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Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch

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Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 May 2018, 23:16
9
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (01:11) correct 30% (01:19) wrong based on 740 sessions

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Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborate society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.


(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting

(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of

(C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of

(D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting

(E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited

To me " based on cultivating such crops..... "(this whole sentence) seems to modify developed.That is the entire clause.
isn't based a verb-ed modifier?how is based which modifies only nouns used here?why not a verb-ing modifier?Also tell me if this sentence is true,though "basing" its awkward?

, basing it on cultivating such crops as corn and beans, harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

Originally posted by kiranjith on 15 Jan 2014, 23:50.
Last edited by Bunuel on 15 May 2018, 23:16, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2014, 04:12
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Yes, ‘ based’ is a noun modifier; here in choice A and B , it indeed modifies the noun –Society-: But going more methodically, let us first remove the choices with ‘such crops like’ and only take the right idiom ‘such crops as’; So A C and E are out. Between B and D, D lacks parallelism. So B is the choice

Basing it on cultivating such crops as corn and beans, harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

The problem with this format is that, when you have verb+ing, as an adverbial modifier, it modifies the entire clause before or the action of the preceded portion, in which case, the intended modifier ‘Society’ loses its relevance. It may be noted here that –basing- cannot modify Mochcia as Mochica is used as a plural noun and so you can’t say basing ‘it’. In addition the sentence suggested by the poster lacks prepositional parallelism
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Re: Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2014, 23:50
daagh wrote:
Basing it on cultivating such crops as corn and beans, harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

The problem with this format is that, when you have verb+ing, as an adverbial modifier, it modifies the entire clause before or the action of the preceded portion, in which case, the intended modifier ‘Society’ loses its relevance. It may be noted here that –basing- cannot modify Mochcia as Mochica is used as a plural noun and so you can’t say basing ‘it’. In addition the sentence suggested by the poster lacks prepositional parallelism

Can you please explain why "it" cannot refer to "society".
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Re: Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2014, 05:16
I chose A because it had more parallelism in it :cry:
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Re: Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 11:23
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Re: Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2018, 22:37
kiranjith wrote:
The given sentence is
Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborate society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting
(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
(C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of
(D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting
(E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited

To me " based on cultivating such crops..... "(this whole sentence) seems to modify developed.That is the entire clause.
isn't based a verb-ed modifier?how is based which modifies only nouns used here?why not a verb-ing modifier?Also tell me if this sentence is true,though "basing" its awkward?

, basing it on cultivating such crops as corn and beans, harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.


Hi Experts
I have a question regarding A and B
B is the OA .
Suppose A has proper idiom "such as " then would A be correct?
I am talking about using parallel list cultivating such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources
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Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 Jun 2018, 23:11
arvind910619,
Even if we write such as then also we would get an error because of the parallellism
cultivating.......harvesting of........exploiting..... NOT ParalleL .
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Originally posted by SonGoku on 01 Jun 2018, 22:38.
Last edited by SonGoku on 01 Jun 2018, 23:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2018, 23:02
arvind910619 wrote:
kiranjith wrote:
The given sentence is
Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborate society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting
(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
(C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of
(D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting
(E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited

To me " based on cultivating such crops..... "(this whole sentence) seems to modify developed.That is the entire clause.
isn't based a verb-ed modifier?how is based which modifies only nouns used here?why not a verb-ing modifier?Also tell me if this sentence is true,though "basing" its awkward?

, basing it on cultivating such crops as corn and beans, harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.


Hi Experts
I have a question regarding A and B
B is the OA .
Suppose A has proper idiom "such as " then would A be correct?
I am talking about using parallel list cultivating such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources


The first part Building... is a modifier for the Mochica. So, remove that and read the sentence. Based on actually modifies, the Mochica which is correct. Eliminate D, E for that reason. Eliminate C because basing is awkward.

(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting
--> The parallelism that is being checked here is noun+preposition. That is, harvesting of, exploiting of . (Of is already missing). Also, exploiting + of is never correct on GMAT. Is is always Exploiting "Something" or Exploitation of "Something". Hope that makes sense.

(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
--> Correct because of parallelism described above. Harvesting of, Exploitation of. Bingo !!!!

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Re: Building on civilisations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Moch &nbs [#permalink] 01 Jun 2018, 23:02
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