GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Mar 2019, 08:34

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Verb-ing modifier – Clause modifier or Noun modifier???

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2828
Verb-ing modifier – Clause modifier or Noun modifier???  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2016, 03:03
2
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (00:48) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 17 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Verb-ing modifierClause modifier or Noun modifier???

Let’s take a look at a modified version of an official sentence. Read the following sentences and analyse which one of these sentences presents a logical meaning. Present your analysis of the same.

    1. In the past several years, astronomers have detected more than 80 massive planets, circling other stars.
    2. In the past several years, astronomers have detected more than 80 massive planets circling other stars.

_________________








Register for free live sessions
Sentence Correction: Get 4 free video lessons, 50 practice questions | Critical Reasoning workshop: Get 4 free video lessons, 40 practice questions
Reading Comprehension: Get 2 free video lessons and 2 free eBooks | Free Strategy Session: Key strategy to score 760

Success Stories
V27 to V42 | V28 to V48 | V25 to V38 | More Success Stories

Ace GMAT
GMAT Strategies Megathread | Ability Quizzes | Tips from V40+ scorers | Guide to getting into HBS

Must Read Articles
Sentence Correction: Foundations: GMAT Grammar | Parallelism markers | Imperfect parallelism | Parallelism: Grammar vs Logic |
Noun Modifiers (1) | Noun Modifiers (2) | Verb-ing Modifiers (1) | Verb-ing Modifiers (2) | Verb-ed Modifiers | Verb-ing vs Verb-ed Modifiers
Critical Reasoning: Prethinking Assumptions | Prethinking Quantitative arguments | Negation techniques | Inference vs Assumption | Boldface questions
Reading Comprehension: Paragraph summary | Main Point practice questions

Important Verbal Techniques
Timing Strategies | Reading long sentences | How the GMAT distorts meaning | Pitfalls to avoid


| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Most Helpful Expert Reply
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2828
Re: Verb-ing modifier – Clause modifier or Noun modifier???  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2016, 22:33
2
4
Let’s look at the meaning conveyed by these sentences and critically analyse which one of these sentences presents a logical meaning.

    1. In the past several years, astronomers have detected more than 80 massive planets, circling other stars.

In the first sentence, the verb-ing modifier "circling ...." is preceded by a comma, and hence it ends up modifying the action in the preceding clause. However, the modifier "circling ..." doesn’t makes sense with the action/subject of the preceding clause as this modifier doesn’t present the how aspect or result of the action in the preceding clause. It doesn't make sense to say that astronomers have detected planets by circling other planets or to say that the action of astronomers detecting planets has led to circling other stars. Hence, it is clear that the modifier is not supposed to modify the action in the preceding clause.

    2. In the past several years, astronomers have detected more than 80 massive planets circling other stars.

In the second sentence, the verb-ing modifier "circling ...." is not preceded by a comma, and hence it ends up modifying the nearest noun entity "80 massive planets". This construction is correct as the verb-ing modifier now correctly modifies "80 massive planets", conveying the meaning that 80 massive planets circle other stars.

So, per the context set-up by the sentence it is clear that the verb-ing modifier "circling" should modify "80 massive planets" and not the entire clause. This sentence is a good illustration of how the usage of verb-ing modifier is driven by the context set by the sentence.
_________________








Register for free live sessions
Sentence Correction: Get 4 free video lessons, 50 practice questions | Critical Reasoning workshop: Get 4 free video lessons, 40 practice questions
Reading Comprehension: Get 2 free video lessons and 2 free eBooks | Free Strategy Session: Key strategy to score 760

Success Stories
V27 to V42 | V28 to V48 | V25 to V38 | More Success Stories

Ace GMAT
GMAT Strategies Megathread | Ability Quizzes | Tips from V40+ scorers | Guide to getting into HBS

Must Read Articles
Sentence Correction: Foundations: GMAT Grammar | Parallelism markers | Imperfect parallelism | Parallelism: Grammar vs Logic |
Noun Modifiers (1) | Noun Modifiers (2) | Verb-ing Modifiers (1) | Verb-ing Modifiers (2) | Verb-ed Modifiers | Verb-ing vs Verb-ed Modifiers
Critical Reasoning: Prethinking Assumptions | Prethinking Quantitative arguments | Negation techniques | Inference vs Assumption | Boldface questions
Reading Comprehension: Paragraph summary | Main Point practice questions

Important Verbal Techniques
Timing Strategies | Reading long sentences | How the GMAT distorts meaning | Pitfalls to avoid


| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 15 Jun 2016
Posts: 5
Re: Verb-ing modifier – Clause modifier or Noun modifier???  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2016, 03:14
egmat wrote:
Verb-ing modifierClause modifier or Noun modifier???

Let’s take a look at a modified version of an official sentence. Read the following sentences and analyse which one of these sentences presents a logical meaning. Present your analysis of the same.

    1. In the past several years, astronomers have detected more than 80 massive planets, circling other stars.

    2. In the past several years, astronomers have detected more than 80 massive planets circling other stars.

statement 1 says astronomers have detected massive planets by circling other stars.
statement 2 says planets are circling other stars ( which is correct )
Current Student
User avatar
B
Status: It`s Just a pirates life !
Joined: 21 Mar 2014
Posts: 230
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V36
GPA: 4
WE: Consulting (Manufacturing)
Reviews Badge
Re: Verb-ing modifier – Clause modifier or Noun modifier???  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2016, 03:20
egmat wrote:
Verb-ing modifierClause modifier or Noun modifier???

Let’s take a look at a modified version of an official sentence. Read the following sentences and analyse which one of these sentences presents a logical meaning. Present your analysis of the same.

    1. In the past several years, astronomers have detected more than 80 massive planets, circling other stars.
    2. In the past several years, astronomers have detected more than 80 massive planets circling other stars.


Statement 1: Basically circling here modifies the entire clause "astronomers have detected + Circling" - Meaning issues
Statement 2: Basically circling here modifies planets and there is no ambiguity in this.

Cheers
Balaji
_________________

Aiming for a 3 digit number with 7 as hundredths Digit

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3706
Premium Member
Re: Verb-ing modifier – Clause modifier or Noun modifier???  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2018, 10:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Verb-ing modifier – Clause modifier or Noun modifier???   [#permalink] 28 Sep 2018, 10:28
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Verb-ing modifier – Clause modifier or Noun modifier???

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.