GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 15 Nov 2018, 00:31

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     November 17, 2018

     November 17, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Nov. 17, 7 AM PST. Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
  • GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz # 9

     November 17, 2018

     November 17, 2018

     09:00 AM PST

     11:00 AM PST

    Join the Quiz Saturday November 17th, 9 AM PST. The Quiz will last approximately 2 hours. Make sure you are on time or you will be at a disadvantage.

Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

What is the difficulty level of this question

You may select 1 option
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 473
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2013, 02:51
3
23
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (01:47) correct 45% (02:05) wrong based on 1123 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?

A) Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.
B) Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications.
C) Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study.
D) Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations.
E) Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days.

_________________

Press Kudos if you want to say thanks

Ultimate Reading Comprehension Encyclopedia | Ultimate Sentence Correction Encyclopedia | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- VERBAL | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- IR

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

Most Helpful Expert Reply
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 473
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Feb 2013, 03:05
5
1
Quote:
Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?


Here goes the OE. Suggestions to improve the quality of OE are most welcome

The argument shows a causal relationship between the premises and the conclusion. The conclusion states that emotional stress causes people to become obese and nervous. The assumption in this causal argument should must support the causal direction of the conclusion. i.e. the assumption must prove that A causes B or Emotional stress causes obesity and nervousness.

The assumptions in a causal arguments are often of two types:

i) Assumptions that support the causality of the argument either by eliminating an alternate cause of the conclusion OR
ii) by demonstrating that the conclusion, it it exists, is in proper direction. In other words A is caused by B and not B has caused A.

Any option which does not tell us anything about the causal link between Emotional eating and, obesity and nervousness can be safely eliminated.


A) Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.

The stimulus does not discuss the seriousness of health problems, so, this choice becomes irrelevant. Moreover, no link to the causal relationship

B) Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications.

Again the awareness of people on problems related to emotional stress is irrelevant.

C) Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study.

The number of respondents does not say anything about the causal link between emotional eating and, obesity and nervousness.

D) Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations.

This answer choice rules out an opposite direction for the causality, making our conclusion valid. Thus, the correct choice.

E) Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days.

This choice is incorrect for two reasons. First, the argument never compares some emotional eater to other emotional eaters. Second, the argument is not based on immediate impact of emotional stress in making people obese and nervous.



Vercules
_________________

Press Kudos if you want to say thanks

Ultimate Reading Comprehension Encyclopedia | Ultimate Sentence Correction Encyclopedia | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- VERBAL | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- IR

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

Most Helpful Community Reply
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 22 Jan 2013
Posts: 43
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2013, 08:43
12
2
Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.
Emotional problems--> many other effects (two of them- obesity, nervousness).
Point to observe--> obesity and nervousness are the effects of emotional stress not the other way round
Way to solve a causal relationship i.e if Cause(C)-->Effect(E) --> Then the correct answer must be one of
i)If C is there then E must be there.
ii)If E occurs then C must be there.
iii)E should not in turn cause C


Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?

A) Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.It is saying that E is causing C, a serious mistake
B) Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. out of scope, cause and effect relations must be answered using above techniques only.
C) Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study. noway concerned with the number
D) Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations. saying that E Does not in turn cause C, point (iii) in our discussion, therefore right
E) Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days. saying that E caused C, in other words people who were obese responded as being stressed

Do consider giving Kudos +1 if you learnt something from above explanation.
General Discussion
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 953
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2013, 02:58
1
IMO Answer should be D.
If an option proves that the cause and effect are irreversible than that option strengthens the argument or can be the assumption of the argument.

Archit
Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3310
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2013, 07:47
3
1
When we deal with this such statement that something is compared: some people in a group and others do not ............is always the same answer.

D must be the answer.

I repeat myself: whenever we encouter these questions the answer is always worded as D
_________________

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS AND RESOURCES
Quant: 1. ALL GMATPrep questions Quant/Verbal 2. Bunuel Signature Collection - The Next Generation 3. Bunuel Signature Collection ALL-IN-ONE WITH SOLUTIONS 4. Veritas Prep Blog PDF Version 5. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Quant Videos
Verbal:1. Verbal question bank and directories by Carcass 2. MGMAT Study Hall Thursdays with Ron Verbal Videos 3. Critical Reasoning_Oldy but goldy question banks 4. Sentence Correction_Oldy but goldy question banks 5. Reading-comprehension_Oldy but goldy question banks

Director
Director
avatar
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 953
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2013, 09:40
aditya111 wrote:
Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.
Emotional problems--> many other effects (two of them- obesity, nervousness).
Point to observe--> obesity and nervousness are the effects of emotional stress not the other way round
Way to solve a causal relationship i.e if Cause(C)-->Effect(E) --> Then the correct answer must be one of
i)If C is there then E must be there.
ii)If E occurs then C must be there.
iii)E should not in turn cause C


Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?

A) Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.It is saying that E is causing C, a serious mistake
B) Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. out of scope, cause and effect relations must be answered using above techniques only.
C) Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study. noway concerned with the number
D) Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations. saying that E Does not in turn cause C, point (iii) in our discussion, therefore right
E) Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days. saying that E caused C, in other words people who were obese responded as being stressed

Do consider giving Kudos +1 if you learnt something from above explanation.


Yes Aditya i agree with your point. But one more issue with A, is that note the argument states that that Emotional stress leads to certain type of serious health problem.....Its a vague term and we can categorize every other disease occurring because of it as a a serious health concern...

Vercules pls post the OA and OE......
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 473
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2013, 10:08
1
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 953
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause - New Question  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2013, 10:10
Thanks for updating the answer...request can you continue posting questions on cause and effect assumption.It will really help....
Thanks again

Archit
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 488
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Nov 2013, 16:42
Explanation by vercules deserves 10 Kudos, Cam we get 20-30 More Causal Questions?
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos :) It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 09 Nov 2013
Posts: 80
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Dec 2013, 01:25
Everything else is perfect except A :) Obesity is an effect of emotional stress and serious illness is also an effect of emotional stress. The question here in discussion is not about cause-effect but two effects of a single cause in time space. so three situations arise either serious illness causes obesity or obesity causes serious illness (its like syllogism a ->b a->c then a->b->c ) or a->c->b) or both are mere correlated events but not causal. But the question is how one will prove it with such discrete data.

Though Answer C seems OK but the presence of option A erodes C's Integrity. :) as a single solution.

One more thing, here the question is not of what we thing is right or wrong but what author has actually assumed while clubbing premises and conclusion and is right in his/her perspective. See no where in question is " if below statements are true"

Lets do a negation test and see if argument can stand after option C is reversed.

Conclusion: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems
Option D: Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations
Negation of Option D: Obesity and nervousness make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations

Check yourself if conclusion will stand for itself or not, Now negate the option A :)

Sometime traps are right and well proven but lack to support the argument ;)

Actually, we all are trying to fit every solution into cause-effect jigsaw irrespective of what actually conclusion demands as it must be true argument.

Thanks
Sid
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Dec 2009
Posts: 94
GMAT Date: 12-03-2014
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jan 2015, 01:22
I found the following in one of the CR strategy documents downloaded from this group :

How to break down causality?
1. Find an alternate cause. This is the strongest way to rebuke a causality based stimulus.
2. Show that the change might not occur even when cause occurs or that the effect can occur without the cause.
3. Show that the stated relationship is reversed. This is where you prove that what is perceived to be the effect produces what is thought of as the cause (relates to the question)
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 15 Oct 2015
Posts: 322
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.93
WE: Account Management (Education)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Mar 2016, 07:06
this is an assumption question.
The conclusion is a cause and effect one.
So simply, the assumption must be that the causality doesnt flow from the other way.
THE CONCLUSION IS Emotional stress is causing another new thing - Obesity and nervousness. Now this assumes that it is NOT Nervousness or obesity that causes stress. because if it is, then I'm sorry... the conclusion will be more wrong than right.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Status: Applying
Affiliations: test
Joined: 16 Apr 2012
Posts: 34
Location: India
Yawer: Yawer
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 200 Q33 V33
WE: Consulting (Internet and New Media)
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2018, 15:24
Vercules wrote:
Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious health problems, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications. Now, an additional concern can be added to the list of maladies caused by emotional stress. A recent study surveyed both people who have high levels of emotional stress and people who don’t, and found that people with high emotional stress levels are significantly more obese and nervous than people with lower levels of emotional stress.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument rests?

A) Obesity and nervousness can lead to serious health problems.
B) Emotionally stressed out people are aware of the various health problems attributed to emotional stress, including high blood pressure and cardiac complications.
C) Equivalent numbers of people with high and low levels of emotional stress were surveyed for the study.
D) Obesity and nervousness do not make individuals less capable to deal with emotionally stressful situations.
E) Emotionally stressed out people who had encountered an emotionally stressful situation immediately before responding to the survey were more obese and nervous than the people form same group who had not encountered any emotionally stressful situation for a few days.



To me it was a split between option C and option D. I ruled out option D because it was talking about capability to deal with emotional stress. The question stem does not talk about it. It simply talks about emotional stress. Perhaps if D was worded as "Obesity and nervousness do not adversely affect an individual's emotionally stressful situations." then it was sure shot answer to me. Therefore D was out of bounds w.r.t the question stem IMO.

Did I overstretch the meaning here?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 11 Mar 2014
Posts: 148
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jul 2018, 09:07
Hope your preparation is going well. Let us try to understand the argument.
The argument shows a causal pattern. In this case, the premise is A and B are correlated and the conclusion is A caused B. The assumption will be that
1. There is no other cause present.
2. And it is not a coincidence.
Now let us explore the answer choices
A- This choice is out of scope
B- Awareness is not discussed in the argument hence this choice is also out of scope.
C- Again the number of people surveyed will not affect the argument; this is also out of scope.
D- This is the correct answer as per the discussion this choice rules out other causes.
E- There is no such comparison between people who encountered an emotionally stressful situation before or after the survey. Irrelevant to the discussion.
Hope it helps. Be consistent in your efforts.
All the best!!
PythaGURUS Faculty Team
_________________

Our GMAT Program- Creating 750+ Scores
Our MBA Consulting- Top Schools and significant Scholarships
PythaGURUS Education
http://www.pythagurus.in

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious &nbs [#permalink] 15 Jul 2018, 09:07
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Emotional stress is a well known cause of certain serious

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.