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# Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere

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Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2019, 05:18
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Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

(A) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere
(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere
(C) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is
(D) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, which has an atmosphere
(E) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, its atmosphere being

Hello, Gmaters.
I'd like to ask you some help to sort out this question.
I don't know how to approach the problems between (A) and (B)
Can you please provide more details ?
I got this question from the materials from friend, so unfortunately I don't have the commentaries for the wrong answer.
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Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 09 Feb 2019, 07:54
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hello janeyeo, how are you?

Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

Meaning of the original sentence:
1. Saturn has seventeen moons
2. One moon out of seventeen has an atmosphere opaque to visible light
3. This moon could not be photographed by Voyager1

Errors of the original sentence:
Attachment:

A.JPG [ 40.42 KiB | Viewed 1183 times ]

"its" refers to One moon? or Saturn? ambiguous pronoun - undesirable
This implies that One Saturn moon because of having an atmosphere could not be photographed by Voyager 1.
But from the meaning analysis we know that the author states general facts about the Saturn.

POE

(A) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere

(C) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is
(this choise is also grammatically correct, but the meaning is slightly different from the original one, again it seems that one Saturn moon with an atmosphere could not be photographed by Voyager 1., it is not 100% wrong answer, we can keep it so far if we find better option)

For more information abut with + [noun] + [participle] on GMAT Sentence Correction

(D) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, which has an atmosphere
("which" refers to Saturn, but it has to refer to the one Saturn moon, may be Saturn also has some atmosphere but this is not the case)

(E) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, its atmosphere being
("its" refers to One moon? or Saturn? ambiguous, also "being" here is neither subject not part of the progressive tense)

(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere

Attachment:

B.JPG [ 39.39 KiB | Viewed 1180 times ]

Between (C) and (B)

(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere
(C) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is

(B) is clearly conveys intended meaning of the sentence that One Saturn moon out of seventeen has an atmosphere opaque to visible light and could not be photographed by Voyager 1

Attachments

giphy (1).gif [ 732.17 KiB | Viewed 1021 times ]

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Originally posted by GKomoku on 06 Feb 2019, 07:52.
Last edited by GKomoku on 09 Feb 2019, 07:54, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2019, 09:38
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I agree that 'its' in option A is ambiguous, making it an undesirable option.

but I guess that the comma before 'having' is not wrong. observe this question:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/neuroscientists-having-amassed-a-wealth-of-knowledge-over-the-past-96386.html

Overall, B is clear and correct.
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Re: Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2019, 10:04
1
(A) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere
Pronoun Error: Its does not have a clear antecedent. It can refer to both Saturn and one of the moon.

(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere
Relation pronoun which correctly modifies the one moon of Saturn rather than Saturn itself.

(C) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is
Not sure whether there should be an article, an, before atmosphere in the answer choice.
Modifier Error: Prepositional phrase with atmosphere erroneously modifies Saturn

(D) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, which has an atmosphere
Pronoun Error: Relative pronoun which erroneously modifies Saturn rather than the one moon.

(E) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, its atmosphere being
Pronoun Error: Its does not have a clear antecedent. It can refer to both Saturn and one of the moon.
Usage: Being is a red flag.
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Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2019, 20:46
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DisciplinedPrep wrote:
(A) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere
Pronoun Error: Its does not have a clear antecedent. It can refer to both Saturn and one of the moon.

(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere
Relation pronoun which correctly modifies the one moon of Saturn rather than Saturn itself.

(C) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is
Not sure whether there should be an article, an, before atmosphere in the answer choice.
Modifier Error: Prepositional phrase with atmosphere erroneously modifies Saturn

(D) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, which has an atmosphere
Pronoun Error: Relative pronoun which erroneously modifies Saturn rather than the one moon.

(E) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, its atmosphere being
Pronoun Error: Its does not have a clear antecedent. It can refer to both Saturn and one of the moon.
Usage: Being is a red flag.

Hello DisciplinedPrep, how are you?

Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

why do you think "with" modifier modifies Saturn? Why not One Saturn moon?
_________________
My SC approach flowchart

(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

___________________
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~ Marie Curie
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Re: Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2019, 08:19
GKomoku wrote:
DisciplinedPrep wrote:
(A) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere
Pronoun Error: Its does not have a clear antecedent. It can refer to both Saturn and one of the moon.

(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere
Relation pronoun which correctly modifies the one moon of Saturn rather than Saturn itself.

(C) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is
Not sure whether there should be an article, an, before atmosphere in the answer choice.
Modifier Error: Prepositional phrase with atmosphere erroneously modifies Saturn

(D) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, which has an atmosphere
Pronoun Error: Relative pronoun which erroneously modifies Saturn rather than the one moon.

(E) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, its atmosphere being
Pronoun Error: Its does not have a clear antecedent. It can refer to both Saturn and one of the moon.
Usage: Being is a red flag.

Hello DisciplinedPrep, how are you?

Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

why do you think "with" modifier modifies Saturn? Why not One Saturn moon?

IrinaOK wrote:
Visitors to the park have often looked up into the leafy canopy and saw monkeys sleeping on the branches, whose arms and legs hang like socks on a clothesline.

(A) saw monkeys sleeping on the branches, whose arms and legs hang
(B) saw monkeys sleeping on the branches, whose arms and legs were hanging
(C) saw monkeys sleeping on the branches, with arms and legs hanging
(D) seen monkeys sleeping on the branches, with arms and legs hanging
(E) seen monkeys sleeping on the branches, whose arms and legs have hung

"with" modifies one Saturn moon
_________________
My SC approach flowchart

(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

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"Nothing in this life is to be feared, it is only to be understood"
~ Marie Curie
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Re: Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2019, 08:51
janeyeo wrote:
Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

(A) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere
(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere
(C) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is
(D) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, which has an atmosphere
(E) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, its atmosphere being

Intent of the sentence, took the best of me.(marked C)

So we are talking about one of the 17 moons of Saturn. That particular one is opaque to visible light.

(A) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere
its referring to what??, Saturn or one of the moon

(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere
Here which is correctly referring to one of the moon. -> Matches the intent clearly and efficiently

(C) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is
So is it for this case, with can refer to Saturn or one of the moon.

(D) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, which has an atmosphere
which pronoun referring to Saturn -> eliminate, not the intent

(E) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, its atmosphere being
its, incorrect reference to Saturn -> eliminate, not the intent
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Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2019, 06:16
Actually, I think its in (A) is nowhere ambiguous because:
1) it follows 'only one' (not reasonable enough)
2) the -ing modifier gives a reason why the satellite could not be photographed; (B) cuts out this feature
3) if having refers to only one, it is illogical that its refers to Saturn

I think those reasons combined are enough to eliminate any doubts about what its refers to.
Would be pleased if someone would give an opinion regarding this.
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Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2019, 21:19
artiom01 wrote:
Actually, I think its in (A) is nowhere ambiguous because:
1) it follows 'only one' (not reasonable enough)
2) the -ing modifier gives a reason why the satellite could not be photographed; (B) cuts out this feature
3) if having refers to only one, it is illogical that its refers to Saturn

I think those reasons combined are enough to eliminate any doubts about what its refers to.
Would be pleased if someone would give an opinion regarding this.

Hello artiom01, how are you?
thank you for your question, it is absolutely reasonable.
Let's try to get to the bottom of the truth

artiom01 wrote:
Actually, I think its in (A) is nowhere ambiguous because:
1) it follows 'only one' (not reasonable enough)

Simple example:

The Moon goes around the Earth, while The Earth goes atround the Sun; it is celestial body.

Pronoun ambiguity take place when pronoun has several logical antecedents, it doesn't matter where the antecedent located, it can be anywhere in the sentence.

'it' - singular
The Moon, the Earth, and the Sun - singular

The Moon is celestial body - makes sence
The Earth is celestial body - makes sence
The Sun is celestial body - makes sence

Hence we have pronoun ambiguity in this sentence, 'it' has three logical antecedents.

The Moon goes around the Earth, while The Earth goes around the Sun; it is inhabited by people.

'it' - singular
The Moon, the Earth, and the Sun - singular

The Moon is inhabited by people - we know this is not 'truth' - doesn't make sence
The Earth is inhabited by people - makes sence
The Sun is inhabited by people - it is 'impossible' - doesn't make sence

In this sentence 'it' logically refers to only one word "The Earth" there is no pronoun ambiguity.

Our sentence:

Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

'its' - singular
Saturn, onle one - singular

Saturn has atmosphere opaque to visible light - makes sence
One of Saturn moon has atmosphere opaque to visible light - makes sence

Hence we have pronoun ambiguity in this sentence, 'its' has two logical antecedents.

artiom01 wrote:
2) the -ing modifier gives a reason why the satellite could not be photographed; (B) cuts out this feature
3) if having refers to only one, it is illogical that its refers to Saturn

v-ing modifier preceded by comma (e-gmat):
- can modify preceeding clause and must make sence with the subject of the sentence;
- explicit 'how' aspect of the preceeding clause;
- explicit 'result' and 'reason' of the preceeding clause.

mikemcgarry wrote:
First of all, let's use proper terminology. You are asking about participles and participial phrases. You can read a little more here:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/participle ... -the-gmat/
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/the-ing-form-of-a-verb/

Second, those two rules --- throw them in the trash. I'm sorry to say this, but they are useless. Participial phrases are the most versatile modifiers in the English language. A participial phrase can modify
(a) a noun (in which case it often will "touch" the noun)
(b) a verb (in which can it will answer a "how" question about the verb)
(c) a whole phrase or clause
There is no formula for deciding what the participial is doing, because it can do so many different things. You have to rely on meaning. In fact, because participles can do so many different things, the GMAT absolutely loves them. The GMAT loves writing SC sentences in which blind adherence to the rules of grammar is not enough --- sentence in which you must engage the unique meaning.

Present participles by Magoosh -->

'seeing' plays the role of the adjective, it describes the man.

Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

'having' describes 'only one' and gives additional information.

artiom01 wrote:
2) the -ing modifier gives a reason why the satellite could not be photographed; (B) cuts out this feature

as the author states general facts about Saturn and its moons, there is no meaning change in B.

janeyeo wrote:
Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

(A) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere
(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere

(B) is just more clearly explaining author's idea

We never look for one good answer choice, ALWAYS four wrong, sometimes wright answer sounds crap but it is grammatically and logically conveys intended meaning, and it is enough to choose it.

artiom01 wrote:
3) if having refers to only one, it is illogical that its refers to Saturn

I like this question, and it seems quite reasonable to me...
--------

Hello generis, how are you?

Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

We know that 'having' refers to 'one' hence can we consider that 'it's' also unambiguously refers to 'one' ?

p.s. generis is my general reasoning on this thread valid enough?
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Re: Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2019, 01:42
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GKomoku wrote:
DisciplinedPrep wrote:
(A) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere
Pronoun Error: Its does not have a clear antecedent. It can refer to both Saturn and one of the moon.

(B) Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, which has an atmosphere
Relation pronoun which correctly modifies the one moon of Saturn rather than Saturn itself.

(C) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is
Not sure whether there should be an article, an, before atmosphere in the answer choice.
Modifier Error: Prepositional phrase with atmosphere erroneously modifies Saturn

(D) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, which has an atmosphere
Pronoun Error: Relative pronoun which erroneously modifies Saturn rather than the one moon.

(E) Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, its atmosphere being
Pronoun Error: Its does not have a clear antecedent. It can refer to both Saturn and one of the moon.
Usage: Being is a red flag.

Hello DisciplinedPrep, how are you?

Only one of the seventeen moons of Saturn, with atmosphere that is opaque to visible light, could not be photographed by Voyager1.

why do you think "with" modifier modifies Saturn? Why not One Saturn moon?

IMO, "with" can not be used in this sentence even if it modifies "Saturn's moon" or Saturn" itself. Option C implies that only one moon could not be photographed with atmosphere opaque to visibility. Means, if it does not have atmosphere opaque to visibility, it could be photographed.
But this is not the intended meaning IMO. Central modifier is just trying to tell that "Only one moon could not be photographed because of some reason" and that moon has atmosphere opaque to visibility.

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Re: Of the seventeen moons of Saturn, only one, having its atmosphere   [#permalink] 12 Feb 2019, 01:42
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