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When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a

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When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2019, 01:30
1
19
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients.

(A) at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients
(B) at being a preventive against catastrophic illness financially destroying elderly patients
(C) at preventing a catastrophic illness from financially destroying the elderly patient
(D) to prevent a catastrophic illness financially destroying an elderly patient
(E) to prevent elderly patients being financially destroyed by a catastrophic illness


SC49561.01

https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1983/01/30/192677.html?pageNumber=382

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Annotation 2019-09-21 162751.jpg
Annotation 2019-09-21 162751.jpg [ 51.24 KiB | Viewed 4075 times ]

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New post 21 Sep 2019, 02:02
When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients.

I go with C.
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New post 21 Sep 2019, 07:31
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When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients.

(A) at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients
(B) at being a preventive against catastrophic illness financially destroying elderly patients
(C) at preventing a catastrophic illness from financially destroying the elderly patient
(D) to prevent a catastrophic illness financially destroying an elderly patient
(E) to prevent elderly patients being financially destroyed by a catastrophic illness

The entry into the topic is through the split between the singular patient and the plural patients. Nobody will enact a law for the sake of a single patient or the patient. Therefore, let's drop C and D.

In B and E, the use of the word 'being' used as modifier renders them wrong.

Particularly the use of 'to prevent' will be redundant in D and E because, we already have 'aimed at" as a purpose marker.

A remains as the correct choice.

Particularly the use of 'to prevent' will be redundant in D and E because, we already have 'aimed at" as a purpose marker.
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New post 21 Sep 2019, 07:40
I have my doubts, but I will still try.

D and E can be outrightly eliminated for using improper meaning. Aimed to eliminate the patient.


B uses being improperly.

Between A &C, C uses the elderly patient(specific one). Whereas the sentence isn't talking about anyone specific.

A uses the noun form of preventing instead of verb form. Which isn't appreciated on GMAT.

Between the two bads, a can be more tolerated than C

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 04:29
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hazelnut wrote:
When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients.

(A) at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients
(B) at being a preventive against catastrophic illness financially destroying elderly patients
(C) at preventing a catastrophic illness from financially destroying the elderly patient
(D) to prevent a catastrophic illness financially destroying an elderly patient
(E) to prevent elderly patients being financially destroyed by a catastrophic illness


SC49561.01



Official Explanation

Verb Form; Diction

Two issues can be identified here: first, we must determine what form follows the phrase it was aimed, used to describe a goal or intended purpose; second, we must determine what preposition (if any) connects prevent or its cognates with the thing that is actually prevented.

A. This choice uses the idiomatically correct was aimed at. However, the word prevention incorrectly takes both the preposition of and the preposition from; this makes the sentence awkward and ambiguous. Furthermore, using the noun prevention makes the sentence wordier than choices using some form of the verb to prevent.

B. This choice uses the idiomatically correct was aimed at. However, using the noun a preventative makes the sentence wordier than cases using some form of the verb to prevent.

C. Correct. The phrase at preventing is correct in context: it describes Medicare's intended purpose. Furthermore, the preposition from correctly indicates a consequence that has been prevented.

D. This choice uses the idiomatically incorrect was aimed to. Furthermore, it fails to use the idiomatically correct prevent from.

E. This choice uses the idiomatically incorrect was aimed to. Furthermore, it fails to use the idiomatically correct prevent from.

The correct answer is C.
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When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2019, 17:03
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Really tough question!



hazelnut wrote:
(A)When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients.


"aimed at the prevention of x from destroying y" is awkward and difficult to understand.

hazelnut wrote:
(B) When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at being a preventive against catastrophic illness financially destroying elderly patients.


"aimed at being a preventative" is incorrect. The use of the article 'a' indicates that a noun is coming. "preventative" can be used as an adjective or a noun.

If we were to use "preventative" as a noun, I believe "preventative against" is idiomatically incorrect. I believe we would need "preventative for." I'm certainly open to feedback on this one. The OE just eliminated this option because of 'wordiness'... :problem:

hazelnut wrote:
(C) When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at preventing a catastrophic illness from financially destroying the elderly patient.


I see no problems here

The tricky part is the singular noun 'the elderly patient.' I could see how many folks would think *That doesn't make any sense! Medicare wasn't enacted for a single elderly patient!*

I hear you, but this is another strange style/usage thing that we use in everyday speech. I'll write a few examples below:

"Growing up in a lower class household, Mike votes for city officials that advocate for the poor man."

"Mike began his Duke basketball fan-hood by watching players like JJ Redick, who in his thirteenth season in the NBA, has always been relatively unathletic compared to his peers. JJ is an inspiration to the kid who can't jump very high or move very quickly."

hazelnut wrote:
(D) When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed to prevent a catastrophic illness financially destroying an elderly patient.


1. We do not need the infinitive "to prevent" after the simple past tense 'aimed'. Verb Tense Error

2. We are missing the word 'from' in-between 'illness' and 'financially'.

hazelnut wrote:
(E) When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed to prevent elderly patients being financially destroyed by a catastrophic illness.


Verb Tense Error and Meaning Error

Think about it. When medicare was enacted in 1965 (the past), it was aimed to prevent elderly patients being financially destroyed.

This is missing the word 'from' before 'being.' Medicare wasn't aimed to prevent elderly patients that are financially destroyed. It was aimed to prevent elderly patients from getting financially destroyed.

Bonus Content :)

If I were to write this sentence, I would do it as so:

MikeScarn wrote:
When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was intended to prevent catastrophic illnesses from financially destroying elderly patients.

Wouldn't that be easier ;)
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Re: When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2019, 07:28
Quote:
When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients.


(A) at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients
“Aimed at VERB-in” is the only correct idiom. Out.

(B) at being a preventive against catastrophic illness financially destroying elderly patients
Being – redundancy.

(C) at preventing a catastrophic illness from financially destroying the elderly patient
Seems ok.

(D) to prevent a catastrophic illness financially destroying an elderly patient
Aimed to – unidiomatic. Out.

(E) to prevent elderly patients being financially destroyed by a catastrophic illness
Aimed to – unidiomatic. Out.
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Re: When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2019, 01:33
Please Experts,suggest me from where should I learn idioms that are frequently tested in GMAT ? Thanks ☺

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Re: When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2019, 08:06
hazelnut wrote:
When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients.

(A) at the prevention of a catastrophic illness from financially destroying elderly patients
(B) at being a preventive against catastrophic illness financially destroying elderly patients
(C) at preventing a catastrophic illness from financially destroying the elderly patient
(D) to prevent a catastrophic illness financially destroying an elderly patient
(E) to prevent elderly patients being financially destroyed by a catastrophic illness


SC49561.01



Imo C

One of the best question for redundancy. D and E are out because of to prevent. We already have aimed to show the intent. So drop D and E
B being is used incorrectly also correct verb form is not used it has to be prevent or prevention
A prevention is a noun but we actually need an action verb so drop A

C is our choice
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Re: When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2019, 14:23
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shaonkarim wrote:
Please Experts,suggest me from where should I learn idioms that are frequently tested in GMAT ? Thanks ☺

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Hi shaonkarim

Three things come to my mind:

1) a very concise list of "the most common idioms" by Magoosh:
http://magoosh.resources.s3.amazonaws.c ... Idioms.pdf

2) a great guide by GMATNinja who, in some way, busts myths to learn all 25,000 idioms:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... 41848.html

3) another one, very reputable ManhattanPrep Sentence Correction Guide (they have a special section for Idioms and Odd/Ends)
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Re: When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2019, 02:13
DealMakerOne wrote:
shaonkarim wrote:
Please Experts,suggest me from where should I learn idioms that are frequently tested in GMAT ? Thanks ☺

Posted from my mobile device


Hi shaonkarim

Three things come to my mind:

1) a very concise list of "the most common idioms" by Magoosh:
http://magoosh.resources.s3.amazonaws.c ... Idioms.pdf

2) a great guide by GMATNinja who, in some way, busts myths to learn all 25,000 idioms:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... 41848.html

3) another one, very reputable ManhattanPrep Sentence Correction Guide (they have a special section for Idioms and Odd/Ends)

Thank you very much!
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Re: When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2019, 09:06
egmat please explain this question. I didn't get why options D and E are wrong?
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Re: When Medicare was enacted in 1965, it was aimed at the prevention of a   [#permalink] 26 Nov 2019, 09:06
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