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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart

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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2015, 06:44
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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2015, 10:59
Confused between A and E. Can someone explain?
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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2015, 11:11
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Revenge2014 wrote:
Confused between A and E. Can someone explain?

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
vs.
(D) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold

(D) Is illogical, as it lacks a conjunction between the two thoughts.

The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, hold stores of US dollars that increase each year.

Shortening the sentence above...

The US has the largest trade deficit, other nations hold stores of US dollars.

^ That doesn't make sense. Two complete thoughts w/ only a comma doesn't work.

(A) Makes use of an absolute phrase.

Other nations holding stores of US dollars, the US has the largest trade deficit.

^ Makes sense when simplified and rearranged. One is a complete thought, the other is incomplete and uses a nonfinite verb.

The US has the largest trade deficit, other nations holding stores of US dollars.

^ Also makes sense... reads almost like a newspaper title

Last edited by iPen on 12 Jul 2015, 11:19, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2015, 11:15
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Revenge2014 wrote:
Confused between A and E. Can someone explain?

The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold

B , C and D are obviously wrong because both use like for citing examples.

Also note that usage of 'and' in B indicates that some new clause must follow but what follows is a something like a modifier.

Now A and E-

A- is the right answer because the noun-pronoun modifier is properly connected with the main clause.
E is wrong because it lacks a connector and comma is used to join two clauses.'other nations, such as China and Japan, hold .... ' is a complete clause and must be preceded by a connector such as 'and'.

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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2015, 20:32
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We use "such as" for actual examples.. so A and E are the only contender.

"holding" is a verb-ing modifier and hence has to modify the preceding clause..

So in A "holding" rightly modifies "such as China and Japan" since they are the ones holding the stores..

The clause before other nations ie. "The US....any country on Earth" is an independent clause and hence it has to have a connector or a verb-ing modifier in between to connect to the next dependent clause.. "hold....each year"

Hence A.

Regards,
Dom.
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2015, 20:48
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iPen wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold

hi,
i have two points on the question..
1) Don't the two separate clauses require something like "with" to join them ...
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, withother nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
2) yes , "such as " is the appropriate idiom and also the original emphasis on the " china and japan" as examples. but if the sentences tells us that other nations are holding on to the US dollars in similar way as china and japan have done, the usage of " like" is justified. Ofcourse "such as' is correct here.
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2015, 21:05
Hi,

I think "with other nations" could be correct if a comma was present before "with". But yes a phrase connector is needed.. In C it is correct that way..

also if "like" was to be used the sentence should go like ...",with other nations, like China and Japan, which hold"...

The "which" will ensure that the second clause depends on "China and Japan" and hence the verb will become "hold" with emphasis on the "action of holding"...hence "like" will make sense in such case.

Regards,
Dom.
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2015, 19:15
dominicraj wrote:
Hi,

I think "with other nations" could be correct if a comma was present before "with". But yes a phrase connector is needed.. In C it is correct that way..

also if "like" was to be used the sentence should go like ...",with other nations, like China and Japan, which hold"...

The "which" will ensure that the second clause depends on "China and Japan" and hence the verb will become "hold" with emphasis on the "action of holding"...hence "like" will make sense in such case.

Regards,
Dom.

usage of whch will give a wrongly constructed sentence..
",with other nations, like China and Japan, which hold"
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Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html

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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2015, 20:31
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Hi,

Found this question discussed here..

http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/absolute-p ... -the-gmat/
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2015, 23:39
Thanks for the explanation ..

B,C,D has 'like', so no second thoughts on it.

Comparing A & E. A looks better. Would prefer 'holding' than 'hold'.
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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2015, 02:00
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding>>
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding >> like cannot introduce examples
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding>> same with B
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold>>cannot be a independent clause
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold>>same with D
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2017, 03:19
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2017, 06:54
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding - CORRECT - use of absolute phrase "other nations, such as China and Japan, holding..."
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding - WRONG to use "like" for examples, also second independent clause misses the verb
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding - WRONG to use "like" for examples , Also - Preposition + noun + Modifier - not often preferred in GMAT - too much action jammed into an modifier
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold - WRONG to use "like" for example, Also second independent clause is RUN-ON
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold - uses "such as" correctly, but second independent clause is RUN-ON

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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2018, 07:03
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2018, 09:01
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding -Correct
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding -Like is wrong
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding -Like is wrong
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold -Like is wrong
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold -This creates a run on sentence
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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2018, 10:50
A straight application of Noun + Noun Modifier. We know that N + NM can very well modify a preceding noun, noun in the middle of the clause or the entire clause itself. The split between "like" and "such as" leaves us with A and B.

(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding. Correct.
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold. The verb "hold" makes this a complete clause making it a run-on sentence with incorrect structure of IC,IC. Hence, incorrect.
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Eart   [#permalink] 20 Feb 2018, 10:50
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