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The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact

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Re: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2016, 08:04
sayantanc2k .. Can you pls post few more examples ? Thanks for explaining ..

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Re: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2016, 14:48
target760gmat wrote:
sayantanc2k .. Can you pls post few more examples ? Thanks for explaining ..


I suppose that you are seeking examples of exception to modifier touch rule. Following is an excerpt from Manhattan SC guide:

1. A “mission-critical” modifier falls between.
Right: He had a wav OF DODGING OPPONENTS that impressed the scouts.
2. A very short predicate falls between, shifting a very long modifier back.
Right: A new CEO has been hired who will transform the company bv decentralizing authority to various division heads while increasing their accountability through the use of public scorecards.
3. 3. A short non-essential phrase intervenes and is set off by commas.
Right: Our system of Presidential elections favors states, such as Delaware, that bv population are over-represented in the Electoral College.
4. The modifier is part of a series of parallel modifiers, one of which touches the noun.
Right: In heraldry, the term "tincture" refers to a color emblazoned on a coat of arms and labeled with a special French word.

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The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2017, 22:51
daagh wrote:
One can find a good explanation for the correct use of ‘that and which’ in EducationAisle’s book "Nirvana", which has a chapter on those pronouns.


daagh

Sir, Does the use of "having" makes answer choice D passive??Or D is forbidden because gmat doesnot like it? I've seen "having+past participle" construction are used as a modifier.
EX: Having washed her hair, Susan reached for the hair-dryer and scissors.

So why can't we have the same construction in option D??

Please help.

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Re: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2017, 02:07
The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact that the males build elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs to attract females, decorating them with flowers and other vegetation in a display of courtship.

a) the fact that the males build elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs to attract females, decorating them with flowers and other vegetation

b) the elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs that the males build and decorate with flowers and other vegetation in order to attract females

c) the elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs, decorated with flowers and other vegetation that the males use to attract females

d) the fact that the males build elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs, having decorated them with flowers and other vegetation, to attract females

e) the elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs that are built by the males and decorated with flowers and other vegetation to attract females

the fact that is wordy
A and D is out
In C decorated modifies twigs
B is best answer

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Re: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2017, 04:28
To best of my knowledge, GMAT doesn't prefer 'in order to' to 'to'.
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Re: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2017, 05:07
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techiesam wrote
daagh

Quote:
Sir, Does the use of "having" makes answer choice D passive??Or D is forbidden because GMAT doesnot like it? I've seen "having+past participle" construction are used as a modifier.
EX: Having washed her hair, Susan reached for the hair-dryer and scissors.

So why can't we have the same construction in option D??


Techie! You must look at the grammar and logic of the context

1. Grammar: in the context, the verb build and participle having decorated are not parallel
2. Meaning: Having decorated implies that the act of decoration was done earlier than building the Bowers. This isn't logical.
When there is a such a big hole, why bother about trivial things such as passive voice and GMAT's likes and dislikes.

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Re: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2017, 05:46
I rejected B because for following reason

b) the elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs that the males build and decorate with flowers and other vegetation in order to attract females

That is right next to noun twigs so it should modify twigs. Although if there was comma in between (shown as below), then I would have picked B without any doubt.

b) the elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs , that the males build and decorate with flowers and other vegetation in order to attract females

Can you someone please shed some light on this matter
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Re: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2017, 06:24
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MadaraU wrote:

Quote:
I rejected B because for following reason

b) the elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs that the males build and decorate with flowers and other vegetation in order to attract females

That is right next to noun twigs so it should modify twigs. Although if there was comma in between (shown as below), then I would have picked B without any doubt.

b) the elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs , that the males build and decorate with flowers and other vegetation in order to attract females

Can you someone please shed some light on this matter

MadaraU
Hi


Original B: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact that the males build elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs that the males build and decorate with flowers and other vegetation in order to attract females, decorating them with flowers and other vegetation in a display of courtship.

Your version: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs, that the males build and decorate with flowers and other vegetation in order to attract females, decorating them with flowers and other vegetation in a display of courtship.

You can see the meaning goes awry with the introduction of the comma before that. When you put the comma, then the content between the two commas is rendered inessential and should not alter the intended meaning of the main sentence. If you remove the modifier, then the sentence reads:

The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the elaborate bowers of sticks and twigs decorating them with flowers and other vegetation in a display of courtship.

Now, who is decorating whom or what? It looks as though sticks and twigs or bowers of sticks and twigs are decorating the birds (them)
We can now see how weird the meaning changes. Logically, we know that the birds cannot build sticks and twigs but only bowers. Therefore, B is quite ok
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Re: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2017, 10:41
Stem contains the pronoun "them" but it is not grammatically clear whether the pronoun's antecedent is "bowers of sticks and twigs" or "females."
Option B removes them and use structures
B also rewrites the sentence to make it clear that the name derives from the bowers and not from the fact of building them

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Re: The bowerbirds of Australia derive their name from the fact   [#permalink] 25 Dec 2017, 10:41

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