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# The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1

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VP
Joined: 26 Apr 2004
Posts: 1209
Location: Taiwan
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2005, 06:09
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (02:28) correct 27% (01:56) wrong based on 1707 sessions

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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no change in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

E. Whether the survey respondents' reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

Note: There are two questions available with the similar stimulus and same first line but different question. The other question (complete the argument) is discussed in: http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-growing-p ... 80846.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Director
Joined: 05 Jul 2004
Posts: 894
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2005, 02:00
I will go with (A).

(B) argument is not at all bothered for the ppl who dont or rarely use computers. OUT OF SCOPE.
(C) out of scope... type of programs
(D) touches only one part. what about time they spent in watching TV
(E) again out of scope

(A) finds a loophole in the argument and will help in evaluating it.
Intern
Joined: 22 Jan 2005
Posts: 3
Location: NJ
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2005, 03:29
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I'll go with E as the assumption talked about the free time folks spend on computers / TV.
VP
Joined: 26 Apr 2004
Posts: 1209
Location: Taiwan
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2005, 05:32
The OA is E.

But could anybody explain more explicitly?

Thank you
Intern
Joined: 22 Jan 2005
Posts: 3
Location: NJ
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2005, 06:22
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The assumption was that folks were "spending increasing amounts of FREE time on the computer. "

According to the survey, folks reported "increasing time spent per week" on computers.
--> The survey does not indicate whether folks spent increasing "free" time or "work" time per week on computers.

Hence, "E. Whether the survey respondentsâ€™ reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work" would be more useful in evaluating the argument.
Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 856
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2007, 18:57
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer.

That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

E. Whether the survey respondentsâ€™ reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work
VP
Joined: 22 Oct 2006
Posts: 1438
Schools: Chicago Booth '11
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2007, 09:57
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Reason behind E:

if they are increasing their computer use, it could be because they are increasing it at work ! which would not cut into any free time which could otherwise be used for TV viewing.

A is wrong because it does not matter how often a person watches TV. That already was found in the study that there was no change in TV viewing. Therefore if people watched TV regularly, or once a month, it wouldnt matter. We are concerned about the impact over time.
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2007
Posts: 366
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2007, 10:59
B or E.

Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2008
Posts: 303
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 11:33
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a
decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free
time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of
free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing
time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.
Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the
argument?
A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1408
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 11:41
Its A.

If the survey talked to people who are not regular TV watchers, their watching times might not have changed by much. So it needs to include people who watches TV regularly and how computers are affecting their TV time.
Manager
Joined: 27 Aug 2008
Posts: 147
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 11:51
vivektripathi wrote:
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a
decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free
time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of
free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing
time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.
Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the
argument?
A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work

The statement that argument sets out to prove false is, " Computer activities are causing decline in tv viewing". But if we discover that TV viewing is declining even among people who do not use computers, then the problem lies somewhere else & not in the computer activities.
Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 635
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 22:51
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IMO E

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly
- No matter how many people reported in survey, because the result will not affected further.
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers
- Never use comp is OOS
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases
- Type of TV program is OOS
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers
- Computer owner is OOS
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work
- Seems to be right answer. All those people who calculate time spent at work definitely underestimate the report’s result.
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Joined: 29 Mar 2008
Posts: 348
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2008, 23:55
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If the assumption has to be false and the survey results do not lie, there should be somthing that should account for the increase in time spent per week using computers and no charge in time spent watching television.

I think (E) accounts for it and should help evaluate the argument.
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Manager
Joined: 27 Aug 2008
Posts: 147
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2008, 00:35
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jatinrai wrote:
vivektripathi wrote:
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a
decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free
time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of
free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing
time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.
Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the
argument?
A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work

The statement that argument sets out to prove false is, " Computer activities are causing decline in tv viewing". But if we discover that TV viewing is declining even among people who do not use computers, then the problem lies somewhere else & not in the computer activities.

Hey I got this one finally! Answer is D.
Just note: a very large majority of respondents who report increasing
time spent per week using computers
.

He says that out of 100 people surveyed majority of people with characteristic X, report no change in tv viewing.

But what if X is too small? If X is say 10 & majority of it i.e. 9 report unchanged tv viewing. We cant conclude based on that.

But yes if X is 90 & majority of it i.e. 80 report unchanged tv vewing, in that case we can draw conclusions based on the study.

So primarily we must determine whether X is large enough or not.
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1408
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2009, 19:25
terp26 wrote:
Reason behind E:

if they are increasing their computer use, it could be because they are increasing it at work ! which would not cut into any free time which could otherwise be used for TV viewing.

A is wrong because it does not matter how often a person watches TV. That already was found in the study that there was no change in TV viewing. Therefore if people watched TV regularly, or once a month, it wouldnt matter. We are concerned about the impact over time.

Good answer. I fell for A and even started typing why E is wrong and A is correct. But went back and looked at the Q again.

The basic argument of the Q is increasing X is not causing drop in Y and NOT increase in X causes drop in Y.

Another key is mail survey and it is possible that people are including time spent at work with computers.

It is kind of grey as the Q does not mention whether the survey explicitly asks the responders to report only on free time usage of comp vs TV. As it does not mention, one cannot assume so and hence E is better than A.

What is the source of this Q?
Intern
Joined: 03 Jan 2009
Posts: 11
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2009, 09:30
vineetgupta wrote:
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer.

That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

E. Whether the survey respondentsâ€™ reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

I have a different take on this. I could be totally off but I narrowed this down to C and E.
And ruled out E because although they might be reporting time spent at work, that does not
mean they are also not spending more time at home and we can not simply assume that.

I picked C because, if we see the type of programming that one watches tend to change as
the amount of time on computer increases, then there may be a link. Earlier one could be
watching soaps for which you need to pay attention to what's going on. Now with increased
time spent on computer, one might have a news/sports/weather channel and one doesn't have to
be attentive and can keep spending time on his computer with tv on in the background.

Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2008
Posts: 277
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2009, 12:22
vineetgupta wrote:
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer.

That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

E. Whether the survey respondentsâ€™ reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

A - This has nothing to do with the argument (the relationship between time on TV vs computer)
B - We don't care about people who do not watch TV
C - Who cares if the TV programs are re-runs or new?
D - We are concerned with increasing amounts of TV (not computer)
E - If most respondents use computers during work that can affect the argument so I believe this is the credited response.
SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1892
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2009, 01:01
the questiion is the same as "whether or not the survey has an error?

E
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Joined: 18 Oct 2009
Posts: 51
Schools: Queen's E-MBA
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2010, 00:30
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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufﬁcient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: In a recent mail survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no change in time spent watching television.
Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

(A) Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly
(B) Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers
(C) Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases
(D) Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers
(E) Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

[Reveal] Spoiler:
e

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Manager
Joined: 03 Feb 2010
Posts: 67
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1 [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2010, 14:07
ans E.

arg is concerned only abt the "increasing amounts of free time spending on the computer activities".
so make sure in the survey its exclusively mentioned to the respondents to report only the part of free time spending on computer activities.
Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was - Q1   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2010, 14:07

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