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# Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal

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Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2006, 01:05
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Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborate society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

A:based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting

B:based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of

C:and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of

D:and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting

E:and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited
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15 Sep 2006, 01:12
(B)

A : not parallel (exploiting)
C: and basing (Gerund acting as a verb is wrong)
D : same as A
E : the same ... like is not idiomatic

Last edited by Fig on 15 Sep 2006, 01:13, edited 1 time in total.
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15 Sep 2006, 10:08
B:based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
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15 Sep 2006, 11:37
A:based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting
... Verb is "based"... so cultivate need to be in noun form and not in the verb form

B:based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
... Looks okay so keep it.

C:and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of
... trying to make basing, harvesting, exploiting parallel which kills the meaning of the sentence.

D:and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting
... Not parallel...

E:and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited
... Not parallel...
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19 Mar 2011, 21:57
How is "the cultivation" parallel to "harvesting"? Should nt it be cultivating?

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20 Mar 2011, 00:17
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achellappa wrote:
How is "the cultivation" parallel to "harvesting"? Should nt it be cultivating?

Posted from my mobile device

The cultivation is parallel to " The harvesting" .Here harvesting acts as a gerund , thus can be used in parallel to Noun (Cultivation) .
I think the easiest way to find out whether -ing forms are used as gerund or not is to check the article preceding it . In this case The follows harvesting so it has to be a gerund
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19 Aug 2011, 14:00
Is 'basing it on' grammatically correct in choice C?
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19 Aug 2011, 14:02
"cultivation" is parallel to "harvesting" because the noun form of harvest is harvesting (gerund) unlike cultivate, that has a noun form of its own and does not need a gerund.
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19 Aug 2011, 14:04
can cultivating act as a gerund too?
In general, do the -ing forms of verbs that that do have noun forms make it a gerund??
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19 Aug 2011, 17:29
isn't ACE out cause of like corns and beans. Out of B and D, B is more ||.
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2012, 08:10
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Referring to Manhattan SC Chapter 4/P56 we know this Idiomatic phrase:

X, Such As Y (example)

I have picked this sentence from OG12 :
evaluate applicants only on their performance in business courses such as accounting, marketing, and economics.

accounting, marketing, and economics = Y

Makes sense. Now back to the answer choices we can eliminate A, C and E referring "X, Such As Y". But about B answer choice there is "such crops as corn and beans" = "Such X AS Y" is this correct? can we move X and Y? is there any other example of this phrase "Such X AS Y" in OG?

I know about the other problem of answer choice D in parallelism "the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting" that is not correct. But what if we eliminate this part from answer choices? and just please talk about "Such...AS"
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2012, 10:03
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omidsa wrote:
Referring to Manhattan SC Chapter 4/P56 we know this Idiomatic phrase:

X, Such As Y (example)

I have picked this sentence from OG12 :
evaluate applicants only on their performance in business courses such as accounting, marketing, and economics.

accounting, marketing, and economics = Y

Makes sense. Now back to the answer choices we can eliminate A, C and E referring "X, Such As Y". But about B answer choice there is "such crops as corn and beans" = "Such X AS Y" is this correct? can we move X and Y? is there any other example of this phrase "Such X AS Y" in OG?

I know about the other problem of answer choice D in parallelism "the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting" that is not correct. But what if we eliminate this part from answer choices? and just please talk about "Such...AS"

Hi there,

In GMAT, whenever we need to prsent examples, we must use "such as" and not "like". You understand this pasrt ver well, alright.

Now this idiom can be split a seen in this OG sentence. It is absolutely grammatical to say "cultivation of such crops as corn and beans". Yes, the simplest structure is "cultivation of crops such as corn and beans". But even if we say "cultivation of such crops as corn and beans", there is nothing wrong in it because essentially the correct idiom does remain "SUCH AS" that has been used to present examples.

Even if write "evaluate applicants only on their performance in business courses such as accounting, marketing, and economics" as "evaluate applicants only on their performance in such business courses as accounting, marketing, and economics", it will be absolutely correct. The main thing is that you are using the correct idiom to present correct examples of the correct entity.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2012, 16:54
+1 for B.

Question tests parallelism: harvesting, cultivation, etc.

Cheers,
Der alte Fritz.
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2016, 02:51
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2016, 02:51
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