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Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army

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Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2017, 22:38
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Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as “fire ships,” vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

(A) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(B) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice

(C) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(D) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(E) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2017, 01:12
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Hi
Your transcription seems to be different from the other earlier versions. Even D seems to be way apart from your version. Could you kindly look into that?
But as such, we can remember two things. The first is that the reason and due to ( for that matter also "because" or "because of", if there are such choices) are redundant. Second and less notably, the gerund 'sacrificing' is inferior to the standard noun sacrifice.
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army [#permalink]

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Please find my reasoning below. :-)

techiesam wrote:
Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as -fire ships.' vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

A. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
INCORRECT... not only due to...but also... we need "due to" after but also to maintain parallelism

B. The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice
INCORRECT... not only due to...but also... we need "due to" after but also to maintain parallelism

C. The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
INCORRECT... not only due to...but also... we need "due to" after but also to maintain parallelism

D. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders,the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
INCORRECT... stymieing should modify the defeat,not the reason.

E. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders,the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice
CORRECT





Can anyone please explain what is wrong with option D ??
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2017, 01:18
Maybe this can also be a reason to reject D: as per manhattan, action nouns and complex gerund can be parallel. In D we have 'gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing ' - concrete noun and complex gerund.
Also, in my opinion ' gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing ' does sound weird.

E confused me because I've heard of expresion: I was due to do something, when...
I had this expression in my mind when evaluating E :roll:
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2017, 17:35
Complicated wording, but in fact a rather easy question.

First split: not only X, but also Y
A, B and C out

Between D and E
D. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
Issues
- Stymieing the Armada's plans is modifying the reason - Wrong
- gale winds is not parallel with the sacrificing.
Action noun || complex gerund - OK
Simple noun || complex gerund - Not OK

D Out


E. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice - Correct



techiesam wrote:
Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as -fire ships.' vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

A. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
B. The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice
C. The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
D. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
E. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice

Can anyone please explain what is wrong with option D ??
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2018, 00:16
techiesam wrote:
Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as “fire ships,” vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

(A) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(B) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice

(C) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(D) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(E) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice


The original sentence begins with an opening modifier: Stymieing the Armada’s plans… Flanders. The subject following the modifier should be whatever stymied the Armada’s plans, but the reason did not stymie its plans. Rather, the defeat of the Armada prevented it from later meeting up with the Duke of Parma’s army.

(A) The opening modifier incorrectly modifies the reason. It is also redundant to write the reason for X was due to Y. Only one of the two (reason or due to) is needed.

(B) The X and Y elements in the idiom not only X but also Y must be parallel, but due to gale winds is not parallel to the sacrifice. Either due to must be placed before not only (due to not only gale winds but also the sacrifice) or it must be repeated for both elements (not only due to gale winds but also due to the sacrifice).

(C) The X and Y elements in the idiom not only X but also Y must be parallel, but due to gale winds is not parallel to the sacrificing. Either due to must be placed before not only (due to not only gale winds but also the sacrificing) or it must be repeated for both elements (not only due to gale winds but also due to the sacrificing).

(D) The opening modifier incorrectly modifies the reason.

(E) Correct. The opening modifier correctly modifies the defeat. The X and Y elements in due not only to gale winds but also to the sacrifice are parallel.
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2018, 11:25
right, the pattern in E is common and important.
Even though the question is long, test takers can easily recognize the pattern.
"not only due to...but also due to"
"which" in B and C wrongly refer to "Spanish Armanda"
Stymie means prevent
Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army   [#permalink] 12 Feb 2018, 11:25
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