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The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one

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The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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Source: Nova GMAT

The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.

(A) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.
(B) Paul Simon, that is my favorite, is the one I loaned to Mudita.
(C) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(D) Paul Simon which is my favorite is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(E) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is one that I loaned to Mudita.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2017, 12:09
The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.

(A) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.
(B) Paul Simon, that is my favorite, is the one I loaned to Mudita.
(C) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(D) Paul Simon (missing comma) which is my favorite is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(E) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is (the) one that I loaned to Mudita.
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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This appears quite strange to me .. Or may be I'm missing something ... :roll:
"Which" is supposed to modify a noun just preceding it; However, the fragment "by Paul Simon, which" suggests that "which" here refers to "Paul Simon" instead of "The “Graceland” album".

Anyone... Any ideas why?
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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Kryptographer wrote:
This appears quite strange to me .. Or may be I'm missing something ... :roll:
"Which" is supposed to modify a noun just preceding it; However, the fragment "by Paul Simon, which" suggests that "which" here refers to "Paul Simon" instead of "The “Graceland” album".

Anyone... Any ideas why?


You are absolutely correct that "which " refers to noun preceding to it
And same thing is applied here too
The "Graceland Album by Paul Simon" together considered a single noun word.

I still believe that some ambiguity is there, but this is best among all other options




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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 04:11
arjittak wrote:
Kryptographer wrote:
This appears quite strange to me .. Or may be I'm missing something ... :roll:
"Which" is supposed to modify a noun just preceding it; However, the fragment "by Paul Simon, which" suggests that "which" here refers to "Paul Simon" instead of "The “Graceland” album".

Anyone... Any ideas why?


You are absolutely correct that "which " refers to noun preceding to it
And same thing is applied here too
The "Graceland Album by Paul Simon" together considered a single noun word.

I still believe that some ambiguity is there, but this is best among all other options




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I guess here the word 'which' is clearly modifying 'Graceland Album' because in the phrase 'Graceland Album by Paul Simon', 'by Paul Simon' is the adverbial modifier so can be ignored.
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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Remember the following 2 rules for 'which' to be correct on the GMAT:

1. ‘Which’ should always come after a comma
2. ‘Which’ must refer to the noun that comes immediately before the comma.

:-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D :-D

In case, either of these conditions is not satisfied, there's a pronoun error in the sentence and needs to be corrected.

(A) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.

(B) Paul Simon, that is my favorite, is the one I loaned to Mudita. Incorrect

(C) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one which I loaned to Mudita. Incorrect

(D) Paul Simon (missing comma) which is my favorite is the one which I loaned to Mudita. Incorrect

(E) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is (the) one that I loaned to Mudita. Incorrect

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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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nguyendinhtuong wrote:
Expert please explains why the first "which" here refers to the album but Paul Simon.

SajjadAhmad wrote:
Source: Nova GMAT

The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.

(A) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.
(B) Paul Simon, that is my favorite, is the one I loaned to Mudita.
(C) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(D) Paul Simon which is my favorite is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(E) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is one that I loaned to Mudita.

Typically, we want to place noun modifiers (i.e. which, that, where, when, etc.) as close as possible to the noun, but sometimes a pesky little prepositional phrase (or other modifier) gets in the way, as is the case with choice (A). If we try putting the noun modifier next to "album", we get, "The 'Graceland' album, which is my favorite, by Paul Simon is the one that I loaned to Mudita." Now the noun modifier is right next to the noun but we've created a worse problem by splitting up the prepositional phrase and the noun that it modifies. In this case, putting the noun modifier right after the prepositional phrase is okay, because we really don't have any better options.

You don't see this issue all that often on real GMAT questions, but here are a couple of classic examples:


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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 20:59
Can someone explain what is wrong with b? which/that are supposed to be controversial in the given contraction.
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 22:05
Ruigr3 wrote:
Can someone explain what is wrong with b? which/that are supposed to be controversial in the given contraction.

The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.

(A) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.
(B) Paul Simon, that is my favorite, is the one I loaned to Mudita.
(C) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(D) Paul Simon which is my favorite is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(E) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is one that I loaned to Mudita.

which clause preceded by comma is used as non-essential modifier and that clause without comma is ueds as essential modifier
Now the question is what are essential modifier and what are non-essential modifier
essential modifer is that modifer without that the meaning of the sentence is not clear whereas non essential modifier is that modfier, even after removing non- essential modifier from the sentence the meaning doesn't chage.
So
consider theoption B
Paul Simon, that is my favorite, is the one I loaned to Mudita.
now read the sentence without that clasue
the sentence looks like
The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon is the one I loaned to Mudita , is the one that I loaned to Mudita.
do we have any problem in understanding the meaning? definitely no so we need a non essential modifer to add some extra meaning to the sentence.
We also need that after one that clause after one is essential modifer and we need that modifier.
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 23:01
Hey daboo343.
Thank you for the explanation.
I still have some difficulties with the second part.
If we omit the first non essential modifier, then we have:
The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon is the one that I loaned to Mudita. vs The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon is the one I loaned to Mudita. Why that is so critical? Can't I say The ticket on the table is the one I booked yesterday ?
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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Ruigr3 wrote:
Hey daboo343.
Thank you for the explanation.
I still have some difficulties with the second part.
If we omit the first non essential modifier, then we have:
The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon is the one that I loaned to Mudita. vs The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon is the one I loaned to Mudita. Why that is so critical? Can't I say The ticket on the table is the one I booked yesterday ?


I think you're correct, Ruigr3! In plenty of cases (including your example about the ticket), there's really no need to use "that" if the meaning is clear without it. Actually, many American writing instructors would argue that the word "that" is completely unnecessary in (A), and shouldn't be included in the sentence at all.

But on the GMAT, you won't ever have to worry about that distinction. Whenever you see "that" or "which" used as a noun modifier, you generally just have to figure out whether the modifier makes logical sense. Here, "that I loaned to Mudita" is just modifying "the one" (album), and that's obviously fine.

And my usual disclaimer: the GMAT spends between $1500 and $3000 developing each GMAT question, and even the best test-prep companies can't compete. So as always, please take these non-official questions with a huge grain of salt. This one really doesn't resemble a real question -- even if it is generating some good discussion!
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 12:41
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Source: Nova GMAT

The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.

(A) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita.
(B) Paul Simon, that is my favorite, is the one I loaned to Mudita.
(C) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(D) Paul Simon which is my favorite is the one which I loaned to Mudita.
(E) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is one that I loaned to Mudita.



Though I chose option B, after reading multiple posts, it is clear that this is one of those questions where if we alter the position of "which" is going to change the meaning and/or make the sentence awkward.

And as GMATNinja says, we need to take this question with a "huge grain of salt" as this question is not an official question.
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 07:09
I marked B as the answer.
Experts pl inform why usage of "that" is incorrect.
I thought That is used as a noun entity and it reflects back to Graceland album by Paul Simon.
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2017, 22:28
SAHILJPR wrote:
I marked B as the answer.
Experts pl inform why usage of "that" is incorrect.
I thought That is used as a noun entity and it reflects back to Graceland album by Paul Simon.

Please check out my responses above -- I address both the use of "that" and the reasons why this question might not be worth much of your time:


I hope this helps!
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Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2017, 06:48
IMO A

(A) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one that I loaned to Mudita. -- Correct
(B) Paul Simon, that is my favorite, is the one I loaned to Mudita. -- Usage of 'that' after comma
(C) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one which I loaned to Mudita. -- Need 'that' after "the one"
(D) Paul Simon which is my favorite is the one which I loaned to Mudita. -- Usage of 'which' without comma
(E) Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is one that I loaned to Mudita. -- need 'the' before one
Re: The “Graceland” album by Paul Simon, which is my favorite, is the one   [#permalink] 06 Nov 2017, 06:48
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