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Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel

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Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2019, 23:40
1
7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

58% (01:30) correct 42% (01:27) wrong based on 401 sessions

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Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel, ten million acres of forest have been lost there since 1960, resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than in 1960.

(A) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than
(B) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute as
(C) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than it did
(D) and as a result wood now costs eight times as much to collect and distribute as it did
(E) and wood now costs eight times as much as a result to collect and distribute than


SC77561.01

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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2019, 23:48
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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2019, 01:09
As per me , it boils down to B or D as the idiom as much..... as is only used in these 2 options . Problem with B - resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute as in 1960 ----wrong comparison.

D ---correct comparison hence the answer.
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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Sep 2019, 11:55
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Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel, ten million acres of forest have been lost there since 1960, resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than in 1960.

(A) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than
(B) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute as
(C) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than it did
(D) and as a result wood now costs eight times as much to collect and distribute as it did
(E) and wood now costs eight times as much as a result to collect and distribute than

The obvious entry point to this topic is through the idiom as much as. We have as much as, only in B and D. Choices A and C and E are corrupted with as much than or as much as than.

The problem with D seems to be that the wood is not doing anything to use the verb "did" in 1960. 'Costs' is used as linking verb in the context and per se, we would not require an action verb 'did' in the other part. It would be just enough to say 'in 1960' as in B.

In B, the adverbial modifier 'comma plus resulting' aptly modifies the previous clause - ten million acres have been lost --and brings out the impact of the abuse of the forests amply.

IMO, B.
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Originally posted by daagh on 21 Sep 2019, 08:00.
Last edited by daagh on 21 Sep 2019, 11:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2019, 11:49
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daagh wrote:
Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel, ten million acres of forest have been lost there since 1960, resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than in 1960.

(A) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than
(B) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute as
(C) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than it did
(D) and as a result wood now costs eight times as much to collect and distribute as it did
(E) and wood now costs eight times as much as a result to collect and distribute than

The obvious entry point to this topic is through the idiom as much as. We have as much as, only in B and D. Choices A and C and E are corrupted with as much than or as much as than.

The problem with D seems to be that the wood is not doing anything to ise the verb "did" in 1960. 'Costs' is used as linking verb in the context and per se, we would not require an action verb 'did' in the other part. It would be just enough to say 'in 1960' as in B.

In B, the adverbial modifier 'comma plus resulting' aptly modifies the previous clause - ten million acres have been lost --and brings out the impact of the abuse of the forests amply.

IMO, B.



Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel,ten million acres of forest have been lost there since 1960, resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than in 1960.

if we slash the additional information given, Option B does not make much sense here.

My vote goes for -- D

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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2019, 11:58
D makes more sense plus idiom is correctly used.
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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 02:16
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Remember this. whenever GMAT talks about comparison between now and a past time, we need to repeat verb form.

Only C & D uses did. C can be eliminated for using as much X than Y. THe right idiom is as much X as Y.

D is correct.
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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 10:10
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hazelnut wrote:
Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel, ten million acres of forest have been lost there since 1960, resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than in 1960.

(A) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than
(B) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute as
(C) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than it did
(D) and as a result wood now costs eight times as much to collect and distribute as it did
(E) and wood now costs eight times as much as a result to collect and distribute than


SC77561.01


Official Explanation

Idiom; Grammatical construction

Logically, the sentence attempts to say that the loss of forest has increased the price of wood. In the sentence as written, as well as choices B and C, the participle resulting modifies ten million acres of forest rather than the loss.

Note that any of the choices containing the comparison error as much . . . than are incorrect. This disqualifies A, C, and E. That leaves only B and D for consideration.

A. This choice is incorrect for the reasons stated above. Furthermore, it is unclear what role costing plays: it could be either an adjective form of the verb to cost or a noun form of to cost.

B. This choice is incorrect because the participle resulting modifies ten million acres of forest rather than the loss. Furthermore, it is unclear what role costing plays: it could be either an adjective form of the verb to cost or a noun form of to cost.

C. This choice is incorrect because the participle resulting modifies ten million acres of forest rather than the loss. Furthermore, it is unclear what role costing plays: it could be either an adjective form of the verb to cost or a noun form of to cost.

D. Correct. This clearly expresses the consequence that the loss of forest has increased prices of wood and uses the correct comparison as much . . . as.

E. This choice is incorrect because it uses the incorrect comparison as much . . . than.

The correct answer is D.
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Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2019, 13:52
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Can someone please explain why B is incorrect and D is correct? The official explanation says " the participle resulting modifies ten million acres of forest rather than the loss." But doesn't it modify the previous clause?
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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2019, 10:12
ardraa wrote:
Can someone please explain why B is incorrect and D is correct? The official explanation says " the participle resulting modifies ten million acres of forest rather than the loss." But doesn't it modify the previous clause?


I was stuck between B and D, and realize why B is correct. The main principle is comparison. B compares the activity of "to collect and distribute" to year "in 1960".

wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute as ...in 1960

In D the comparison is correct.
and as a result wood now costs eight times as much to collect and distribute as it did...in 1960

While I can agree on "resulting" not sounding as good as "as a result", I don't get why resulting modifying the clause or modifying the ten million acres, and not modifying loss is the main issue by official explanation, apart from the fact that GMAT has a low tolerance for participles and gerunds.
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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2019, 18:09
hazelnut wrote:
Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel, ten million acres of forest have been lost there since 1960, resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than in 1960.

(A) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than
(B) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute as
(C) resulting in wood now costing eight times as much to collect and distribute than it did
(D) and as a result wood now costs eight times as much to collect and distribute as it did
(E) and wood now costs eight times as much as a result to collect and distribute than


SC77561.01


Correct answer: D

"As much as" is the correct idiom.
The comparison also needs to be "as it did ..." because the comparison is between "wood now costs eight times as much ... as it did"
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Re: Because 70 percent of the people of India use wood as their sole fuel   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2019, 18:09
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