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A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik

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A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 01:30
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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 250

A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

(A) A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

(B) A researcher claims that a tornado, if of a given size and strength, is likely both proportionately and in absolute numbers to cause more deaths in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

(C) A researcher claims that, with a tornado of a given size and strength, it is likely to cause more death, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern rather than in the northeastern region of the United States.

(D) If a tornado is of a given size and strength, a researcher claims, it is more likely, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, to cause death if it is in the southeastern region of the United States rather than in the northeastern region.

(E) Both proportionately and in absolute numbers, a researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths in the southeastern region of the United States rather than in the northeastern.

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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 03:06
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Personal Explanation:
A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

Analysis:
Meaning:
A researcher claims
that a tornado
of a given size and strength (Modifies tornado)
is likely to cause more deaths
, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, (Modifies deaths)
in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern. (Verb modifier : modifies "to cause" ;
Noun modifier: modifies "deaths")

Meaning:
Researcher claims : tornado is likely to cause deaths.

Ans: A
B. If {present a clause} THEREFORE INCORRECT
C. Idiom: MORE + THAN (NOT RATHER THAN) ; IT - no antedent
D. Idiom: MORE + THAN (NOT RATHER THAN)
E. Modifier error: Both proportionately and in absolute numbers must modify deaths

Please comment on explanation. Thanks.
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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 03:08
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(A) A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern. - I don't find any error, as of now. Keep this.

(B) A researcher claims that a tornado, ((if)) of a given size and strength, is ((likely both proportionately and in absolute numbers)) to cause more deaths in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

(C) A researcher claims that, ((with)) a tornado of a given size and strength, ((it)) is likely to cause more death, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern rather than in the northeastern region of the United States.

(D) ((If a tornado is of a given size and strength, a researcher claims,)) ((it is more likely, both proportionately and in absolute numbers,)) to cause death ((if it is in the southeastern region)) of the United States rather than in the northeastern region.

(E) ((Both proportionately and in absolute numbers, a researcher claims)) that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths in the southeastern region of the United States rather than in the northeastern.

B, C, D and E change the meaning of the sentence.

Hence, A is the best.


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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2018, 14:39
A tip: For those who struggle to choose between A and B (because of tiny modifiers replacement): get rid of modifiers between commas. In this case option B loses the meaning. Hence A is correct.
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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2018, 03:38
both proportionately and in absolute numbers. Can anyone please tell how proportionately (being an adverb) is parallel with
in absolute numbers (Prep. phrase) in Correct answer. ?
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A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2018, 05:57
kunal20 wrote:
both proportionately and in absolute numbers. Can anyone please tell how proportionately (being an adverb) is parallel with
in absolute numbers (Prep. phrase) in Correct answer. ?


Because [in absolute numbers] modifies verbal construction [is likely to cause], it [in absolute numbers] is adverbal phrase and can be parallel to adverb [proportionately]
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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 06:34
A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

(A) A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern. CORRECT, both proportionately and in absolute numbers modifies deaths and of a given size and strength modifies tornado

(B) A researcher claims that a tornado, if of a given size and strength, is likely both proportionately and in absolute numbers to cause more deaths in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.INCORRECT as usage of if which is a clause is incorrect here . "Likely both proportionately and in absolute numbers" is an awkward construction

(C) A researcher claims that, with a tornado of a given size and strength, it is likely to cause more death, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern rather than in the northeastern region of the United States.INCORRECT, as it has no clear antecedent. Also RATHER THAN is used instead of more than. There is a meaning error too

(D) If a tornado is of a given size and strength, a researcher claims, it is more likely, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, to cause death if it is in the southeastern region of the United States rather than in the northeastern region. - INCORRECT, Usage of rather than. Also it does not have clear referent. Additionally there is a meaning change too

(E) Both proportionately and in absolute numbers, a researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths in the southeastern region of the United States rather than in the northeastern. - INCORRECT, Use of RATHER THAN is incorrect.Also there is a meaning change. Modifier Issue is also there as both proportionately and in absolute numbers are misplaced in the beginning of the sentence.
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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2019, 06:43
Can someone explain why the usage of "If" is wrong in choice B?
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A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Jan 2019, 08:37
Can someone explain to me why "both proportionately and in absolute numbers" is correct. I went through all the answer choices and can see that it has been used everywhere so it must be right. I just want to understand how? I mean proportionately is a verb and in absolute numbers is a prepositional phrase then how are they parallel to each other?

GMATNinja: Since it is a OG question I hope you will clear the doubt :P

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Originally posted by rraman on 25 Jan 2019, 04:34.
Last edited by rraman on 30 Jan 2019, 08:37, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2019, 03:32
aalakshaya wrote:
Can someone explain why the usage of "If" is wrong in choice B?


If presents a clause here hence it is incorrect
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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2019, 11:55
(A) A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

In the above option "Than" is used for comparison ,and comparison is always between two logical things.But here the southeastern region is compared to Northeastern.
Isn't it necessary that "Region" should be followed by Northeastern?
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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2019, 13:51
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rraman wrote:
Can someone explain to me why "both proportionately and in absolute numbers" is correct. I went through all the answer choices and can see that it has been used everywhere so it must be right. I just want to understand how? I mean proportionately is a verb and in absolute numbers is a prepositional phrase then how are they parallel to each other?

GMATNinja: Since it is a OG question I hope you will clear the doubt :P

Excellent question! As others have pointed out in this thread, proper parallelism doesn't mean you have two items that look the same -- it means you have two items that play the same grammatical (and logical) role.

Typically, when a prepositional phrase (such as "in absolute numbers") follows a clause, it will function as an adverb, describing the previous action. For example, "Natalie stabbed her baby sister with a stuffed unicorn horn." What did Natalie use to stab her sister? A stuffed unicorn horn. Similarly, an "-ly" word will also function as an adverb describing an action. "Natalie stabbed her baby sister gently." How did Natalie stab her sister? Gently. (Unfortunately, toddlers rarely stab their sisters gently. Don't ask me why I know that.)

Take another look at the OA: "A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern." Now we have a prepositional phrase and an "-ly" word and both are adverbs describing the previous action. So both of those phrases give us information about how many deaths the tornado caused. They may not look identical, but they're performing the same function, and so they're grammatically parallel.

I hope that helps!
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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2019, 14:14
Smitc007 wrote:
(A) A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is likely to cause more deaths, both proportionately and in absolute numbers, in the southeastern region of the United States than in the northeastern.

In the above option "Than" is used for comparison ,and comparison is always between two logical things.But here the southeastern region is compared to Northeastern.
Isn't it necessary that "Region" should be followed by Northeastern?

In situations like these, you'll want to ask yourself whether removing the word "region" from the second part of the phrase causes any real problems. Here are some stripped-down versions of the sentence:

    1. A tornado causes more deaths in the southeastern region than in the northeastern region.
    2. A tornado causes more deaths in the southeastern region than in the northeastern.

Are these two sentences meaningfully different? Is there any confusion about what the word "northeastern" is referring to? I would argue that the answer to both of these questions is "no." The sentence is perfectly fine, either way. And as we look through all five answer choices, there are far more important issues than this one.

I hope this helps!
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Re: A researcher claims that a tornado of a given size and strength is lik   [#permalink] 06 Feb 2019, 14:14
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