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At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school

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At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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A
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 165
Page: 678

At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are below the poverty level.

(A) where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are

(B) where they have 49 percent of the household incomes

(C) where 49 percent of the household incomes are

(D) which has 49 percent of the household incomes

(E) in which 49 percent of them have household incomes

Originally posted by RaviChandra on 12 Mar 2010, 03:34.
Last edited by hazelnut on 25 May 2018, 22:39, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2010, 07:58
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RaviChandra wrote:
150. At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are below the poverty level.
(A) where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are
(B) where they have 49 percent of the household incomes
(C) where 49 percent of the household incomes are
(D) which has 49 percent of the household incomes
(E) in which 49 percent of them have household incomes

Please Explain ur answers.


I disagree. I think the answer is C.

Use each answer in the sentence and see if it makes sense.

A. At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are below the poverty level. -- The issue here is the "them". Who is "them"? It has no clear antecedent.

B. At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community where they have 49 percent of the household incomes below the poverty level. -- Again, the "they" doesn't have a really clear antecedent. The noun before "they" is "community", which is singular - it doesn't really work. In addition, saying that they "HAVE 49% of THE household incomes below the poverty level" makes it sound like this community has 49% of all household incomes below the poverty level... in their state. Or the world. Or the universe.

C. At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community where 49 percent of the household incomes are below the poverty level. -- This makes sense. In this community, 49% of the households report an income below the poverty level.

D. At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community which has 49 percent of the household incomes below the poverty level. -- Again, stating that the community "HAS 49% of the THE household incomes" makes it sound like the community is being compared to a larger group, out of which it has 49% of household incomes below the poverty level... as opposed to simply indicating that within the community, this statistic is true.

E. At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community in which 49 percent of them have household incomes below the poverty level. -- This one almost makes good sense, but again, to whom does that "them" refer?
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2010, 04:54
Ans is D
Concise and grammatically correct
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2010, 11:40
I am also for C, least redundant and makes the most sense
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New post 13 Mar 2010, 00:07
After the explanation C looks more correct. +1 from me.
Can anyone put a light on where\which usage ??
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2010, 07:28
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I think its D , GMAT rule says where is used only for places. Please correct if i am wrong.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2011, 07:44
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thinkbigthink800 wrote:
Ans is D
Concise and grammatically correct


It can't be D since which requires a " , " or a preposition just preceding it.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Feb 2012, 06:20
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At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are below the poverty level.

(A) where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are
(B) where they have 49 percent of the household incomes
(C) where 49 percent of the household incomes are
(D) which has 49 percent of the household incomes
(E) in which 49 percent of them have household incomes

Doesent C changethe meaning of the sentence? ---> 49% 0f household incomes vs 49% of households with income. A uses them to clarify still its incorrect why?

Originally posted by devinawilliam83 on 15 Feb 2012, 04:42.
Last edited by devinawilliam83 on 15 Feb 2012, 06:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2012, 05:22
Could you please highlight the underlined portion of the sentence ?
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New post 15 Feb 2012, 09:48
I would appreciate if somebody could please explain why D is not the answer. A community is not a location for which 'where' can be used. It is rather something 'which' has some members so I think 'which' is more appropriate.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2012, 10:21
jagveerbrar wrote:
I would appreciate if somebody could please explain why D is not the answer. A community is not a location for which 'where' can be used. It is rather something 'which' has some members so I think 'which' is more appropriate.
TIA


which is used as a non essential modifier and requires a comma
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2012, 13:50
in option D "which" refers to the community which is wrong.

In option A " them" is ambiguous
In option B " they" had no antecedent
In option E " them" is ambiguous
C is the winner
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2012, 13:05
TomB wrote:
in option D "which" refers to the community which is wrong.

In option A " them" is ambiguous
In option B " they" had no antecedent
In option E " them" is ambiguous
C is the winner



Hi I feel C is distorting the meaning of the sentence .. 49% of house holds vs 49% 0f household income are..
there is a diffreence between the 2. the former being apt .. your views.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2012, 23:52
Answer is C.Agree with Devin ..there is a change in the meaning of the sentence.But its the best among the worst :).All the rest have even bigger errors.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2012, 09:32
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devinawilliam83 wrote:
At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are below the poverty level.

(A) where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are
(B) where they have 49 percent of the household incomes
(C) where 49 percent of the household incomes are
(D) which has 49 percent of the household incomes
(E) in which 49 percent of them have household incomes

Doesent C changethe meaning of the sentence? ---> 49% 0f household incomes vs 49% of households with income. A uses them to clarify still its incorrect why?


The word community has two meanings/contexts:
(1) a group of people residing at the same place --> physical
E.g., the Asian community

(2) a group of people sharing same status, ideas, etc --> conceptual
E.g., the poor

Now, this context decides which word to use: "where" or "which"

(1) demands 'where' and (2) demands 'which or in which'

In the question it is clear that the statement falls in the first category (decided by "At Shiprock" at the beginning of the sentence) and hence we need to use 'where'. Once this is decided, words like 'they', 'them', etc., are irrelevant/wrong. Hence C is the only one that stands.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2014, 03:44
At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school basketball team has become a path to college for some and a source of pride for a community where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are below the poverty level.

(A) where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are
(B) where they have 49 percent of the household incomes
(C) where 49 percent of the household incomes are
(D) which has 49 percent of the household incomes
(E) in which 49 percent of them have household incomes


This is a pretty old question, I am sure most of you will be well aware of the OA. However, I would like to know the correct usage of Which and Where.
Thanks.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2014, 04:00
i think sometimes it is better not to stick to some specific usage !!
its very hard to single out that GMAC will rule out a question only on the basis of whether "where" or "in which" can or cannot refer to "community" .i feel that both can refer to "community"
the larger picture is however much simpler ---> all the options other than C and D have pronouns such as "them" ,"they" when in fact u dont have a noun "people" in the whole sentence !!
D is wrong for incorrect usage of "which" hence C is the answer

(A) where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are
(B) where they have 49 percent of the household incomes
(C) where 49 percent of the household incomes are
(D) which has 49 percent of the household incomes
(E) in which 49 percent of them have household incomes
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2014, 04:06
aditya8062 wrote:
i think sometimes it is better not to stick to some specific usage !!
its very hard to single out that GMAC will rule out a question only on the basis of whether "where" or "in which" can or cannot refer to "community" .i feel that both can refer to "community"
the larger picture is however much simpler ---> all the options other than C and D have pronouns such as "them" ,"they" when in fact u dont have a noun "people" in the whole sentence !!
D is wrong for incorrect usage of "which" hence C is the answer

(A) where the household incomes of 49 percent of them are
(B) where they have 49 percent of the household incomes
(C) where 49 percent of the household incomes are
(D) which has 49 percent of the household incomes
(E) in which 49 percent of them have household incomes




I was confused between C and D. Here, which or where refers to community or to Shiprock? If it does refer to Shiprock, then Where wins hands down.
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2014, 04:12
Quote:
I was confused between C and D. Here, which or where refers to community or to Shiprock? If it does refer to Shiprock, then Where wins hands down.


usage of "which" is wrong in D .u cannot use "which" as is done in D
also both "which" and "where" intends to refer to "community"------>it is the community that can have an average house hold income
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Re: At Shiprock, New Mexico, a perennially powerful girls’ high school  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2014, 07:35
Other than C other options either change the meaning of the statement or have problem of correct and clear reference
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