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# Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce

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Joined: 04 May 2006
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Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 07 Jun 2017, 00:14
11
46
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (01:35) correct 59% (01:50) wrong based on 1824 sessions

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Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce crop plants that are highly resistant to insect damage. Unfortunately, the seeds themselves are quite expensive, and the plants require more fertilizer and water to grow well than normal ones. Thus, for most farmers the savings on pesticides would not compensate for the higher seed costs and the cost of additional fertilizer. However, since consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise, the use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.

(B) The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that the argument denies will be part of that outcome.

(C) The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that weighs against that prediction.

(D) The first provides a certain outcome that the argument seeks to weigh against; the second is a consideration that support the main conclusion.

(E) The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.

Spoiler: :: Click for OA
OA = D. Check Karishma's post on second page for explanation

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Originally posted by sondenso on 05 Jun 2008, 20:52.
Last edited by hazelnut on 07 Jun 2017, 00:14, edited 6 times in total.
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2014, 23:59
10
7
sondenso wrote:
Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce crop plants that are highly resistant to insect damage. Unfortunately, the seeds themselves are quite expensive, and the plants require more fertilizer and water to grow well than normal ones. Thus, for most farmers the savings on pesticides would not compensate for the higher seed costs and the cost of additional fertilizer. However,since consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise, the use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.
(B) The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that the argument denies will be part of that outcome.
(C) The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that weighs againstthat prediction.
(D) The first provides a certain outcome that the agrument seeks to weigh against; the second is a consideration that support the main conclusion.
(E) The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.

Responding to a pm:

What is the essence of the argument?
Genetically modified seeds are highly resistant to insects. But they are more expensive and need more fertilizer and water. So farmers won't save money by using them (prediction).
But people like them so their use will keep increasing (conclusion).

So what part is in bold? Let me underline it to show clearly...

Genetically modified seeds are highly resistant to insects. But they are more expensive and need more fertilizer and water. So farmers won't save money by using them (prediction).
But people like them so [i]their use will keep increasing (conclusion)

(A) The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.
Wrong - second is not the main conclusion

(B) The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that the argument denies will be part of that outcome.
Wrong - the second is not related to the outcome at all. It cannot accept or deny whether it is a part of that outcome

(C) The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that weighs against that prediction.
Wrong - second is not a consideration against the prediction. Prediction is about saving money by using modified seeds. Just because people like modified seeds, farmers won't save money by using them i.e. the cost will not go down. Note that the revenue farmers earn may increase because people like these seeds but the cost of using them will not decrease.

(D) The first provides a certain outcome that the agrument seeks to weigh against; the second is a consideration that support the main conclusion.
Correct.

(E) The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.
Wrong - First does not provide evidence to support conclusion
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##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 21 Mar 2008
Posts: 218
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 21:04
sondenso wrote:
Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce crop plants that are highly resistant to insect damage. Unfortunately, the seeds themselves are quite expensive, and the plants require more fertilizer and water to grow well than normal ones. Thus, for most farmers the savings on pesticides would not compensate for the higher seed costs and the cost of additional fertilizer. However,since consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise, the use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.
(B) The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that the argument denies will be part of that outcome.
(C) The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that weighs againstthat prediction.
(D) The first provides a certain outcome that the agrument seeks to weigh against; the second is a consideration that support the main conclusion.
(E) The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.

C for me.

The first part of the boldface predicts that due to the higher costs of the seeds, farmers will not be compensated for using them byt their savings(outcome). The second one says that due to the increased demand, the use will be widespread and hence the farmers may after all be compensated(weighs against the prediction).
Manager
Joined: 04 Apr 2007
Posts: 127
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 21:04
sondenso wrote:
Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce crop plants that are highly resistant to insect damage. Unfortunately, the seeds themselves are quite expensive, and the plants require more fertilizer and water to grow well than normal ones. Thus, for most farmers the savings on pesticides would not compensate for the higher seed costs and the cost of additional fertilizer. However,since consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise, the use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.
(B) The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that the argument denies will be part of that outcome.
(C) The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that weighs againstthat prediction.
(D) The first provides a certain outcome that the agrument seeks to weigh against; the second is a consideration that support the main conclusion.
(E) The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.

C for me.

The first just presents some facts that, is later stated, will impact farmer's decision. The second adds some new info that will most likely counter the first in some way.
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Posts: 1751
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 21:23
1
You have just fallen in the BIG trap. OA is not C
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Joined: 04 Sep 2007
Posts: 201
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 21:27
Grrr.. I fell for C as well. BTW, Sondenso, +1 for coming up with this toughie. What in the world is the OA? Can't wait..
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Posts: 127
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 21:29
sondenso wrote:
You have just fallen in the BIG trap. OA is not C

Haha, well then please enlighten me.
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Joined: 20 Mar 2008
Posts: 16
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 21:47
sondenso wrote:
You have just fallen in the BIG trap. OA is not C

Is it D? The main conclusion is that sales of these seeds would increase - but the 1st bold segment seems to prove otherwise....
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Joined: 21 Mar 2008
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 21:47
sondenso wrote:
You have just fallen in the BIG trap. OA is not C

Sondenso, I gave one of my retakes of Gmat Prep I and this was the first question in the verbal section, I marked it as C for the explanation given and got it right. did you get a different answer?
Would be very interested to know. One of those screwups of the prep software I have been reading about....
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Posts: 1751
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 22:07
Sunny143 wrote:
sondenso wrote:
You have just fallen in the BIG trap. OA is not C

Sondenso, I gave one of my retakes of Gmat Prep I and this was the first question in the verbal section, I marked it as C for the explanation given and got it right. did you get a different answer?
Would be very interested to know. One of those screwups of the prep software I have been reading about....

Yeah, the SLIGHLY similarity is very dangerous! In SC, we also have a war debate on the slighly similar two questiions! I found it interesting!
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 22:14
sondenso wrote:
Sunny143 wrote:
sondenso wrote:
You have just fallen in the BIG trap. OA is not C

Sondenso, I gave one of my retakes of Gmat Prep I and this was the first question in the verbal section, I marked it as C for the explanation given and got it right. did you get a different answer?
Would be very interested to know. One of those screwups of the prep software I have been reading about....

Yeah, the SLIGHLY similarity is very dangerous! In SC, we also have a war debate on the slighly similar two questiions! I found it interesting!

Grrr.. So what in the world is the OA if it is not C as per your version of the question, Sondenso? Per sunny's experience, OA seems to be C, which comes as a big relief for me.
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2008, 22:33
OA is D
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Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2471
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 06:11
sondenso wrote:
Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce crop plants that are highly resistant to insect damage. Unfortunately, the seeds themselves are quite expensive, and the plants require more fertilizer and water to grow well than normal ones. Thus, for most farmers the savings on pesticides would not compensate for the higher seed costs and the cost of additional fertilizer. However,since consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise, the use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.
(B) The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that the argument denies will be part of that outcome.
(C) The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that weighs againstthat prediction.
(D) The first provides a certain outcome that the agrument seeks to weigh against; the second is a consideration that support the main conclusion.
(E) The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.

This is a very good one. I almost fell for C as well. I reread C though and something just didnt seem right.

The end of the paragraph is def. the main conclusion. Thus only D captures this.
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 07:36
Guys...so what we are seeing here is another screwup....GMATPrep giving 2 answers for the same question....Holy Cr**...What is going on?
Attachments

GMATPrep Boldface.doc [85 KiB]

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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 14:21
I have also encountered this question on the GMATPrep with C being the OA. This gives me a lot of faith towards the people at Pearson Vue....
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Posts: 305
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 15:06
2
Sunny143 wrote:
Guys...so what we are seeing here is another screwup....GMATPrep giving 2 answers for the same question....Holy Cr**...What is going on?

Sunny , compare the boldface statements in your attachment with the question posted here , they differ . So GMATPrep is not buggy
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 17:21
Good Catch rpmodi....

However your conclusion is based on too small a sample....in fact we have had some strange issues with the software....I havent faced it yet but there are many posters that talk about this...
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 17:25
True . I should have said, in this case Gmatprep is not buggy . Do not certify the software as a whole
Intern
Joined: 05 Oct 2011
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2011, 21:20
2
sondenso wrote:
You have just fallen in the BIG trap. OA is not C

Is the OA D...In the gmat prep CR pdf the answer is given as C...So I am confused abt this,..I have chosen D .
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2013, 22:23
1
Both the questions are different, at least the answer options definitely are.
OA is C for this question http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/pla ... t2270.html.

while OA is D for the above mentioned question.
Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce &nbs [#permalink] 12 Nov 2013, 22:23

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