strengthen the argument used in the passage.

Since choice (D) does not support the conclusion or the evidence cited in the passage, it can be eliminated.
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2017, 14:08
I narrowed this question down to B and E and ended up picking B over E

I negated B -> if one did not need a sufficient understanding of the story to write a clever headline, then anyone (including editors) could write a clever headline. This would weaken the conclusion if true. Therefore, the opposite would strengthen the conclusion. Further, the premise states that the clever headlines "allude to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter." Therefore, if one did not have knowledge of the story, how would one be able to write a clever headline?

I saw several people mention B as a weakener, not a strengthener. Can anyone care to elaborate further? Thanks
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2017, 20:11
jwang1191 wrote:
I narrowed this question down to B and E and ended up picking B over E

I negated B -> if one did not need a sufficient understanding of the story to write a clever headline, then anyone (including editors) could write a clever headline. This would weaken the conclusion if true. Therefore, the opposite would strengthen the conclusion. Further, the premise states that the clever headlines "allude to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter." Therefore, if one did not have knowledge of the story, how would one be able to write a clever headline?

I saw several people mention B as a weakener, not a strengthener. Can anyone care to elaborate further? Thanks

First of all, just because negating a statement makes it a weakener, does not necessarily make that statement a strengthener. Regardless, the conclusion here is that "newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines for their own stories". The reason is NOT that reporters write clever headlines. The reason is that very few readers would be able to appreciate and understand those headlines, so the cleverness of the reporters' headlines would be wasted.

Saying that anyone can write clever headlines does not weaken the conclusion. If anything, it suggests that editors do not have to rely on the reporters themselves to write clever headlines. Choice (B) could potentially be seen as a weakener - you could argue that a reporter is more likely to have a sufficient understanding of the story and thus perhaps more capable of writing a clever headline. But that logic only really works if we assume that the headlines SHOULD be clever. If the headlines don't have to be clever, then such a "sufficient" understanding of the story might not be necessary to write an acceptable headline.

Refer to this post for an explanation of the correct answer.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2017, 01:53
GMATNinja wrote:
If that information is little-known AND if the reporter does not mention that information in the story, then we can infer that most readers will not know that information and thus will not appreciate the clever headlines.


How will the most readers not appreciate if the reporters do mention 'little known information'as a part of headlines and not mention in the story ?

What you wrote above makes me feel as you it is contrary to the information in stimulus(in quotes below). Please help me understand.

"what typically makes them clever is that they allude to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter but that never appears explicitly in the story itself."
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 17:06
gocoder wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
If that information is little-known AND if the reporter does not mention that information in the story, then we can infer that most readers will not know that information and thus will not appreciate the clever headlines.


How will the most readers not appreciate if the reporters do mention 'little known information'as a part of headlines and not mention in the story ?

What you wrote above makes me feel as you it is contrary to the information in stimulus(in quotes below). Please help me understand.

"what typically makes them clever is that they allude to little-known information that is familiar to the reporter but that never appears explicitly in the story itself."

Just because the headlines ALLUDE to the little known information does not mean that most readers will understand the headline.

Imagine that a physicist were to give a televised speech and make several clever jokes about string theory. In order to get the jokes, you have to understand string theory. However, most of the viewers do NOT understand string theory. So even though the jokes might be clever, the only people who get the jokes are the very few people who understand string theory. Just because the physicist ALLUDES to string theory in the speech does not mean that most people will suddenly understand string theory or the joke. And if the physicist never explains the relevant theory in the speech, then most people will listen to the speech without understanding any of the jokes.

Similarly, the headlines written by the reporters are often clever, but most of the readers cannot understand or appreciate why they are clever even after reading the story. They didn't know the necessary information before reading, and they don't know it after reading. In other words, unless you happen to already know the "little-known information" that the reporter knows, you will not recognize the headline as clever, even after reading the entire story.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2017, 02:49
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arvind910619 wrote:
Hi ,
Please provide official explanation .
My answer is wrong as per the OA given.
On second reading i got the answer.
The argument talks about headlines which can be understood by all who have read the story .
If only reporters write the headlines then , people who will read the headlines will not consider them clever or even worse will not be able to deduce them from the story.
So editors should write the headlines

Is my reasoning correct ?


This reasoning is the most correct in my opinion.

For example: A reporter covered a story where a very precious diamond of national heritage was stolen from International museum in United States. Being a reporter, he overheard the FBI agents at the crime scene talking that the diamond was stolen by N.Korea. Now imagine that the reporter writes the headline as "Can a diamond cause World War 3?" He already has raised curiosity in reader's mind with such a headline but unfortunately the story that he covered was published accurately and thus, had no mention of any such statement about world war.
Would not this allusion at the headline disappoint the readers after they have had read the entire story? As a result, the reputation of the newspaper company will be compromised. Hence the newspaper editors would want the kind of headlines that is appreciated or probably called as clever by the readers after they have had read the story.
In this case, headlines that the editors would want can probably be - "States loses a cultural heritage".
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Re: Newspaper editors should not allow reporters to write the headlines   [#permalink] 01 Dec 2017, 02:49

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