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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart

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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold


For a discussion of absolute phrases, as well as a complete explanation of this particular question, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/absolute-p ... -the-gmat/

Mike :-)

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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold


Mike :-)


B, C & D can be ruled out because SUCH AS is used for giving examples. Option E is not grammatically correct as it creates a Run-on; moreover, use of HOLD changes the intended meaning of the sentence.
Original intent - Other nations are holding US dollars that increase each year. This action is result of Large trade deficit in US.
Changed intent - Other nations HOLD US dollars that increase each year. The action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL Truth.

option A succinctly presents the results of previous clause, using HOLDING
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold


For a discussion of absolute phrases, as well as a complete explanation of this particular question, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/absolute-p ... -the-gmat/

Mike :-)


Approach 1
The answer choices D and E can be ruled out because these choices introduce verb "hold" in the second clause, resulting in the merging of two independent clauses without any proper conjunction.
Among ABC, only A is correct because it uses "such as" to introduce examples.

Approach 2
This one can also be done using the concept of Absolute Phrases.
I even developed a technique to recognize Abs. phrases in the questions. If you see two clauses without any conjunction and the second clauses briefly describes the preceding clause in EXACTLY its own words then the question is probably of Absolute Phrases. Just ask "HOW" after the first clause and if the following clause answers the question, then BINGO.

+1 A
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2013, 17:39
fameatop wrote:
mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold


Mike :-)


B, C & D can be ruled out because SUCH AS is used for giving examples. Option E is not grammatically correct as it creates a Run-on; moreover, use of HOLD changes the intended meaning of the sentence.
Original intent - Other nations are holding US dollars that increase each year. This action is result of Large trade deficit in US.
Changed intent - Other nations HOLD US dollars that increase each year. The action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL Truth.

option A succinctly presents the results of previous clause, using HOLDING


What do you mean by the action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL truth?

Cheers!
J :)
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2013, 20:42
jlgdr wrote:
fameatop wrote:
mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold


Mike :-)


B, C & D can be ruled out because SUCH AS is used for giving examples. Option E is not grammatically correct as it creates a Run-on; moreover, use of HOLD changes the intended meaning of the sentence.
Original intent - Other nations are holding US dollars that increase each year. This action is result of Large trade deficit in US.
Changed intent - Other nations HOLD US dollars that increase each year. The action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL Truth.

option A succinctly presents the results of previous clause, using HOLDING


What do you mean by the action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL truth?

Cheers!
J :)

Dear jlgdr,
What fameatop was, for some reason, strangely calling a "universal truth" is something much better known by the standard grammatical name: an absolute phrase. See this post for more:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/absolute-p ... -the-gmat/

Mike :-)
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2015, 11:59
Confused between A and E. Can someone explain?
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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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Revenge2014 wrote:
Confused between A and E. Can someone explain?


(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
vs.
(D) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold



(D) Is illogical, as it lacks a conjunction between the two thoughts.

The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, hold stores of US dollars that increase each year.

Shortening the sentence above...

The US has the largest trade deficit, other nations hold stores of US dollars.

^ That doesn't make sense. Two complete thoughts w/ only a comma doesn't work.

(A) Makes use of an absolute phrase.

Other nations holding stores of US dollars, the US has the largest trade deficit.

^ Makes sense when simplified and rearranged. One is a complete thought, the other is incomplete and uses a nonfinite verb.

The US has the largest trade deficit, other nations holding stores of US dollars.

^ Also makes sense... reads almost like a newspaper title :)

Originally posted by iPen on 12 Jul 2015, 12:11.
Last edited by iPen on 12 Jul 2015, 12:19, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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Revenge2014 wrote:
Confused between A and E. Can someone explain?



The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold


B , C and D are obviously wrong because both use like for citing examples.

Also note that usage of 'and' in B indicates that some new clause must follow but what follows is a something like a modifier.

Now A and E-

A- is the right answer because the noun-pronoun modifier is properly connected with the main clause.
E is wrong because it lacks a connector and comma is used to join two clauses.'other nations, such as China and Japan, hold .... ' is a complete clause and must be preceded by a connector such as 'and'.

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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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We use "such as" for actual examples.. so A and E are the only contender.

"holding" is a verb-ing modifier and hence has to modify the preceding clause..

So in A "holding" rightly modifies "such as China and Japan" since they are the ones holding the stores..

The clause before other nations ie. "The US....any country on Earth" is an independent clause and hence it has to have a connector or a verb-ing modifier in between to connect to the next dependent clause.. "hold....each year"

Hence A.

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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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iPen wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold


hi,
i have two points on the question..
1) Don't the two separate clauses require something like "with" to join them ...
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, withother nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
2) yes , "such as " is the appropriate idiom and also the original emphasis on the " china and japan" as examples. but if the sentences tells us that other nations are holding on to the US dollars in similar way as china and japan have done, the usage of " like" is justified. Ofcourse "such as' is correct here.
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2015, 22:05
Hi,

I think "with other nations" could be correct if a comma was present before "with". But yes a phrase connector is needed.. In C it is correct that way..

also if "like" was to be used the sentence should go like ...",with other nations, like China and Japan, which hold"...

The "which" will ensure that the second clause depends on "China and Japan" and hence the verb will become "hold" with emphasis on the "action of holding"...hence "like" will make sense in such case.

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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2015, 20:15
dominicraj wrote:
Hi,

I think "with other nations" could be correct if a comma was present before "with". But yes a phrase connector is needed.. In C it is correct that way..

also if "like" was to be used the sentence should go like ...",with other nations, like China and Japan, which hold"...

The "which" will ensure that the second clause depends on "China and Japan" and hence the verb will become "hold" with emphasis on the "action of holding"...hence "like" will make sense in such case.

Regards,
Dom.


usage of whch will give a wrongly constructed sentence..
",with other nations, like China and Japan, which hold"
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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 03:00
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding>>
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding >> like cannot introduce examples
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding>> same with B
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold>>cannot be a independent clause
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold>>same with D
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold


OFFICIAL SOLUTION



Split #1: listing examples. Suppose we have a category C and examples in this category P and Q. It is grammatically incorrect to say “…. C, like P and Q.” Choices (B) & (C) & (D) make this mistake. This mistake is woefully common in colloquial English, but entirely unacceptable on the GMAT. The correct way to say this is ” …. C, such as P and Q.”

Split #2: The section of the sentence before the first comma is a full independent clause: this could stand on its own as a complete sentence. What happens after the first comma, at the very beginning of the underline section, varies wildly. Each choices requires its own analysis.

(A) “other nations … holding” —- [noun] + [participle]: this has the form of an absolute clause, which is perfectly correct.

(B) “and other nations … holding” —- the “and” implies another independent clause is coming, parallel to the first, but instead we get [noun] + [participle], which doesn’t fit the pattern. This choice is incorrect.

(C) “with other nations … holding” —- this structure is common in colloquial speech, but the GMAT doesn’t like this at all: “with” + [noun] + [participle]. The prepositions “with” is designed to hold a noun, maybe even a modified noun, but not an entire action. This choice is incorrect.

(D) & (E) “other nations … hold” —- This is [noun] + [verb], another full independent clause. By itself, everything after the first comma in these choices could stand as a complete sentence. The problem is — we have [independent clause], [independent clause] — that’s the structure of a run-on sentence. We always need some kind of conjunction (and, or, but, therefore, etc.) joining two independent clause: they can’t just sit next to each other separated by a comma — that’s the classic run-on pattern. Both of these choices are incorrect.

The only possible answer is (A), with the absolute phrase.
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 02:52
I chose A for the following reasons
Such as should be used to throw examples.
If you just write a verb hold instead of modifier holding, The sentence structure is threatened since two independent clauses are joined by means of a comma instead of semi-colon.

Hence, A is better than E. Moreover, In A the second clause is a noun modifier.
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2017, 07:07
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding - Correct - use of absolute phrase as Mike has mentioned

(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding - Wrong - like used for comparison, need such as

(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding - Wrong
1. like used for comparison, need such as.
2. with other nations holding - "preposition + noun + pariticiple" too much action in modifier - not preferred in GMAT.


(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold - Wrong - run on, "no conjunction"

(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold - Wrong - run on, "no conjunction"
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2017, 07:54
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding - CORRECT - use of absolute phrase "other nations, such as China and Japan, holding..."
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding - WRONG to use "like" for examples, also second independent clause misses the verb
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding - WRONG to use "like" for examples , Also - Preposition + noun + Modifier - not often preferred in GMAT - too much action jammed into an modifier
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold - WRONG to use "like" for example, Also second independent clause is RUN-ON
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold - uses "such as" correctly, but second independent clause is RUN-ON

Answer (A)
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding -Correct
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding -Like is wrong
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding -Like is wrong
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold -Like is wrong
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold -This creates a run on sentence
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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2018, 11:50
A straight application of Noun + Noun Modifier. We know that N + NM can very well modify a preceding noun, noun in the middle of the clause or the entire clause itself. The split between "like" and "such as" leaves us with A and B.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding. Correct.
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold. The verb "hold" makes this a complete clause making it a run-on sentence with incorrect structure of IC,IC. Hence, incorrect.
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart   [#permalink] 20 Feb 2018, 11:50

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