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Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by

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Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives recorded by missionaries or anthropologists now understand this body of work to consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who have been publishing since 1772.

(A) Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives

(B) Scholars thinking of Native American literatures once solely as oral narratives, and

(C) Scholars who once had thought of Native American literatures solely as oral narratives and

(D) Native American literatures, which some scholars once thought were solely oral narratives

(E) Native American literatures, which some scholars once, thinking they were solely oral narratives

Originally posted by goalsnr on 09 Jul 2008, 21:27.
Last edited by hazelnut on 26 Feb 2018, 15:40, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2012, 07:23
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The problem is not either with the relative pronoun –that - or idiom -. It has more to do with modification of oral narratives and the way it is conjugated with its modifier - recorded by …….- You can not conjugate this modifier with its modified noun- narratives - with an and. .

A. Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives --- The modified noun sitting pretty next to its modifier is properly modified Hence correct.
B. Scholars thinking of Native American literatures once solely as oral narratives, and--- the conjunction –and- is the culprit. It is not allowing the modifier to modify the noun
C. Scholars who once had thought of Native American literatures solely as oral narratives and – same as in B. In addition, no justification for past perfect here.
D. Native American literatures, which some scholars once thought were solely oral narratives – changed meaning
E. Native American literatures, which some scholars once, thinking they were solely oral narratives – changed meaning

Therefore A is the best
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2012, 06:39
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I will vote for A and not D because

Ans choice A

Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives recorded by missionaries or anthropologists now understand this body of work to consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who have been publishing since 1772.

main Clause -
Scholars {subordinate clause} now understand this body of work to consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors
subject: Scholars
Verb: understand

subordinate clause -
who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives recorded by missionaries or anthropologists
Subject: Who --> refers to Scholars from main clause
verb: were

the verb-ed modifer "recorded" refers to narratives

Subordinate clause -
who have been publishing since 1772 - Here "who" refers to the Scholars
Subject: Who refers to Scholars from the main clause
Verb: have been publishing

Ans Choice D

Native American literatures, which some scholars once thought were solely oral narratives recorded by missionaries or anthropologists now understand this body of work to consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who have been publishing since 1772.

main clause -
Native American literatures, {subordinate clause} now understand this body of work to consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors
subject - Native American literatures
verb - understand
Native American literatures understand -> wrong doesnot make sense

subordinate clause -
which some scholars once thought were solely oral narratives recorded by missionaries or anthropologists
Subject - Which - refers to Native American literatures from main clause
verb - were

subordinate clause -
who have been publishing since 1772
subject - who - refers to Native American literatures from main clause
verb - works
Native American literatures works -> wrong doesnot make sense
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2008, 07:17
I am with A

..once thought.... were.. is a logical construction.

"and" in the end makes the sentence illogical B & C are out

D & E are wordy
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2008, 08:59
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vishy007 wrote:
I am with A

..once thought.... were.. is a logical construction.

"and" in the end makes the sentence illogical B & C are out

D & E are wordy

There is more to it.

D and E have modifier issues. Its the scholars who understand not the Literature.

"and " in B and C change sthe meaning of teh sentence
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2008, 09:29
can someone please explain A in the below regards.

Arent we missing a "that" in the sentence

Scholars who once thought (that) Native American literatures were solely oral narratives

thanks in advance!
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2008, 11:39
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neeshpal wrote:
can someone please explain A in the below regards.

Arent we missing a "that" in the sentence

Scholars who once thought (that) Native American literatures were solely oral narratives

thanks in advance!

We dont need a relative pronoun here.

Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives
recorded by missionaries or anthropologists now understand this body of work to
consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who
have been publishing since 1772.

Scholars who once thought X were Y now understand Z to consist of P and Q.
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2011, 03:51
My issue with the OA, which is A, is that I thought that the idiom was think of X as Y. Becasuse of that I went with B.
Could anybody clarify?
Thanks.
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2012, 07:33
noboru wrote:
My issue with the OA, which is A, is that I thought that the idiom was think of X as Y. Becasuse of that I went with B.
Could anybody clarify?
Thanks.


Hi Noboru,

You are correct about the idiom that reads “think of X as Y”. However, this sentence is not using this idiom. Let’s look at the sentence structure here:

Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives recorded by missionaries or anthropologists now understand this body of work to consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who have been publishing since 1772.

If you carefully read the portion after “thought” you will see we have a clause there that reads:
Native American literatures were solely oral narratives recorded by missionaries or anthropologists

Here, Native American literatures is the subject and “were” is the verb. What is not present here is a “that” to separate this clause with the previous clause “who once thought”. This “that” is not present here because we really do not need it there.

Generally, we find the error with usage of the idiom you have mentioned in the sense that the wording is made incorrect, say “as” has been turned into “to be”, or something similar. Here, through a clause the sentence is saying what the scholars thought once.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2014, 09:52
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Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narrativesrecorded by missionaries or anthropologists now understand this body of work to consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who have been publishing since 1772.

SUBJECT- SCHOLORS....... VERB - UNDERSTAND
INCORRECT PORTIONS HIGHLIGHTED....

A. Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives....CORRECT

B. Scholars thinking of Native American literatures once solely as oral narratives, and

C. Scholars who oncehad thought of Native American literatures solely as oral narratives and

D. Native American literatures, which some scholars once thought were solely oral narratives

E. Native American literatures, which some scholars once, thinking they were solely oral narratives
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2014, 22:57
Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives recorded by missionaries or anthropologists now understand this body of work to consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who have been publishing since 1772.

A. Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives
B. Scholars thinking of Native American literatures once solely as oral narratives, and - thinking - refers to scholars and recorded - refers to NAL (sounds weird)
C. Scholars who once had thought of Native American literatures solely as oral narratives and- had thought - refers to scholars and recorded - refers to NAL (sounds weird)
D. Native American literatures, which some scholars once thought were solely oral narratives - subject is literature here - should be scholars
E. Native American literatures, which some scholars once, thinking they were solely oral narratives - subject is literature here - should be scholars
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2015, 22:21
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The structure of choice A: Scholars, the subject of the sentence, followed by a relative clause that describes the scholars, until anthropologists; ‘now understand’ is the verb. This means that the scholars now understand
However See the problem in D and E : The subject is now changed to Native American literatures, followed by a relative clause that describes the subject until the anthropologists; then ‘now understand’ is the verb:. This means that literatures now understand rather than scholars now understand.
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2015, 22:44
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goalsnr wrote:
Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives
recorded by missionaries or anthropologists now understand this body of work to
consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who
have been publishing since 1772.
A. Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral
narratives
B. Scholars thinking of Native American literatures once solely as oral narratives,
and
C. Scholars who once had thought of Native American literatures solely as oral
narratives and
D. Native American literatures, which some scholars once thought were solely
oral narratives
E. Native American literatures, which some scholars once, thinking they were
solely oral narratives



Hi all,
There has been a lot of discussion on OA here.
its clearly A. D and E just dont fit in ..
if i rewrite the complete sentence with option D..

Native American literatures, which some scholars once thought were solely
oral narratives recorded by missionaries or anthropologists
now understand this body of work to
consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who
have been publishing since 1772.

two reasons..
1) the clause started with "which" does not have a comma in the end telling us where it ends.. here the 'comma' logically should come in non underlined portion after anthropologists. this clearly shows the D and E are not intended to be correct answer.
2) if i strike out the non essential part the sentence reads... Native American literatures now understand this body of work to..
it is the scholars who now understand this body of work and not native american literatures.

i believe D and E should be the first one to be eliminated rather than being contender for the right choice.
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2017, 06:19
Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral narratives
recorded by missionaries or anthropologists now understand this body of work to
consist of both oral literatures and the written works of Native American authors, who
have been publishing since 1772.
A. Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were solely oral
narratives-Right chronological order of events i.e. Scholars who thought X(a piece of work here) was something now understand X is something else and so this option is right.
B. Scholars thinking of Native American literatures once solely as oral narratives,
and- Incorrect as thinking isn't right here and also misplaced once is distorting the right meaning.
C. Scholars who once had thought of Native American literatures solely as oral
narratives and- Incorrect as use of past perfect is not required here. An event was there in past and now another one is in present tense.
D. Native American literatures, which some scholars once thought were solely
oral narratives - Changed the meaning and thus incorrect.
E. Native American literatures, which some scholars once, thinking they were
solely oral narratives- Changed the meaning and thus incorrect.
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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by  [#permalink]

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Re: Scholars who once thought Native American literatures were recorded by &nbs [#permalink] 16 Sep 2018, 23:48
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