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V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36

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V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 00:55
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A recent cultural history of the art and architecture of the European Baroque Period, which spanned roughly the entire seventeenth century, uses well-known works to sketch a fresh and surprising perspective on the impact of these works on the imaginations of their original viewers. The author, an emeritus professor at an Ohio university, does not bother to challenge the customary list of Baroque characteristics–opulence, grandeur, movement, large scale, emotion, bold colors, gold–but students of art history, far from entertaining suspicions of insufficient academic rigor due to this oversight, will ultimately find themselves grateful to be left with this piece of familiar ground.

Although the first chapter is spent detailing the debt owed by Baroque style to the theology of the Roman Catholic Church, discussion of the devotional uses of religious pieces thereafter is strictly limited. The prime goal of the following chapters is to define Baroque art’s function within the power structure of the sixteenth century Church in such a way as to make religious devotion beside the point. More specifically, the author is concerned with the role art played in re-centralizing the Church’s power in the wake of the Protestant Reformation, as well as with the significance of the Council of Trent, during which, as part of a cohesive opposition to groups of believers who had broken away, the practice of using art objects as aids to religious devotion was encouraged and codified.

From the author’s perspective, then, the Church’s advocacy of grand and ornate pieces of religious art served the very practical purpose of reminding the faithful that real power was to be found within the Church. St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, for example, with its almost unimaginatively lofty ceilings, marble floors, and special chapels, solidified the Church’s power by inspiring the viewer’s awe. Likewise, paintings and sculptures produced by most of the period’s Church-sponsored artists depicted human figures, most often saints or martyrs, with a startling realism intended to emphasize presence and immediacy.
1. The passage above is most likely taken from which of the following?

(a) An art history textbook
(b) A personal weblog
(c) A periodical discussing religion and the arts
(d) The book review section of a magazine
(e) The back cover of the book being discussed
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


2. The author most likely mentions the ceilings of St. Peter’s Basilica in order to

(a) Provide evidence supporting the idea that art can be used to solidify power.
(b) Offer readers a visual image of the work of art in question.
(c) Demonstrate that works of art often inspire awe.
(d) List the distinctive characteristics of a famous building.
(e) Present an explanation of the building’s visual power.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


3. The author would most likely agree with which of the following statements concerning academic rigor?

(a) Academic rigor is often due to oversight.
(b) Students of art history find common ground in academic rigor.
(c) Academic rigor often requires scholars to question received knowledge.
(d) Students of art history, though entertaining, often display insufficient academic rigor.
(e) The study of art history requires academic rigor.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


4. The primary function of the second paragraph is to

(a) Prove that religious devotion is not a valid criterion for judging Baroque art.
(b) Introduce the idea that Baroque art played a significant role in centralizing power.
(c) Define a connection between political power and religious devotion.
(d) Challenge the assumption that art is useful for religious devotion.
(e) Trace the development of the author’s understanding of Baroque art.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


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Re V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 00:55
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question V01-33 explanation
The correct answer to this question depends on making an inference about the tone and context of the passage as a whole. It is important to note, first of all, that the passage is a book review for a cultural history. The focus of the passage is on highlighting the content of the book and giving an overview of its objectives in such a way that potential readers can decide whether or not to examine the book more closely. The correct answer will identify the context in which these goals would be appropriate.
  1. Textbooks do not deal with current events, such as newly published books.
  2. Though this is possible, it is unlikely that a personal weblog would use such technical language.
  3. Religion and the arts are both mentioned in the passage, but the main focus is the new cultural ideas offered in the book.
  4. Not only is the passage a book review, but the specific content of the discussion best situates it in a periodical.
  5. The passage is both too long and too opinionated to appear on the book itself.
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question V01-34 explanation
The line reference in the question stem indicates that familiarity with the context of the reference is required to answer the question. The words for example in the sentence indicate the continuation of a preceding idea; specifically, that grand and ornate pieces of religious art reminded churchgoers that real power was found in the Church. Additionally, the end of the sentence re-emphasizes this idea by stating that awe over the lofty ceilings solidified the Church’s power.
  1. Both the preceding sentence and the sentence from which the reference is taken focus on the idea of art as a reminder of the power of the Roman Catholic Church.
  2. A visual image may be produced, but this is not the function of the reference to the ceilings.
  3. Though this is true, it is only the first step toward identifying the author’s purpose in this sentence.
  4. Characteristics are listed, but only because they help to prove a certain point.
  5. The building may have visual power, but this is not the goal of discussing the ceilings.
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question V01-35 explanation
Although the question stem contains a specific line reference, the words would most likely agree indicate that the correct answer to this question depends on making an inference. First, it is worth noting that the beginning of the sentence relays a fact about the author’s approach to the book: the author does not...challenge the customary list of Baroque characteristics. The author of the passage suggests in the second part of the sentence that some students of art history would perceive this refusal to question custom as insufficient academic rigor. The correct answer, then, will identify what, to the author of the passage, would constitute sufficient academic rigor.
  1. This is a corruption of the meaning of the sentence.
  2. Students of art history are the group perceiving the academic rigor applied by the author of the book; their use of academic rigor is not the focus of this sentence.
  3. The sentence suggests that art history students may accuse the author of the passage of insufficient academic rigor for failing to challenge the customary list of Baroque characteristics. It can be reasonably concluded, then, that sufficient academic rigor would include a challenge to this received knowledge.
  4. Entertaining in the passage is used as a verb, not as an adjective as it is in this answer choice.
  5. While the author of the passage might agree with this in a different context, the meaning of academic rigor in this passage is more specific.
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question V01-36 explanation
The first paragraph introduces the book being reviewed and suggests there is something unique and exciting about it. The third paragraph offers details of the specific works of art used by the Roman Catholic Church to centralize power. The second paragraph bridges the ideas in the first and third paragraph by introducing the theoretical framework within which specific pieces of Baroque art are analyzed in the remainder of the book.
  1. The passage states that the book’s discussion of religious devotion is limited, but does not evaluate the concept’s use as a criterion for judging art.
  2. The second paragraph serves to explain the framework the book uses for examining each piece of Baroque art discussed, specifically, that art served to centralize the power of the Roman Catholic Church.
  3. These two ideas are contrasted, not connected, in the passage.
  4. This assumption is not challenged in the passage.
  5. The author’s understanding of Baroque art is not the subject of the passage.

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Re: V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36 [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2016, 18:16
Does it make sense at all to say "culture history ..... uses well-known works to sketch...." ?

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Re: V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2016, 03:52
can anybody explain me academic rigor question?

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Re: V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2016, 08:45
Karanagrawal wrote:
can anybody explain me academic rigor question?


Consider the following part:
....but students of art history, far from entertaining suspicions of insufficient academic rigor due to this oversight,.........

This part states that the academic rigor is insufficient and the students do not challenge ("far from entertaining suspicions" ) this insufficient rigor.

Now read the OE.

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Re: V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36 [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2017, 11:01
I don't get how this option "The book review section of a magazine" is justified. The book review section of a magazine should directly address the book in question, not by starting vaguely such as "A recent cultural history of the art and architecture of the European Baroque Period,..........".
Just my opinion. I initially marked this option. But after going back to the passage and looking at the first sentence, I changed my mind.
Pleasehelp me understand!

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Re: V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36 [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2017, 21:17
sangarajubharadwaj wrote:
I don't get how this option "The book review section of a magazine" is justified. The book review section of a magazine should directly address the book in question, not by starting vaguely such as "A recent cultural history of the art and architecture of the European Baroque Period,..........".
Just my opinion. I initially marked this option. But after going back to the passage and looking at the first sentence, I changed my mind.
Pleasehelp me understand!


The opening line is not vague - in fact it clearly describes that the book is about "recent cultural history". Moreover the first line of the second paragraph confirms that the passage is indeed a book review.

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Re: V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2017, 22:31
students of art history, far from entertaining suspicions of insufficient academic rigor due to this oversight

I thought that this statement means that students of art history do not doubt the the insufficient academic rigor due to oversight.
But the answer states that students may accuse the author of the passage of insufficient academic rigor for failing to challenge the customary list of Baroque characteristics.

I am afraid I don't understand how the answer is right. Could anyone please explain?

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Re: V01-33, V01-34, V01-35, V01-36   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2017, 22:31
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