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As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticat

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As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticat  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2016, 08:42
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As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.


A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell

B. they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling

C. also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling

D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell

E. but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans and selling


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 81: Sentence Correction


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https://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/27/business/e-commerce-report-crime-soaring-cyberspace-but-many-companies-keep-it-quiet.html

CYBERCRIME, long a painful side effect of the innovations of Internet technology, is reaching new dimensions, security experts say. Spurred by a tightening economy, the increasing riches flowing through cyberspace and the relative ease of such crimes, technically skilled thieves and rank-and-file employees are stealing millions if not billions of dollars a year from businesses in the United States and abroad, according to consultants who track cybercrime.

Thieves are not just diverting cash from company bank accounts, these experts say. They are pilfering valuable information like business development strategies, new product specifications or contract bidding plans and selling the data to competitors.

''Criminal activity on the Internet is growing -- not steadily, but exponentially, both in frequency and complexity,'' said Larry Ponemon, chairman of the Ponemon Institute, an information management group and consultancy. ''Criminals are getting smarter and figuring out ways to beat the system.''
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New post 14 Jun 2016, 09:05
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shadowfax1 wrote:
As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.

A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell
B. they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling
C. also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling
D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell
E. but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans and selling

This question does not follow the idiom not only - but also. Why? And when is it acceptable to not use it? This is an OG2017 quesiton.


Hi,

It is not that But also would be wrong here, its only that the choices containing "not only ... but also" have other errors..
At times to lay more emphais, NOT ONLY is followed by a CLAUSE here .... so "but also" should have a clause..
But choices D and E are missing the SUBJECT, hence wrong..
even C does not have a subject..


A and B have "subject" but 'such as' is correctly used in A to give examples..

A
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Re: QOTD: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 08:46
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Sorry, I'm late to the party on this one!

So I've seen a lot of test-takers make mistakes on this question, usually because of overreliance on an idiom “rule” that doesn’t really exist. If you see the phrase “not only”, that does NOT automatically mean that you need to have a “but also” somewhere else in the sentence! There’s no reason why you couldn’t use the phrase “not only” by itself, as long as it makes logical sense with the context of the sentence.

Don’t get me wrong: “not… but” phrases are pretty important on the GMAT, but only because they require parallelism. Basically, whatever follows the word “not” (or “not only”) must be structurally parallel to whatever follows the word “but” (or “but also”). (Similar parallelism rules apply to both/and and either/or constructions – more on these in an upcoming Topic of the Week.)

But again, there’s nothing wrong with having “not only” without the “but also.”

Quote:
A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell

“They” jumps out at me right away, but I think it’s fine, since it refers to “thieves.” I suppose “they” could also refer to “bank accounts,” but I don’t think the pronoun is automatically wrong. Ambiguity isn’t an absolute rule (see our YouTube webinar on this pronouns for more), and “they” isn’t particularly confusing here.

The parallelism also seems OK, even if it doesn’t sound great. We have two different lists going on in (A). First, we have a pair of parallel verbs: “…they can also pilfer information… and sell data…” That seems fine. We also have a list of the types of information that thieves pilfer: “…such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans…” That’s just three parallel nouns – no problem. Keep (A).

Quote:
B. they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling

(B) is very similar to (A), except that the final “and” is followed by “selling.” And that’s a problem, because I don’t know what “selling” is parallel to: nothing in the sentence is in the same format. Logically, “selling” should be parallel to “pilfer”, but in that case, it should be “…they pilfer… and sell…”, as in answer choice (A). (B) can be eliminated.

Quote:
C. also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling

The big change here is that “pilfering” and “selling” are now “-ing” words – modifiers, in this case. (Feel free to check out our guide to “-ing” words for more on this topic.)

But that doesn’t really make any sense. “As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, pilfering valuable information…” For this to be correct, “pilfering valuable information” would have to modify “not only are thieves able to divert cash…” – and it simply doesn’t. These are completely different types of criminal activity, and the “pilfering valuable information” does not modify “diverting cash.”

Similarly, “selling” is basically hanging out on its own. I guess it’s trying to modify the previous phrase beginning with “pilfering”, but I can’t make much sense of that, either. (C) is out.

Quote:
D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell

OK, now we really do have a “not only… but also” structure, which means that we need to think about parallelism again. There’s not much wiggle-room here: whatever follows “not only” needs to be parallel to whatever follows “but also.”

So we have: “not only are thieves able to divert cash… but also pilfer valuable information…” This isn’t awful, but it doesn’t quite seem parallel to me: “not only are thieves” gives us a subject and a verb, but the “but also” is followed only by a verb.

Plus, “to sell” seems to only modify “contract bidding plans”, and that’s not quite right: the thieves are selling the strategies and specifications, too. (A) makes much more sense than (D).

Quote:
E. but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans and selling

The parallelism is much more thoroughly flawed in (E). We have: “not only are thieves able to divert cash… but also pilfering valuable information…” Definitely not parallel. (E) is out, and (A) is the correct answer.
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Re: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticat  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2016, 06:31
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I think, the only reason this is a 700 level question is because of our tendency to blindly go for 'seemingly correct constructions' of Idioms. Here. It was always only between A and D. So lemme talk only about those.

D is wrong for multiple reasons:

D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell

1) The construction Not only... But also is incorrect
Even if you chose D on the basis of this idiom, you faltered! The correct construction of the idiom "Not only X... But also Y" requires X and Y to be parallel or of similar type.

Here's something from OG15 on this:
Correlatives: Word combinations such as “not only … but also” should be followed by an element of
the same grammatical type.
Examples:
Correct: “I have called not only to thank her but also to tell her about the next meeting.”
Incorrect: “I have called not only to thank her but also I told her about the next meeting.”


Coming back to the question, this is what we have in D-
"Not only are thieves able to... but also pilfer"
i.e. Not only subject/noun/doer... but also verb/action

Thieves not only divert... but also pilfer - Correct
Not only thieves divert... but also they pilfer - Correct

But the mixture of the 2- Incorrect :)

2) It changes the meaning:

Original meaning: Thieves do X, Y and Z
D says: Thieves do X, Y to achieve Z

"They pilfer the information AND sell" vs "They pilfer the information TO sell"

Quite a big shift, isnt it?

A, on the other hand, has no issue!

That was my reasoning, plz correct me if im wrong
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New post 14 Jun 2016, 09:52
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Thanks for replying. I was thrown off because, I always eliminate choices that don't contain but also when not only is present. This is the first question I have seen where but also has not been used with not only. So something to keep in mind for future questions. I went for the wrong choice because I was trying to find the idiom match.
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New post 14 Jun 2016, 20:00
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chetan2u wrote:
shadowfax1 wrote:
As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.

A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell
B. they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling
C. also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling
D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell
E. but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans and selling

This question does not follow the idiom not only - but also. Why? And when is it acceptable to not use it? This is an OG2017 quesiton.


Hi,

It is not that But also would be wrong here, its only that the choices containing "not only ... but also" have other errors..
At times to lay more emphais, NOT ONLY is followed by a CLAUSE here .... so "but also" should have a clause..
But choices D and E are missing the SUBJECT, hence wrong..
even C does not have a subject..


A and B have "subject" but 'such as' is correctly used in A to give examples..

A



If we had a construction as;;;As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, thieves not only are able to divert cash from company bank accounts, but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell the data to competitors.
Would this be a right construction? I asked this question because I want to understand the reasoning for the end part of 2 options,
A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell
VS
D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell
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Re: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticat  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2016, 23:31
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RatneshS wrote:
If we had a construction as;;;As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, thieves not only are able to divert cash from company bank accounts, but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell the data to competitors.
Would this be a right construction? I asked this question because I want to understand the reasoning for the end part of 2 options,
A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell
VS
D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell

Hi Ratnesh, generally with a not only...but also structure, the verb is outside of the idiomatic construct. So, a better sentence would be:

....thieves can not only divert cash from company bank accounts but also pilfer valuable information...

Even in the sentence that you have suggested, at the very least, I would add a can to the second part, so as to not change the meaning of the original sentence.

...thieves not only are able to divert cash from company bank accounts, but also can pilfer valuable information....
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Re: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticat  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 00:41
EducationAisle wrote:
RatneshS wrote:
If we had a construction as;;;As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, thieves not only are able to divert cash from company bank accounts, but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell the data to competitors.
Would this be a right construction? I asked this question because I want to understand the reasoning for the end part of 2 options,
A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell
VS
D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell

Hi Ratnesh, generally with a not only...but also structure, the verb is outside of the idiomatic construct. So, a better sentence would be:

....thieves can not only divert cash from company bank accounts but also pilfer valuable information...

Even in the sentence that you have suggested, at the very least, I would add a can to the second part, so as to not change the meaning of the original sentence.

...thieves not only are able to divert cash from company bank accounts, but also can pilfer valuable information....


This clarifies 1st part of my doubt. I want to ask about the last part of sentence
thieves pilfer to sell VS thieves pilfer and sell;; which is more correct form?

I thought that pilfer to sell calls out an objective for a thief to do something while pilfer and sell are two different actions unrelated to each other. I found former one more standard.
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New post 18 Jun 2016, 22:56
RatneshS wrote:
I want to ask about the last part of sentence
thieves pilfer to sell VS thieves pilfer and sell;; which is more correct form?

I thought that pilfer to sell calls out an objective for a thief to do something while pilfer and sell are two different actions unrelated to each other. I found former one more standard.

Hi Ratnesh, you are right that infinitives (to sell in this case) show intent.

However, in this case, the use of infinitive seems to be slightly changing the meaning of the original sentence. The original sentence says that thieves can do two things: They can -

i) pilfer data and
ii) sell the data

So, the original sentence suggests that the pilfered data can be sold.

On the other hand, D suggests that the data is pilfered with the sole intent of being sold. That's a slight change in meaning.
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Re: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticat  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2017, 03:02
This is supposedly an official question - hence it is clear that GMAT allows the construction without "but".

All the following forms are correct depending on usage:

not only..., but also....
not only.., but (also)... ( also optional).
not only..., (but) also... (but optional).
not only... (but) (also).. (both but and also optional)

Please refer to the following post for discussion on this particular question (omission of but):
https://gmatclub.com/forum/as-criminal- ... l#p1714185

You may also find a detailed discussion on this concept here:
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2009/04 ... -but-also/
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Re: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticat  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2017, 07:54
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I agree with eddy8700... parallelism is an issue in choice D because "not only" is followed by a subject and a verb (subject: "thieves", verb: "are"); therefore, "but also" would also need to be followed by a subject and a verb. In choice D, "but also" is followed only by the verb "pilfer", but no subject. Consider the following example: "Not only do you play tennis, but also coach rugby." This is incorrect for the same reason. Instead, you could use "Not only do you play tennis, but you also coach rugby." or "You not only play tennis but also coach rugby."

Similarly, the following sentence, which mimics choice D, is acceptable: "Thieves not only divert cash from company bank accounts but also pilfer valuable information." ("not only" + verb... "but also" + verb)
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As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.

This is supposed to be choice A, the OA.

Let me now rephrase it for easy understanding by flipping the subject and verb.

1. As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, thieves are not only able to divert cash from company bank accounts,
2. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.

The question is about the structure of this sentence. Isn't part 1 a complex sentence with a dependent clause and an independent clause?
2. For all that, part 2 seems to be an IC. Therefore, the whole scheme is that this is a complex- compound sentence with two ICs. Eventually when there are two ICs, then there should a valid conjunction or punctuation such as semi colon or period to conjugate both the ICs. If a comma alone conjugates both, then it will turn out to be a comma splice.

Is my reasoning missing something n error or does this sentence belong to some other type of sentence structure that I haven't known.

P.S:It has been pointed out that GMAC spends anywhere from $1500 to $3000 on each of these questions. Therefore, I feel strongly that I must be wrong.
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New post 29 Mar 2017, 15:36
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Daagh, you're bringing this to a whole new level of grammar intensity! Always fun. (And yes, apparently I'm a grammar nerd or something. I guess it says that in my job title...?)

Disclaimer: unless you really love grammar, just stop reading right now. This isn't an important rant for most test-takers -- there are dozens (hundreds?) of far more important things to worry about on the GMAT.

OK, so answer choice (A) has three components:

Quote:
As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated


So component #1 is clearly a dependent clause. On to #2:

Quote:
not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts


Ah, here it is: this can't stand alone as a sentence, either. Sure, it doesn't have a standard "marker" that "turns" an independent clause into a dependent clause (although, but, and, because, etc.), but it's still a dependent clause: it has a subject and a verb, but can't stand alone -- at least not the way it's written in (A).

So we have two dependent clauses so far. On to part #3:

Quote:
they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.


And there's our independent clause. So we don't have a comma splice here, and GMAC didn't actually make a mistake in this case -- it's just that the middle clause is super-sneaky.

I hope this helps! And seriously: if you're not daagh and you didn't follow this explanation, please don't worry about it. Again, parallelism and other issues are way more important here.
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New post 30 Mar 2017, 06:04
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GMATNinja,
Hi
Welcome and best wishes. Thanks for the response
Yes true! In GMAT, I agree we should not too bother about such flexible things as sentence structure, correlatives etc as much as we would do with the broader things such as list parallelism, verb parallelism or modifications etc to name a few. It also seems to be a trick that the entire attention has been diverted to the use of a popular idiom, while the real errors have been obscured though not deliberately in the incorrect choices. Test takers must be wary of this not so uncommon ploy.
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Re: QOTD: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more  [#permalink]

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As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.


A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell ---- There are two acts the thieves do such as 1. pilfer X, Y, and Z and 2. sell the date. The best choice as I see.

B. they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling ---and selling is unparallel

C. also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling -- also preferring is an outright fragment

D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell -- not only are thieves' is not parallel to 'but also pilfer'

E. but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans and selling -- 'but also pilfering' is a fragment.

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Originally posted by daagh on 14 Aug 2017, 14:44.
Last edited by daagh on 14 Aug 2017, 22:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: QOTD: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 19:16
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As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.


A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell
B. they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling
C. also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling
D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell
E. but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans and selling

Correct idiom is "Not only X but also Y" or "Not only X but Y"
In options D and E, X and Y are not parallel to each other, in both the options, X is a noun and Y is a verb/action, so not parallel
Also in the actual sentence, thieves are doing 3 things: divert, pilfer, and sell--> hence these should be parallel
In option B and C, selling is not parallel

Hence A is the best answer which avoids all the above-mentioned problems
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Re: QOTD: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 22:17
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Hi,

can someone further explain why the answer choice is not D?

Not only are (verb) but also Pilfer (verb)

Isnt this the correct idiom?
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Re: QOTD: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 01:20
As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.

A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell -Not only but also is correct idiom
B. they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling -Not only but also is correct idiom
C. also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling -Not only but also is correct idiom
D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell -Correct
E. but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans and selling -and selling is not parallel

However, "D" is also not parallel to "not only thieves" .... Waiting for the OE.
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Re: QOTD: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 04:23
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daagh wrote:
As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more sophisticated, not only are thieves able to divert cash from company bank accounts, they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell the data to competitors.


A. they can also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and sell ---- There are two acts the thieves do such as 1. pilfer X, Y, and Z and 2. sell the date. The best choice as I see.

B. they can also pilfer valuable information that includes business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, and selling ---and selling is unparallel

C. also pilfering valuable information including business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans, selling -- also preferring is an outright fragment

D. but also pilfer valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans to sell -- not only are thieves' is not parallel to 'but also pilfer'

E. but also pilfering valuable information such as business development strategies, new product specifications, and contract bidding plans and selling -- 'but also pilfering' is a fragment.


Hello daagh,

Isn't the highlighted part wrong? The three things in red are a list while the "and" after list depicts the second action of the thieves. Shouldn't the second "and" come without a comma?

We have a general structure in the following way:
I bought papaya,apples, and orangeand ate ice cream.

Please throw some light.
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Re: QOTD: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 06:23
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Ashokshiva wrote:
Hi,

can someone further explain why the answer choice is not D?

Not only are (verb) but also Pilfer (verb)

Isnt this the correct idiom?


While the idiom "Not Only...But Also" is correct, note the placement of "thieves" in the first portion

"Thieves" is placed after Not Only. As such, we need another subject for the second part of the sentence as well. D is missing this.

For example we can say "Not only are thieves....but they can also" OR we can say "Thieves not only are.....but also pilter"

There's also a second error with D that relates to the meaning/parallelism of the sentence
There are 3 actions of parallelism that thieves in from the original sentence: divert cash.....pilter new information....and sell the data
In D, the meaning changes to divert cash....pilter new information including....contract bidding plans to sell the data
Note that now there's only 2 actions that is parallel. The original meaning of the sentence is that thieves sell the data to companies. In D the meaning changes to that the thieves pilter new information including contract bidding to sell the data to new companies. This is illogical since contract bidding are not used to sell data to new companies.

Hope this helps explain why D is incorrect! Please leave kudos if you like the explanation!
Re: QOTD: As criminal activity on the Internet becomes more and more &nbs [#permalink] 15 Aug 2017, 06:23

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