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Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a

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Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Jun 2017, 19:12
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Question Stats:

58% (01:09) correct 42% (01:12) wrong based on 187 sessions

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Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a good proxy to show the effects of various substances on human fetuses. The results of a new study showed that acute exposure to cell phone radiation caused an increased incidence of birth defects in chickens. The eggs were exposed to cell phone radiation continuously throughout the 21-day incubation period from an emission source placed 6 centimeters away from each egg.

Which of the following can be logically concluded from the above passage?

A. Pregnant women should avoid excessive amounts of cell phone radiation in the vicinity of the womb.
B. If the emission source had been placed closer to the eggs, the incidence of birth defects would have been even higher.
C. Pregnant women should not allow cell phones within 6 centimeters of their abdomens at any time during the pregnancy.
D. Radiation was the sole cause of the birth defects in the chickens.
E. In this case, the results will not be relevant for humans because the primary consequence was thinning of the eggs' shells, which then resulted in the birth defects.

Source: Peterson

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Originally posted by mbaMission on 01 Jun 2009, 14:30.
Last edited by broall on 04 Jun 2017, 19:12, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question, OA added
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2009, 14:35
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I think the answer choice is A).
The entire passage is a fact set. Using the facts, it is clear that pregnant women should avoid excess cell phone radiation. I had to think a bit between A & C, but A address cell phone radiation, whereas C address cell phones, which may or may not emit cell phone radiation.
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New post 03 Jun 2009, 10:08
i have my doubts on the answers offered.

A says that pregnant Woman should avoid excessive exposure to cell phone radiation to do what ???? if they are not bothered.. its weired but i felt the reasoning given here is not good enough.

I will go with B.

IF the source of emission is closer, the damage wud have been greater.
It mentioned in the passage that the acuteness of exposure increases the incidence of birth defects..

Whats is the OA ?
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2009, 10:38
I would go with A. My reasons for:

Not B, since writer says that the "study showed that acute exposure to cell phone radiation", means that the radiation was already acute during the study with the setup of 21-day and 6 cms distance.

Not C, as it says avoid 6cm distance radiation "at any time during the pregnancy". But the study shows the damage was done after 21-day radiation exposure. So I would conclude A rather then concluding C.
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New post 03 Jun 2009, 11:37
A:
B: No Good. This is not stated in the passage.
C: This option is about cell phones. "Radiation" word is missing
D: This is not there in the authors argument. Author has not mentioned anything like this
E: Far Fetched.

This is my logic. Initially, i didn't liked option A. After POE i was left with only A.
A sounds more of a suggestion. Which the author may or may not like to give.
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New post 04 Jun 2009, 23:38
Source and official answer please ?
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2009, 15:42
A for me too.. :o
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New post 13 Jun 2009, 11:55
Though if choosing between A and C...But C is going to extreme...Focuses in the 6 cms...So i'll choose A...
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2014, 11:46
And I thought suggestion type answer choices are almost always wrong on the GMAT :(

The inference I came up with after pre thinking:
Continuous exposure of cell phone radiations may lead to increased incidence of birth defects in human fetus

After POE I'm left with A.

Expert guidance please!! Can suggestion type answer choices ever correct on GMAT?
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2014, 01:33
My choice is A. My explanation is same with others
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2016, 07:37
mbaMission wrote:
Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a good proxy to show the effects of various substances on human fetuses. The results of a new study showed that acute exposure to cell phone radiation caused an increased incidence of birth defects in chickens. The eggs were exposed to cell phone radiation continuously throughout the 21-day incubation period from an emission source placed 6 centimeters away from each egg.

Which of the following can be logically concluded from the above passage?
*Pregnant women should avoid excessive amounts of cell phone radiation in the vicinity of the womb.
*If the emission source had been placed closer to the eggs, the incidence of birth defects would have been even higher.
*Pregnant women should not allow cell phones within 6 centimeters of their abdomens at any time during the pregnancy.
*Radiation was the sole cause of the birth defects in the chickens.
*In this case, the results will not be relevant for humans because the primary consequence was thinning of the eggs' shells, which then resulted in the birth defects.

Pls help


I call this type of questions live scenario question. Because you must bring in assumption from your live scenario. Ofcourse it was never in the argument that pregnant women want less harm to fetus. Was it?

Wasn't the conclusion quite emotional?
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 12:39
i was torn between a & e, but went w/ a.

however, i'd like to hear other ppl's takes on why to elim e (please not official explanation)
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New post 09 Jun 2017, 07:33
I would go with D because logically that is what has been stated and option A seems like an emotional answer. little far fetched.
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New post 09 Jun 2017, 11:00
Vijayaravind wrote:
I would go with D because logically that is what has been stated and option A seems like an emotional answer. little far fetched.


D is nowhere near the correct answer. This is an INFERENCE question, so the answer need be 100% true.
- One of the main tricks the GMAT uses for Inference Q's is the use of EXAGGERATED LANGUAGE (seen in "D")
> D. Radiation was the sole cause of the birth defects in the chickens.
-> Really? the sole cause? What if there were other causes (not discussed in the passage) that also contributed meaningfully to child birth defects? Just b/c this wasn't addressed doesn't make it not true.
-> Also, if I'm picking holes here, (D) talks about radiation in general. WE ARE ONLY CONCERNED WITH CELL PHONE RADIATION.
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 17:31
mbaMission wrote:
Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a good proxy to show the effects of various substances on human fetuses. The results of a new study showed that acute exposure to cell phone radiation caused an increased incidence of birth defects in chickens. The eggs were exposed to cell phone radiation continuously throughout the 21-day incubation period from an emission source placed 6 centimeters away from each egg.

Which of the following can be logically concluded from the above passage?

A. Pregnant women should avoid excessive amounts of cell phone radiation in the vicinity of the womb.
B. If the emission source had been placed closer to the eggs, the incidence of birth defects would have been even higher.
C. Pregnant women should not allow cell phones within 6 centimeters of their abdomens at any time during the pregnancy.
D. Radiation was the sole cause of the birth defects in the chickens.
E. In this case, the results will not be relevant for humans because the primary consequence was thinning of the eggs' shells, which then resulted in the birth defects.

Source: Peterson

I took the question at face value. I think the answer is C. Eggs in their shell would be equivalent to a baby in the womb. I don't know if this answer is too direct.
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 17:48
CaribenaMorena wrote:
mbaMission wrote:
Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a good proxy to show the effects of various substances on human fetuses. The results of a new study showed that acute exposure to cell phone radiation caused an increased incidence of birth defects in chickens. The eggs were exposed to cell phone radiation continuously throughout the 21-day incubation period from an emission source placed 6 centimeters away from each egg.

Which of the following can be logically concluded from the above passage?

A. Pregnant women should avoid excessive amounts of cell phone radiation in the vicinity of the womb.
B. If the emission source had been placed closer to the eggs, the incidence of birth defects would have been even higher.
C. Pregnant women should not allow cell phones within 6 centimeters of their abdomens at any time during the pregnancy.
D. Radiation was the sole cause of the birth defects in the chickens.
E. In this case, the results will not be relevant for humans because the primary consequence was thinning of the eggs' shells, which then resulted in the birth defects.

Source: Peterson

I took the question at face value. I think the answer is C. Eggs in their shell would be equivalent to a baby in the womb. I don't know if this answer is too direct.


The passage says: "The eggs were exposed to cell phone radiation continuously throughout the 21-day incubation period".
Why would you think the answer should be: "Pregnant women should not allow cell phones within 6 centimeters of their abdomens at any time during the pregnancy."?
- I addressed this in the comment above -- this A/C is TOO EXTREME. The idea here is that OVER-EXPOSURE = BAD. Regular exposure may not be so bad -- we, the reader, cannot know.
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2017, 12:03
Vijayaravind wrote:
I would go with D because logically that is what has been stated and option A seems like an emotional answer. little far fetched.


A is perfect conclusion. C and D are not the conclusion of the argument.
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Re: Research studies have documented that chicken eggs are a &nbs [#permalink] 13 Nov 2017, 12:03
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