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Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army

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Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2017, 23:38
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35
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A
B
C
D
E

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Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as “fire ships,” vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

(A) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(B) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice

(C) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(D) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(E) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2017, 02:12
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Hi
Your transcription seems to be different from the other earlier versions. Even D seems to be way apart from your version. Could you kindly look into that?
But as such, we can remember two things. The first is that the reason and due to ( for that matter also "because" or "because of", if there are such choices) are redundant. Second and less notably, the gerund 'sacrificing' is inferior to the standard noun sacrifice.
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 21:27
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Please find my reasoning below. :-)

techiesam wrote:
Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as -fire ships.' vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

A. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
INCORRECT... not only due to...but also... we need "due to" after but also to maintain parallelism

B. The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice
INCORRECT... not only due to...but also... we need "due to" after but also to maintain parallelism

C. The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
INCORRECT... not only due to...but also... we need "due to" after but also to maintain parallelism

D. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders,the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
INCORRECT... stymieing should modify the defeat,not the reason.

E. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders,the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice
CORRECT





Can anyone please explain what is wrong with option D ??
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2017, 18:35
Complicated wording, but in fact a rather easy question.

First split: not only X, but also Y
A, B and C out

Between D and E
D. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
Issues
- Stymieing the Armada's plans is modifying the reason - Wrong
- gale winds is not parallel with the sacrificing.
Action noun || complex gerund - OK
Simple noun || complex gerund - Not OK

D Out


E. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice - Correct



techiesam wrote:
Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as -fire ships.' vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

A. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
B. The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice
C. The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
D. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing
E. Stymieing the Armada's plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma's army off the coast of Flanders. the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice

Can anyone please explain what is wrong with option D ??
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2018, 01:16
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techiesam wrote:
Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as “fire ships,” vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

(A) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(B) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice

(C) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(D) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(E) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice


The original sentence begins with an opening modifier: Stymieing the Armada’s plans… Flanders. The subject following the modifier should be whatever stymied the Armada’s plans, but the reason did not stymie its plans. Rather, the defeat of the Armada prevented it from later meeting up with the Duke of Parma’s army.

(A) The opening modifier incorrectly modifies the reason. It is also redundant to write the reason for X was due to Y. Only one of the two (reason or due to) is needed.

(B) The X and Y elements in the idiom not only X but also Y must be parallel, but due to gale winds is not parallel to the sacrifice. Either due to must be placed before not only (due to not only gale winds but also the sacrifice) or it must be repeated for both elements (not only due to gale winds but also due to the sacrifice).

(C) The X and Y elements in the idiom not only X but also Y must be parallel, but due to gale winds is not parallel to the sacrificing. Either due to must be placed before not only (due to not only gale winds but also the sacrificing) or it must be repeated for both elements (not only due to gale winds but also due to the sacrificing).

(D) The opening modifier incorrectly modifies the reason.

(E) Correct. The opening modifier correctly modifies the defeat. The X and Y elements in due not only to gale winds but also to the sacrifice are parallel.
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2018, 11:13
mikemcgarry GMATNinja daagh sayantanc2k

I remember reading that GMAT would never have a split infinitive in the correct answer as it is a controversial subject but it seems like that is the case here. I eliminated A, B & C because of incorrect parallelism between not only and but also. I knocked out E because of the split infinitive and chose D.

Looking back, I understand why D would otherwise be wrong because "Stymeing" should be modifying the defeat, and not the reason. But I would like to confirm if this could be a possible situation on the actual Exam?

Thanks!
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Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2018, 21:19
techiesam wrote:
Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as “fire ships,” vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

(A) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(B) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice

(C) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(D) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(E) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice


Responding to a pm:

Options (A) and (D) have modifier errors.
"Stymieing the Armada’s plans ..." - what stymied the Armada's plan? The "defeat" did, not "the reason" for defeat.

Options (B) and (C) have parallelism errors.
"not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice"
The structure is not only A but also B in which A and B must be parallel. But the structure is (B) and (C) is "not only due to A but also B" which is incorrect. It should be either "due to not only A but also B" or "not only due to A but also due to B"

(E) corrects all these problems.
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2019, 03:33
For the understanding of 'which ... ' modifier in options B and C. What does it refer to - defeat? But which cannot refer to an action, right? Closest noun?
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2019, 03:38
Hi, Can 'which ....' modifier logically refer to the preceding clause?
For the understanding of 'which ... ' modifier in options B and C. What does it refer to - defeat? But 'which' cannot refer to an action, right? Is defeat a noun here?

techiesam wrote:
Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing of eight war ships as “fire ships,” vessels filled with flammable materials and sent downwind toward the closely-anchored Spanish fleet.

(A) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(B) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice

(C) The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(D) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing

(E) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2019, 07:25
"defeat" is a noun here, but I feel in B and C, "which" is referring to "Spanish Armada". That's a big reason why these options are wrong.
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2019, 07:45
prekshita wrote:
Hi, Can 'which ....' modifier logically refer to the preceding clause?
For the understanding of 'which ... ' modifier in options B and C. What does it refer to - defeat? But 'which' cannot refer to an action, right? Is defeat a noun here?
As PavaniRaghunath pointed out, defeat is indeed a noun here.
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 07:22
Correct answer- E)
A) Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing- Modifier error

B)The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrifice- Parallelisms error

C)The defeat of the Spanish Armada, which stymied the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, was not only due to gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing- Parallelisms error

D)Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the reason for the defeat of the Spanish Armada was not only gale winds that favored the British but also the sacrificing-Modifier error

E)Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army off the coast of Flanders, the defeat of the Spanish Armada was due not only to gale winds that favored the British but also to the sacrifice-Correct
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Re: Stymieing the Armada’s plans to meet up with the Duke of Parma’s army   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2019, 07:22
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