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With surface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degrees Fahrenheit, J

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Director
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Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 598
Re: With surface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degrees Fahrenheit, J  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2019, 01:36
[quote="ykaiim"]With surface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degrees Fahrenheit, Jupiter's moon Europa has long been considered far too cold to support life, and with 60 square miles of water thought to be frozen from top to bottom.


(A) Europa has long been considered far too cold to support life, and with

(B) Europa has long been considered far too cold to support life, its

(C) Europa has long been considered as far too cold to support life and has

(D) Europa, long considered as far too cold to support life, and its

(E) Europa, long considered to be far too cold to support life, and to have

look at choice C.

"as" is wrong in choice C. this is easy.
the second thing is meaning problem

with suface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degree ,
the moon has been considered as too cold and
the second part is
with suface temperature estimated at minus 230 degree
the moon has 60 mile of water thought to be frozen from top to bottom.

the second part is not good.
a sentence is not logic if one phrase in the sentence is not logic.
"with surface temperature estimated at minus 230 degree, the moon has 60 mile of water".
this phrase is not logic. we do not read "thought to be...."

why this phrase is not logic. meaning is distorted. this case is typical on gmat. consider following example

Stock levels for domestic crude oil are far lower than in past years, leaving domestic oil prices vulnerable to any hints of oil supplies being disrupted in the Middle East or to any unexpected consumer demand growth possibly prompted by colder-than-normal temperatures.


A. leaving domestic oil prices vulnerable to any hints of oil supplies being disrupted in the Middle East or to any unexpected consumer demand growth possibly

B. leaving domestic oil prices vulnerable to any hints of oil supply disruptions in the Middle East or any unexpected growth in consumer demand that might be

C. leaving domestic oil prices vulnerable to any hints of oil supplies that are disrupted in the Middle East or to any unexpected growth in consumer demand as was possibly

D. resulting in the fact that domestic oil prices are vulnerable to any hints of oil supplies being disrupted in the Middle East or to any unexpected consumer demand growth possibly

E. resulting in the fact of domestic oil prices that are vulnerable to any hints of oil supply disruptions in the Middle East or to any unexpected growth in consumer demand that might be


in above problem "hint of oil supply disruption" which is correct , is changed into "hint of oil supply that are disrupted" which is incorrect.
our case is similar . we can not write " with surface temperature estimated at 230 minus degree, the moon has 60 squre meter" . this is not logic

gmat normaly change the noun modifier to make illogic combination. consider
theory that the mar is good for living thing is tested by scientist.
gmat change it into
the theory of the mar which is good for living thing is tested by scientist.
this is wrong because "the theory of the mar" make no sense.

to realize this mistake. we separate the phrase from the whole sentence and see weather the phrase is logic. we do not read the whole sentence. this job is hard. in fact, when gmat changes noun modifier, gmat make a distorted meaning and we have to realize the distorted meaning.

remember, if one phrase is not good, the whole sentence is not good. and try to separate the relevant phrase.
Director
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Re: With surface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degrees Fahrenheit, J  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2019, 01:43
thangvietnam wrote:
ykaiim wrote:
With surface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degrees Fahrenheit, Jupiter's moon Europa has long been considered far too cold to support life, and with 60 square miles of water thought to be frozen from top to bottom.


(A) Europa has long been considered far too cold to support life, and with

(B) Europa has long been considered far too cold to support life, its

(C) Europa has long been considered as far too cold to support life and has

(D) Europa, long considered as far too cold to support life, and its

(E) Europa, long considered to be far too cold to support life, and to have

look at choice C.

"as" is wrong in choice C. this is easy.
the second thing is meaning problem

with suface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degree ,
the moon has been considered as too cold and
the second part is
with suface temperature estimated at minus 230 degree
the moon has 60 mile of water thought to be frozen from top to bottom.

the second part is not good.
a sentence is not logic if one phrase in the sentence is not logic.
"with surface temperature estimated at minus 230 degree, the moon has 60 mile of water".
this phrase is not logic. we do not read "thought to be...."

why this phrase is not logic. meaning is distorted. this case is typical on gmat. consider following example

Stock levels for domestic crude oil are far lower than in past years, leaving domestic oil prices vulnerable to any hints of oil supplies being disrupted in the Middle East or to any unexpected consumer demand growth possibly prompted by colder-than-normal temperatures.


A. leaving domestic oil prices vulnerable to any hints of oil supplies being disrupted in the Middle East or to any unexpected consumer demand growth possibly

B. leaving domestic oil prices vulnerable to any hints of oil supply disruptions in the Middle East or any unexpected growth in consumer demand that might be

C. leaving domestic oil prices vulnerable to any hints of oil supplies that are disrupted in the Middle East or to any unexpected growth in consumer demand as was possibly

D. resulting in the fact that domestic oil prices are vulnerable to any hints of oil supplies being disrupted in the Middle East or to any unexpected consumer demand growth possibly

E. resulting in the fact of domestic oil prices that are vulnerable to any hints of oil supply disruptions in the Middle East or to any unexpected growth in consumer demand that might be


in above problem "hint of oil supply disruption" which is correct , is changed into "hint of oil supply that are disrupted" which is incorrect.
our case is similar . we can not write " with surface temperature estimated at 230 minus degree, the moon has 60 squre meter" . this is not logic

gmat normaly change the noun modifier to make illogic combination. consider
theory that the mar is good for living thing is tested by scientist.
gmat change it into
the theory of the mar which is good for living thing is tested by scientist.
this is wrong because "the theory of the mar" make no sense.

to realize this mistake. we separate the phrase from the whole sentence and see weather the phrase is logic. we do not read the whole sentence. this job is hard. in fact, when gmat changes noun modifier, gmat make a distorted meaning and we have to realize the distorted meaning.

remember, if one phrase is not good, the whole sentence is not good. and try to separate the relevant phrase.


the second part of our problem is correct if it is

with the moon's surface temperature estimated at 230 minus degree, the moon's water is thought to be frozen from top to bottom (with the moon...is absolute phrase, not adjective phrase)

this is correct and meaning is not distorted.

very hard meaning analysis.
Director
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Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 598
Re: With surface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degrees Fahrenheit, J  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2019, 00:43
[quote="ykaiim"]With surface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degrees Fahrenheit, Jupiter's moon Europa has long been considered far too cold to support life, and with 60 square miles of water thought to be frozen from top to bottom.


(A) Europa has long been considered far too cold to support life, and with

(B) Europa has long been considered far too cold to support life, its

(C) Europa has long been considered as far too cold to support life and has

(D) Europa, long considered as far too cold to support life, and its

(E) Europa, long considered to be far too cold to support life, and to have

'and" on gmat can present a logic mistake
in choice C, the following combination is not logic

with surface temperature..., Europa has

it is good that "with surface..." can work as adverb to modify " Europa has long been...". but it is not good that "with surface..." can modify " Europa has...".
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Joined: 01 Mar 2015
Posts: 29
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Re: With surface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degrees Fahrenheit, J  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2019, 03:03
Option B fits the bill well, as other options show incorrect usage of 'considered'.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: With surface temperatures estimated at minus 230 degrees Fahrenheit, J   [#permalink] 22 Mar 2019, 03:03

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