rohitgoel15 wrote:
Train A leaves New York for Boston at 3 PM and travels at the constant speed of 100 mph. An hour later, it passes Train B, which is making the trip from Boston to New York at a constant speed. If Train B left Boston at 3:50 PM and if the combined travel time of the two trains is 2 hours, what time did Train B arrive in New York?
(1) Train B arrived in New York before Train A arrived in Boston.
(2) The distance between New York and Boston is greater than 140 miles.
Please help me know the difficulty level of this question. I was not able to solve it in even 5 mins
Let x be the speed of train B.
Let M be the point where Train A and B meet.
Train A travels 100 miles in
1 hr before it meets B at point M.
Time taken by train B to travel 100 miles will be
100/xTrain B travels for
10 mins or 1/6 hrs before it meets train A at point M. So the distance covered by train B in 10 mins will be x/6 and total distance will be 100 + x/6
Time taken by train A to travel x/6 distance will be
x/600It is given that total time for travel for both trains is 2 hours.
So,
1 + \(\frac{x}{600}\) +\(\frac{1}{6}\) + \(\frac{100}{x}\) = 2
or \(\frac{x}{600}\) + \(\frac{100}{x}\) = \(\frac{5}{6}\)
or \(x^2 + 60000 = 500x\)
or \(x^2 - 500x + 60000 =0\)
or \((x-300)(x-200) = 0\)
or \(x= 300, 200\)
Now,
the distance between point M and boston when x= 200 is
200/6 miles and when x = 300 is 300/6 or
50 milesTotal travel time taken by train A and train B, when distance between point M and boston is 200/6 miles is
Train A:
1+(\(\frac{200}{6}\) * \(\frac{1}{100}\)) = 1 + \(\frac{1}{3}\) = 1 hour and 20 minutes.
time of arrival at boston is
4:20 pmTrain B:
\(\frac{1}{6}\) + \(\frac{100}{200}\) = \(\frac{2}{3}\) = 40 minutes
time of arrival at new york is
4:30 pm Total travel time taken by train A and train B, when distance between point M and boston is 50 miles is
Train A:
1+ (50*\(\frac{1}{100}\)) = 1+ \(\frac{1}{2}\) = 1 hour and 30 minutes
time of arrival at boston is
4:30 pm Train B:
\(\frac{1}{6}\) + \(\frac{100}{300}\) = \(\frac{1}{2}\) = 30 minutes
time of arrival at new york is
4:20 pmStatement 1:-
Train B arrived in New York before Train A arrived in Boston.
This is true when speed of Train B is 300 miles per hour. Train B arrives new york at 4:20 pm
SUFFICIENT
Statement 2:-
The distance between New York and Boston is greater than 140 miles.
This is possible only when the distance between point P and boston is 50 miles.
So, at 300 miles/hr train B arrives new york at 4:20 pm
SUFFICIENT
Answer:- D