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The measures of the interior angles in a polygon are consecutive integ

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Re: The measures of the interior angles in a polygon are consecutive integ  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2017, 17:37
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rxs0005 wrote:
The measures of the interior angles in a polygon are consecutive integers. The smallest angle measures 136 degrees. How many sides does this polygon have?

A) 8
B) 9
C) 10
D) 11
E) 13

OFFICIAL SOLUTION


We are told that the smallest angle measures 136 degrees--this is the first term in the consecutive set. If the polygon has S sides, then the largest angle--the last term in the consecutive set--will be (S - 1) more than 136 degrees.

The sum of consecutive integers = (Average Term) * (# of Term)= \(\frac{First + Last}{2}\) * (# of Terms).

Given that there are S terms in the set, we can plug in for the first and last term as follows:

\(\frac{136 + 136 + (S-1)}{2} * S\) = sum of the angles in the polygon.

We also know that the sum of the angles in a polygon = 180 (S-2) where S represents the number of sides.

Therefore: \(180(S-2) = \frac{136+136+(S-1)}{2} * S\). We can solve

for S by cross-multiplying and simplifying as follows:

\(2(180)(S-2) = [272 + (S-1)] S\)
\(360S - 720 = (271 + S)S\)
\(360S - 720 = 271S + S^2\)
\(S^2 - 89S + 720 = 0\)

A look at the answer choices tells you to try (S - 8), (S - 9), or (S - 10) in factoring.

As it turns out (S-9)(S-80)=0, which means S can be 9 or 80. However S cannot be 80 because this creates a polygon with angles greater than 180.

Therefore S equals 9; there are 9 sides in the polygon.

The correct answer is B.
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Re: The measures of the interior angles in a polygon are consecutive integ  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 05:20
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Reverse Approach using external angle

We are given : smallest internal angle = 136 deg ;

to find : number of sides 'n'

Solution : We know that, internal angle = (n - 2)*180;

But, we dont know value of n. However, we know one thing for sure. Irrespective of the value of n, Sum of all the external angles will be 360 deg.

So, Corresponding external angle for internal angle of 136 deg = 180 - 136 = 44 deg. (Since, Sum of internal + external angle = 180 deg)

As internal angle increases by 1 external angle decreases by 1.

So, now 2nd external angle will be 43 deg, 3rd external angle will be 42 deg, 4th will be 41 deg and so on. We keep doing this till the point our sum of all external angles turns out to be 360 deg.

So, 44 + 43 + 42 + 41 + 40 + 39 + 38 + 37 + 36 = 360

total number of terms in above equation is 9. So the number of sides of polygon = 9

( We can also use concept of AP. All the terms are in AP. We know S = 360, t1 = 44, d = -1, n=?
360 = n/2* (2*44 + (n-1)*-1) => n^2 - 89n + 720 = 0 => n = 80 or n = 9)
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Re: The measures of the interior angles in a polygon are consecutive integ  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2019, 10:04
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Re: The measures of the interior angles in a polygon are consecutive integ   [#permalink] 03 Feb 2019, 10:04

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