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Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the

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Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.


(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating

(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much

(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters

(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much

(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much


https://www.nytimes.com/1988/02/25/us/health-new-obesity-studies-indicate-metabolism-is-often-to-blame.html

Two new studies have provided the strongest evidence yet that many people become obese more because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much.


The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 93
Page: 263

Originally posted by circkit on 11 Nov 2007, 23:02.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Nov 2018, 03:25, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2014, 18:59
7
2
russ9 wrote:
mbaiseasy wrote:
(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
MORE "due to the fact that X" than "overeating" - is not parallel construction

(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
MORE "due to their bodies" THAN "to eating" - is not parallel in structure

(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
MORE "because X" THAN "that they" - is not parallel...

(D) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much
(E) is wordier than (D). (D) is simple and grammatically correct... Always go for the simple sentence

Answer: D


Hi,

Can you please explain to me why "b" is NOT parallel? I saw "bodies burning" vs. "eating" and thought it was parallel b/c of the ing?



Hi russ9,

The basic rule for comparison is that the compared entities should be logically and grammatically parallel.
Now, the compared entities are said to be logically parallel when the comparison is between similar entities.

Unlike the honeybee, the yellow jacket can sting repeatedly without dying. (‘honeybee’ and ‘yellow jacket’ are compared)
Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than the last year. (‘Heating-oil prices this year’ are compared to ‘heating-oil prices last year’)

The comparison is said to be grammatically parallel when the compared entities are grammatically parallel to each other i.e. a noun is compared to a noun and a clause is compared to a clause.

This year refiners are paying $5 a barrel more than they were paying last year. (The two highlighted clauses are compared to each other)


Coming to your question, here is OPTION B:

• Two new studies indicate that many people become obese
o more due to their bodies burning calories too slowly
o than to eating too much.

The compared entities are:

1. “their bodies burning calories too slowly”
2. “eating too much”


Note that the first part begins with “their bodies”, but the second entity starts with “eating”. “Eating” is not logically parallel to “their bodies”. We cannot disregard “their bodies” and say that “eating” and “burning” are parallel.

This option has one more error. ‘Due to’ is not correct idiom in this context. ‘Due to’ can be used to modify nouns only; it cannot be used to modify an action. Since ‘due to’ modifies the clause “many people become obese” in the given sentence, this usage is incorrect.

To know more about the usage of ‘due to’, please refer to the following article:
due-to-vs-because-of-140393.html


OPTION D

• Two new studies indicate that many people become obese
o more because their bodies burn calories too slowly
o than because they eat too much.

This options represents a parallel comparison between the following two clauses:
1. because their bodies burn calories too slowly
2. because they eat too much


Hope this helps! :)
Deepak
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2014, 02:27
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3
smashingpumpkins wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn
calories too slowly than overeating.


(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

Answer

E looks parallel and structured.



I don't mean to sound like a douche, but way too many times do I notice people in this forum use words like "looks parallel" or "the gerund is correctly used" or "the past participle is bla bla", and yet the correct answer flies over their heads..

Don't focus too much on technicalities, that's exactly what the GMAT wants you to do, to focus too deeply into technical aspects and miss the bigger picture. ESPECIALLY so for short problems like this one (longer, more convoluted problems need more in depth technical analysis).

If we look at E: "it has more to do with their BODIES burning calories too slow than because of THEIR eating too much" ... What are we comparing? What does the "their" refer to, the eating of the bodies? That makes no sense. No technical analysis needed, it's just seeing a clear picture of the intended meaning of the author.

D tells us that it has more to do with "THEIR (the people) bodies burning calories too slowly than because THEY (the people) eat too much".. THAT'S the correct comparison.

Focus on understanding the intended meaning, and when you get the intended meaning, that's when you can focous on technicalities. Start from step 1 and move up, don't start on step 5.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2007, 04:26
1
circkit wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.


(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

Please explain ur answers..

Cheers,
Circkit :)


'due to' is incorrect here. Eliminate A B
'than that they are' is incorrect in C.
b/w D & E, I pick D because it is more concise.

What's the OA?
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2007, 05:18
1
Due to vs. because of - due to modify verb and because of modifies noun

e.g. because of him......or because of suresh

due to his running.... due to (verb)....

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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2013, 06:18
1
2
(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
MORE "due to the fact that X" than "overeating" - is not parallel construction

(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
MORE "due to their bodies" THAN "to eating" - is not parallel in structure

(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
MORE "because X" THAN "that they" - is not parallel...

(D) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much
(E) is wordier than (D). (D) is simple and grammatically correct... Always go for the simple sentence

Answer: D
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2013, 01:24
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(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating not parallel and wordy: due to the fact that
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much not parallel and wordy

(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters not parallel

(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much parallel and comparison is clear. . hence CORRECT

(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much passive and wordy

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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2014, 21:38
1
akhil911 wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.


(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much


My doubt in this question is whether the usage of due to is correct in the fist two options given. I believe that we can eliminate first two options just based on the usage of due to.
Please share your thoughts on this.

regards
Akhil


Hey Akhil,

Take Away:
Always replace due to by "caused by"
If the sentence makes sense, then you can go ahead with "due to", else used "because of"

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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2014, 22:50
3
smashingpumpkins wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn
calories too slowly than overeating.


(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

Answer

E looks parallel and structured.


I think we all agree that D is correct. As it is more parallel.
But for all of us E also look parallel but actually E is having wrong use "Because of".

"because" vs "because of"

1). Because - is a conjunction, used at the beginning of a clause, before a subject and verb.

We were late because it rained.
I'm happy because I met you.

2). Because of - is a two - word preposition, used before a noun or a pronoun.

We were late because of the rain.
I'm happy because of you.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2014, 13:22
mbaiseasy wrote:
(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
MORE "due to the fact that X" than "overeating" - is not parallel construction

(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
MORE "due to their bodies" THAN "to eating" - is not parallel in structure

(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
MORE "because X" THAN "that they" - is not parallel...

(D) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much
(E) is wordier than (D). (D) is simple and grammatically correct... Always go for the simple sentence

Answer: D


Hi,

Can you please explain to me why "b" is NOT parallel? I saw "bodies burning" vs. "eating" and thought it was parallel b/c of the ing?
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Sep 2014, 01:57
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.
(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much

1.More X than Y. X and Y shall be || [A,B,C out]

2.Because Vs Due to: Why do they become obese? We need to modify clause ,so because wins. [A,B out]
3.Because Vs Because of:
Because => Conjunction
because subject verb
because he felt ill,
he didn't go to the party

Because of => takes noun phrase
because of noun phrase or verb-ing ,
because of
[his illness/feeling ill],
he didn't go to the party

4.D Vs E
D: Correct
Many people become obese more
because their bodies burn calories too slowly than
because they eat too much [eat || burn]

E:Many people become obese more
because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than
because of their eating too much
Request someone to help me in finding issue with E apart from wordiness and awareness.

Originally posted by JarvisR on 10 Sep 2014, 05:12.
Last edited by JarvisR on 12 Sep 2014, 01:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2014, 10:18
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn
calories too slowly than overeating.

(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters

Can someone just explain what "that" in choice C is referring to?
As in the exact phrase I would replace "that" with?

Thank you
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2014, 12:26
1
anaccident wrote:
Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn
calories too slowly than overeating.

(C) because their bodies bum calories too slowly than that they are overeaters

Can someone just explain what "that" in choice C is referring to?
As in the exact phrase I would replace "that" with?

Thank you


Hello anaccident.

"that" in C does not refer to anything. Two nouns before "that" are plural (bodies & calories), technically "that" must be "those" to maintain parallel structure. BUT if that were the case, the sentence wouldn't make any sense. The only appropriate word makes the sentence compelling is "because".

Hope it helps.
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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2015, 09:49
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A simple test of idiomatic parallelism. It should be – ‘more due to than due to’ or ‘more because than because’ or ‘more because of than because of’

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating ---- than due to is missing --- unparallel

(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much -- same as in A.

(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters --- than because is missing; unparallel.

(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much – correct parallelism and concise.

(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much—. A verb combo such as 'burn' and 'eat' is more dynamic than the ing form 'burning' and 'eating'.

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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2018, 16:56
Hi, can anyone post the justification for the POE and the explanations for the right answer?

Thanks

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Re: Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2018, 19:29
1
hongg7 wrote:
Hi, can anyone post the justification for the POE and the explanations for the right answer?

Thanks

Posted from my mobile device


Although, based on the PoE, I had chosen the answer 'D', on the thread (probably my Brunuel) and it showed me that it was incorrect, the OA was 'A', but now when the discussion was move to this link, the OA is 'D'. :angel:

Anyways, most of the people have given their justification above. but since you still have a doubt, I will try my best. :-)

Two new studies indicate that many people become obese more due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating.

(A) due to the fact that their bodies burn calories too slowly than overeating - Nothing wrong with "due to" (when used, replace 'Due to' with 'Caused by'). [color=#ed1c24][color=#0000ff]Error here is in parallelism[/color] - burn does not go in parallel with overeating[/color]
(B) due to their bodies burning calories too slowly than to eating too much - Nothing wrong with "due to" (when used, replace 'Due to' with 'Caused by'). Error here is grammatical - 'to' must be followed by an infinitive(1st form of verb , eat, in this case) and NOT by "ing" form
(C) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than that they are overeaters - wrong comparison b/w "their bodies burn calories too slowly" vs "overeaters"
(D) because their bodies burn calories too slowly than because they eat too much - CORRECT comparison with the correct use of " more because X... than because 'Y'
(E) because of their bodies burning calories too slowly than because of their eating too much - incorrect comparison
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