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Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you

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Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2016, 10:10
5
14
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (01:59) correct 51% (02:03) wrong based on 418 sessions

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Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you enrolled your employees in my weeklong training seminar that is specifically designed for your business.

Software Company Executive: Your seminars are poorly designed and a waste of money. Since 2005, the companies in my industry that have enrolled employees in your seminar have revenues that are considerably lower than those who have not enrolled employees in your seminar.

Which of the following most seriously weakens the executive’s response to the consultant?

(A) 95% of the companies that enroll in the consultant’s seminar report that their revenues have increased.

(B) Most of the software companies that had high revenues prior to 2005 did not enroll in the consultant’s seminar.

(C) Overall sales of software since 2005 have increased dramatically.

(D) The cost of developing and producing software has decreased since 2005.

(E) The majority of software companies that sent employees to the consultant’s seminar have experienced a drop in revenue since 2005.

The goal in this question is to weaken the response of the executive.

The executive’s argument contains a major data flaw: just because the companies what used the consultant have lower revenues than those companies that did not, this does not mean that the seminar is not effective.

Perhaps the three software companies with the largest revenues before 2005 did not send their employees to the seminar, but the 10 with the lowest revenues did.

Since 2005, the 10 who had lowest revenues have grown their revenues considerably (backing the consultant’s claim) but they are still much lower than companies that did not.

Since nothing is known about the revenue of the companies that did or did not use the consultant, the executive’s argument is very weak.

(B) exposes this weakness and greatly weakens the executive’s argument.

(A) does not necessarily weaken the executive’s argument, as software companies could be the 5% that did not have their revenues increase.

For (C) and (D), an increase in overall software sales or a decrease in production costs would have no effect on whether the consultant’s seminar was or was not effective.

(E) strengthens the executive’s argument as it shows that indeed the consultant’s seminars do not seem to be effective.

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Re: Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2016, 11:29
shasadou wrote:
Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you enrolled your employees in my weeklong training seminar that is specifically designed for your business.

Software Company Executive: Your seminars are poorly designed and a waste of money. Since 2005, the companies in my industry that have enrolled employees in your seminar have revenues that are considerably lower than those who have not enrolled employees in your seminar.

Which of the following most seriously weakens the executive’s response to the consultant?

A. 95% of the companies that enroll in the consultant’s seminar report that their revenues have increased.
B. Most of the software companies that had high revenues prior to 2005 did not enroll in the consultant’s seminar.
C. Overall sales of software since 2005 have increased dramatically.
D. The cost of developing and producing software has decreased since 2005.
E. The majority of software companies that sent employees to the consultant’s seminar have experienced a drop in revenue since 2005.



I think B is actually supporting the executive. Please someone clarify.
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Re: Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2016, 11:56
robu wrote:
shasadou wrote:
Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you enrolled your employees in my weeklong training seminar that is specifically designed for your business.

Software Company Executive: Your seminars are poorly designed and a waste of money. Since 2005, the companies in my industry that have enrolled employees in your seminar have revenues that are considerably lower than those who have not enrolled employees in your seminar.

Which of the following most seriously weakens the executive’s response to the consultant?

A. 95% of the companies that enroll in the consultant’s seminar report that their revenues have increased.
B. Most of the software companies that had high revenues prior to 2005 did not enroll in the consultant’s seminar.
C. Overall sales of software since 2005 have increased dramatically.
D. The cost of developing and producing software has decreased since 2005.
E. The majority of software companies that sent employees to the consultant’s seminar have experienced a drop in revenue since 2005.



I think B is actually supporting the executive. Please someone clarify.


Executive's response: Companies that have not enrolled their employees in seminars are having better revenues. Enrollment in seminars result in lower revenues.

Possible Weakener: If the companies that did not enroll their employees in seminars already had higher revenues, then lower revenues in other companies (that enrolled for seminars) cannot be attributed to seminars. The companies that enrolled for the seminars already had lower revenues that the companies that did not enroll.

B aligns to our assumed weakener.
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Re: Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2016, 19:39
Option A says that 95% of companies reported "increase" in revenue. Consultant argued that there will be "considerable increase" in company's revenue if the employees will attend his seminar. So, A does not weaken the argument as much B is doing.
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Re: Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2016, 00:10
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shasadou wrote:
Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you enrolled your employees in my weeklong training seminar that is specifically designed for your business.

Software Company Executive: Your seminars are poorly designed and a waste of money. Since 2005, the companies in my industry that have enrolled employees in your seminar have revenues that are considerably lower than those who have not enrolled employees in your seminar.

Which of the following most seriously weakens the executive’s response to the consultant?

A. 95% of the companies that enroll in the consultant’s seminar report that their revenues have increased.
B. Most of the software companies that had high revenues prior to 2005 did not enroll in the consultant’s seminar.
C. Overall sales of software since 2005 have increased dramatically.
D. The cost of developing and producing software has decreased since 2005.
E. The majority of software companies that sent employees to the consultant’s seminar have experienced a drop in revenue since 2005.


Conclusion Consultant: Program -> Revnue+
Conclusion SCE: Program -> Does not work (since it's a waist of money)
Premise SCE: revenue for employees who took the seminar is lower than for those who did not took it.

Assumption: seminar is correlated with low profits; (A causality might be implied that seminar -> low profits).

Strategy:
- We need something to weaken the correlation (x response to the same value of y might be different).
- If we thinners' of the causality, showing the following might help ( assume Program =x, Low profits = y):
1. y ->X
2. Z (other factor) ->X
3. Y happens without X / X happens without Y before it


Elimination Process:
A. 95% of the companies that enroll in the consultant’s seminar report that their revenues have increased.
- 95% of the companies might not even be in the software industry. So this answer might weaken, but this not a must.
- Lets keep it in the meanwhile.
B. Most of the software companies that had high revenues prior to 2005 did not enroll in the consultant’s seminar.
- understanding the implied implications is tricky.
- So we can take 2 extreme cases to understand the meaning in the context of the given stimulus.
- case 1: assume that most of the cases prior to 2005, that were small to begin with, enrolled into the consultant's seminar.
- This might mean that the reason for the big difference is not the seminar but the size of the company. (meaning we found a z->x).
- Case 2: assume the most companioned were big companies, this means that the companies start with a lot of revenue and then the consultants seminar might have indeed lower the companies' revenues.
C. Overall sales of software since 2005 have increased dramatically.
- Overall sales might come from a group of companies in the relevant software industry that might not be relevant to the mentioned comparison.
D. The cost of developing and producing software has decreased since 2005.
- not relevant to the assumptions.
E. The majority of software companies that sent employees to the consultant’s seminar have experienced a drop in revenue since 2005.
- This strengthens the consultants argument.
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Re: Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2016, 09:38
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My first answer post to a CR question. Hope I can be of some help.

I attempted this question in on of Veritas Practice Tests. The passage is not a complex one. As many have pointed out earlier the premises are as below:
Consultant's Premise: Program enrolment -> increase in revenue
Company Exec's Premise: Companies that enrolled had considerably lower revenues. (NOTE: He mentions lower revenue, the revenues could have still increased but the numerical value was low.)

Company exec's conclusion: The program is a waste of money.

Possible Weakener's could introduce new information suggesting the company official did not know most companies that benefited. A second weakener could be that the companies did benefit, but they were very small companies so even say registering significant revenue increase didn't make them compete with their larger counterparts.

Example: Think of 2 companies - A and B. A had a revenue of 100 million in 2004, B had 1 million. Now the exec's program - say helped company B to register a 100% profit. Still it would be at 2 million, significantly smaller than company A as suggested by the executive. But that doesn't mean that the consultant's program is useless. It is this weakener that has been presented in answer choice B.

POE

(A) A very important information that I used here to eliminate this choice was the year 2005. This choice, though looks very attractive, doesn't provide any detail on the year, so in the absence of that info, we can't really consider this as a good weakener. Suppose 95% companies reported revenue increase in the year 2000. But the executive specifically bases the info on 2005, so 95% companies registering higher revenue in 2000 would really not weaken the executive's argument.
(B) This is the correct choice based on the pre-thinking above.
(C) This actually strengthens the company executive's argument
(D) The argument is about revenue, not profit. So cost becomes irrelevant information.
(E) This strengthens the company executive's argument.

Hope this helps.

Cheers!
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Re: Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2016, 11:38
shasadou wrote:
Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you enrolled your employees in my weeklong training seminar that is specifically designed for your business.

Software Company Executive: Your seminars are poorly designed and a waste of money. Since 2005, the companies in my industry that have enrolled employees in your seminar have revenues that are considerably lower than those who have not enrolled employees in your seminar.

Which of the following most seriously weakens the executive’s response to the consultant?

A. 95% of the companies that enroll in the consultant’s seminar report that their revenues have increased.
B. Most of the software companies that had high revenues prior to 2005 did not enroll in the consultant’s seminar.
C. Overall sales of software since 2005 have increased dramatically.
D. The cost of developing and producing software has decreased since 2005.
E. The majority of software companies that sent employees to the consultant’s seminar have experienced a drop in revenue since 2005.


No doubt with the OA...

The Executive reasons that the programmes of the company are a waste of money and reasons that companies who have enrolled have resulted in decrease in revenues after attending the programme..

(A) Strengthens the claims of the software consultant.
(C) Revenue = Quantity Sold x Price per unit...
An increase in Sales of has been stated here , however we are talking about revenue increase/decrease...
(D) Out of scope and irrelevant
(E) This option strengthens the views of the Executive...

(B) If only companies to send employees to the training were those who were having problem with decreased revenues , the it weakens the reasoning of the executive....

Hence answer will be (B)

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Re: Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 18:43
really well made question.

A can be a weakner

But B is the most suitable.
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Re: Consultant: Your total revenue would increase considerably if you &nbs [#permalink] 09 Nov 2017, 18:43
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