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# Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor

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Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2007, 15:51
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Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 14 Feb 2013, 15:20
10
10
Hi all,

Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

There has been a lot of discussion about the meaning conveyed by this sentence and many posters feel the even if Choice D is the correct answer, it does not communicate the intended meaning. Here is my take on this:

The main clause of this sentence says that Guy de Maupassant’s short stories have become classics. So, I feel that this is the crux of the sentence. Whatever extra information is present in the sentence is about why these stories became classics. The reason why his short stories have become classics is that Guy de Maupassant used irony in his writing in a masterful manner. His talent can be seen in the way he revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

ERROR ANALYSIS:

1. The opening verb-ed modifier “Famed for his…” is incorrectly modifying the subject of the preceding clause “many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories”. Who was famed? The writer Guy de Maupassant was famed and not many of his short stories. Hence, we have MODIFIER ERROR in this sentence.
2. Usage of “due to” is not correct here. Whether the usage of “due to” is correct or not can be checked by a simple test. Replace “due to” with “caused by”. If the sentence still makes sense, then use of “due to” is correct.

POE:

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.: Incorrect for reasons discussed above.

B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. Incorrect:
i. “because of” should be followed by a noun or clause beginning with noun.
ii. Non-possessive pronoun “he” cannot refer to possessive “of Guy de Maupassant's” because this entity is an adjective in this sentence that modifies “short stories”. A pronoun cannot refer to an adjective. It can only refer to a noun or another pronoun

C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.: Incorrect. This choice repeats the modifier error of choice A.

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. Correct.

E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony. Incorrect. . This choice repeats the same pronoun error of Choice B.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Originally posted by egmat on 30 Jun 2012, 06:40.
Last edited by egmat on 14 Feb 2013, 15:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2007, 19:16
1
anita_083 wrote:
53. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony.

OA is D. Can someone help explaining why E is incorrect?

E - he is ambiguous. Also it changes the meaning, stories are not classics because of the tragic twist but because of his skill in using Irony.

C - 'Famed' modifies 'many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories ' - incorrect; whereas it should be 'the author'

B - 'because of how' - 2 conjunctions back to back - not good

A - Same as 'C' and usage of progressive verb 'revealing' is not parallel
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2007, 00:41
2
anita_083 wrote:
53. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony.

OA is D. Can someone help explaining why E is incorrect?

Modifier error in A & C; eliminate.

'He' cannot refer to 'Guy de Maupassant's short stories' in B & E. 'He' can only refer to 'Guy de Maupassant', which is not mentioned in either B or E.

Answer D.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2010, 12:26
2
1
topmbaseeker wrote:
Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have
become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic
twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.
B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony.

A-- due to can be replaced by Caused by. So it should follow a noun clause. here the sentence is due to the author slowly revealing ... which is wrong
B-- same thing. we are expecting a noun clause after Because of.
C-- same a B
E-- the sentence first uses the possessive form of the noun and then uses he as pronoun which is wrong

D uses the noun clause author's famed and masterful use of irony after because of. And also continues to use the the possessive form.
after the possessive
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2010, 14:39
2
1
A and C - Modifier error - "Famed for his masterful use of irony" should modify "Guy de Maupassant" and not his stories
B and E - Pronoun error - "He", a subject pronoun, cannot serve as an antecedent to the possessive noun "Guy de Maupassant" (Possessive poison rule)
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2012, 11:16
1
Hi,

Doesn't this sentence say that Guy de Maupassant was famous for his masterful use of irony in stories and these short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

Please explain.......
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2012, 10:44
arunmehta89

This is what the passage intends to say but unfortunately doesn’t. Instead of saying, Guy de was famous for something the text says that his stories were famous for something. This is the error brought about by the faulty structure of dangling modification
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2012, 11:40
egmat wrote:

The main clause of this sentence says that Guy de Maupassant’s short stories have become classics. So, I feel that this is the crux of the sentence. Whatever extra information is present in the sentence is about why these stories became classics. The reason why his short stories have become classics is that Guy de Maupassant used irony in his writing in a masterful manner. His talent can be seen in the way he revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

ERROR ANALYSIS:

1. The opening verb-ed modifier “Famed for his…” is incorrectly modifying the subject of the preceding clause “many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories”. Who was famed? The writer Guy de Maupassant was famed and not many of his short stories. Hence, we have MODIFIER ERROR in this sentence.
2. Usage of “due to” is not correct here. Whether the usage of “due to” is correct or not can be checked by a simple test. Replace “due to” with “caused by”. If the sentence still makes sense, then use of “due to” is correct.

POE:

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.: Incorrect for reasons discussed above.

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. Correct.

Hi Shraddha,

Excellent analysis. However, I have a few doubts.

I see how based on your analysis, choice D makes sense. However, what about the subtle meaning change? The sentence changes the idea that Maupassant was famed for his masterful use of irony to the idea that Maupassant's use of irony was famed and masterful. The former shows a causal relationship between masterful use of irony and fame, while the latter just states that his use of irony was both masterful and famed.

In your meaning analysis, you state that the main idea of the sentence is about Maupassant's short stories becoming classics. However, it would be great if you could walk us (or at least me) through the thought process of why you felt that the meaning change discussed above could be safely ignored in picking "D". On the flip-side, I guess the other question would be why you felt correcting the modifier error was more important than retaining the meaning behind fame and masterful use of irony.

Thanks!
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2012, 09:08
1
dpvtank wrote:
Hi Shraddha,

Excellent analysis. However, I have a few doubts.

I see how based on your analysis, choice D makes sense. However, what about the subtle meaning change? The sentence changes the idea that Maupassant was famed for his masterful use of irony to the idea that Maupassant's use of irony was famed and masterful. The former shows a causal relationship between masterful use of irony and fame, while the latter just states that his use of irony was both masterful and famed.

In your meaning analysis, you state that the main idea of the sentence is about Maupassant's short stories becoming classics. However, it would be great if you could walk us (or at least me) through the thought process of why you felt that the meaning change discussed above could be safely ignored in picking "D". On the flip-side, I guess the other question would be why you felt correcting the modifier error was more important than retaining the meaning behind fame and masterful use of irony.

Thanks!

Hi there,

Well firstly, choice D is the only error free answer choice. And one answer has to be correct. So choice D makes for that correct answer.

Secondly, I again say that the crux of the sentence is that Maupassant’s short stories became classic. Maupassant is not the subject of this sentence. It is his short stories. So we must use modifications that center around his short stories and not the writer.

Choice D does that. The subject remains Maupassant’s short stories as in the original sentence. Maupassant’s short stories became classics. And why did they become classics? They became classics because the writer employed his popular style of using irony. The cause and effect relationship is still here. The evidence of that masterful use of irony is the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

This is my take on the sentence from the meaning standpoint.

Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2012, 13:20
1
A – “due to” cannot mean “on account of”. Here, we can see that this is exactly how it is meant. Check also if “due to” can be replaced by “caused by”. So option A eliminate
B – Past tense. So it should be “used”. “He” in the second part of sentence has no clear reference. Eliminate
C – First part refers to Guy de Maupassant. So the noun after comma should be the author. Note that there is no possessive pronoun “his” in the sentence before comma. A possesive pronoun can refer to "Guy De Maupassant's stories" That is why Option A did not have this error. Eliminate
D – Keep
E – stories became classic because of his use of irony and not because he slowly revealed a tragic twist. Change of meaning. “he” has no clear reference. Eliminate.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2013, 21:32
Hello Shraddha,I agree with your explanation in answer choice D.But I somehow feel that the comma before evidenced is unncecessary. It is the use of irony which is evidenced in the slow revelation.......So comma is not required I think. Putting a comma before evindenced suggests that the part after comma modifies the part before comma which I feel is incorrect.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 13:49
1
sid090188 wrote:
Hello Shraddha,I agree with your explanation in answer choice D.But I somehow feel that the comma before evidenced is unncecessary. It is the use of irony which is evidenced in the slow revelation.......So comma is not required I think. Putting a comma before evindenced suggests that the part after comma modifies the part before comma which I feel is incorrect.

Hi Sid,

This is the correct answer choice D:

Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

There are a few things that I would like to say here:

1. "evidenced" is a verb-ed modifier that always modifies the preceding noun enity. Here usage of "evidenced" is correct because it logically refers to "use of irony", the preceding noun entity.
2. Use of comma alone is not a deterministic issue to reject an otherwise correct answer choice. In this particular case, usage of comma pertains more to the stylistic issue and not to the grammar issue. Here the comma has been used to imtroduce that necessary pause in the sentence to understand the meaning of the sentence better. This comma makes you pause and then you continue reading, understanding the role of "evidenced...". Never reject an answer choice because of the use of comma in a certain fashion.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 15:11
1
D is the right answer.

A, C have a modifier error. The modifier does not rightly modify Guy de Maupassant.
B, E have a pronoun error. He is a subject pronoun and cannot refer to the possessive noun Guy de Maupassant's
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2016, 08:07
cmpunk1990 wrote:
Q1) Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

A)Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

B)Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

C)Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

D) Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of eacyce.

E)Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony.

Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.

Correct answer must be (D) for the highlighted errors in the other options...

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 16:25
1
topmbaseeker wrote:
Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.
B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony.

OFFICIAL SOLUTION

The original sentence begins with the modifier "Famed for his masterful use of irony," which requires a person as its subject. However, in the original sentence, "many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories" is the subject. Moreover, the phrase "due to the author slowly revealing" is awkward.

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The pronoun "he" must have a person as its antecedent, yet there is no person in the sentence. Remember that "he" cannot refer to "Guy de Maupassant" here, since the name is part of a possessive phrase: "Guy de Maupassant's short stories". The author himself is not grammatically present in the sentence.

(C) The opening modifier "famed for using irony in a masterful way" incorrectly modifies "short stories" instead of Guy de Maupassant himself. It also contains the awkward phrase "because of the author slowly revealing."

(D) CORRECT. This choice remedies the flawed modifier by rewriting the sentence to avoid it. This choice also replaces the awkward phrase "due to the author's revealing" with "evidenced in the slow revelation."

(E) This choice incorrectly uses the pronoun "he" without a grammatical antecedent in the sentence.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2017, 04:02
Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have
become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic
twist of fate.
A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories
have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a
tragic twist of fate.
B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he
famously and masterfully uses irony
, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of
fate at the end of each piece.
because of is not followed by 'noun'/ 'clause'.
C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short storieshave become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the
end of each piece.
D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the
author's famed and masterful use of irony
, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic
twist of fate at the end of each piece.
Correct.
E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly
revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and
masterful use of irony.
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2017, 12:15
D for me.

amed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate.

A. Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics due to the author slowly revealing at the end of each piece a tragic twist of fate. Incorrect modifier - OUT

B. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of how he famously and masterfully uses irony, evident in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. - no antecendent for "he" - OUT

C. Famed for using irony in a masterful way, many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author slowly revealing a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece. - Avoid Preposition + noun + participle in GMAT - OUT

D. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because of the author's famed and masterful use of irony, evidenced in the slow revelation of a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece.
- CORRECT, best of all

E. Many of Guy de Maupassant's short stories have become classics because he slowly revealed a tragic twist of fate at the end of each piece, demonstrating his famed and masterful use of irony.
- same as B, no antecedent for "he" - OUT
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2019, 08:17
1
For those who said that options B and E are out because there isn't any antecedent for he, check out the right answer choice for this official question.
https://gmatclub.com/forum/although-she ... 08881.html
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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2019, 18:46
Aaduthoma wrote:
For those who said that options B and E are out because there isn't any antecedent for he, check out the right answer choice for this official question.
https://gmatclub.com/forum/although-she ... 08881.html

Aaduthoma , nice catch! +1

You are correct.
The possessive poison pronoun rule is not ironclad (not true 100% of the time).

The "possessive poison" pronoun rule guideline holds that possessive nouns can serve as antecedents only
for possessive pronouns, but not for subject (he, she, they) or object pronouns (him, her, them).

The "rule" often does not hold in the object pronoun case.
And if meaning is clear, the rule does not hold in some cases that involve the subject pronoun.

In response to a very good question that resembles the official one you cite,
I wrote this post, here.

In the post I explain that "possessive poison" is not absolute
and may never have been.
GMAC will allow possessive nouns to refer to object pronouns (her, him, them) and subject pronouns (she, he, they).

In the post I cite to a few official questions in which the guideline is not followed,
including the E.B. Browning question that you mentioned.

I have not seen a single question whose correct answer depended on following this "rule."

Again, nice work!
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SC Butler has resumed! Get two SC questions to practice, whose links you can find by date, here.

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Re: Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor   [#permalink] 24 Mar 2019, 18:46

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# Famed for his masterful use of irony, many of Guy de Maupassant's shor

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