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As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the

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As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 101
Page: 690

As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

(A) whose access to water was less limited

(B) where there was access to water that was less limited

(C) where they had less limited water access

(D) with less limitations on water access

(E) having less limitations to water access
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 29 Oct 2017, 20:27, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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tejal777 wrote:
As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.


A. whose access to water was less limited
B. where there was access to water that was less limited
C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access


A. Correct:
"whose" refers to "other clans".
The singular verb "was" has the subject "access"....

B. "where" is wrong and "there was access to water that was less limited" double passive.
C. "where" is wrong and tense "had limited" is also incorrect.
D. "with less limitations on water access" awakward construction.
E. "having .................." awakward construction.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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A.

B and C are out because they talk about location (where), not clans.
E is out for several reasons, one of which "limitations to" is unidiomatic.
D is out because, in addition to sounding awkward, limitations is countable, so fewer must be used.

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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Wow thanks!

I'm struggling with the fact that the term limitations is countable.

EG.

There are more limitations on spending
There are many limitations on spending

my ear can't hear the correctness
also, is this different with limit and restriction?

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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I chose D, and got it wrong. That's an interesting question...the phrase "less limitations" can be tricky.

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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Yeah I chose D as well because A seems more awkward having "access to water was less limited".

So the correction here is
a) fewer limitations
b) less limited

Still, the "countable" part of limitations is a tough one to swallow for me - short of memorizing, is there any other strategies?

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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hussi9 wrote:
Not convinced with OG of E.
Less Limitation is wrong ?


"Limitations" is plural, thus the use of less is wrong. It should be fewer.

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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"where" is wrong. Eliminate B and C. "Having" in choice E is incorrect structure. Choice D, "less limitation" is not prefer than verb "less limited" follow V-A-N concision.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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a. Correct
b. where modifies clan. this is wrong
c. where modifies clan. this is wrong
d. less to be used with countable noun limitations
e. less to be used with countable noun limitations
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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What is the problem in the use of where ???

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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Where refers to a place. Other Clans is not a place.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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"whose" refers to clans as in option A. IMO A it is.
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As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

CORRECT
A. whose access to water was less limited

"other clans" are not places, so "other clans where" is not logical
B. where there was access to water that was less limited
C. where they had less limited water access

"with" is refered to "most of the Monument Valley Anasazi" or to "other clans"?
D. with less limitations on water access

the use of "having" is not clear, what is it refered to?
E. having less limitations to water access
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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mun23 wrote:
As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

A. whose access to water was less limited
B. where there was access to water that was less limited
C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access

Need every options explanation

Pls find below the explanation to each answers;-

B. Passive cosntruction...its wordy.
C. Past perfect is wrong
D. This optyion has got two major issues:-
1. "with less limitations....." is a phrase of the dependent clause "their homes to join........"The clause mentioned does not has any verb.....
2. Meaning change "With less limitations" does not conveys the intended meaning...the intended meaning is the clan's water access was less limited" Not that it had lesser limitations...."I may be wrong here"
E. Again the same issue no verb for the clause starting with "their......" having is not a verb. Moreover having should used in a construction where you want to present an implied form....ie"having done this action, poor result is not expected"

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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Why option 'D' is wrong... "apart from awkaward wordy construction"
1) "with less limitation on water access" acts as preposition phrases and i am quite confuse whether it modife Anasazi or Clans?
2) prepositional phrases without comma as in above modify noun closer to it i.e. clans or can modify farther noun such as Anasazi too?
3)if prepositional phrases with comma is used in above case it will modify "clans"
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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Aristocrat wrote:
Why option 'D' is wrong... "apart from awkaward wordy construction"
1) "with less limitation on water access" acts as preposition phrases and i am quite confuse whether it modife Anasazi or Clans?
2) prepositional phrases without comma as in above modify noun closer to it i.e. clans or can modify farther noun such as Anasazi too?
3)if prepositional phrases with comma is used in above case it will modify "clans"

The main problem with option D is that "limitations" is a countable quantity and so it must be modified by "fewer". "Less" can be used for uncountable nouns only.
Additionally, option D changes the meaning slightly. Original sentence says that "clans whose access to water was less limited" -- this access is supposed to be associated with nature as decrease of rainfall is the cause of migration. Option D mentions "limitations on water access" which means restrictions (imposed by human beings) on water access.

1) It is "clan" with less limitation on water access.
2) The following link has a very good demonstration on when modifiers can modify slightly far away noun and when far away modification is not possible.
noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html
3) Is it a question or a statement?

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2013, 22:35
Hi Doe,

last statement is a question...
I would like to know in general if we add commas to prepositional phrases will it modify the noun closer to it..?
or whether it can modify far away noun too..?
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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Aristocrat wrote:
Hi Doe,

last statement is a question...
I would like to know in general if we add commas to prepositional phrases will it modify the noun closer to it..?
or whether it can modify far away noun too..?

Cannot generalize as your statement states. Permissible distance between noun and modifier depends on the construction of the sentence. If you read the above-mentioned article from egmat, you will get much information there. The article shows different scenarios of the modifiers.

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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Aristocrat wrote:
Why option 'D' is wrong... "apart from awkaward wordy construction"

D is wrong because the meaning is like Anasazi jointed other clans with Anasazi's less limitation on water access" ==> Wrong intended meaning.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2013, 01:14
cyolico wrote:
As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

A. whose access to water was less limited
B. where there was access to water that was less limited
C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access

OA: A

I wonder whether there is anything wrong in D "with"?
Does "with" correctly modify "clans"?

Thanks!!


IMO yes

WITH correctly modifies CLANS.

more to add:
limitations:===>this is a countable quantity(as per OG)...==>hence we need "fewer"

hope it helps
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the   [#permalink] 01 Aug 2013, 01:14

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