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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte

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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no change in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?


(A) Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

(B) Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

(C) Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

(D) Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

(E) Whether the survey respondents' reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

Note: There are two questions available with the similar stimulus and same first line but different question. The other question (complete the argument) is discussed in: LINK

Originally posted by chunjuwu on 16 Jan 2005, 05:09.
Last edited by Bunuel on 22 Nov 2018, 04:02, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2005, 05:22
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The assumption was that folks were "spending increasing amounts of FREE time on the computer. "

According to the survey, folks reported "increasing time spent per week" on computers.
--> The survey does not indicate whether folks spent increasing "free" time or "work" time per week on computers.

Hence, "E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work" would be more useful in evaluating the argument.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2005, 01:00
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I will go with (A).

(B) argument is not at all bothered for the ppl who dont or rarely use computers. OUT OF SCOPE.
(C) out of scope... type of programs
(D) touches only one part. what about time they spent in watching TV
(E) again out of scope

(A) finds a loophole in the argument and will help in evaluating it.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2005, 02:29
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I'll go with E as the assumption talked about the free time folks spend on computers / TV.
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New post 04 Jun 2007, 08:57
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Reason behind E:

if they are increasing their computer use, it could be because they are increasing it at work ! which would not cut into any free time which could otherwise be used for TV viewing.

A is wrong because it does not matter how often a person watches TV. That already was found in the study that there was no change in TV viewing. Therefore if people watched TV regularly, or once a month, it wouldnt matter. We are concerned about the impact over time.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2008, 21:51
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IMO E

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly
- No matter how many people reported in survey, because the result will not affected further.
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers
- Never use comp is OOS
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases
- Type of TV program is OOS
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers
- Computer owner is OOS
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work
- Seems to be right answer. All those people who calculate time spent at work definitely underestimate the report’s result.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2008, 22:55
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If the assumption has to be false and the survey results do not lie, there should be somthing that should account for the increase in time spent per week using computers and no charge in time spent watching television.

I think (E) accounts for it and should help evaluate the argument.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2013, 14:57
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I would go with E. Here is why

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly - This category of people should see reduced usage of computer.
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers - out-of-scope since not interested in opposite effects of computers
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases - We're interested in the total TV viewing time not change in tastes resulting in watching different programs.
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers - One sided and not relevant since we want to see the effects on TV viewing.
E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work - Knowing this will definitely skew the survey and the conclusion from the survey.

//kudos please, if this explanation is good
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2014, 02:40
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When the argument says "free-time" it means time that is not spent on work.


Case1:

Let's say the year is 1998.

A person works at the office for 8 hours a day - 0 hours of this time is spent on the computer.
He returns home at 6 p.m, watches tv for three hours and goes to sleep at 9 pm.

Let's say the year is 2014.

A person works at the office for 8 hours a day - 6 hours of this time is spent on the computer.
He returns home at 6 p.m, watches tv for three hours and goes to sleep at 9 pm.

Time spent using computers has increased but free time to watch tv has not been affected.

Case 2:

Let's say the year is 2012.

A person works at the office for 8 hours a day - 6 hours of this time is spent on the computer.
He returns home at 6 p.m, watches tv for three hours and goes to sleep at 9 pm.

Let's say the year is 2014.

A person works at the office for 8 hours a day - 6 hours of this time is spent on the computer.
He returns home at 6 p.m, uses his free time on the computer for two hours and as a result has only one hour to watch tv before he can go to sleep at 9 pm..

Time spent using computers has increased and free time to watch tv has been affected.
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2014, 04:35
Can someone plz explain it to me clearly? I seriously do not get it at all . :(

Isn't it about "even with increased time spent on computers the time spent on TV viewing has not changed"?
So it is the TV viewing time that is the prime concern ryt? Not the free-time theory
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2014, 04:19
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janxavier wrote:
Can someone plz explain it to me clearly? I seriously do not get it at all . :(

Isn't it about "even with increased time spent on computers the time spent on TV viewing has not changed"?
So it is the TV viewing time that is the prime concern ryt? Not the free-time theory


Question:The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a
decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free
time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of
free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail
survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing
time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.
Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the
argument?

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers

C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases

D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers

E. Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work

Let's figure out the conclusion first as it is the difficult part in this question

Conclusion: The popularity of computer based activities has not led to the decline of television viewing.

Why??

Premise: The survey results said that people are spending more time on the computer per week but no change in time spent watching television.
Earlier it was assumed that people have less sufficient free time and thus TV viewing will decline but this assumption is wrong and People have sufficient free time to not to reduce TV viewing.

For Evaluate question type, The answer to the questions above should swing the conclusion from one extreme to another

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television
regularly

Ans is Yes,then a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly. It does not do anything to the conclusion
No again nothing to the conclusion

B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people
who report that they rarely or never use computers
Well this class of people is out of scope. We are only worried about people who use computers in free time

C.Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the
amount of time spent per week using computers increases

We are only bothered about time spent watching TV and not really concerned about the content

D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending
increasing amounts of time per week using computers

the large majority of computer owners in the survey will be a subset of total no. of people responded in the survey.If this population of computer owners in the survey is 99% of the total survey size then surely TV viewing is effected but if this size of computer owners is only 1% then TV viewing may not be effected because you will have more people who may not be owners but still be using computers the results of this class will define what happens to TV viewing...
So ruled out.

So even if you answer this question you cannot arrive at the conclusion.


E.Whether the survey respondents’ reports of time spent using computers included
time spent using computers at work

If the answer is yes then surely time spent on computers is more but usage in free time may be less and hence TV viewing remains same
If the answer is no then using computers only considers free time which will be less and hence people will have less time to watch TV..
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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2016, 05:27
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Many a people are pointing out BLATANTLY WRONG options, based on god knows what criteria.
FIRST understand the argument.
THEN understand the question.

WE have to evaluate the ARGUMENT. THE ONLY WAY TO CHOOSE A CORRECT OPTION IN EVALUATE AN ARGUMENT IS TO GET TWO POLARISING OPPOSITE ANSWERS WHEN WE ASK A COMMON QUESTION

The stimulus talks about FREE TIME -the time that a person spend time on computer and thus cannot afford to spend watching TV.
But surprisingly the person is doing both.
how can this be possible.
This can only be possible when he is taking into account the time he spends at work as the time spend on computers.

CURRENTLY IN THE SURVEY HE IS BEING ASKED ""DOES YOUR TV WATCHING TIME HAS DECREASED BECAUSE OF COMPUTER"?

OBVIOUSLY THE PERSON WILL SAY NO, BECAUSE HE IS INCLUDING HIS WORK TIME.

THE CORRECT QUESTION THAT NEEDS TO BE ASKED IS "AFTER COMING HOME, DO YOU SPEND THE SAME TIME IN WATCHING TV AS YOU USED TO DO BEFORE COMPUTERS?"

Now if the person have a computer at home and uses it a lot,then he will say:- yeah man.. i don't watch tv anymore.. i surf and google and stuff.
Now if the person do not have a computer then he will say:- no man.. i watch the same programs , same time.. nothing changed.

THIS IS THE ONLY WAY TO EVALUATE AN ARGUMENT. LEARN IT, UNDERSTAND IT AND USE IT. IT IS CALLED VARIANCE TEST.

SO the correct answer is E

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chunjuwu wrote:
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

E. Whether the survey respondents' reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

Note: There are two questions available with the similar stimulus and same first line but different question. The other question (complete the argument) is discussed in: the-growing-popularity-of-computer-based-activities-was-q2-80846.html

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Re: The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 19:33
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chunjuwu wrote:
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no charge in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

A. Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly
B. Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers
C. Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases
D. Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers
E. Whether the survey respondents' reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

Note: There are two questions available with the similar stimulus and same first line but different question. The other question (complete the argument) is discussed in: http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-growing-p ... 80846.html


Computer-based Activities
 
Step 1: Identify the Question

The words useful to determine and evaluate the argument in the question stem indicate that this is an Evaluate the Argument question.

Step 2: Deconstruct the Argument

Comp expctd →  < TV, since assumed not enough free time
© False! Survey: > comp but same TV!

(Note: the © symbol is one way to indicate the conclusion in your notes.)
The argument debunks an expectation: people aren’t replacing their TV time with more computer time. They’re watching the same amount of TV and increasing their computer time. (Perhaps they’re using both devices at the same time?)

Step 3: Pause and State the Goal

On Evaluate questions, each answer will be in the form of a question or a “whether x is true” statement. The correct answer will address an issue on which the argument hinges, depending on whether that statement is true: one way, the argument will be strengthened; the other way, the argument will be weakened.

Step 4: Work from Wrong to Right

(A) If a large majority do watch TV regularly, then the argument is not impacted one way or the other. Likewise, if a large majority do not watch TV regularly, the argument is not impacted. The argument does not depend on how regularly the respondents watched TV.
(B) People who don’t (or rarely) use computers are the wrong group of people to investigate. The argument is concerned with people who are using computers (and who are increasing their usage).
(C) If people watch the same kinds of programs, the argument is not impacted. If people watch different programs, the argument is not impacted. The argument does not depend upon the types of programs people watch.
(D) Even if a large majority kept increasing their computer usage week by week, the argument is not impacted; the respondents still reported spending the same amount of time watching TV each week.
(E) CORRECT. If the increase in computer usage is occurring at work, then this increase wouldn’t be expected to impact TV viewing during free time at home. This information would weaken the claim that the original assumption was false, since the assumption was based specifically on computer usage at home. If, on the other hand, respondents are using computers more at home, then the survey does strengthen the claim that the original assumption was false.
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The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expecte  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 00:44
chunjuwu wrote:
The growing popularity of computer-based activities was widely expected to result in a decline in television viewing, since it had been assumed that people lack sufficient free time to maintain current television-viewing levels while spending increasing amounts of free time on the computer. That assumption, however, is evidently false: in a recent mail survey concerning media use, a very large majority of respondents who report increasing time spent per week using computers report no change in time spent watching television.

Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?


(A) Whether a large majority of the survey respondents reported watching television regularly

(B) Whether the amount of time spent watching television is declining among people who report that they rarely or never use computers

(C) Whether the type of television programs a person watches tends to change as the amount of time spent per week using computers increases

(D) Whether a large majority of the computer owners in the survey reported spending increasing amounts of time per week using computers

(E) Whether the survey respondents' reports of time spent using computers included time spent using computers at work

Note: There are two questions available with the similar stimulus and same first line but different question. The other question (complete the argument) is discussed in: LINK


Hi Bunuel

This is Question # 36 in OG 2015 kindly add the tag.

Thanks
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