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As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2013, 21:26
blueseas wrote:
cyolico wrote:
As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

A. whose access to water was less limited
B. where there was access to water that was less limited
C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access

OA: A

I wonder whether there is anything wrong in D "with"?
Does "with" correctly modify "clans"?

Thanks!!


IMO yes

WITH correctly modifies CLANS.

more to add:
limitations:===>this is a countable quantity(as per OG)...==>hence we need "fewer"

hope it helps




Thanks, but another question.

If there is a comma between "with" and “clans", does "with" still modify "clans" or the whole sentence preceded?

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2013, 22:26
The key here is to understand what is limited.

Water is not limited. But the access to water is limited.

Put another way - what has limitations?

Water has no limitations. But there are limitations to accessing water.

If you understand this, it's very easy to answer this question. Let's go choice by choice:

B: talks about 'access to water that was limited' - this doesn't make sense as it implies the presence of 'limited water'. Incorrect.

C: Again, this construction is very poor. Option C could be read as 'there was less 'limited water access' - implying that there is something such as 'limited water'. Incorrect.

D & E: talk about 'less limitations' - 'limitations' is a countable entity. So the use of 'less' is incorrect - 'fewer' would be appropriate.

This leaves us with the right answer choice A. :)

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.
(A) whose access to water was less limited
(B) where there was access to water that was less limited
(C) where they had less limited water access
(D) with less limitations on water access
(E) having less limitations to water access

Option B) Awkward construction – Eliminated
Option C) I am confused with the usage of the “where”. Does it always need to denote a place?
I have eliminated Option C on the basis of “they”. I am not sure if “they” denote the clans or Monument Valley Anasazi.
Option E) having – sounds as if the clans possess the less limitations – doesn’t make sense.
Confused between A and D.
Please clarify.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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Hi Kinjal,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

On GMAT, "where" is used to refer to place. But "clans" are not any place. They are group of people. Hence, we need "who" to refer to them. This is the reason why use of "where" is incorrect in Choices B and C.

You are also correct in your analysis of the pronoun "they" in Choice "C" as it is unclear whether it refers to "most of the...Anasazi" or "other clans".

Option D is incorrect because "limitations" is a countable noun. Use of "less" is incorrect. The correct word to be used for "limitations" is "fewer". This error eliminated Choice D and E.

Choice A is a clear winner in this one as it the most precise and clear answer choice.

Hope this helps. :-)
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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arcanis2000 wrote:
Wow thanks!

I'm struggling with the fact that the term limitations is countable.

EG.

There are more limitations on spending
There are many limitations on spending

my ear can't hear the correctness
also, is this different with limit and restriction?



There are several ways to identify whether a noun is countable or not -

First, you see a noun ending with "-s" as is here, limitations - thats straightforward indicator that it is countable.
Few other tests - 1 limitation, 2 limitations, - sounds ok, thus countable.
you can even try using many or much - to identify the difference.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2014, 04:15
egmat wrote:
Hi Kinjal,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

On GMAT, "where" is used to refer to place. But "clans" are not any place. They are group of people. Hence, we need "who" to refer to them. This is the reason why use of "where" is incorrect in Choices B and C.

You are also correct in your analysis of the pronoun "they" in Choice "C" as it is unclear whether it refers to "most of the...Anasazi" or "other clans".

Option D is incorrect because "limitations" is a countable noun. Use of "less" is incorrect. The correct word to be used for "limitations" is "fewer". This error eliminated Choice D and E.

Choice A is a clear winner in this one as it the most precise and clear answer choice.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Thanks for the explanation.

Can you/ anyone - please explain

IF choice D was, D - with fewer limitations on water access.

Could that have been a correct answer - if A was not present. Because "limitations on" sounds correct to me. I guess I just want to know if the usage of "with" is correct?

When can we use "with"? Can we use it with nouns as well?

Thanks!
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2014, 23:07
Where in GMAT is used to modify Physical locations.
B and C are out.

less limited is 100% correct verb and adverb.

Less limitations is wrong as limitations are countable noun. Therefore fewer limitations should be correct.

Among A, D and E. D and E are also out.

We are left with the correct answer choice A.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2014, 00:56
sa2222 wrote:
IF choice D was, D - with fewer limitations on water access.

Could that have been a correct answer - if A was not present. Because "limitations on" sounds correct to me. I guess I just want to know if the usage of "with" is correct?

When can we use "with"? Can we use it with nouns as well?

Thanks!

From what I know, GMAT prefers the usage of pronouns such as who, whose, which, that (relative pronouns) over "less imprecise" modifiers such as "with".

So, even if D was "with fewer limitations", it would still not have made a great choice.

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2015, 12:31
As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

A. whose access to water was less limited
Correct

B. where there was access to water that was less limited
Usage of "where" is wrong here

C. where they had less limited water access
Same as B

D. with less limitations on water access
Fragmented sentence auxiliary verb is missing

E. having less limitations to water access
Usage of "having" is wrong


Hence A
Ans

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2015, 02:29
hussi9 wrote:
Not convinced with OG of E.
Less Limitation is wrong ?


limitation is non count noun
but
non count nount can become count noun when the meaning is specific.

this is purely grammatical point
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2015, 02:29
hussi9 wrote:
Not convinced with OG of E.
Less Limitation is wrong ?


limitation is non count noun
but
non count nount can become count noun when the meaning is specific.

this is purely grammatical point
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2016, 03:31
tejal777 wrote:
As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

A. whose access to water was less limited
B. where there was access to water that was less limited
C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access


Why E is wrong here ? I am confused between A and E
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2016, 06:15
1. clans is not a place; where is wrong; B and C are out.
2. limitations is countable. Less would not go with a countable noun. Fewer would be more appropriate. D and E are out.
A remains
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2016, 06:35
Quote:
the southpaw wrote
so, less limited is correct in this context?


Unless somebody says why it is wrong.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2016, 16:45
I am having trouble understanding how clans is not the subject for 'was' and should be 'were'?

Please help,

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2016, 02:40
tejal777 wrote:
As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

A. whose access to water was less limited
B. where there was access to water that was less limited
C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access

OG16 SC108


some non count noun can be a count noun when the meaning is specific. this is why limitationS dose exist.

so, normally, we use limitation , a non count noun. but we can also use liminationS. a count noun

because limitationS. is count noun already, we can not use LESS . d and e are out
where in b and c can not refer to a non place noun. b and c out
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2016, 03:52
g3lo18 wrote:
I am having trouble understanding how clans is not the subject for 'was' and should be 'were'?

Please help,

Thank you



Hi, here " access" acts as the subject because of the presence of " whose" , thus singular verb "was".
The best way decipher the subject is by asking " what was limited" ?? Answer is Access to water.


Consider following example : " Learn words whose singular form changes to plural...." . Singular form is the subject.

Hope it helps.

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2016, 10:18
I thought 'whose' would be the subject, 'whose' referring to 'clans'

Or,

The rain, which (which refers to rain - singular) is . . .

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2016, 05:07
g3lo18 wrote:
I thought 'whose' would be the subject, 'whose' referring to 'clans'

Or,

The rain, which (which refers to rain - singular) is . . .


The possessive form "whose" can never be a subject since it is used instead of a possessive noun - here "Clans' ", not "Clan" - The relative pronoun "who" could be a subject, but not "whose".

Consider the sentence:

The clans' access to water was limited....... The subject is "access", not "clans' ". The pronoun whose is used to replace "clans' ".

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2016, 10:17
As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

A) whose access to water was less limited
D) with less limitations on water access
E) having less limitations to water access

These are the candidates.

E) I discarded this option because I found its beginning ("having") more complicated and less straightforward than those of options A and D.
D) I discarded this option because I thought that, in this context, "limitations on" was incorrect and should rather be "limitations to". However, I am not that sure as to whether this is correct.

Could you please give me your insights on the aspects commented above and point out the reasons for discarding these two options other than the fact that "less limitations" should be "fewer limitations"?

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2016, 10:17

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