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After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue

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New post Updated on: 16 Dec 2017, 23:21
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After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue to stabilize its troubled economy, officials reached a revised agreement with the International Monetary Fund, pledging the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent.

(A) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent

(B) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and keeping inflation below the ten percent figure

(C) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent

(D) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than that which was originally promised and keeping inflation less than the ten percent figure

(E) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation less than ten percent

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Originally posted by vandyke1234 on 23 Apr 2016, 05:52.
Last edited by hazelnut on 16 Dec 2017, 23:21, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2017, 10:17
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After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue to stabilize its troubled economy, officials reached a revised agreement with the International Monetary Fund, pledging the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent.

Issues: Parallelism | Comparison

Analysis:
1. The underlined part of the sentence has 2 clauses that are the pledges officials have taken. The clauses should be kept parallel i.e. "to enforce... and to keep..."
2. In the clause for first pledge, there is a comparison i.e. enforce greater discipline as compared to the one that was original promised. Hence, we need to use the correct comparison marker "than" and compare the same objects i.e. "... greater budget discipline than originally promised... "


I have highlighted the errors below:

(A) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent
- The clauses are not parallel "the enforcement of" and "to keep"
- Incorrect comparison marker


(B) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and keeping inflation below the ten percent figure
- The clauses are not parallel "the enforcement of" and "keeping"

(C) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent

(D) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than that which was originally promised and keeping inflation less than the ten percent figure
- incorrect comparison construction

(E) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation less than ten percent
- incorrect comparison construction

Answer: (C)
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 05:56
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Samcom wrote:
After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue to stabilize its troubled economy, officials reached a revised agreement with the International
Monetary Fund, pledging the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent.

(A) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent

(B) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and keeping inflation below the ten percent figure

(C) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent

(D) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than that which was originally promised and keeping inflation less than the ten percent figure

(E) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation less than ten percent


Two flaws..
1) THAT WHICH is unidiomatic A,D and E are out
2) the modifier starts with pledging and then has two parallel activities -- to enforce and to keep..

Only C follows both
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 06:06
chetan2u wrote:
Samcom wrote:
After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue to stabilize its troubled economy, officials reached a revised agreement with the International
Monetary Fund, pledging the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent.

(A) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent

(B) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and keeping inflation below the ten percent figure

(C) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent

(D) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than that which was originally promised and keeping inflation less than the ten percent figure

(E) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation less than ten percent


Two flaws..
1) THAT WHICH is unidiomatic A,D and E are out
2) the modifier starts with pledging and then has two parallel activities -- to enforce and to keep..

Only C follows both


Thanks Chetan, i was confused between B and C, i chose B , taking "pledging the enforcement" and "keeping inflation" as parallel
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 06:11
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Samcom wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
Samcom wrote:
After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue to stabilize its troubled economy, officials reached a revised agreement with the International
Monetary Fund, pledging the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent.

(A) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent

(B) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and keeping inflation below the ten percent figure

(C) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent

(D) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than that which was originally promised and keeping inflation less than the ten percent figure

(E) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation less than ten percent


Two flaws..
1) THAT WHICH is unidiomatic A,D and E are out
2) the modifier starts with pledging and then has two parallel activities -- to enforce and to keep..

Only C follows both


Thanks Chetan, i was confused between B and C, i chose B , taking "pledging the enforcement" and "keeping inflation" as parallel


If you take pledging and keeping PARALLEL, then lets see the role these words play..
Both are VERB+ing modifier and should modify the previous clause..
yes pledging.. is OK but..

After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue to stabilize its troubled economy, officials reached a revised agreement with the International Monetary Fund, keeping inflation below ten percent...
highlighted portion does not play a role of modifier here
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New post 23 Apr 2016, 06:22
:? i missed on that one, was kind of focused on making wrong entities parallel.
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2017, 21:55
Could someone explain the split between below and less than?
When should we go for below and when should we go for less than?
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 09:14
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I was initially confused between "B" and "C" - C is correct.
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 04:09
Hi experts,
I picked up C,
but I am not sure about the comparison, check answer choice C
(C) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent
Can I think of that "budget discipline" is omitted between "than" and "originally promised", and "originally promised" modifies "budget discipline".

Please check whether I am right?
thanks a lot
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2017, 04:05
chetan2u wrote:
Samcom wrote:
chetan2u wrote:

Thanks Chetan, i was confused between B and C, i chose B , taking "pledging the enforcement" and "keeping inflation" as parallel


If you take pledging and keeping PARALLEL, then lets see the role these words play..
Both are VERB+ing modifier and should modify the previous clause..
yes pledging.. is OK but..

After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue to stabilize its troubled economy, officials reached a revised agreement with the International Monetary Fund, keeping inflation below ten percent...
highlighted portion does not play a role of modifier here


Hi chetan2u,

I haven't understood your explanation why "keeping inflation below ten percent" does not play a role of modifer here. The event: "officials reached a revised .... IMF" can lead to keep inflation below 10%.

Please kindly explain. Thanks.
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 07:41
After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue to stabilize its troubled economy, officials reached a revised agreement with the International Monetary Fund, pledging the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent.

(A) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent-- parallelism issue - the enforcement and to keep ; that which is incorrect; greater .. as is incorrect idiom

(B) the enforcement of substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and keeping inflation below the ten percent figure -parallelism issue - the enforcement and keeping

(C) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than originally promised and to keep inflation below ten percent -- Correct

(D) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline than that which was originally promised and keeping inflation less than the ten percent figure -- that which is incorrect ; parallelism issue - to enforce and keeping

(E) to enforce substantially greater budget discipline as that which was originally promised and to keep inflation less than ten percent -- that which is incorrect ; greater .. as is incorrect idiom


Answer C
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2018, 17:16
chetan2u wrote:
If you take pledging and keeping PARALLEL, then lets see the role these words play..
Both are VERB+ing modifier and should modify the previous clause..
yes pledging.. is OK but..

After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue to stabilize its troubled economy, officials reached a revised agreement with the International Monetary Fund, keeping inflation below ten percent...
highlighted portion does not play a role of modifier here


Hi chetan2u, I have an objection here. IMO, "keeping inflation below ten percent" is parallel with "pledging...".
So, I think the difference between choice B and C is just the addition of the word "figure" after "ten percent".

Wdyt?
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2019, 07:40
chetan2u daagh egmat

I have two doubts pertaining to this question

Should it be "Greater budget discipline" or "more budget discipline"???
I have read zillions or articles saying that greater is used for countable quantities. And we can not treat budget discipline as countable.

Is there any difference between less than 10% and below 10 Percent?

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After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2019, 10:10
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Quote:
Hi chetan2u, I have an objection here. IMO, "keeping inflation below ten percent" is parallel with "pledging..."
So, I think the difference between choice B and C is just the addition of the word "figure" after "ten percent".


Pledging and keeping need not be parallel. One may see that the pledging is an act done by the officials, while keeping is not a function done the official. Inflation is something that evolves eventually or consequent to several aspects or contexts. However, when one says both pledging and keeping as being done by the officials, the intent is altered.

The purpose of the infinitive to pledge and to keep below ten percent is to express a serious desire to rein the drifting economy under grips.

Quote:
2. Darshak wrote

chetan2u daagh egmat

I have two doubts pertaining to this question

Should it be "Greater budget discipline" or "more budget discipline"???
I have read zillions or articles saying that greater is used for countable quantities. And we cannot treat budget discipline as countable.

Is there any difference between less than 10% and below 10 Percent?


Dharshak, I am afraid your are getting into unwanted territories. Are you trying to tell GMAT that it doesn't know much? It is not a good practice even to think so. If this question appears in the hall, what would be the candidate's response? One has either to select some answer or retract from the hall.

Is it correct to think that 'greater cannot be used with non countable examples? Let us look at the following GMAT PREP questions.

1. In the sixteenth century, the push for greater precision in measuring time was not, like more recently, motivated by complicated philosophical questions about the nature of matter and the universe, but the practical matters of navigation: sailors simply needed more highly accurate timepieces in order to compute their longitude from the positions of the stars.

'Greater discipline' used in the non-underlined part. It must be a correct usage even though 'precision' is not a countable noun.

2. Soaring television costs accounted for more than half the spending in the presidential campaign of 1992, a greater proportion than it was in any previous election.

(a) a greater proportion than it was
(b) a greater proportion than
(c) a greater proportion than they have been
(d) which is greater than was so
(e) which is greater than it has been
The correct answer B uses 'greater proportion' although 'proportion' is not countable. 'Proportion' refers to the total quantum.

170. While studying the genetic makeup of corn, a new class of mutant genes was discovered by Barbara McClintock, a discovery which led to greater understanding of cell differentiation.

'Greater understanding' as used in the non-underlined part indicates that it is a correct usage and one can see that 'understanding' is not countable.
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2019, 21:46
Classic Question to answer parallelism. "To stabilize" and thus "to enforce" and "to keep"
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Re: After weeks of uncertainty about the course the country would pursue   [#permalink] 01 Jun 2019, 21:46
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