GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Oct 2018, 18:38

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 49915
Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2018, 22:25
12
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

40% (01:16) correct 60% (01:35) wrong based on 292 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned finer implements, tapering from the butt to the point and flaked on two sides, to form the familiar teardrop now paradigmatic of early man.

(A) point and flaked on two sides, to form

(B) point, flaked on two sides, and formed

(C) point, flaking on two sides, that form

(D) point, flaking on two sides, forming

(E) point and flaked on two sides, form

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/01/arts/design/nasher-sculpture-center-dallas-first-sculpture-review.html

It convinces most in the section devoted to hand axes. Stone Age humans, principally the species Homo erectus, would use rocks, bones or antlers to fracture larger boulders, hewing sharp tools in a laborious process known as knapping. Though Australopithecus (four million to three million years ago) made blunt cutting tools, Homo erectus (1.9 million to 100,000 years ago) fashioned finer implements, tapering from the butt to the point and flaked on two sides, to form the familiar teardrop now paradigmatic of early man. There are dozens here, and at a display by the entrance of “First Sculpture,” visitors can handle three specimens, each 7 or 8 inches long and weighing about five pounds, crafted by our fellow hominins between 200,000 and 700,000 years ago. Their satisfying heft and ergonomic shape offer an unnerving haptic trace of human life before contemporary humankind.

_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 11 Feb 2018
Posts: 138
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V37
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2018, 22:31
flaked is parallel to fashioned so I think A.This is a toughie..
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 06 Apr 2018
Posts: 2
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 02:04
What is correct answer? Confused between A & C.... If A then why 'ing' is not required?
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Jan 2018
Posts: 18
GMAT 1: 620 Q50 V24
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 06:44
1
1
Bunuel wrote:
Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned finer implements, tapering from the butt to the point and flaked on two sides, to form the familiar teardrop now paradigmatic of early man.


A. point and flaked on two sides, to form

B. point, flaked on two sides, and formed

C. point, flaking on two sides, that form

D. point, flaking on two sides, forming

E. point and flaked on two sides, form


Tapering is modifying how the Neanderthals fashioned finer implements (verb-ing modifier) so it is correct with a comma pair so option A, E eliminated. To form parallel pairs of fashioned and --- after comma pair there should be a verb-ed form, so option B should be correct and C, D eliminated.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Feb 2017
Posts: 133
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 06:49
I think the question is correct as is. A should be the answer.
Tapering... and flaked... both talk about the implements. To form gives a consequence of the before phrases.

Posted from my mobile device
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 01 May 2018
Posts: 7
Location: Hong Kong
GMAT 1: 720 Q47 V42
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 07:17
Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned finer implements, tapering from the butt to the point and flaked on two sides, to form the familiar teardrop now paradigmatic of early man.


A. point and flaked on two sides, to form - whatever behind and after the "and" should be parallel (tapering vs flaked) --> eliminated

B. point, flaked on two sides, and formed

C. point, flaking on two sides, that form - the comma makes "tapering from the butt to the point" a clause that describes the implements. If so, "flaking" is not parallel with "fashioned" --> eliminated

D. point, flaking on two sides, forming --> same as above, "forming" and "fashioned" as well as the change of meaning --> eliminated

E. point and flaked on two sides, form - "flaked" is not parallel with "tapering" before the "and" (like Choice A) --> eliminated

So that leaves us with B.

Please correct my reasoning if it's wrong or not accurate enough.
Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4096
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 07:20
SajjitaKundu wrote:
I think the question is correct as is. A should be the answer.
Tapering... and flaked... both talk about the implements. To form gives a consequence of the before phrases.

Posted from my mobile device


I second you, nothing wrong with the original sentence, answer must be (A)
_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Feb 2017
Posts: 133
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 May 2018, 09:38
I think the answer should be A. Only this option conveys the intended meaning correctly. The other options distort the meaning
Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3625
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 May 2018, 01:21
2
sagar43 wrote:
What is correct answer? Confused between A & C.... If A then why 'ing' is not required?


Hey sagar43 ,

C cannot be the correct answer because it is changing the original meaning of the sentence.

As per the original meaning of the sentence, the purpose of "fashioned finer implements" is TO FORM something. So, TO + Verb is Required here.

But C is changing the meaning and saying that fashioned something that can form XYZ. Here, the intention of fashioning has been changed.

Again , to answer your question why "ing" isn't used in option A.

You need to understand "Fashioned" and "Flaked" as || and conveys two activities that "Neanderthals " are doing. But the moment we will change it to "flaking", the meaning of the sentence will be something like "The result of fashioning something" was Flaking on two sides. This is an illogical meaning. Hence, it is incorrect.

Rule: Meaning is the Key to Solve this Question! :-)

Does that make sense?
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place
Blog: Subscribe to Question of the Day Blog

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.

New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!



Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 06 Apr 2018
Posts: 2
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 May 2018, 02:01
abhimahna , I got it. Thanks for explaining.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 31 Jul 2017
Posts: 477
Location: Malaysia
Schools: INSEAD Jan '19
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V33
GPA: 3.95
WE: Consulting (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jun 2018, 02:31
abhimahna wrote:
sagar43 wrote:
What is correct answer? Confused between A & C.... If A then why 'ing' is not required?


Hey sagar43 ,

C cannot be the correct answer because it is changing the original meaning of the sentence.

As per the original meaning of the sentence, the purpose of "fashioned finer implements" is TO FORM something. So, TO + Verb is Required here.

But C is changing the meaning and saying that fashioned something that can form XYZ. Here, the intention of fashioning has been changed.

Again , to answer your question why "ing" isn't used in option A.

You need to understand "Fashioned" and "Flaked" as || and conveys two activities that "Neanderthals " are doing. But the moment we will change it to "flaking", the meaning of the sentence will be something like "The result of fashioning something" was Flaking on two sides. This is an illogical meaning. Hence, it is incorrect.

Rule: Meaning is the Key to Solve this Question! :-)

Does that make sense?


Hi abhimahna,

Can we use comma before infinitive "to" in general. I ruled out A because of this and selected B.
_________________

If my Post helps you in Gaining Knowledge, Help me with KUDOS.. !!

Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3625
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jun 2018, 02:38
1
rahul16singh28 wrote:
Can we use comma before infinitive "to" in general. I ruled out A because of this and selected B.


Hey rahul16singh28 ,

It depends on the structure of the sentence. If you are using the information before the "To" infinitive as a modifier such that we do have another comma before the start of the modifier, then it is perfectly fine to use a comma.

For example:

I am drinking water, to get hydrated.

Here, the usage is wrong. You cannot have a comma before "To"

I am drinking water, bought from the market, to get hydrated.

Here the usage is correct because here the comma used is a part of the modifier. If the modifier is removed, the sentence will become I am drinking water to get hydrated.

Does that make sense?
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place
Blog: Subscribe to Question of the Day Blog

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.

New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!



Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free

Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 49915
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jun 2018, 04:54
1
Bunuel wrote:
Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned finer implements, tapering from the butt to the point and flaked on two sides, to form the familiar teardrop now paradigmatic of early man.


A. point and flaked on two sides, to form

B. point, flaked on two sides, and formed

C. point, flaking on two sides, that form

D. point, flaking on two sides, forming

E. point and flaked on two sides, form


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:




This problem is testing a mix of issues with modifiers and sentence construction. With the fairly confusing structure, the key is to first read the sentence carefully and figure out what role the different parts are playing: in the original the part from “tapering” to “sides” is a participial modifier giving extra information about “finer implements” – take that out with slash-and-burn to see that the sentence is really: “Neanderthals fashioned finer implements…to form the familiar teardrop now paradigmatic of early man.” This main clause seems perfectly correct so now examine the modifier: “tapering from the butt to the point and flaked on two sides.” While some people will think that “tapering” and “flaked” cannot go together, this is perfectly parallel – both are participial phrases linked with “and” giving descriptions of the implements, one using a present participle and other a past participle.

The other choices all have fatal flaws: in (B), (C), and (E) the two parts of the modifier are linked with a comma instead of “and”, making it seem that the last part “and formed,” “that form” or “forming” is part of that series, when it needs to be a separate element. You cannot say “implements, tapering…, flaked…, and formed/forming/that form the familiar teardrop…” (E) properly links the two elements with “and” but lacks the necessary “to” before form. The correct answer is (A).
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Apr 2018
Posts: 6
Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Oct 2018, 09:10
egmat
Can you guys please explain how "flaked" is a participle, as from my view Neanderthals "fashioned" finer implements, "tapering" from the butt and "flaked" on two sides. Here tapering is a ING modifier as it is modifying the action 'fashioned' which has the subject Neanderthals but flaked seemed to me as a 'verb' as this is what Neanderthals are doing(the action is performed by them).Or is it that here fashioned and flaked are parallel? But Neanderthals flaked on two sides doesn't make sense to me
:dazed
Orion Director of Academics
User avatar
S
Joined: 19 Jul 2018
Posts: 74
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Oct 2018, 09:53
Hey rraman -- Great question! This is one of those "ugh why does English occasionally treat words that are spelled the same way as different parts of speech?" questions.

What is easy to get confused on here is that "tapering" could be either a participle or a verb. The way we know that it isn't a verb is that "tapering" is transitive -- it needs a direct object. And since there isn't an obvious direct object after the word tapering, it's going to have to be a participle. Instead of being an action that Neanderthals do, it's a way of describing the implements the Neanderthals built - they're tapered! Based on that, to keep parallelism, "flaked" needs to be a participle as well.

If the sentence had included "tapering the implements and flaking them," or "Neanderthals "fashioned, tapered, and flaked the implements" then the words "tapered/tapering" and "flaked/flaking" would had direct objects so you could use them as verbs. But as it is they're being used to modify the word "implements" and must be participles. :)
_________________

Laura
Academics Aficionado | ORION
GMAT self-study has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned &nbs [#permalink] 04 Oct 2018, 09:53
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Though Homo habilis made blunt cutting tools, Neanderthals fashioned

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.