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The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural

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Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1023
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 00:03
adkikani wrote:
How is TO + Noun form (productive resources) correct in OA?
We usually use always TO + verb and FOR + noun .

Hi adkikani, the correct idiom is access to.

Here, to is used as a preposition, and hence, is followed by a noun (For example: I went to New York).

to + verb is a different usage, the infinitive, which is a usage that predominantly depicts intent.
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Re: The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2018, 16:40
The foundation works [b]to strengthen[/b] local and regional agricultural markets and cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for productive resources such as land and credit.

Subject: foundation which is singular so we can eliminate C,D
improving is not parallel to work so A is eliminated
in cooperation is passive so E can be eliminated


(A) cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for
(B) cooperates with governments to improve access for farmers to
(C) cooperate with governments for improvements of access for farmers to
(D) cooperate with governments and improve accessibility for farmers for their
(E) in cooperation with governments to improve access for farmers for
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Re: The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2018, 07:50
hazelnut wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural markets and cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for productive resources such as land and credit.

(A) cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for
(B) cooperates with governments to improve access for farmers to
(C) cooperate with governments for improvements of access for farmers to
(D) cooperate with governments and improve accessibility for farmers for their
(E) in cooperation with governments to improve access for farmers for


We want to say "cooperate TO improve"

When connecting one verb to another (or a verb to an adjective), use generally use "to", the infinitive form.

e.g. "I have to know", "I need to see", "I want to help", "I'm cooperating to improve".


We're saying "The foundation works TO strengthen X and cooperates with governments TO improve Y".

Answer : B



Hihazelnut,
Can you help me to understand why verb-ing modifer has been used. Does it present the result of preceding clause or ' the how aspect"
the verbing modifier used her is modifying the preceding clause "cooperating with governments".
if it were
The foundations works to cooperate with governments , improving access...... this presents how aspect
The foundations cooperates with governments , improving access this presents the result of action in the preceding clause.

because the correct answer changes this to " intention which we express by to+infinitve"

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The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2018, 12:19
1
The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural markets and cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for productive resources such as land and credit.

(A) cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for
(B) cooperates with governments to improve access for farmers to
(C) cooperate with governments for improvements of access for farmers to
(D) cooperate with governments and improve accessibility for farmers for their
(E) in cooperation with governments to improve access for farmers for
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Re: The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 15:39
Hello Everyone!

This is a great example of a GMAT question that has to do with parallelism! Before we dive in, here is the original question, with the major differences between each option highlighted in orange:

The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural markets and cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for productive resources such as land and credit.

(A) cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for
(B) cooperates with governments to improve access for farmers to
(C) cooperate with governments for improvements of access for farmers to
(D) cooperate with governments and improve accessibility for farmers for their
(E) in cooperation with governments to improve access for farmers for

After a quick glance over each option, here are a few key differences:

1. cooperating/cooperates/cooperate
2. improving/to improve/for improvements of/and improve
3. for/to/for their


Since we know this is question deals with parallelism, let's make that the focus of our search for the correct option! If we start with #1 on our list, we can narrow down any options that don't use parallel wording or structure. To figure out which options do this properly, let's ask ourselves:

What does the foundation DO?

We know from the non-underlined portion of the sentence that one of the things the foundation does is this:

"works to strengthen local and regional agricultural markets"

The correct option will use similar verb tenses and wording for the other thing the foundation does. Let's see how each option stacks up:

(A) works to strengthen...and cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for
(B) works to strengthen...and cooperates with governments to improve access for farmers to
(C) works to strengthen...and cooperate with governments for improvements of access for farmers to
(D) works to strengthen...and cooperate with governments and improve accessibility for farmers for their
(E) works to strengthen...and in cooperation with governments to improve access for farmers for

We can eliminate options A, C, D, and E because they don't use parallel wording! Option B is our correct choice!

I'd love to end the discussion here, but what if you chose to tackle #2 or #3 on the list instead? Here is how each method would break down:

#2: improving/to improve/for improvements of/and improve

This is another issue of parallel structure. Remember - both things the foundation does MUST be written using parallel structure!

(A) works to strengthen...and cooperating with governments, improving access for farmers for
(B) works to strengthen...and cooperates with governments to improve access for farmers to
(C) works to strengthen...and cooperate with governments for improvements of access for farmers to
(D) works to strengthen...and cooperate with governments and improve accessibility for farmers for their
(E) works to strengthen...and in cooperation with governments to improve access for farmers for

We can eliminate options A, C, and D because they don't use parallel structure. Let's move on to our last item.

#3: for/to/for their

Since we already narrowed down to 2 options, let's look at options B & E only. This issue has to do with idiomatic structure. Whenever we give someone "access," we say we give them "access to" something. We don't say that we give people "access from" something. Let's see how each option breaks down:

(B) cooperates with governments to improve access for farmers to

This is CORRECT! This sentence uses parallel structure by using "cooperates" and "to improve." It also uses the correct idiomatic structure "access to."

(E) in cooperation with governments to improve access for farmers for

This is INCORRECT for a couple reasons. First, it doesn't use parallel structure when it says "in cooperation with." Second, it uses the phrase "access for," which isn't how we say that in English.

There you have it - no matter which way you choose to tackle this question, option B will always come out as the correct choice!


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Re: The foundation works to strengthen local and regional agricultural &nbs [#permalink] 16 Oct 2018, 15:39

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