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# Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more

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Intern
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Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2007, 00:02
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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 93
Page: 263

Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

https://www.nytimes.com/1988/02/25/us/health-new-obesity-studies-indicate-metabolism-is-often-to-blame.html

Two new studies have provided the strongest evidence yet that many people become obese more because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2014, 19:59
6
2
russ9 wrote:
mbaiseasy wrote:
(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
MORE "due to the fact that X" than "overeating" - is not parallel construction

(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
MORE "due to their bodies" THAN "to eating" - is not parallel in structure

(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
MORE "because X" THAN "that they" - is not parallel...

(D) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much
(E) is wordier than (D). (D) is simple and grammatically correct... Always go for the simple sentence

Hi,

Can you please explain to me why "b" is NOT parallel? I saw "bodies burning" vs. "eating" and thought it was parallel b/c of the ing?

Hi russ9,

The basic rule for comparison is that the compared entities should be logically and grammatically parallel.
Now, the compared entities are said to be logically parallel when the comparison is between similar entities.

Unlike the honeybee, the yellow jacket can sting repeatedly without dying. (‘honeybee’ and ‘yellow jacket’ are compared)
Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than the last year. (‘Heating-oil prices this year’ are compared to ‘heating-oil prices last year’)

The comparison is said to be grammatically parallel when the compared entities are grammatically parallel to each other i.e. a noun is compared to a noun and a clause is compared to a clause.

This year refiners are paying \$5 a barrel more than they were paying last year. (The two highlighted clauses are compared to each other)

Coming to your question, here is OPTION B:

• Two new studies indicate that many people become obese
o more due to their bodies burning calories too slowly
o than to eating too much.

The compared entities are:

1. “their bodies burning calories too slowly”
2. “eating too much”

Note that the first part begins with “their bodies”, but the second entity starts with “eating”. “Eating” is not logically parallel to “their bodies”. We cannot disregard “their bodies” and say that “eating” and “burning” are parallel.

This option has one more error. ‘Due to’ is not correct idiom in this context. ‘Due to’ can be used to modify nouns only; it cannot be used to modify an action. Since ‘due to’ modifies the clause “many people become obese” in the given sentence, this usage is incorrect.

To know more about the usage of ‘due to’, please refer to the following article:
due-to-vs-because-of-140393.html

OPTION D

• Two new studies indicate that many people become obese
o more because their bodies burn calories too slowly
o than because they eat too much.

This options represents a parallel comparison between the following two clauses:
1. because their bodies burn calories too slowly
2. because they eat too much

Hope this helps!
Deepak
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2014, 03:27
13
3
smashingpumpkins wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn
calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

E looks parallel and structured.

I don't mean to sound like a douche, but way too many times do I notice people in this forum use words like "looks parallel" or "the gerund is correctly used" or "the past participle is bla bla", and yet the correct answer flies over their heads..

Don't focus too much on technicalities, that's exactly what the GMAT wants you to do, to focus too deeply into technical aspects and miss the bigger picture. ESPECIALLY so for short problems like this one (longer, more convoluted problems need more in depth technical analysis).

If we look at E: "it has more to do with their BODIES burning calories too slow than because of THEIR eating too much" ... What are we comparing? What does the "their" refer to, the eating of the bodies? That makes no sense. No technical analysis needed, it's just seeing a clear picture of the intended meaning of the author.

D tells us that it has more to do with "THEIR (the people) bodies burning calories too slowly than because THEY (the people) eat too much".. THAT'S the correct comparison.

Focus on understanding the intended meaning, and when you get the intended meaning, that's when you can focous on technicalities. Start from step 1 and move up, don't start on step 5.
##### General Discussion
Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2007, 05:26
1
circkit wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

Cheers,
Circkit

'due to' is incorrect here. Eliminate A B
'than that they are' is incorrect in C.
b/w D & E, I pick D because it is more concise.

What's the OA?
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2007, 06:18
1
Due to vs. because of - due to modify verb and because of modifies noun

e.g. because of him......or because of suresh

due to his running.... due to (verb)....

Amar
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2007, 10:25
OA is D.. can someone give more details as to why E is wrong?
SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2410
Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2007, 12:38
sidbidus wrote:
circkit wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

Cheers,
Circkit

as it was pointed above, E doesnot maintain llism. the expression is not most concise and clear.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2007, 19:28
GMAT TIGER wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
circkit wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

Cheers,
Circkit

as it was pointed above, E doesnot maintain llism. the expression is not most concise and clear.

but 'due to the fact that' is very well known phrase used in many science books.

E has in fact very good parallel structure than any other statements. is 'ing' form of eating and burning is wrong on GMAT?
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2007, 09:20
yash500 wrote:
GMAT TIGER wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
circkit wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

Cheers,
Circkit

as it was pointed above, E doesnot maintain llism. the expression is not most concise and clear.

but 'due to the fact that' is very well known phrase used in many science books.

E has in fact very good parallel structure than any other statements. is 'ing' form of eating and burning is wrong on GMAT?

that may be correct in science book because science book english and gmat english are different.

but onething D is direct and clear where as E is not and also it is awakward and unclear. in gmat, direct, active and clear expressions are preferred over the opposit.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2007, 01:09
yash500 wrote:
GMAT TIGER wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
circkit wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

Cheers,
Circkit

as it was pointed above, E doesnot maintain llism. the expression is not most concise and clear.

but 'due to the fact that' is very well known phrase used in many science books.

E has in fact very good parallel structure than any other statements. is 'ing' form of eating and burning is wrong on GMAT?

'due to' is the same as 'caused by'. If want 'due to' to mean caused by then you're fine; you cannot use 'due to' to mean 'because of'.

The construction in E is in passive voice while in D it is in active voice. Active is preferred to passive.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2007, 04:01
From Robin's SC note -- is it really true?

While the concepts involved are simple - due to is an adjective, and hence can modify a noun (or noun phrase or anything that can stand in for a noun); because of is an adverb and hence must modify a verb or another adjective (but NOT a noun).

The other rule of thumb is that DUE TO constructions are usually preceded by a linking verb (is/was/are etc.)

The rain was DUE TO the low pressure area across the bay

The suffering of the people is due to Government apathy

Because of requires a verb/adjective to modify

We cancelled the trip because of inclement weather.

So, using the concepts above, let's examine our sentence here -

Wild fires, which have become (linking verb) an ongoing threat (subject complement) because of (adverb modifying Have Become) drought and booming population density

one might question, that since this construction seems similar to

Subject + linking verb + due to , why are we not using Due To? This is where I get confused as well.

However, the way I try to reconcile it is this -

I try to see whether the subject is more important or what's implied by the linking verb is more important -

In our example - it's not the wild fires themselves, but the fact that they have become an ongoing threat (notice how this subject complement intrudes between the linking verb and due to/because of shifting the focus from the subject to the linking verb and hence the use of an adverb to qualify the linking verb seems justified)
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2007, 04:26
E for //ism and use of "because"

Editing: Choose in a hurry - D looks right because its active. GMAT prefers active over passive sentences
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 06:30
because X than because Y

E - seems wordy

D
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 07:28
Yes, E seems wordy..

D has the good parallel structure.. with because and because and starting with a subject.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2013, 03:17
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

burning is acting as an adjective ( participle ) and eating is acting as a gerund.. hence this is not parallel..

To make burning a gerund, you would need bodies' instead of bodies..

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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2013, 07:18
1
2
(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
MORE "due to the fact that X" than "overeating" - is not parallel construction

(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
MORE "due to their bodies" THAN "to eating" - is not parallel in structure

(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
MORE "because X" THAN "that they" - is not parallel...

(D) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much
(E) is wordier than (D). (D) is simple and grammatically correct... Always go for the simple sentence

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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2013, 02:24
2
(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating not parallel and wordy: due to the fact that
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much not parallel and wordy

(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters not parallel

(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much parallel and comparison is clear. . hence CORRECT

(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much passive and wordy

press kudos if it helps
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2013, 06:03
bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

We don't need -ING when a simpler sentence exits.

that is it
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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29 May 2014, 10:30
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

My doubt in this question is whether the usage of due to is correct in the fist two options given. I believe that we can eliminate first two options just based on the usage of due to.

regards
Akhil
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more  [#permalink]

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29 May 2014, 22:38
1
akhil911 wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

My doubt in this question is whether the usage of due to is correct in the fist two options given. I believe that we can eliminate first two options just based on the usage of due to.

regards
Akhil

Hey Akhil,

Take Away:
Always replace due to by "caused by"
If the sentence makes sense, then you can go ahead with "due to", else used "because of"

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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more &nbs [#permalink] 29 May 2014, 22:38

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