GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 22 Oct 2019, 09:42

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Scientist: Physicists claim that their system of careful peer review p

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 22 Jun 2017
Posts: 168
Location: Argentina
Schools: HBS, Stanford, Wharton
GMAT 1: 630 Q43 V34
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Scientist: Physicists claim that their system of careful peer review p  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Feb 2019, 11:53
4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (02:14) correct 54% (02:17) wrong based on 105 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Scientist: Physicists claim that their system of careful peer review prevents scientific fraud in physics effectively. But biologists claimed the same thing for their field 20 years ago, and they turned out to be wrong. Since then, biologists have greatly enhanced their discipline’s safeguards against scientific fraud, thus preventing further major incidents. It would be conducive to progress in physics if physicists were to do the same thing.

The conclusion of the scientist’s argument is most strongly supported if which one of the following is assumed?
(A) Major incidents of scientific fraud in a scientific discipline are deleterious to progress in that discipline.
(B) Very few incidents of even minor scientific fraud have occurred in biology over the last 20 years.
(C) No system of careful peer review is completely effective in preventing scientific fraud in any scientific discipline.
(D) Twenty years ago the system of peer review in biology was less effective in preventing scientific fraud than the system of peer review in physics is today.
(E) Over the years, there have been relatively few, if any, major incidents of scientific fraud in physics.

_________________
The HARDER you work, the LUCKIER you get.
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 20 Sep 2016
Posts: 634
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GPA: 3.95
WE: Operations (Real Estate)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Scientist: Physicists claim that their system of careful peer review p  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Feb 2019, 00:06
2
Scientist: Physicists claim that their system of careful peer review prevents scientific fraud in physics effectively. But biologists claimed the same thing for their field 20 years ago, and they turned out to be wrong. Since then, biologists have greatly enhanced their discipline’s safeguards against scientific fraud, thus preventing further major incidents. It would be conducive to progress in physics if physicists were to do the same thing.

Understand :
Physic claim : our system prevents scientific fraud
premise : Bios claimed the same thing 20 yrs ago but were no good
premise : since then , bios improved their system and now they are prety good

Conclusion : IF physis were to improve their systems , THEN it would be gret to PROGRESS IN PHYSIS !!


Think : We are told that physys say their systme is good ..but bios also said the same thing before but were no good and then they imprved that stuff and thyere good now!! so author says physis shoudl also imporve !!
See the conclusion is "conditional" (if...then...) this measn that :"if we improve , then this will happen" ...but what if the result will still be there even if we dont apply the casue or condition?? what if we eliminate the "if " part ? what if we dont need imporve,ets?? can we still progress? Yes maybe !!
firstly do we know that the CURRENT system is no good?? NO
Secondly, what if doing all these improvements or even caring for scientific fraud is a MUST for progress in physis?
See the argumnet talks about scientific fraud and the conclsudin is about "prgress in physy:"
Do we have a direct link between "fraud" and "progress" ??? do we know that 2 are directly or nversely relateld??? NO ...please do not think that this is implicit !!! author has clearly made an assumption here !!!

Assumptions :
1. The CURRENT SYSTEM of physis is NO GOOD
2. We need to give a damn about frauds if we want to progress !!!
3. The comparison between physis system and bio system is valid

The conclusion of the scientist’s argument is most strongly supported if which one of the following is assumed?

Quote:
(A) Major incidents of scientific fraud in a scientific discipline are deleterious to progress in that discipline.
- assumption 2

(B) Very few incidents of even minor scientific fraud have occurred in biology over the last 20 years.
- dont care abou the biology !! we might try to make a point by saying if we improve system we might get similar results with ohys sysmen too !! but n such link is given !

(C) No system of careful peer review is completely effective in preventing scientific fraud in any scientific discipline.
- The author never even indulges in proving there is a need for completely efefedtve stuff

(D) Twenty years ago the system of peer review in biology was less effective in preventing scientific fraud than the system of peer review in physics is today.
- This is an extension of already given info in the argument !!! does not provide any conncetion to concusion

(E) Over the years, there have been relatively few, if any, major incidents of scientific fraud in physics.[/quote]
- Weakens !!! if there are no major incient then why do we need to imporve?? so the conclusion breaks with respect t "if we improve ..we can progress"
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Scientist: Physicists claim that their system of careful peer review p   [#permalink] 17 Feb 2019, 00:06
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Scientist: Physicists claim that their system of careful peer review p

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne