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2 Questions from MGMAT Foundations of Verbal

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2 Questions from MGMAT Foundations of Verbal  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 01:46
Hi, Guys! Thanks for constant advice. I have two questions please:

1. Why in this sentence considered correct by MGMAT? IMO "make" should actually be "makes":

The editor of the newspaper would later make his reputation as a union firebrand


2. Why is this sentence considered correct by MGMAT exercise? IMO we shouldn't have the "that" in this sentence. IMO, when we take out the prepositional phrases (underlined) the sentence becomes: "A company that specializes, to be able to ascertain numerous truths" which sounds awkward, but if we take off "that" it sounds fine IMO: "A company specializes, to be able to ascertain numerous truths"

A company that specializes in the analysis of body language purports, from a one-minute video of a person's speech, to be able to ascertain numerous truths about the person


Best! Thanks on helping with my foundations
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Re: 2 Questions from MGMAT Foundations of Verbal  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 10:29
1
Hi sweetlyimproved
sweetlyimproved wrote:
1. Why in this sentence considered correct by MGMAT? IMO "make" should actually be "makes":
The editor of the newspaper would later make his reputation as a union firebrand


"Would" is a modal verb, and the verb following it must be in the infinitive form.
"The editor would make" is correct, not "the editor would makes"
"later" is just an adverb, so don't get confused

other modal verbs include: must, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, and might.

sweetlyimproved wrote:
2. Why is this sentence considered correct by MGMAT exercise? IMO we shouldn't have the "that" in this sentence. IMO, when we take out the prepositional phrases (underlined) the sentence becomes: "A company that specializes, to be able to ascertain numerous truths" which sounds awkward, but if we take off "that" it sounds fine IMO: "A company specializes, to be able to ascertain numerous truths"

A company that specializes in the analysis of body language purports, from a one-minute video of a person's speech, to be able to ascertain numerous truths about the person


lets find the subject and the verb of the sentence, and it will be clearer.
the subject is "Company"
the verb is "purports" and this verb needs a proposition "to"

if we remove the modifiers and focus only on the main construct of the clause, it will be:
A companythat specializes in the analysis of body language purports, from a one-minute video of a person's speech, to be able to ascertain numerous truths about the person

A company purports to be able to ascertain truths

what is the role of the other parts? the role is to add more meaning and definition (called modifiers):
"that specializes in the analysis of body language" ----> answers the question: which company we are talking about?
"from a one-minute video of a person's speech" ----> answer the question: how the analysis is done?
"numerous" and "about the person" ---> answers more details about "truths"

If you are building your fundamentals, I recommend you watch this playlist and try to write down notes of what you learn from it:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-S-JhQYmqE&list=PLl_SEUnzNDIqMKDuyl4OJdesS1MzdxDTV

this playlist is not everything, but a good start (in my opinion)
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Re: 2 Questions from MGMAT Foundations of Verbal  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2019, 03:48
Mahmoudfawzy83 wrote:
Hi sweetlyimproved
sweetlyimproved wrote:
1. Why in this sentence considered correct by MGMAT? IMO "make" should actually be "makes":
The editor of the newspaper would later make his reputation as a union firebrand


"Would" is a modal verb, and the verb following it must be in the infinitive form.
"The editor would make" is correct, not "the editor would makes"
"later" is just an adverb, so don't get confused

other modal verbs include: must, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, and might.

sweetlyimproved wrote:
2. Why is this sentence considered correct by MGMAT exercise? IMO we shouldn't have the "that" in this sentence. IMO, when we take out the prepositional phrases (underlined) the sentence becomes: "A company that specializes, to be able to ascertain numerous truths" which sounds awkward, but if we take off "that" it sounds fine IMO: "A company specializes, to be able to ascertain numerous truths"

A company that specializes in the analysis of body language purports, from a one-minute video of a person's speech, to be able to ascertain numerous truths about the person


lets find the subject and the verb of the sentence, and it will be clearer.
the subject is "Company"
the verb is "purports" and this verb needs a proposition "to"

if we remove the modifiers and focus only on the main construct of the clause, it will be:
A companythat specializes in the analysis of body language purports, from a one-minute video of a person's speech, to be able to ascertain numerous truths about the person

A company purports to be able to ascertain truths

what is the role of the other parts? the role is to add more meaning and definition (called modifiers):
"that specializes in the analysis of body language" ----> answers the question: which company we are talking about?
"from a one-minute video of a person's speech" ----> answer the question: how the analysis is done?
"numerous" and "about the person" ---> answers more details about "truths"

If you are building your fundamentals, I recommend you watch this playlist and try to write down notes of what you learn from it:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-S-JhQYmqE&list=PLl_SEUnzNDIqMKDuyl4OJdesS1MzdxDTV

this playlist is not everything, but a good start (in my opinion)

Amazing! 100% Clear. Thank you
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Re: 2 Questions from MGMAT Foundations of Verbal  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 10:57
sweetlyimproved wrote:
Hi, Guys! Thanks for constant advice. I have two questions please:

1. Why in this sentence considered correct by MGMAT? IMO "make" should actually be "makes":

The editor of the newspaper would later make his reputation as a union firebrand


2. Why is this sentence considered correct by MGMAT exercise? IMO we shouldn't have the "that" in this sentence. IMO, when we take out the prepositional phrases (underlined) the sentence becomes: "A company that specializes, to be able to ascertain numerous truths" which sounds awkward, but if we take off "that" it sounds fine IMO: "A company specializes, to be able to ascertain numerous truths"

A company that specializes in the analysis of body language purports, from a one-minute video of a person's speech, to be able to ascertain numerous truths about the person


Best! Thanks on helping with my foundations

Quote:
The editor of the newspaper would later make his reputation as a union firebrand.

"would" is a modal auxiliary verb. You can't use S/ES with the verb if the verb is used after modal auxiliary verb. So, this sentence is perfectly fine. And this one is the soooooo basic thing in grammar. I think, you should brush it properly.

Quote:
A company that specializes in the analysis of body language purports, from a one-minute video of a person's speech, to be able to ascertain numerous truths about the person.

It is so important to remove the unnecessary part(s) to find the core of sentence. GMAC always tries to make you confused by adding some unnecessary things.
So, what is the CORE of this sentence?
A company (that specializes in the analysis of body language) purports(, from a one-minute video of a person's speech,) to be able to ascertain numerous truths about the person.
So, the core is:
A company purports to be able to ascertain numerous truths about the person.
Note: if you want to remove any modifier, you should remove COMMA from both side of the modifier.
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Re: 2 Questions from MGMAT Foundations of Verbal   [#permalink] 10 Apr 2019, 10:57
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2 Questions from MGMAT Foundations of Verbal

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